Bibliography: 2020


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Adorno, Theodor W. Aspects of the New Right-Wing Extremism. Translated by Wieland Hoban. Cambridge: Polity, 2020

Allen, Chris. Reconfiguring Islamophobia: A Radical Rethinking of a Contested Concept.  Cham: Palgrave Pivot, 2020.  Chapter abstracts.

Amery, Fran. Beyond Pro-life and Pro-choice: The Changing Politics of Abortion in Britain.   Bristol: Bristol University Press, 2020

Applebaum, Anne. Twilight of Democracy: The Seductive Lure of Authoritarianism. New York: Doubleday, 2020

Bergmann, Eirikur. Neo-Nationalism: The Rise of Nativist Populism. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. Full text (except Chapter 3, abstract and references).

Beyond Populism: Angry Politics and the Twilight of Neoliberalism.  Edited by Jeff Maskovsky and Sophie Bjork-James. Morgantown: West Virginia University Press, 2020. Contents: 1. Introduction, by Jeff Maskovsky and Sophie Bjork James, full text — Part 1: The Roots of Rage — 2. Populism and Its Others: After Neoliberalism, by Don Robotham — 3. Americanism, Trump, and Uniting the White Right, by Sophie Bjork-James — 4. Make in India: Hindu Nationalism, Global Capital, and “Jobless Growth,” by Preeti Sampat — 5. Blue Bloods, Parvenus, and Mercenaries: Authoritarianism and Political Violence in Colombia, by Lesley Gill — Part 2: Multiplicities of Anger — 6. Frustrations, Failures and Fractures: Brexit and ‘politics as usual’ in the UK, by John Clarke — 7. Postsocialist Populisms? by Gerald Creed and Mary N. Taylor — 8. Fascism, a Haunting: Spectral Politics and Resistance in Twenty-First-Century Italy, by Lilith Mahmud, 141-166, full text and here — 9. Other People’s Race Problem: Trumpism and the Collapse of the Liberal Racial Consensus in the United States, by Jeff Maskovsky — 10. Euphemisms We Die By: On Epochal Anxiety, Necropolitics, and “Green” Authoritarianism in the Philippines, by Noah Theriault — Part 3: Unsettling Authoritarian Populisms — 11. Left Populism in the Heart of South America: From Plurinational Promise to a Renewed Extractive Nationalism, by Carwil Bjork-James — 12. “Fed Up” in Ethiopia: Emotions, civics education and anti-authoritarian protest, by Jennifer Riggan — 13. Islamophobic Nationalism and Attitudinal Islamophilia, by Nazia Kazi — Afterword, by Jeff Maskovsky and Sophie Bjork-James.  Full text (draft form).

Bochum, Penny. ‘We are the People’: The Rise of the AfD in Germany. London: Haus Publishing, 2020

Buckby, Jack. Monster of Their Own Making: How the Far Left, the Media, and Politicians are Creating Far-Right Extremists. Bombardier Books, 2020

Das, Raju J. Critical Reflections on Economy and Politics in India: A Class Theory Perspective. Towards a Political Economy of Fascistic Tendencies. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2020. Chapter previews.

De Vries, Catherine E., and Sara B. Hobolt. Political Entrepreneurs: The Rise of Challenger Parties in Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2020. Chapter excerpts.

Digital Extremisms: Readings in Violence, Radicalisation and Extremism in the Online Space.  Edited by Mark Littler and Benjamin Lee.  Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. Contents: Introduction, by Mark Littler and Benjamin Lee, 1-11 – Pioneers of World Wide Web Fascism: The British Extreme Right and Web 1.0, by Paul Jackson, 13-36 – Cumulative Extremism and the Online Space: Reciprocal Radicalisation Effects Between the Extreme Right and Radical Islamists in the UK, by William Allchorn, 37-62 – Haters Gonna “Like”: Exploring Canadian Far-Right Extremism on Facebook, by Ryan Scrivens and Amarnath Amarasingam, 63-89, full text and here –‘Neo-Nazis Have Stolen Our Memes’: Making Sense of Extreme Memes, by Benjamin Lee, 91-108 – Then and Now: Irish Republicanism and Ulster Loyalism Online, by Lorraine Bowman-Grieve and Stephen Herron, 109-132 – Animal Rights Extremism and the Internet, by Ruth McAlister and Rachel Monaghan, 133-156 – ‘Demonic Slappers’ and ‘Fascists’? Exploring Extreme British Anti-abortion Activism on Facebook, by Mark Littler, 157-176 – Jihadi Fans Revisited: Mapping the Commonalities with Non-Islamic Extremism, by Gilbert Ramsay, 177-196 – Developing Effective and Ethical ‘Secondary’ Intervention Programmes to Counter Radicalisation and Polarisation, by Jonathan Birdwell, 197-222 – Researching the Radical Right: Making Use of the Digital Space and Its Challenges, by Pelham Carter and Katherine Kondor, 223-252 – Conclusion, by Benjamin Lee and Mark Littler, 253-262.  Chapter abstracts.

Domby, Adam H. The False Cause: Fraud, Fabrication, and White Supremacy in Confederate Memory. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2020.  Chapter abstracts.

Ebner, Julia.  Going Dark: The Secret Social Lives of Extremists.  London, Oxford, New York, New Dehli, Sydney: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2020

Ellinas, Antonis A. Organizing Against Democracy: The Local Organizational Development of Far Right Parties in Greece and Europe.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020

Euroscepticisms: The Historical Roots of a Political Challenge. Edited by Mark Gilbert and Daniele Pasquinucci.  Brill, 2020.  Contents: Introduction, by Mark Gilbert and Daniele Pasquinucci, 1-9 — Euroscepticism and European Integration: A Historical Appraisal, by Antonio Varsori, 10-32 — Exploring the Long-Term and Short-Term Causes of Euroscepticism: The Roots of French Opposition to European Integration, by Emmanuelle Reungoat, 33-56 — Beyond Euroscepticism: Italian Criticism of European Integration, by Daniele Pasquinucci, 57-74 — Contesting Europe: German Opposition to European Integration in Historical Perspective, by Gabriele D’Ottavio, 75-96 — Dutch Europhilia: A Deviation from a Long-standing Eurosceptic Tradition?, by Hans Vollaard, 97-120 — The Intellectual Origins of Brexit: Enoch Powell, Douglas Jay and the British Dissenting Tradition, by Mark Gilbert, 121-139 — Danish Euroscepticism and Its Changing Faces/Phases, 1945-2018, by Thorsten Borring Olesen, 140-163 — Backdoor Colonialism or Anchor of Modernity? A Short History of Ideas about European Integration within the Greek Left, by Kira Gartzou-Katsouyanni, 164-189 — The Historical Roots of Euroscepticism in Poland, by Simona Guerra, 190-204 — The Scepticism of a Latecomer: Modern Czech Views of Europe, by Adéla Gjuricová, 205-221 — Failing the European Rorschach Test? European Integration and Euroscepticisms, by Paul Taggart, 222-229.  Chapter abstracts.

Far-Right Revisionism and the End of History: Alt/Histories.  Edited by Louie Dean Valencia-García.  New York and London: Routledge, 2020.  Contents: 1. Far-Right Revisionism and the End of History, by Louie Dean Valencia-García, 3-26, full text— Part I: Rewriting the Past: The History of History and Alternate Timelines — 2. The Myth of the Myth of the Andalusian Paradise: The Extreme Right and the American Revision of the History and Historiography of Medieval Spain, by S.J. Pearce, 29-67 — 3. The Black Legend and Its Shadow: Re-writing Colonial Narratives, the Blind Spots of Racism and the Rise of Conservative Nationalisms, by René Carrasco, 69-90 — 4. The Far Right and Women’s History, by Charlotte Mears, 91-104 — 5. The Wheel That Never Ceases: Reinventions of the Spanish Second Republic for a New National Right (2004-2017), by Iker Itoiz Ciáurriz, 105-120 — 6. The Alternative Historiography of the Alt-Right: Conservative Historical Subjectivity from the Tea Party to Trump, by A.J. Bauer, 121-138 — 7. The Extremist Construction of Identity in the Historical Narratives of Alexander Dugin’s Fourth Political Theory, by Charles Robert Sullivan and Amy Fisher-Smith, 139-157 — Part II: The Past in the Present: History in the Public Sphere — 8. The Problem of Alt-Right Medievalist White Supremacy, and Its Black Medievalist Answer, by Cord J. Whitaker, 159-177 — 9. Getting Medieval Post-Charlottesville: Medievalism and the Alt-Right, by Thomas Blake, 179-198 — 10. Dresden Will Never Be Hiroshima: Morality, the Bomb and Far-Right Empathy for the Refugee, by A.K.M. Skarpelis, 199-220 — 11. Between Past and Present: Allied Sexual Violence as a “Usable Past” in Contemporary Italy, by Stephanie De Paola, 221-234 — 12. “Long Live the Polarization”: The Brazilian Radical Right and the Uses of the Past Under Jair Bolsonaro, by Vinícius Bivar, 235-249 — Part III: History of the Future: Law, Science and Technology — 13. Hate Groups and Greco-Roman Antiquity Online: To Rehabilitate or Reconsider? by Curtis Dozier, 251-269 — 14. Past Continues: The Instrumentalization of History in the Countries of Former Yugoslavia, by Maja Nenadović and Mario Mažić, 271-286 — 15. Esoteric Fascism Online: 4chan and the Kali Yuga, by Marc Tuters, 287-304 — 16. The Rise and Fall of the Far Right in the Digital Age, by Louie Dean Valencia-García, 305-346, full text — 17. Transforming the Law: Canada’s Bill C-16, Gender, and Post-Truth Politics, by Tyler Stacy, 347-358 — 18. “A Large and Longstanding Body”: Historical Authority in the Science of Sex, by Jeffrey W. Lockhart, 359-386 — 19. Essentially a Lie: Challenging Biological Essentialist Interpretations of Transgender Neurology, by Tristan Fehr, 387-411 — 20. The Country of the Future No More, by Lauri Tähtinen, 412-422. Chapter abstracts.

A Fascist Decade of War: 1935-1945 in International Perspective. Edited by Marco Maria Aterrano and Karine Varley. London and New York: Routledge, 2020. Contents: Introduction: a Fascist decade of war? The impact of the Italian wars on the international stage, 1935-1945, by Marco Maria Aterrano and Karine Varley, 1-10, full text – Part I. The international dimension: policy-making and diplomacy, 11-68 – 1. An opportunity missed: Britain and the Abyssinian Crisis, by Steven Morewood, 13-27 – 2. American policy towards Italy during its ‘decade of war,’ by Andrew N. Buchanan, 28-41 – 3. Repubblica Sociale Italiana and Spain: an ideological relationship in the decade of war, by Andrea Ungari, 42-56 – 4. A new deal for Italy: rethinking Britain’s punitive attitude and the making of the Allied policy in occupied Italy, 1944, by Marco Maria Aterrano, 57-68 – Part II. A fascist warfare? Military conquest, transnational fighting and the use of violence, 69-118 – 5. Blind faith: rethinking the Italian intervention in Spain, 1936, by Javier Rodrigo, 71-84 – 6. The conquest of Albania: the real beginning of World War II in Italy, by Valentina Villa, 85-94 – 7. The despicable fighting qualities of the Wops: the East African campaign and the British Commonwealth’s victory over Fascist Italy, by Andrew Stewart, 95-106 – 8. From occupiers to comrades-in-arms: Italian fighters in the ranks of the Greek People’s Liberation Army, by Ioannis Nioutsikos, 107-118 – Part III. Ideology and propaganda for the empire at war, 119-178 – 9. A new navalism for a Fascist empire: navy, geopolitics, propaganda and radicalization (1934-1940), by Fabio de Ninno, 121-133 – 10. Revisiting the ‘colonial hypothesis’: the policies and language of the Italian army in Ethiopia and Yugoslavia, by Nicolas G. Virtue, 134-148 – 11. What ‘new order’? Fascist expansionism and the Jews: the case of south-eastern France, 1942-1943, by Luca Fenoglio, 149-164 – 12. Radio propaganda during the war: the Mediterranean scenario in Radio Bari’s broadcasts (1940-1943), by Arturo Marzano, 165-178 – Part IV. A decade of war? 179-204 – 13. Fascist Italy chooses endless war, 1935-1936: continuity and break, by MacGregor Knox, 181-188 – 14. Changing perspectives: Italian studies on Italy in World War II, by Nicola Labanca, 189-204. Chapter abstracts.

Feldman, Matthew. Politics, Intellectuals, and Faith: Essays. Stuttgart: ibidem Press, 2020

Finchelstein, Federico. A Brief History of Fascist Lies. Oakland: University of California Press, 2020. Chapter abstracts.

Folwell, Emma J. The War on Poverty in Mississippi: From Massive Resistance to New Conservatism. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2020. Chapter abstracts.

Froio, Caterina, Pietro Castelli Gattinara, Giorgia Bulli, and Matteo Albanese.  CasaPound Italia: Contemporary Extreme-Right Politics.  London and New York: Routledge, 2020.  Chapter abstracts.  1. CasaPound Italia: Hybridization in the Contemporary Extreme Right, 1-21, full text and here.

Frøland, Carl Müller. Understanding Nazi Ideology: The Genesis and Impact of a Political Faith. Translated by John Irons. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Incorporated Publishers, 2020

Front Pages, Front Lines: Media and the Fight for Women’s Suffrage.  Edited by Linda Steiner, Carolyn Kitch, and Brooke Kroeger.  Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2020 [Afterword: Women’s Suffrage, the Press, and the Enduring Problem of White Supremacy, by Kathy Roberts Forde, 229-239, excerpt].

Gessen, Masha. Surviving Autocracy. New York: Riverhead Books, 2020

Goodman, Adam. The Deportation Machine: America’s Long History of Expelling Immigrants. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2020

Hacker, Jacob S., and Paul Pierson. Let Them Eat Tweets: How the Right Rules in an Age of Extreme Inequality. New York: Liveright Publishing Corporation, 2020

Hartleb, Florian.  Lone Wolves: The New Terrorism of Right-Wing Single Actors.  Cham: Springer, 2020.  Chapter abstractsChapter previews.

Hart, Roderick P.  Trump and Us: What He Says and Why People Listen. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2020

Hermansson, Patrick, David Lawrence, Joe Mulhall, Simon Murdoch.  The International Alt-Right: Fascism for the 21st Century?  London and New York: Routledge, 2020. Chapter abstracts. Introduction and here.

Holland, Jennifer L. Tiny You: A Western History of the Anti-Abortion Movement. Oakland, California: University of California Press, 2020

Husbands, Christopher T. Reflections on the Extreme Right in Western Europe, 1990-2008. London and New York: Routledge, 2020. Introductory Essay.

Hussey, Laura S. The Pro-Life Pregnancy Help Movement: Serving Women or Saving Babies? Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2020. Chapter abstracts.

Intellectuals in the Latin Space during the Era of Fascism: Crossing Borders.  Edited by Valeria Galimi and Annarita Gori.  London and New York: Routledge, 2020. Contents: 1. Hybridizing ideas in the Latin space: Transnational agents and polycentric cross-border networks, by Annarita Gori and Valeria Galimi, 1-11, full text and here — Part 1. Transnational agents, 13 – 2. António Sardinha and his Ibero-American connections: Traditionalism and universalism, by Sérgio Campos Matos, 15-34 – 3. Ramiro de Maeztu between Spanish and Argentinian nationalism, by Alfonso Botti and Daniel Lvovich, 35-56 – 4. Pietro Maria Bardi’s first journey to South America: A narrative of travel, politics and architectural Utopia, by Paolo Rusconi, 57-84 – 5. Plínio Salgado between Brazil and Portugal: Formation and transformation of Brazilian integralism, by Leandro Pereira Gonçalves, 85-106 – Part 2. Intellectual networks, 107 – 6. The Association de la Presse Latine: Efforts and failure of a right-wing transnational pan-Latinist project, by Annarita Gori, 109-131 – 7. Les amis étrangers: Maurrassian circles and a French perspective on the Latin space during the thirties, by Valeria Galimi, 132-151 – 8. Atlantic crossings: Intellectual-politicians and the diffusion of corporatism in thirties Latin America, by António Costa Pinto, 152-170 – 9. Local and global connections of Argentinian, Uruguayan and Chilean fascists in the thirties and early forties, by Ernesto Bohoslavsky and Magdalena Broquetas, 171-194. Chapter abstracts.

Jones, Larry Eugene. The German Right, 1918-1930: Political Parties, Organized Interests, and Patriotic Associations in the Struggle against Weimar Democracy. Cambridge, New York, Port Melbourne, New Delhi, Singapore: Cambridge University Press, 2020

Kalmár, György. Post-Crisis European Cinema: White Men in Off-Modern Landscapes. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020 [6. The Lads of the New Right, 183-218, chapter abstract and works cited].

Laumond, Bénédicte.  Policy Responses to the Radical Right in France and Germany: Public Actors, Policy Frames, and Decision-Making. London and New York: Routledge, 2020. Chapter abstracts. Introduction and here.

Macklin, Graham.  Failed Führers: A History of Britain’s Extreme Right.  London and New York: Routledge, 2020.  Contents: 1. Arnold Leese: The ‘Anti-Jewish’ Camel Doctor – 2. Sir Oswald Mosley: From ‘Britain First’ to ‘Europe-a-Nation’ – 3. A. K. Chesterton: From ‘Fascist revolutionary’ to ‘Jew-wise’ conspiracy theorist – 4. Colin Jordan: Dreaming of the Nazi ‘Vanguard’ – 5. John Tyndall: In pursuit of the ‘Anglo-Saxon Reich’ – 6. Nick Griffin: From the ‘Third Position’ to anti-Muslim ‘populism’… and back again.  Introduction. Chapter abstracts.

Manno, Andrew.  Toxic Masculinity, Casino Capitalism, and America’s Favorite Card Game: The Poker Mindset.  Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020 [“On Tilt”: The Poker Mindset, Toxic Masculinity, and the Alt-Right, 47-92, chapter abstract and references].

Matzko, Paul. The Radio Right: How a Band of Broadcasters Took on the Federal Government and Built the Modern Conservative Movement. New York: Oxford University Press, 2020. Chapter abstracts.

McKeever, Anna.  Immigration Policy and Right-Wing Populism in Western Europe. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. Chapter abstracts and references.

Mondon, Aurelien, and Aaron Winter. Reactionary Democracy: How Racism and the Populist Far Right Became Mainstream. London: Verso Books, 2020

Morini, Marco. Lessons from Trump’s Political Communication: How to Dominate the Media Environment.  Cham: Palgrave Pivot, 2020 [The Fascist Rhetor, the Incendiary Populist, 67-93, chapter abstract].

Nostalgia and Hope: Intersections between Politics of Culture, Welfare, and Migration in Europe. Edited by Ov Cristian Norocel, Anders Hellström, and Martin Bak Jørgensen. Cham: Springer Open, 2020. Contents: 1. Nostalgia and Hope: Narrative Master Frames Across Contemporary Europe, by Anders Hellström, Ov Cristian Norocel, and Martin Bak Jørgensen, 1-16 — Part I. Right-Wing Populist Party Politics Across Europe — 2. Trouble in the Homeland: How Cultural Identity and Welfare Politics Merge in Contemporary Danish and Swedish Politics, by Anders Hellström and Mahama Tawat, 19-34 — 3. The Discursive Denial of Racism by Finnish Populist Radical Right Politicians Accused of Anti-Muslim Hate-Speech, by Katarina Pettersson, 35-50 — 4. Nostalgic Nationalism, Welfare Chauvinism, and Migration Anxieties in Central and Eastern Europe, by Radu Cinpoes and Ov Cristian Norocel, 51-65 — 5. What Makes Turkey and Turkish Immigrants a Cultural Polarization Issue in Europe? Evidence from European Right-Wing Populist Politics, by Gokay Özerim and Selcen Öner, 67-81 — Part II. Retrogressive Mobilizations Outside the Political Arena — 6. The Trans-European Mobilization of “Generation Identity,” by Anita Nissen, 85-100 — 7. Endangered Swedish Values: Immigration, Gender Equality, and “Migrants’ Sexual Violence,” by Emil Edenborg, 101-117 — 8. Invented Nostalgia: The Search for Identity Among the Hungarian Far-Right, by Katherine Kondor and Mark Littler, 119-134 — 9. “Retrotopia” as a Retrogressive Force in the German PEGIDA-Movement, by Andreas Önnerfors, 135-149 — Part III. Emancipatory Initiatives Mobilizing Beyond Politics — 10. Challenging Misconceptions: Danish Civil Society in Times of Crisis, by Martin Bak Jørgensen and Daniel Rosengren Olsen, 153-167 — 11. “Impossible” Activism and the Right to Be Understood: The Emergent Refugee Rights Movement in Finland, by Camilla Haavisto, 169-184 — 12. Hope as Master Frame in Feminist Mobilization: Between Liberal NGO-ization and Radical-Intersectional Street Politics, by Alexandra Ana, 185-202 — 13. Latin American Transnational Political Engagement: Steering Civic Movements and Cultural Repertoires from the Global City of Brussels, by Larisa Lara-Guerrero and María Vivas-Romero, 203-217 — Part IV. Epilogue — 14. Civil Society Between Populism and Anti-populism, by Carlo Ruzza, 221-235. Full text and here.

Perliger, Arie. American Zealots: Inside Right-Wing Domestic Terrorism. New York: Columbia University Press, 2020

Right-Wing Populism and Gender: European Perspectives and Beyond.  Edited by Gabriele Dietze and Julia Roth.  Bielefeld: Transcript-Verlag, 2020. Contents: Right-Wing Populism and Gender: A Preliminary Cartography of an Emergent Field of Research, by Gabriele Dietze and Julia Roth, 7-21, full text – Authoritarian Right-Wing Populism as Masculinist Identity Politics. The Role of Affects, by Birgit Sauer, 23-39, full text – Why Gender and Sexuality are both Trivial and Pivotal in Populist Radical Right Politics, by Niels Spierings, 41-58 – Sexual Politics from the Right. Attacks on Gender, Sexual Diversity, and Sex Education, by Imke Schmincke, 59-74 – Post-Socialist Conditions and the Orbán Government’s Gender Politics between 2010 and 2019 in Hungary, by Eszter Kováts, 75-100 – Man, Woman, Family. Gender and the Limited Modernization of Right-Wing Extremism in Austria, by Stefanie Mayer, Edma Ajanovic, Birgit Sauer, 101-116 – Sexual Politics as a Tool to “Un-Demonize” Right-Wing Discourses in France, by Cornelia Möser, 117-134 – Identitarian Gays and Threatening Queers, Or: How the Far Right Constructs New Chains of Equivalence, by Patrick Wielowiejski, 135-146 – Why Are Women Attracted to Right-Wing Populism? Sexual Exceptionalism, Emancipation Fatigue, and New Maternalism, by Gabriele Dietze, 147-166 – Populist Mobilizations in Re-Traditionalized Society: Anti-Gender Campaigning in Slovenia, by Roman Kuhar, Mojca Pajnik, 167-184 – ‘You’re Fired!’ Retrotopian Desire and Right-Wing Class Politics, by Simon Schleusener, 185-206, full text – The Alternative Right, Masculinities, and Ordinary Affect, by Simon Strick, 207-230 – Angry Women: Poland’s Black Protests as ‘Populist Feminism,’ by Agnieszka Graff, 231-250 – Intersectionality Strikes Back: Right-Wing Patterns of En-Gendering and Feminist Contestations in the Americas, by Julia Roth, 251-272.

Routledge Handbook of Conspiracy Theories.  Edited by Michael Butter and Peter Knight. London and New York: Routledge, 2020. Contents: General Introduction, by Michael Butter and Peter Knight, 1-8, full text and here — Part I. Definitions and approaches — Introduction, by Todor Hristov, Andrew McKenzie-McHarg and Alejandro Romero Reche, 11-15, full text and here — 1. Conceptual history and conspiracy theory, by Andrew McKenzie-McHarg — 2. Conspiracy theory in historical, cultural and literary studies, by Peter Knight and Michael Butter — 3. Semiotic Approaches to Conspiracy Theories, by Massimo Leone, Mari-Liis Madison and Andreas Ventsel — 4. Philosophy and conspiracy theories, by Juha Räikkä?and Juho Ritola — 5. Psychoanalysis, critical theory and conspiracy theory, by Nebojša Blanuša and Todor Hristov — 6. Conspiracy theory as occult cosmology in anthropology, by Annika Rabo — 7. Sociology, social theory and conspiracy theory, by Türkay Salim Nefes and Alejandro Romero Reche — 8. Conspiracy theories in political science and political theory, by Julien Giry and Pranvera Tika — 9. Social psychology of conspiracy theory, by Olivier Klein and Kenzo Nera — 10. Social network analysis, social big data and conspiracy theories, by Estrella Gualda Caballero — Part II. Psychological factors — Introduction, by Jan-Willem van Prooijen, Karen Douglas, Aleksandra Cichocka and Michal Bilewicz — 1. Personality traits, cognitive styles and worldviews associated with beliefs in conspiracy theories, by Anthony Lantian, Michael Wood and Biljana Gjoneska — 2. Social-cognitive processes underlying belief in conspiracy theories, by Jan-Willem van Prooijen, Olivier Klein and Jasna Miloševic Ðordevicz — 3. Motivations, emotions and belief in conspiracy theories, by Karen M. Douglas, Aleksandra Cichocka and Robbie M. Sutton — 4. Conspiracy theories as psycho-political reactions to perceived power, by Roland Imhoff and Pia Lamberty — 5. How conspiracy theories spread, by Adrian Bangerter, Pascal Wagner-Egger and Sylvain Delouvée — 6. Conspiracy theories and intergroup relations, by Mikey Biddlestone, Aleksandra Cichocka, Iris Žeželj and Michal Bilewicz — 7. Consequences of conspiracy theories, by Daniel Jolley, Silvia Mari and Karen Douglas — 8. Countering conspiracy theories and misinformation, by Péter Krekó — Part III. Society and politics — Introduction, by Eiríkur Bergmann, Asbjørn Dyrendal, Jaron Harambam and Hulda Thórisdóttir — 1. Who are the conspiracy theorists? Demographics and conspiracy theories, by Steven M. Smallpage, Hugo Drochon, Joseph E. Uscinski and Casey Klofstad, 263-277, full text — 2. Conspiracy theory entrepreneurs, movements and individuals, by Jaron Harambam — 3. Conspiracy theories and gender and sexuality, by Annika Thiem — 4. Conspiracy theories, political ideology and political behaviour, by Hulda Thórisdóttir, Silvia Mari and André Krouwel — 5. Functions and uses of conspiracy theories in authoritarian regimes, by Julien Giry and Dogan Gürpinar — 6. Conspiracy theory and populism, by Eiríkur Bergman and Michael Butter — 7. Radicalisation and conspiracy theories, by Benjamin Lee — 8. Antisemitism and conspiracism, by Kjetil Braut Simonsen — 9. Conspiracy theory and religion, by Asbjørn Dyrendal — Part IV. Media and transmission — Introduction, by Stef Aupers, Dana Craciun and Andreas Önnerfors — 1. Rumours, urban legends and the verbal transmission of conspiracy theories, by Anastasiya Astapova — 2. Conspiracy theorising and the history of media in the eighteenth century, by Andrew McKenzie-McHarg and Claus Oberhauser — 3. Genres of conspiracy in nineteenth-century British writing, by Ben Carver — 4. Conspiracy in American narrative, by Timothy Melley — 5. Conspiracy theories and visual culture, by Ute Caumanns and Andreas Önnerfors — 6. Conspiracy theories in film and television shows, by Michael Butter — 7. Decoding mass media / encoding conspiracy theory, by Stef Aupers — 8. The Internet and the spread of conspiracy content, by Simona Stano — 9. Networked disinformation and the lifecycle of online conspiracy theories, by Hugo Leal — 10. Conspiracy theories and fake news, by Kiril Avramov, Vasily Gatov and Ilya Yablokov — Part V. Histories and regions — Introduction, by Ilya Yablokov, Pascal Girard, Nebojša Blanuša and Annika Rabo — 1. Conspiracy theories in the Roman empire, by Victoria Emma Pagán — 2. Conspiracy theories in the Middle Ages and the early modern period, by Cornel Zwierlein — 3. Freemasons, Illuminati and Jews: Conspiracy theories and the French Revolution, by Claus Oberhauser — 4. Conspiracy Theories in Europe during the twentieth century, by Pascal Girard — 5. Conspiracy theories in Putin’s Russia: the case of the ‘New World Order,’ by Ilya Yablokov — 6. Conspiracy theories in and about the Balkans, by Nebojša Blanuša — 7. Conspiracy theories in Turkey, by Dogan Gürpinar and Türkay Salim Nefes — 8. Conspiracy theories in the Middle East, by Matthew Gray — 9. Conspiracy theories in Southeast Asia, by Viren Swami, Hanoor Syahirah Zahari and David Barron — 10. Conspiracy theories in American history, by Michael Butter — 11. Populism and conspiracy theory in Latin America: a case study of Venezuela, by Rosanne Norris Hooper.

Rutherford, Adam. How To Argue With a Racist: History, Science, Race and Reality. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2020

Smith, Evan. No Platform: A History of Anti-Fascism, Universities and the Limits of Free Speech. London and New York: Routledge, 2020. Chapter 1.

Sonabend, Daniel.  We Fight Fascists: The 43 Group and the Forgotten Battle for Postwar Britain.  London and Brooklyn: Verso, 2020

Spectres of Fascism: Historical, Theoretical and International Perspectives.  Edited by Samir Gandesha. London: Pluto Press, 2020. Contents: 1. Introduction – Samir Gandesha, 1 — Part I: History — 2. The ‘Hope of the Hopeless’: Contemporary Lessons from Marxist Struggles Against Hitler and Mussolini, by Ingo Schmidt, 27-43 — 3. The Future of Futurism: From the Avant-Garde to the Neo-Avant-Garde, or, How to Imagine Communism by Other Means, by Jaleh Mansoor, 44-66 — 4. The Aesthetics of Totalitarian Salvation, by Alec Balasescu, 67-78 — 5. Are the Alt-Right and French New Right Kindred Movements?, by Tamir Bar-On, 79 — Part II: Theory — 6. The Post-Democratic Horizon: Friend and Enemy in the Age of New Authoritarianism, by Am Johal, 97-108 — 7. Which Came First, Fascism or Misogyny? Reading Klaus Theweleit’s Male Fantasies, by Laura U. Marks, 109-119 — 8. ‘A Composite of King Kong and a Suburban Barber’: Adorno’s ‘Freudian Theory and the Pattern of Fascist Propaganda,’ by Samir Gandesha, 120-141 — 9. So, You Want a Master? Psychoanalytic Considerations on the Intellectual’s Responsibility in Light of Traumatic Repetition, by Hilda Fernandez-Alvarez, 142-163 — 10. Micro-Fascism in the Age of Trump, by Gary Genosko, 164 — Part III: The Contemporary Horizon — 11. Fascist Neoliberalism and Preventive Counter-Revolution: The Second Round of the Latin American Laboratory, by Vladimir Safatle, 179-190 — 12. Decolonizing the ‘Contemporary Left’?: An Indigenous Reflection on Justice in the New World Order, by Patricia M. Barkaskas, 191-206 — 13. The Outsider as Insider: Steve Bannon, Fourth Turnings, and the Neofascist Threat, by Joan Braune, 207-222 — 14. Populism, Fascism, Neoliberalism: Theorizing Contemporary India, by Ajay Gudavarthy and Vijay Gudavarthy, 223-240 — 15. Art Contra Politics: Liberal Spectacle, Fascist Resurgence, by Johan F. Hartle, 241-260. Chapter abstracts.

Teitelbaum, Benjamin R. War for Eternity: Inside Bannon’s Far-Right Circle of Global Power Brokers. New York: Dey Street Books, 2020. Chapters 1 and 2.

Tye, Larry. Demagogue: The Life and Long Shadow of Senator Joe McCarthy. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2020

Uscinski, Joseph E.  Conspiracy Theories: A Primer.  Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2020

The Vanishing Tradition: Perspectives on American Conservatism. Edited by Paul Gottfried. Ithaca and London: Northern Illinois University Press, An Imprint of Cornell University Press, 2020. Contents: The Big Conservatism and the American Exceptionalism / by John Kerwick — The Significance of the M.E. Bradford Affair / by Keith Preston — The Troy Right and the American Conservative Movement: Parallel Universes? / by Grant Havers — Who Funds Conservatism, Inc.? / by Joseph Cotto — Imagination and Its Failures: The Struggle of a Conservative American Foreign Policy / by Marjorie Jeffrey — The Contradictions of Catholic Neoconservatism / by Jesse Russell — Trump, Neoconservatives, and the Misrepresentation of the American Founding / by Nicholas Drummond — Why the Alt Right Is Not Going Anywhere (Regardless of What We Call It) / by Richard T. Marcy — The Unwanted Southern Conservatives / by Boyd Cathey — Republican Voters and Conservative Ideology by George Hawley. Full text.

Wahl, Klaus. The Radical Right: Biopsychosocial Roots and International Variations. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. Chapter abstracts.

We Resist: Defending the Common Good in Hostile Times. Edited by Cynthia Levine-Rasky and Lisa Kowalchuk. Montreal; Kingston; London; Chicago: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2020. Contents: Introduction, by Lisa Kowalchuk and Cynthia Levine-Rasky — Part One | Communities of Resistance — 1. Trading Our History: The Importance of Indigenous Resistance in Today’s Hostile Times, by Caitlyn E. Kasper — 2. Have You Ever Seen a Real, Live Racist? Post-racialism and the Crisis of Recognition in the Rise of the Far Right, by Philip S.S. Howard — 3. Who’s Afraid of Muslims? by Uzma Jamil — 4. Why We Must Share Our Stories, by Amira Elghawaby — 5. Antisemitism: Everything Old Is New Again, by Bernie M. Farber and Len Rudner — 6. Escaping Neurotic Justice: Learning from a Trans* Male Survivor Workplace Violence, by Dan Irving — 7. Rise, Rise, Redux, by Tim McCaskell — 8. Victims and Villains: Disabled People as Rhetorical Pawns in Political Discourse, by Kim Sauder — 9. “Our Home and Nativist Land?” by Vanessa Watts — Part Two | Institutions and the Common Good — 10. We’ve Been Resisting since We Arrived, by Kikélola Roach — 11. Never Done: The Struggle for Health Care, by Pat Armstrong — 12. The Death of Objectivity and the Rise of the “Alt-Right,” by Margaret Reid — 13. Stay Calm, Be Brave, and Wait for the Signs, by Janice A. Newson — 14. Challenging and Defeating the Right: Beyond Trumpism and the Peterson Cult, by Neil McLaughlin — 15. The Multicultural Myth: Don Cherry and the Rise of Nationalism in Canadian Hockey, by Stephen Sheps — 16. Neutralizing State Security through Exposure and Direct Action, by Matthew Behrens — 17. Disrupting Protest and Distrusting the Police, by Lesley Wood — 18. Building a Movement of Resistance to the Far Right, by Carolyn Egan and Michelle Robidoux — 19. LGBTIQ Refugees, Abuse, and Unity Mosques: A Queer Muslim Perspective, by El-Farouk Khaki — Part Three | Social Policies in Hostile Times — 20. Exposing the Right: The Foundations of Right-Wing Extremism in Canada, by Barbara Perry — 21. Resisting or Recapturing Surveillance? by David Murakami Wood — 22. The War on the Poor and the Rise of the Right, by John Clarke — 23. Back to the Future? Continuity and Change in Migrant Worker Struggles, by Aziz Choudry and Mostafa Henaway — 24. Austerity Urbanism, Populism, and Labour, by Steven Tufts, Mark P. Thomas, and Ian MacDonald — 25. Advocating for the Common Good: Canadian Muslim Women and Their Families, by Alia Hogben — 26. Trump: Climate Denial on Steroids, by Keith Stewart — 27. Trump and Our Hostile Times, by Edward C. Corrigan — 28. Fighting (and Winning) Proposed Reforms to Citizenship Law, by Lorne Waldman — Part Four | Social Movements for Change — 29. Alt-Right, Alt-Left, and Antifa, by Richard J.F. Day — 30. The Principle of Solidarity, by Stephen D’Arcy — 31. Resistance Lies in Defending Human Rights, by Alex Neve — 32. Right and Left in the Age of Insecurity, by Alan Sears — 33. Grassroots and Interfaith: A Foundation for Activism? by Lisa Kowalchuk and Cynthia Levine-Rasky — 34. Resisting the Resurgence of White Supremacy, by Pamela Palmater — 35. Building Disability Activism in the Trudeau and Trump Era, by Melissa Graham — 36. Resisting through Intersectional Solidarities, by Yasmin Jiwani — 37. Yet We Rise: Cultivating a Resilient Transgender Community that Overcomes Systemic Barriers, by Morgane Oger — 38. Beyond Capitalist Authoritarianism: The Radical Imagination, by Max Haiven.

Zucchino, David.  Wilmington’s Lie: The Murderous Coup of 1898 and the Rise of White Supremacy.  New York: Atlantic Monthly Press, 2020


Adams, Whitney Jordan. “A Rhetoric of Resentment: Dismantling White Supremacy Through Definition, Scholarship, and Action.” Ph.D., Clemson University, 2020. Full text.

Bork, Oskar. “Gender & Race in digital game cultures: A critical discourse analytical approach to Metacritic game reviews.” Master’s Degree, Lund universitet, 2020. Full text and here.

Ceydilek, Erdem.  “Foreign Policy Operational Codes of European Populist Radical Right Leaders.”  Ph.D., İhsan Doğramaci Bilkent University, 2020.  Full text.

Chueri Barbosa Correa, Juliana. “Who Deserves the Welfare? The Populist Radical Right’s Transformation of Social Policy.” Thèse de doctorat, Université de Genève, 2020. Full text.

Feldman, Devin.  “Mitigating Potential Lone Wolf Terrorist Attacks Against Aviation Sector Infrastructure.”  Master of Arts, Johns Hopkins University, 2020.  Full text.

Fink, Andrew Heath.  “The Importance of Conspiracy Theory in Extremist Ideology and Propaganda.”  Ph.D., Leiden University, 2020. Abstract.

Gandy, Blake. “‘Trouble up the Road:’ Desegregation, Busing, and the National Politics of Resistance in Fort Worth, Texas, 1954-1971.” M.A., Texas State University, 2020. Full text.

Garcia, Lauren C. “From the Margins to the Center: Legitimation Strategies from an Alt-Right Case Study.” Master of Science, Virginia Commonwealth University, 2020. Abstract.

Groom, Dylon. “A Threat Assessment of Radicalized Extremist Right-Wing White Nationalist Subcultures in Canada: A Social Media Analysis.” MA, Wilfrid Laurier University, 2020. Full text.

Haynes, Amanda.  “Making America Great, Again Through Memes: A Qualitative Content Analysis of a Trump-Based Populism in User-Generated Memes.”  MA thesis, University of Tartu, 2020. Full text.

Jetton, Rodney. “Immigration, the ultimate wedge issue… how Radical right-wing parties are influencing mainstream parties’ in Western and Eastern Europe to shift immigration positions to the right.” Master Thesis, University of Bamberg, 2020. Full text.

Johnston, Savannah Eccles. “What Enemy Hath Done This? The Death of the Fusion Movement and the Rise of Illiberal Conservatism.” Ph.D., Claremont Graduate University, 2020. Document Preview.

Kaufman, Ian. “Immigration and Right-Wing Populism in Europe: Bridging Gaps in the Literature to Better Understand an Important and Timely Political Phenomenon.” M.A., New York University, 2020. Full text.

Kouchehbagh, Sara.  “The Rise of Anti-immigration Populist Radical Right Parties: The Effect of the Syrian Conflict on Refugee Resettlement and Migration Policies in Germany and Austria.”  Master of Science in Geography, University of Arkansas, 2019.  Full text.

Lee, Jeremy. “The Recent Rise of the Far-right in Europe: Can it Be Attributed to the Migrant Crisis, the European Debt Crisis, Euroscepticism, or Something Else Entirely?” Master of Arts, Johns Hopkins University, 2020. Full text.

Mellander, Erik. “What constitutes right-wing extremism? An analysis of three European political parties.” Master Thesis in Global Studies, Göteborgs universitet, 2020. On the Swedish Nordic Resistance Movement, German Alternative for Germany, and the Swiss People’s Party. Full text.

Mustafa, Marwa Hossameldin. “Analyzing Stance in Online Threat Discourse by Anti-Immigration Attackers: An Integrated Approach.” M.A., The American University in Cairo, 2020. On two anti-immigrant manifestos: The Great Replacement, published online by Brenton Tarrant before shooting and “murdering 51 people in two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand; and The Inconvenient Truth, published online by Patrick Crusius before killing 22 people and injuring dozens of others at an El Paso Walmart. Full text.

Perttula, Nelli.  “‘I Don’t Feel as Welcome Here Anymore, However I Have Not Experienced Racism Yet’: A Discursive Study on the Social Psychology of Brexit from a Finn’s Perspective.”  Master’s Thesis in Social Psychology, Tampere University, 2020. Full text.

Preston, Kayla. “Tradition and Authoritarianism as a Solution to Social Decay – An Analysis of Canadian Right-Wing Extremism Online.” M.A., Dalhousie University, 2020. Full text.

Sawyer, Patrick.  “Populism, Conspiracy Theories, and Political Preferences for Federal Office in the US.”  Master’s Degree, National Research University Higher School of Economics, 2020.  Full text.

Seiler, Christopher Davis.  “The Ethnic Nationalist Seduction: Populist Radical Right Parties in Denmark and Sweden.” Master of Arts, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2020. Full text.

Shands, Gwendolyn M. “Predictors of Domestic Lone Wolf Terrorism.” Ph.D., Walden University, 2020. Document Preview.

Stroe, Cerasela. “Examining economic and cultural concerns in shaping attitudes towards immigration. A survey experiment.” Master Thesis, Linnæus University, 2020. Full text.

Tait, Joshua Albury. “Making Conservatism: Conservative Intellectuals and the American Political Tradition.” Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2020. Full text.

Taylor, Caleb. “Determining the Significance of Poverty in the Radicalization of American Right-Wing Extremists.” Master of Global Security Studies, Johns Hopkins University, 2020. Full text.

Vivian, Marco.  “Populism in Europe: An Empirical Analysis Based on ESS Data.” Masters thesis, Università degli studi di Padova, 2020. Full text.

Wiedeman, Emily A. “Terministic Screening and Conspiracy Theory in Political Communication: A Critical Analysis of Trump’s Rhetorical Ties to FAIR and Alex Jones Through ‘Invasion’ Immigration Discourse.” Masters Thesis, Eastern Illinois University, 2020. Full text.

Wiklund, Maria. “The Misogyny Within the Manosphere: A Discourse Analysis in a Swedish Context.” Master thesis, Malmö University, 2020. Full text.


Abbas, Tahir. “Islamophobia as Racialised Biopolitics in the United Kingdom.” Philosophy & Social Criticism, First Published February 12, 2020.  Abstract and references.

Abrahamsen, Rita, Jean-François Drolet, Alexandra Gheciu, Karin Narita, Srdjan Vucetic, and Michael Williams. “Confronting the International Political Sociology of the New Right.” International Political Sociology 14.1 (Mar. 2020): 94-107.  Full text and here and here.

Adami, Angela. “Visual Analysis and Right Wing (Populist) Groups.” PArtecipazione e Conflitto (PACO) 13.1 (2020): 315-336. Full text and here and here.

Adams, Brian J. “A whole-of-society approach to countering hate speech and hate-motivated aggression.” Religions (Doha International Center for Interfaith Dialogue) 13 (Jan 2020): 19-26. Full text.

Aharoni, Sarai B., and Élise Féron. “National populism and gendered vigilantism: The case of the Soldiers of Odin in Finland.” Cooperation and Conflict 55.1 (March 2020): 86-106. Full text.

Åkerlund, Mathilda. “The Importance of Influential Users in (Re) Producing Swedish Far-Right Discourse on Twitter.” European Journal of Communication, First Published July 21, 2020. Full text and here.

Aqui, Lindsay. “‘The Empire of England’: Enoch Powell, Sovereignty, and the Constitution of the Nation.” Twentieth Century British History, Published: 29 June 2020. Abstract.

Araújo, Bruno, and Hélder Prior.  “Framing Political Populism: The Role of Media in Framing the Election of Jair Bolsonaro.”  Journalism Practice, Published online: 6 Jan. 2020.  Abstract.

Archambault, Fabien. “Football and Fascism in Italy.” Soccer & Society, Published online: 31 May 2020. Abstract.

Atzmüller, Roland, and Fabienne Décieux. “‘The Origins of Our Time’ Articulations between Neoliberal Social-Policy Reforms and the Shift to the Far-Right through the Light of Polanyi’s Theory of Fascism.” Social Work & Society 18.1 (2020). Full text.

Auger, Vincent A. “Right-Wing Terror: A Fifth Global Wave?” Perspectives on Terrorism 14.3 (June 2020): 87-97. Full text.

Austermuehl, Frank. “The Normalization of Exclusion through a Revival of Whiteness in Donald Trump’s 2016 Election Campaign Discourse.” Social Semiotics, Published online: 25 May 2020. Abstract.

Babar, Junaid, Aabida Lateef, and Nasrullah Khan. “Changing Political Trends in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa: A Case Study of Malakand (1968-2013).” Sir Syed Journal of Education & Social Research 3.2 (April-June 2020): 151-159. Full text and here.

Bachmann, Veit. “The Resurfacing of German Fascism.” Political Geography, Available online 16 June 2020

Bai, Hui. “Whites’ Racial Identity Centrality and Social Dominance Orientation Are Interactively Associated with Far-Right Extremism.” British Journal of Social Psychology 59.2 (April 2020): 387-404. Abstract and appendices.

Baker, Joseph O., Samuel L Perry, and Andrew L Whitehead. “Keep America Christian (and White): Christian Nationalism, Fear of Ethnoracial Outsiders, and Intention to Vote for Donald Trump in the 2020 Presidential Election.” Sociology of Religion, Published: 14 May 2020. Full text and here and here.

Bakker, Ryan, Seth Jolly, and Jonathan Polk. “Multidimensional Incongruence, Political Disaffection, and Support for Anti-Establishment Parties.” Journal of European Public Policy 27.2 (Feb. 2020): 292-309.  Abstract and funding.

Balci, Ali, and Filiz Cicioglu. “Turkey in the Discourse of European Far Right: The Uses and Abuses of Turkey’s Membership Process for a Counter-Hegemony.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies 28.1 (Jan. 2020): 100-113. Abstract and references.

Baldini, Gianfranco, and Matteo Fabio Nels Giglioli. “Italy 2018: The Perfect Populist Storm?” Parliamentary Affairs 73.2 (Apr. 2020): 363-384. Full text and here and here.

Barros, Amon, and Sergio Wanderley. “Brazilian Businessmen Movements: Right-Wing Populism and the (Dis)Connection between Policy and Politics.” Organization 27.3 (May 2020): 394-404. Abstract and references.

Bauer, Christina, and Bettina Hannover. “Changing ‘us’ and Hostility towards ‘Them’ -Implicit Theories of National Identity Determine Prejudice and Participation Rates in an Anti-Immigrant Petition.” European Journal of Social Psychology, First published: 29 January 2020.  Full text and here and here and here.

Becker, Julia C. “Ideology and the Promotion of Social Change.” Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 34 (Aug. 2020): 6-11. Full text and here and here.

Béland, Daniel. “Right-Wing Populism and the Politics of Insecurity: How President Trump Frames Migrants as Collective Threats.” Political Studies Review 18.2 (May 2020): 162-177. Full text and here and here.

Benton, Bond, and Daniela Peterka-Benton. “Hating in Plain Sight: The Hatejacking of Brands by Extremist Groups.” Public Relations Inquiry 9.1 (January 2020): 7-26. Abstract and references.

Berger, J. M., Kateira Aryaeinejad, and Seán Looney. “There and Back Again: How White Nationalist Ephemera Travels Between Online and Offline Spaces.” The RUSI Journal 165.1 (Jan. 2020): 114-129. Full text and here and here.

Bernhard, Laurent. “Revisiting the Inclusion-Moderation Thesis on Radical Right Populism: Does Party Leadership Matter?” Politics and Governance 8.1 (Mar. 2020): 206-216. Full text and here.

Berntzen, Lars Erik. “How Elite Politicization of Terror Impacts Sympathies for Partisans: Radical Right versus Social Democrats.” Politics and Governance 8.3 (July 2020): 19-31. Full text and here.

Bertonha, João Fábio. “Radical Right Ideologies and Movements in Brazil.” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History, Subject: History of Brazil, 1910-1945. Online Publication Date: May 2020. Full text and here.

Beydoun, Khaled A. “Exporting Islamophobia in the Global War on Terror.” 95 New York University Law Review Online 81 (2020). Full text.

Bhambra, Gurminder K., Kathryn Medien, and Lisa Tilley. “Theory for a Global Age: From Nativism to Neoliberalism and Beyond.” Current Sociology, First Published January 27, 2020.  First page.

Bhatia, Aditi. “The ‘Saffronisation’ of India and Contemporary Political Ideology.” World Englishes, First published: 8 May 2020. Abstract.

Bhatt, Chetan. “White Extinction: Metaphysical Elements of Contemporary Western Fascism.” Theory, Culture & Society, First Published June 23, 2020. Abstract and references.

Bialasiewicz, Luiza. “The Social and Spatial Forms of the Far Right across Europe.” Political Geography, Available online 19 June 2020. First page preview.

Bialasiewicz, Luiza, and Sabrina Stallone. “Focalizing New-Fascism: Right Politics and Integralisms in Contemporary Italy.” Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space 38.3 (May 2020): 423-442. Focusing on CasaPound, an active Italian far-right movement. Full text and here and here.

Biard, Benjamin. “How Do Radical Right Populist Parties Influence Resurging Debates over the Stripping of Citizenship?” International Political Science Review 41.2 (March 2020): 224-237. Abstract and references. Abstract in French and Spanish and here.

Bichay, Nicolas. “Public Campaign Financing and the Rise of Radical-Right Parties.” Electoral Studies 66 (Aug. 2020): 102159. Abstract.

Bilewicz, Michal, and Wiktor Soral. “Hate Speech Epidemic. The Dynamic Effects of Derogatory Language on Intergroup Relations and Political Radicalization.” Political Psychology, First published:19 June 2020. Abstract.

Biroli, Flávia, and Mariana Caminotti. “The Conservative Backlash against Gender in Latin America.” Politics & Gender 16.1 (Mar. 2020).  First page and references.

Bjork-James, Sophie. “Racializing Misogyny: Sexuality and Gender in the New Online White Nationalism.” Feminist Anthropology, First published:06 April 2020. Full text and here and here.

Bjork-James, Sophie. “White Sexual Politics: The Patriarchal Family in White Nationalism and the Religious Right.” Transforming Anthropology 28.1 (April 2020): 58-73. Full text and here and here.

Bleakley, Paul. “Days of Alt-Rage: Using the Weatherman Movement to Deconstruct the Radicalisation of the Alt-Right.” Contemporary Politics 26.1 (Jan. 2020): 106-123. Abstract and references.

Bliuc, Ana-Maria, John M. Betts, Nicholas Faulkner, Matteo Vergani, Rui Jie Chow, Muhammad Iqbal, and David Best. “The Effects of Local Socio-Political Events on Group Cohesion in Online Far-Right Communities.” PLOS ONE 15.3 (Mar. 2020): e0230302. Full text and here.

Bloch, Katrina Rebecca, Tiffany Taylor, and Karen Martinez. “Playing the Race Card: White Injury, White Victimhood and the Paradox of Colour-Blind Ideology in Anti-Immigrant Discourse.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 43.7 (May 2020): 1130-1148. Abstract and references.

Boehme, Hunter M., and Deena A. Isom Scott. “Alt-White? A Gendered Look at ‘Victim’ Ideology and the Alt-Right.” Victims & Offenders 15.2 (Feb. 2020): 174-196. Abstract and references.

Bogaards, Matthijs. “Militant Consociational Democracy: The Political Exclusion of the Extreme Right in Belgium.” Compromises in Democracy. Edited by Sandrine Baume and Stéphanie Novak. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. 175-200. Chapter abstract and bibliography.

Bolet, Diane. “Local Labour Market Competition and Radical Right Voting: Evidence from France.” European Journal of Political Research, First published: 7 January 2020.  Abstract, figures, and references.

Borbáth, Endre, and Theresa Gessler. “Different worlds of contention? Protest in Northwestern, Southern and Eastern Europe.” European Journal of Political Research, First published: 13 January 2020. Full text and here and here.

Borbáth, Endre, and Swen Hutter. “Protesting Parties in Europe: A Comparative Analysis.” Party Politics, First Published May 8, 2020. Full text and here and here.

Bos, Linda, Christian Schemer, Nicoleta Corbu, Michael Hameleers, Ioannis Andreadis, Anne Schulz, Desirée Schmuck, Carsten Reinemann, and Nayla Fawzi. “The Effects of Populism as a Social Identity Frame on Persuasion and Mobilisation: Evidence from a 15-Country Experiment.” European Journal of Political Research 59.1 (February 2020): 3-24. Full text and here and here and here.

Boukes, Mark, and Michael Hameleers. “Shattering Populists’ Rhetoric with Satire at Elections Times: The Effect of Humorously Holding Populists Accountable for Their Lack of Solutions.” Journal of Communication, Published: 27 May 2020. Full text and here and here.

Boulianne, Shelley, Karolina Koc-Michalska, and Bruce Bimber. “Right-Wing Populism, Social Media and Echo Chambers in Western Democracies.” New Media & Society 22.4 (Apr. 2020): 683-699.  Abstract and references.

Bowles, Harry. “Comparing the Origins and Ideology of the UK Independence Party and Alternative für Deutschland: Is it justified to include respective parties as members of the ‘Extreme Right’ Party Family?” The Elphinstone Review (University of Aberdeen) 6 (May 2020): 48-62. Full text.

Bracke, Sarah, and Luis Manuel Hernández Aguilar. “‘They Love Death as We Love Life: The Muslim Question’ and the Biopolitics of Replacement.” The British Journal of Sociology, First published: 26 February 2020.  Full text and here and here and here and here.

Bradshaw, Samantha, Philip N. Howard, Bence Kollanyi, and Lisa-Maria Neudert. “Sourcing and Automation of Political News and Information over Social Media in the United States, 2016-2018.” Political Communication 37.2 (Mar. 2020): 173-193. Full text and here and here. Supplemental material.

Breeze, Ruth. “Angry Tweets: A Corpus-Assisted Study of Anger in Populist Political Discourse.” Journal of Language Aggression and Conflict 8.1 (Mar. 2020): 118-145. A corpus-assisted study investigating lexis in the semantic domain of anger and violence in tweets by radical-right campaigner Nigel Farage in comparison with four other prominent British politicians. Abstract, Figures & Tables, and References.

Bright, David, Chad Whelan, and Shandon Harris-Hogan. “Exploring the Hidden Social Networks of ‘Lone Actor’ Terrorists.” Crime, Law and Social Change, Published: 6 June 2020. Abstract, notes, and references.

Brown, John. “Neoliberalization, De-Democratization, and Populist Responses in Western Europe, the US, and Latin America:” Critical Sociology, First Published May 23, 2020. Abstract and references.

Brubaker, Rogers. “Populism and Nationalism.” Nations and Nationalism 26.1 (January 2020): 44-66. Full text and here and here and here and here.

Bruce, Tayyiba.  “Reader Comments and Right-Wing Discourse in Traditional News Media Websites.”  Contemporary Media Stylistics.  Edited by Helen Ringrow and Stephen Pihlaja.  London, New York, Oxford, New Dehli, Sydney: Bloomsbury Academic, 2020. 215-240.

Brugh, Christine Shahan, Sarah L. Desmarais, and Joseph Simons-Rudolph. “Application of the TRAP-18 Framework to U.S. and Western European Lone Actor Terrorists.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Published online: 6 May 2020. Abstract, funding, and notes.

Brzuszkiewicz, Sara. “Jihadism and Far-Right Extremism: Shared Attributes With Regard to Violence Spectacularisation.” European View, First Published April 14, 2020. Full text and here.

Budd, Brian. “The People’s Champ: Doug Ford and Neoliberal Right-Wing Populism in the 2018 Ontario Provincial Election.” Politics and Governance 8.1 (Mar. 2020): 171-181. Full text and here and here.

Bures, Eliah. “The Ineffable Conservative Revolution: The Crisis of Language as a Motive for Weimar’s Radical Right.” Modern Intellectual History, Published online: 24 April 2020. Abstract and references.

Burgoon, Brian, and Matthijs Rooduijn. “‘Immigrationization’ of Welfare Politics? Anti-Immigration and Welfare Attitudes in Context.” West European Politics, Published online: 13 Jan. 2020.  Full text and here and here.

Burke, Shani, Parisa Diba, and Georgios A. Antonopoulos.  “‘You sick, twisted messes’: The use of argument and reasoning in Islamophobic and anti-Semitic discussions on Facebook.”  Discourse & Society, First Published February 6, 2020.  An analysis of anti-Semitic and Islamophobic discourse on the English Defence League’s (EDL) Facebook page.  Full text.

Burley, Ryan. “ASIO clueless over right-wing extremism.” Guardian (Sydney) 1907 (16 Mar 2020): 3. Abstract.

Busbridge, Rachel, Benjamin Moffitt, and Joshua Thorburn. “Cultural Marxism: Far-Right Conspiracy Theory in Australia’s Culture Wars.” Social Identities, Published online: 29 June 2020. Abstract.

Bustikova, Lenka, David S. Siroky, Saud Alashri, and Sultan Alzahrani. “Predicting Partisan Responsiveness: A Probabilistic Text Mining Time-Series Approach.” Political Analysis 28.1 (Jan. 2020): 47-64. An assessment of a new classifier’s predictive accuracy about which political issues will elicit partisan reactions, and which will be ignored, using documents from radical right and ethnic political parties in Slovakia (2004-2014). Full text.

Butt, Shelby, and Daniel Byman. “Right-Wing Extremism: The Russian Connection.” Survival 62.2 (Mar. 2020): 137-152. Abstract.

Carlsson, Christoffer, Amir Rostami, Hernan Mondani, Joakim Sturup, Jerzy Sarnecki, and Christofer Edling. “A Life-Course Analysis of Engagement in Violent Extremist Groups.” The British Journal of Criminology 60.1 (Jan. 2020): 74-92. Full text and here and here.

Carreras, Judith. “The new radical right and anti-feminism.” IV Online magazine (International Viewpoint) IV540 (January 2020). Full text and here.

Casaglia, Anna, Raffaella Coletti, Christopher Lizotte, John Agnew, Virginie Mamadouh, and Claudio Minca. “Interventions on European Nationalist Populism and Bordering in Time of Emergencies.” Political Geography 82 (October 2020): 102238. Full text and here and here.

Castelli Gattinara, Pietro. “The Study of the Far Right and Its Three E’s: Why Scholarship Must Go beyond Eurocentrism, Electoralism and Externalism.” French Politics, Published: 20 June 2020. Full text.

Castle, Taimi. “‘Cops and the Klan’: Police Disavowal of Risk and Minimization of Threat from the Far-Right.” Critical Criminology, Published: 15 February 2020.  Abstract, notes, and references.

Catalano, Salaina. “When It Happened Here: Michigan and the Transnational Development of American Fascism, 1920-1945.” Michigan Historical Review 46.1 (2020): 29-67. First page.

Cavallaro, Matteo, and Massimo Angelo Zanetti. “Divided We Stand: Attitudes, Social Classes, and Voting for the Radical Right after the Great Recession in Europe.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 43.2 (Jan. 2020): 313-332. Abstract and references.

Çelik, Burçe. “Screening for Erdoǧanism: Television, Post-Truth and Political Fear.” European Journal of Communication, First Published February 28, 2020. Full text.

Ćetković, Stefan, and Christian Hagemann. “Changing Climate for Populists? Examining the Influence of Radical-Right Political Parties on Low-Carbon Energy Transitions in Western Europe.” Energy Research & Social Science 66 (Aug. 2020): 101571. Abstract.

Charles, Jean Max. “The Slave Revolt That Changed the World and the Conspiracy Against It: The Haitian Revolution and the Birth of Scientific Racism.” Journal of Black Studies 51.4 (May 2020): 275-294. Abstract and references.

Chaudhry, Irfan, and Anatoliy Gruzd. “Expressing and Challenging Racist Discourse on Facebook: How Social Media Weaken the ‘Spiral of Silence’ Theory.” Policy & Internet 12.1 (March 2020): 88-108. Full text and here and here and here.

Chichon, Jagon P. “(Mis) Leading Britain’s Conversation: The Cultivation of Consent on the Nigel Farage Radio Phone-in Show.” Discourse & Communication 14.1 (Feb. 2020): 3-21. Abstract and references.

Chinn, Sedona, and Josh Pasek. “Some Deficits and Some Misperceptions: Linking Partisanship With Climate Change Cognitions.” International Journal of Public Opinion Research, Published: 12 June 2020. Abstract.

Cho, Sarah, and Juheon Lee. “Waving Israeli Flags at Right-Wing Christian Rallies in South Korea.” Journal of Contemporary Asia, Published online: 14 Feb. 2020.  Abstract.

Choi, Susanne Y. P., Ruby Y. S. Lai, and Javier C. L. Pang. “Gender Irrelevance: How Women and Men Rationalize Their Support for the Right.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 45. 2 (Jan. 2020): 473-496. Abstract.

Choma, Becky, Gordon Hodson, Arvin Jagayat, and Mark R. Hoffarth. “Right-Wing Ideology as a Predictor of Collective Action: A Test Across Four Political Issue Domains.” Political Psychology 41.2 (April 2020): 303-322. Abstract and appendix.

Christensen, Tina Wilchen.  “Civil actors’ role in deradicalisation and disengagement initiatives: when trust is essential.”  Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement.  Edited by Stig Jarle Hansen and Stian Lid.  London and New York: Routledge, 2020. Based on ethnographic interviews with around 50 individuals who have participated in radical and/or violent right- or left-wing groups in Northern Europe.  143-155.

Chueri, Juliana. “Social Policy Outcomes of Government Participation by Radical Right Parties.” Party Politics, First Published July 7, 2020. Abstract and references.

Cleland, Jamie. “Charismatic Leadership in a Far-Right Movement: An Analysis of an English Defence League Message Board Following the Resignation of Tommy Robinson.” Social Identities 26.1 (2020): 48-60. Abstract and references.

Clemmow, Caitlin, Paul Gill, Noémie Bouhana, James Silver, and John Horgan. “Disaggregating Lone-Actor Grievance-Fuelled Violence: Comparing Lone-Actor Terrorists and Mass Murderers.” Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 19 Feb. 2020.  Abstract and fundingSupplemental data.

Clemmow, Caitlin, Sandy Schumann, Nadine L. Salman, and Paul Gill.  “The Base Rate Study: Developing Base Rates for Risk Factors and Indicators for Engagement in Violent Extremism.” Journal of Forensic Sciences, First published: 30 January 2020.  Full text and here and here and here and here.

Cockbain, Ella, and Waqas Tufail. “Failing Victims, Fuelling Hate: Challenging the Harms of the ‘Muslim Grooming Gangs’ Narrative.” Race & Class 61.3 (Jan. 2020): 3-32.  Full text and here and here and here.

Conti, Nicolò, Francesco Marangoni, and Luca Verzichelli. “Euroscepticism in Italy from the Onset of the Crisis: Tired of Europe?” South European Society and Politics, Published online: 1 June 2020. Abstract.

Conversi, Daniele. “The Ultimate Challenge: Nationalism and Climate Change.” Nationalities Papers, Published online: 23 March 2020. In part, on the overlapping of resource nationalism with far-right nationalism and populism. Abstract and references.

Conway, Maura. “Routing the Extreme Right: Challenges for Social Media Platforms.” The RUSI Journal 165.1 (Jan. 2020): 108-113. Full text and here and here.

Cosentino, Gabriele. Social Media and the Post-Truth World Order: The Global Dynamics of Disinformation. Cham: Palgrave Pivot, 2020 [3. From Pizzagate to the Great Replacement: The Globalization of Conspiracy Theories, 59-86, abstract and references].

Costea, Vladimir-Adrian, and Alexis Chapelan. “Beyond Conservatism: How the Crisis of the American Right Shaped Trumpism and the Trump Vote in the 2016 Election.” Romanian Review of Political Sciences and International Relations 17.1 (2020): 138-152. Full text.

Crawford, Blyth, and Florence Keen.  “The Hanau Terrorist Attack: How Race Hate and Conspiracy Theories Are Fueling Global Far-Right Violence.” CTC Sentinel (Combating Terrorism Center at West Point) 13.3 (March 2020). Full text and here.

Creighton, Mathew J., and Zan Strabac. “Party Affiliation and Support for Muslim Newcomers: Masked Opposition in the Norwegian Context.” European Societies, Published online: 21 May 2020. Abstract.

Crepaz, Markus M. L. “Coveting Uniformity in a Diverse World: The Authoritarian Roots of Welfare Chauvinism in Postmigration Crisis Germany.” Social Science Quarterly, First published:21 May 2020. Abstract.

Criss, Marika K. “Language, Immigration, and Identity: An Analysis of the Discourses of the Finns Party.” Journal of Language and Politics 19.2 (Mar. 2020): 270-289. Abstract and references.

Črnič, Aleš. “A Critique of Islamophobia – in Defence of European Culture.” European Review, Published online: 2 March 2020.  Abstract and references.

Crowley, Ned. “Austerity and ethno-nationalism: the politics of scarcity in right-wing populism.” Mapping Populism: Approaches and Methods. Edited by Majia Nadesan and Amit Ron. Abingdon, Oxon, and New York: Routledge, 2020. 134-145. Full text.

Cumming, Douglas J., Geoffrey Wood, and Shaker A. Zahra. “Human Resource Management Practices in the Context of Rising Right-Wing Populism.” Human Resource Management Journal, First published: 3 February 2020.  Full text and here and here and here and here.

Dahl, Ulrika, and madeleine kennedy-macfoy. “(Anti) Gender Studies and Populist Movements in Europe.” European Journal of Women’s Studies, First Published May 28, 2020. First page.

Dancygier, Rafaela.  “Another Progressive’s Dilemma: Immigration, the Radical Right & Threats to Gender Equality.”  Dædalus, the Journal of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences 149.1 (Winter 2020): 56-71. Full text and here and here and here and here and here and here.

Dancygier, Rafaela, and Yotam Margalit. “The Evolution of the Immigration Debate: Evidence from a New Dataset of Party Positions Over the Last Half-Century.” Comparative Political Studies 53.5 (April 2020): 734-774. Full text.

Dassonneville, Ruth. “Change and Continuity in the Ideological Gender Gap a Longitudinal Analysis of Left-Right Self-Placement in OECD Countries.” European Journal of Political Research, First published: 25 January 2020.  AbstractReplication materials.

Davis, Joshua T., and Samuel L. Perry. “White Christian Nationalism and Relative Political Tolerance for Racists.” Social Problems, Published: 20 March 2020.  Abstract.

Davis, Stuart, and Joe Straubhaar. “Producing Antipetismo: Media Activism and the Rise of the Radical, Nationalist Right in Contemporary Brazil.” International Communication Gazette 82.1 (February 2020): 82-100. Abstract and references.

De Cleen, Benjamin, and Yannis Stavrakakis. “How Should We Analyze the Connections between Populism and Nationalism: A Response to Rogers Brubaker.” Nations and Nationalism, First published: 3 January 2020.  Abstract.

De Genova, Nicholas. “‘Everything is Permitted’: Trump, White Supremacy, Fascism.” American Anthropologist, March 23, 2020. Full text.

de Geus, Roosmarijn A., and Rosalind Shorrocks. “Where Do Female Conservatives Stand? A Cross-National Analysis of the Issue Positions and Ideological Placement of Female Right-Wing Candidates.” Journal of Women, Politics & Policy, Published online: 22 Jan. 2020.   Full text and hereSupplemental material.

de Jonge, Léonie. “The Curious Case of Belgium: Why Is There No Right-Wing Populism in Wallonia?” Government and Opposition, Published online: 19 May 2020. Full text and here and here.

Diermeier, Matthias. “The AfD’s Winning Formula — No Need for Economic Strategy Blurring in Germany.” Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy 55.1 (Jan. 2020): 43-52.  Full text.

Dmello, Jared R., Arie Perliger, and Matthew Sweeney. “The Violence of Political Empowerment: Electoral Success and the Facilitation of Terrorism in the Republic of India.” Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 9 June 2020. Includes an Appendix. List of terrorist ideological coding. Abstract.

Donà, Alessia.  “The Populist Italian Lega from Ethno-Regionalism to Radical Right-Wing Nationalism: Backsliding Gender-Equality Policies with a Little Help from the Anti-Gender Movement.”  European Journal of Politics and Gender 3.1 (February 2020): 161-163. Full text and here and here.

Donà, Alessia. “What’s Gender Got to Do with Populism?” European Journal of Women’s Studies, First Published May 28, 2020. Includes a literature review of the gender dimension of radical right populist parties in Europe. Abstract and references.

Donovan, Todd. “Right Populist Parties and Support for Strong Leaders.” Party Politics, First Published May 5, 2020. Abstract and references.

Dörffel, Christoph, Andreas Freytag, and Miriam Kautz.  “The 2019 State Election in Thuringia and the Populist Threat.”  Finnish-German Yearbook of Political Economy. Volume 2 (2019). Edited by Timo Airaksinen, Manfred J. Holler, and Hannu Nurmi.  München: Verlag Manfred J. Holler, 2020.  77-94.

Druxes, Helga. “‘The Burqa Is Not Us (wir sind nicht burka)’: Strategic Islamophobia and the Mainstreaming of Nativist Appeals.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies 28.1 (Jan. 2020): 70-84. Abstract and references.

Duina, Francesco, and Dylan Carson. “Not so Right after All? Making Sense of the Progressive Rhetoric of Europe’s Far-Right Parties.” International Sociology 35.1 (Jan. 2020): 3-21.  Abstract and references.

Duvall, Spring-Serenity. “Too Famous to Protest: Far-Right Online Community Bonding Over Collective Desecration of Colin Kaepernick, Fame, and Celebrity Activism.” Journal of Communication Inquiry, First Published March 19, 2020. Abstract and references.

Eddington, Sean M. “Alt-Resilience: A Semantic Network Analysis of Identity (Re)Construction in an Online Men’s Rights Community.” Journal of Applied Communication Research, Published online: 04 Jan 2020.  Abstract.

Edis, Taner.  “A Revolt Against Expertise: Pseudoscience, Right-Wing Populism, and Post-Truth Politics.”  Disputatio. Philosophical Research Bulletin 9.13 (Jun. 2020).  Full text.

Ekström, Mats, Marianna Patrona, and Joanna Thornborrow. “The Normalization of the Populist Radical Right in News Interviews: A Study of Journalistic Reporting on the Swedish Democrats.” Social Semiotics, Published online: 26 May 2020. Full text and here and here.

Engler, Sarah, and David Weisstanner. “The Threat of Social Decline: Income Inequality and Radical Right Support.” Journal of European Public Policy, Published online: 3 Mar. 2020. Full text and here. Online Appendix and here.

Ennser-Jedenastik, Laurenz. “The FPÖ’s Welfare Chauvinism.” Österreichische Zeitschrift Für Politikwissenschaft / Austrian Journal of Political Science 49.1 (Apr. 2020): 1-13. On the relationship between redistributive justice principles and welfare chauvinism in the case of the Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ). Full text and here.

Enyedi, Zsolt. “Right-Wing Authoritarian Innovations in Central and Eastern Europe.” East European Politics, Published online: 30 June 2020. Full text and here and here.

Erisen, Cengiz, Sofia Vasilopoulou, and Cigdem Kentmen-Cin. “Emotional Reactions to Immigration and Support for EU Cooperation on Immigration and Terrorism.” Journal of European Public Policy 27.6 (June 2020): 795-813. Full text and here and here.

Esen, Berk, and Sebnem Gumuscu. “Why Did Turkish Democracy Collapse? A Political Economy Account of AKP’s Authoritarianism.” Party Politics, First Published May 11, 2020. Abstract and references.

Every-Palmer, S., R. Cunningham, M. Jenkins, and E. Bell. “The Christchurch Mosque Shooting, the Media, and Subsequent Gun Control Reform in New Zealand: A Descriptive Analysis.” Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, Published online: 23 June 2020. Abstract.

“Extremism is rising in Europe’s security forces.” Emerald Expert Briefings, February 21, 2020. Excerpt.

“Extremist Groups Will Use Pandemic to Advance Agenda.” Emerald Expert Briefings, May 1, 2020. Excerpt.

Fagerholm, Andreas. “Radical (and Populist) Parties in European Governments: How Do They Get In?” Populism 3.1 (Feb. 2020): 29-64. Abstract.

Falkner, Gerda, and Georg Plattner. “EU Policies and Populist Radical Right Parties’ Programmatic Claims: Foreign Policy, Anti-Discrimination and the Single Market.” JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 58.3 (May 2020): 723-739. Full text and here and here and here.

Fasce, Angelo, and Diego Avendaño. “Opening the Can of Worms: A Comprehensive Examination of Authoritarianism.” Personality and Individual Differences 163 (Sept. 2020): 110057. Abstract.

Fawzi, Nayla. “Right-Wing Populist Media Criticism.” Perspectives on Populism and the Media: Avenues for Research. Edited by Benjamin Krämer and Christina Holtz-Bacha. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG, 2020. 39-56. First page.

Fekete, Liz. “Far-Right Political Terror in Europe.” ROAR Magazine 10 (Summer 2020). Full text.

Fekete, Liz. “Lessons from the Fight against Golden Dawn.” Race & Class 61.4 (April 2020): 50-67. Full text.

Ferber, Abby L.  “The white supremacist movement in the U.S. through the lens of the matrix of race.”  Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Racisms.  Edited by John Solomos.  London and New York: Routledge, 2020.  178-190.  Chapter abstract.

Ferrari, Cristián Alarcón. “Contemporary Land Questions in Sweden, Far-Right Populist Strategies and Challenges for Inclusionary Rural Development.” Sociologia Ruralis, First published: 9 July 2020. Analysing the rural politics and discursive strategies of the Sweden Democrats political party and contrasting them with the politics of movements proposing inclusionary rural development in Sweden. Abstract.

Feshami, Kevan A. “‘We Act as One Lest We Perish Alone’: A Case Study in Mediated White Nationalist Activism.” Communication, Culture and Critique, Published: 2 June 2020. Abstract.

Fischer, Andrew M. “The Dark Sides of Social Policy: From Neoliberalism to Resurgent Right-wing Populism.” Development and Change 51.2 (Mar. 2020): 371-397. Full text.

Fisogni, Primavera. “Extremism, Manifestos and the Contagion of Evil: The New Wave of Terrorism in the Onlife World.” Allegories of a Never-Ending War: A Sociological Debate Revolving Around the War on Terror and 9/11. Maximiliano E. Korstanje, Editor. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2020. 41-61. Full text.

Fleer, BreAnne K. “Radiological-Weapons Threats: Case Studies from the Extreme Right.” The Nonproliferation Review, Published online: 19 June 2020. Abstract.

Folvarčný, Adam, and Lubomír Kopeček.  “Which Conservatism? The Identity of the Polish Law and Justice Party.” Politics in Central Europe 16.1 (Apr. 2020): 159-188.  Full text and here.

Foresta, Alessandra. “The Rise of Populist Parties in the Aftermath of a Massive Corruption Scandal.” Public Choice, Published: 26 June 2020. Abstract, notes, and references.

Formica, Tony. “A Social (Media) Contract: Reconciling American Freedom and Security in an Age of Online Radicalization and Extremism.” Yale Journal of International Affairs 15 (Spring 2020): 131-147. Full text.

“Forum on ‘Anthropology and the Riddle of White Supremacy.'”  American Anthropologist, March 11, 2020.  Featuring responses to the article “Anthropology and the Riddle of White Supremacy,” by Junaid Rana. Contents: On Christianity and Universal Values, by Mark Anderson – Demystifying White Supremacy in Anthropology, by Zareena Grewal – Racial and Religious Fascism and Indigenous Communities, by Irma A. Velásquez Nimatuj – On the Reality and Globality of White Supremacy, by Ghassan Hage. Full text.

Frantzeskakis, Nikolaos, and Yuko Sato. “Echoes of a Fading Past: Authoritarian Legacies and Far-Right Voting.” Electoral Studies 66 (Aug. 2020): 102163. Full text.

Freeman, Daniel, Felicity Waite, Laina Rosebrock, Ariane Petit, Chiara Causier, Anna East, Lucy Jenner, Ashley-Louise Teale, Lydia Carr, Sophie Mulhall, Emily Bold, and Sinéad Lambe. “Coronavirus Conspiracy Beliefs, Mistrust, and Compliance with Government Guidelines in England.” Psychological Medicine, Published online: 21 May 2020. Full text.

Gallaher, Carolyn. “Mainstreaming White Supremacy: A Twitter Analysis of the American ‘Alt-Right.'” Gender, Place & Culture, Published online: 21 Jan. 2020.  Abstract.

Ganesh, Bharath. “Weaponizing White Thymos: Flows of Rage in the Online Audiences of the Alt-Right.” Cultural Studies, Published online: 23 Jan. 2020.  Full text and here and here.

Ganesh, Bharath, and Jonathan Bright. “Countering Extremists on Social Media: Challenges for Strategic Communication and Content Moderation.” Policy & Internet 12.1 (March 2020): 6-19. Full text and here and here.

Ganguly, Sumit. “An Illiberal India?” Journal of Democracy 31.1 (Jan. 2020): 193-202.  On the threat posed by the antisecular, majoritarian vision of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to liberal democracy in India on three levels: societal, ideological, and institutional. Full text and here and here.

Gaudette, Tiana, Ryan Scrivens, and Vivek Venkatesh. “The Role of the Internet in Facilitating Violent Extremism: Insights from Former Right-Wing Extremists.” Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 16 July 2020. Abstract and funding.

Gibadlo, Lidia. “Dangerous Liaisons: The Alternative for Germany and Right-Wing Extremism.”  PISM Bulletin (Polski Instytut Spraw Międzynarodowych) (2020). Abstract.

Gidron, Noam, and Peter A. Hall. “Populism as a Problem of Social Integration.” Comparative Political Studies 53.7 (June 2020): 1027-1059. Abstract and references.

Gilbert, Jarrod, and Ben Elley. “Shaved Heads and Sonnenrads: Comparing White Supremacist Skinheads and the Alt-Right in New Zealand.” Kotuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online 15.2 (July 2020): 280-294. Full text and here.

Gilks, Mark. “The Security-Prejudice Nexus: ‘Islamist’ Terrorism and the Structural Logics of Islamophobia in the UK.” Critical Studies on Terrorism 13.1 (Jan. 2020): 24-46. Abstract and references.

Giroux, Henry A. “The Ghost of Fascism and in the Post-Truth Era.” Critical Pedagogy in Uncertain Times: Hope and Possibilities. Edited by Sheila L. Macrine. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. 17-31. Chapter abstract and references.

Givens, Terri E. “Immigration, Race and the Radical Right: Politics and Policy from Colonialism to Brexit.” JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, First published: 9 March 2020.  Abstract.

Glencross, Andrew. “‘Love Europe, Hate the EU’: A Genealogical Inquiry into Populists’ Spatio-Cultural Critique of the European Union and Its Consequences.” European Journal of International Relations 26.1 (March 2020): 116-136. Full text.

Glied, Viktor.  “The Populist phenomena and the reasons for their success in Hungary.”  Politics in Central Europe 16.1S (2020): 23-45.  Full text and here.

“The Global Rise of the Extreme Right” [special issue]: Social Sciences 9.7 (July 2020). Contents: Framing “The Gypsy Problem”: Populist Electoral Use of Romaphobia in Italy (2014-2019), by Laura Cervi and Santiago Tejedor, art. 105, full text and here — Metapolitical New Right Influencers: The Case of Brittany Pettibone, by Ico Maly, art. 113, full text and here — The Culture of Violent Talk: An Interpretive Approach, by Pete Simi and Steven Windisch, art. 120, full text and here.

Gómez Larrañaga, Susana. “8chan, a Twitter-Fossil: A Post-Digital Genealogy of Digital Toxicity.” AI and the Arts: Artificial Imagination. Proceedings of EVA London 2020. Swindon: BCS Learning & Development, 2020. 365-368. Full text.

Goodwin, Megan. “Unmasking Islamophobia: Anti-Muslim Hostility and/as White Supremacy.” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 88.2 (June 2020): 354-386. Abstract.

Göpffarth, Julian. “Activating the Socialist Past for a Nativist Future: Far-Right Intellectuals and the Prefigurative Power of Multidirectional Nostalgia in Dresden.” Social Movement Studies, Published online: 30 Jan. 2020.  Abstract.

Göpffarth, Julian, and Esra Özyürek. “Spiritualizing Reason, Rationalizing Spirit: Muslim Public Intellectuals in the German Far Right.” Ethnicities, First Published June 22, 2020. Abstract and references.

Gottschalk, Simon. “Accelerators, Amplifiers, and Conductors: A Model of Tertiary Deviance in Online White Supremacist Networks.” Deviant Behavior, Published online: 9 Mar. 2020.  Abstract.

Gover, Angela R., Shannon B. Harper, and Lynn Langton. “Anti-Asian Hate Crime During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Exploring the Reproduction of Inequality.” American Journal of Criminal Justice, Published: 7 July 2020. Full text and here.

Grace, Breanne Leigh, and Katie Heins. “Redefining Refugee: White Christian Nationalism in State Politics and Beyond.” Ethnic and Racial Studies, Published online: 2 June 2020. Abstract.

Graef, Josefin. “Telling the Story of the National Socialist Underground (NSU): A Narrative Media Analysis.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 43.6 (June 2020): 496-515. Abstract, funding, and notes.

Grant, John, and Fiona MacDonald. “The ‘Alt’ Right, Toxic Masculinity, and Violence.” Turbulent Times, Transformational Possibilities? Gender and Politics Today and Tomorrow. Edited by Fiona MacDonald and Alexandra Dobrowolsky. Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press, 2020. 368ff.

Greskovits, Béla. “Rebuilding the Hungarian Right through Conquering Civil Society: The Civic Circles Movement.” East European Politics, Published online: 27 Jan. 2020.  Abstract.

Gründl, Johann, and Julian Aichholzer. “Support for the Populist Radical Right: Between Uncertainty Avoidance and Risky Choice: Uncertainty Avoidance and Right-Wing Populism.” Political Psychology, First published: 22 January 2020.  Full text and here and here and here.

Guenther, Lars, Georg Ruhrmann, Jenny Bischoff, Tessa Penzel, and Antonia Weber. “Strategic Framing and Social Media Engagement: Analyzing Memes Posted by the German Identitarian Movement on Facebook.” Social Media + Society 6.1 (Jan. 2020).  Full text and here and here.

Gugushvili, Alexi. “A Population Health Perspective on the Trump Administration, Brexit, and Right-Wing Populism in Europe.” American Journal of Public Health 110.3 (Feb. 2020): 274-276.  Full text and here.

Guldimann, Angela, and J. Reid Meloy. “Assessing the Threat of Lone-Actor Terrorism: The Reliability and Validity of the TRAP-18.” Forensische Psychiatrie, Psychologie, Kriminologie 14 (2020): 158-166. Full text and here and here.

Hakoköngäs, Eemeli, Otto Halmesvaara, and Inari Sakki. “Persuasion Through Bitter Humor: Multimodal Discourse Analysis of Rhetoric in Internet Memes of Two Far-Right Groups in Finland.” Social Media + Society 6.2 (Apr. 2020): 2056305120921575. Focusing on the role of Internet memes posted by Finland First and the Soldiers of Odin, two far-right groups in Finland, between the years 2015 and 2017 on Facebook. Full text and here and here.

Halikiopoulou, Daphne.  “Economic Crisis, Poor Governance and the Rise of Populism: The Case of Greece.”  Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy 55.1 (Jan. 2020): 34-37.  Full text and here.

Halikiopoulou, Daphne, and Tim Vlandas. “When Economic and Cultural Interests Align: The Anti-Immigration Voter Coalitions Driving Far Right Party Success in Europe.” European Political Science Review, Published online: 20 May 2020. Full text and here.

Halldorf, Joel. “Epilogue: Swedish Evangelicalism and the American Religious Right (Or: Why Swedish Pentecostals Are Not Trumpists).” Pentecostal Politics in a Secular World: The Life and Leadership of Lewi Pethrus. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. 241-262. Abstract.

Hameleers, Michael.  “My Reality Is More Truthful Than Yours: Radical Right-Wing Politicians’ and Citizens’ Construction of ‘Fake’ and ‘Truthfulness’ on Social Media—Evidence From the United States and The Netherlands.”  International Journal of Communication 14 (2020): 1135-1152.  Full text.

Hameleers, Michael. “Populist Disinformation: Exploring Intersections between Online Populism and Disinformation in the US and the Netherlands.” Politics and Governance 8.1 (Mar. 2020): 146-157. Free online and here.

Hameleers, Michael. “They Are Lying to Us! The Rhetoric of Direct Communication by Populist Politicians and Its Effects on the Electorate: Evidence from the Netherlands.” The Rhetoric of Political Leadership: Logic and Emotion in Public Discourse. Edited by Ofer Feldman. Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020. Chapter abstract.

Hameleers, Michael. “Separating Truth from Lies: Comparing the Effects of News Media Literacy Interventions and Fact-Checkers in Response to Political Misinformation in the US and Netherlands.” Information, Communication & Society, Published online: 18 May 2020. Full text and here.

Hameleers, Michael. “They Are Selling Themselves Out to the Enemy! The Content and Effects of Populist Conspiracy Theories.” International Journal of Public Opinion, Published: 17 March 2020.  On a qualitative content analysis of leading (radical) right-wing populist politicians’ self-communication (Trump and Wilders) and an experiment in which the central content features of populist conspiracies are manipulated.  Abstract.

Han, Kyung Joon. “Reacting to Isolation: How the Political Exclusion of Extreme Right-Wing Parties Changes the Party Support.” Representation 56.1 (2020): 71-87. Abstract and references. Supplemental material.

Hargitai, Tibor.  “How Eurosceptic is Fidesz actually?” Politics in Central Europe 16.1 (2020): 189-209. Full text.

Harpviken, Anna Naterstad. “Psychological Vulnerabilities and Extremism Among Western Youth: A Literature Review.” Adolescent Research Review 5.1 (Mar. 2020): 1-26. Abstract and references.

Harris, Jonathan. “Nativist-Populism, the Internet and the Geopolitics of Indigenous Diaspora.” Political Geography 78 (Apr. 2020): 102124. An analysis of the ways the discourse of the MAK-Anavad (the Kabyle government-in-exile for the province of Kabylie in Algeria) articulates with the nativist-populism of the French Right. Abstract.

Harrod, Mary. “‘Money Can’t Buy Me Love’: Radical Right-Wing Populism in French Romantic Comedies of the 2010s.” New Review of Film and Television Studies 18.1 (Jan. 2020): 101-118. Full text and here and here.

Hart, Gillian. “Why Did It Take so Long? Trump-Bannonism in a Global Conjunctural Frame.” Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, Published online: 8 July 2020. Full text and here and here.

Hart, Roderick P. “Donald Trump and the Return of the Paranoid Style.” Presidential Studies Quarterly, First published: 13 February 2020. Abstract.

Hartzell, Stephanie L. “Whiteness Feels Good Here: Interrogating White Nationalist Rhetoric on Stormfront.” Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies, Published online: 26 Mar. 2020.  Abstract.

Hawdon, James, Matthew Costello, Colin Bernatzky, and Salvatore J. Restifo. “The Enthymemes of Supporting President Trump: Explaining the Association Between Structural Location, Supporting the President, and Agreeing With Online Extremism.” Social Science Computer Review, First Published February 13, 2020.  Abstract and references.

Hayes, Alexander Rossell, and Carolyn Marie Dudek. “How Radical Right-Wing Populism Has Shaped Recent Migration Policy in Austria and Germany.” Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies 18.2 (Apr. 2020): 133-150. Abstract and references.

Heersink, Boris, and Jeffery A. Jenkins. “Whiteness and the Emergence of the Republican Party in the Early Twentieth-Century South.” Studies in American Political Development, Published online: 6 January 2020.  Abstract and references.

Heft, Annett, Eva Mayerhöffer, Susanne Reinhardt, and Curd Knüpfer. “Beyond Breitbart: Comparing Right-Wing Digital News Infrastructures in Six Western Democracies.” Policy & Internet 12.1 (March 2020): 20-45. Full text and here and here and hereAppendix: Codebook Research Project.

Heinisch, Reinhard, and Carsten Wegscheider. “Disentangling How Populism and Radical Host Ideologies Shape Citizens’ Conceptions of Democratic Decision-Making.” Politics and Governance 8.3 (July 2020): 32-44. Full text and here and here.

Heinisch, Reinhard, Duncan McDonnell, and Annika Werner. “Equivocal Euroscepticism: How Populist Radical Right Parties Can Have Their EU Cake and Eat It.” JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, First published: 1 June 2020. Full text.

Heinisch, Reinhard, Annika Werner, and Fabian Habersack. “Reclaiming National Sovereignty: The Case of the Conservatives and the Far Right in Austria.” European Politics and Society 21.2 (Mar. 2020): 163-181. Full text and here and here. Audio.

Heiss, Raffael, and Jörg Matthes. “Stuck in a Nativist Spiral: Content, Selection, and Effects of Right-Wing Populists’ Communication on Facebook.” Political Communication 37.3 (May 2020): 303-328. Full text and here and here. Audio.

Hemel, Ernst van den. “Who Leads Leitkultur?: How Populist Claims about ‘Christian Identity’ Impact Christian-Democrats in Western Europe.” Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society 5.2 (Jan. 2020): 312-330.  Full text and here and here.

Henrard, Kristin, and Peter Vermeersch. “Nationalism with a Human Face? European Human Rights Judgments and the Reinvention of Nationalist Politics.” Nationalities Papers, Published online: 27 January 2020.  Abstract and references.

Hensman, Rohini. “Rolling Back the Global Advance of the Far Right.” Logos: A Journal of Modern Society & Culture 19.1 (Spring 2020). Full text and here.

Hestermann, Thomas, and Elisa Hoven. “Crime in Germany as Portrayed by the Alternative for Germany (AfD).” German Law Journal 21.4 (May 2020): 721-738. Full text and here.

Heyd, Theresa, and Alexandra Karnatz. “Handstyle as Social Meaning: Graphic Variation, Graffiti and Gender.” Ampersand (May 2020): 100063. Full text and here and here.

Heydinger, John. “‘Vermin’: Predator Eradication as an Expression of White Supremacy in Colonial Namibia, 1921-1952.” Journal of Southern African Studies, Published online: 21 Jan. 2020.  Abstract.

Higuchi, Naoto. “The ‘Pro-Establishment’ Radical Right: Japan’s Nativist Movement Reconsidered.” Civil Society and the State in Democratic East Asia: Between Entanglement and Contention in Post High Growth. Edited by David Chiavacci, Simona Grano, and Julia Obinger. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press 2020. 117-140. Full text.

Hillen, Sven, and Nils D. Steiner. “The Consequences of Supply Gaps in Two-Dimensional Policy Spaces for Voter Turnout and Political Support: The Case of Economically Left-Wing and Culturally Right-Wing Citizens in Western Europe.” European Journal of Political Research 59.2 (May 2020): 331-353. Abstract and online appendix.

Hoctor, Tom. “Coming to Terms with the Market: Accounts of Neoliberal Failure and Rehabilitation on the British Right.” British Politics, Published: 19 June 2020. Abstract, notes, and references.

Hoffman, Bruce, Jacob Ware, and Ezra Shapiro. “Assessing the Threat of Incel Violence.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Published online: 19 Apr. 2020. Abstract and notes.

Hofmann, David C.  “Breaking Free: A Socio-Historical Analysis of the Canadian Freemen-on-the-Land Movement.” Terrorism and Counterterrorism in Canada.  Edited by Jez Littlewood, Lorne L. Dawson, and Sara K. Thompson.  Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press, 2020. 77-100.

Hokka, Jenni. “PewDiePie, Racism and Youtube’s Neoliberalist Interpretation of Freedom of Speech.” Convergence, First Published July 21, 2020. Full text and here.

Hokka, Jenni, and Matti Nelimarkka. “Affective Economy of National-Populist Images: Investigating National and Transnational Online Networks through Visual Big Data.” New Media & Society 22.5 (May 2020): 770-792. Full text.

Holt, Thomas J., Joshua D. Freilich, and Steven M. Chermak. “Examining the Online Expression of Ideology among Far-Right Extremist Forum Users.” Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 7 Jan 2020.  A content analysis of over 18,000 posts from eight far-right extremist forums operating online. Abstract and funding.

Homola, Jonathan, Miguel Pereira, and Margit Tavits.  “Legacies of the Third Reich: Concentration Camps and Outgroup Intolerance.”  American Political Science Review, Published online: 27 January 2020. Showing that current political intolerance, xenophobia, and voting for radical right-wing parties (AfD and NPD) are associated with proximity to former Nazi concentration camps in Germany.  Full text and here and here.

Hosen, Saddam.  “Hindu Nationalism and the Rise of BJP in India: A Critical Review.” IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS) 25.2, Series 9 (February 2020): 55-61. Full text.

Hou, Dongfang, Khusrav Gaibulloev, and Todd Sandler. “Introducing Extended Data on Terrorist Groups (EDTG), 1970 to 2016.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 64.1 (January 2020): 199-225. On the extended data on terrorist groups (EDTG), an extant group data set linked to terrorist groups and attacks given in the Global Terrorism Database. In part, an exploration of how the four basic ideologies (i.e., leftist, nationalist/separatist, religious fundamentalist, and right wing) of terrorist groups in EDTG influence their births, regional location, attack characteristics, lethality, and other aspects. Full text and here and here.

Huber, Robert A. “The Role of Populist Attitudes in Explaining Climate Change Skepticism and Support for Environmental Protection.” Environmental Politics, Published online: 9 Jan 2020.  Full text and here and here.

Hunter, Lance Y., Martha Humphries Ginn, Scott Storyllewellyn, and Joshua Rutland. “Are Mass Shootings Acts of Terror? Applying Key Criteria in Definitions of Terrorism to Mass Shootings in the United States from 1982 to 2018.” Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression, Published online: 14 May 2020. Abstract.

Hutchins, Rachel D., and Daphne Halikiopoulou. “Enemies of Liberty? Nationalism, Immigration, and the Framing of Terrorism in the Agenda of the Front National.” Nations and Nationalism 26.1 (January 2020): 67-84. Full text and here and here and here and here. Appendix A: Selected press releases January-February 2015.

Iocco, Giulio, Martina Lo Cascio, and Domenico Claudio Perrotta. “‘Close the Ports to African Migrants and Asian Rice!’: The Politics of Agriculture and Migration and the Rise of a ‘New’ Right-Wing Populism in Italy.” Sociologia Ruralis, First published:20 April 2020. Abstract.

Iosifidis, Petros, and Nicholas Nicoli. “The Battle to End Fake News: A Qualitative Content Analysis of Facebook Announcements on How It Combats Disinformation.” International Communication Gazette 82.1 (Feb. 2020): 60-81. Abstract and references. Figures.

Ivaldi, Gilles, and Oscar Mazzoleni. “Economic Populism and Sovereigntism: The Economic Supply of European Radical Right-Wing Populist Parties.” European Politics and Society 21.2 (Mar. 2020): 202-218. Abstract and references.

Ivănescu, Mihaela, and Luiza-Maria Filimon. “Mainstream Fringes or Fringe Mainstream? An Assessment of Radical Right (Re)Alignments in the European Parliament after the 2014 and 2019 Elections.” European Review, Published online: 23 June 2020. Abstract and references.

Jacobs, Laura, and Joost van Spanje. “Prosecuted, yet Popular? Hate Speech Prosecution of Anti-Immigration Politicians in the News and Electoral Support.” Comparative European Politics, Published: 23 June 2020. Abstract, notes, and references.

Jaffe, Elizabeth M. “From Terrorists to Trolls: Expanding Web Host Liability for Live-Streaming, Swatting, and Cyberbullying.” Journal of Science & Technology Law 26.1 (Winter 2020): 51-66. Full text.

Jahnke, Sara, Carl Philipp Schröder, Laura-Romina Goede, Lena Lehmann, Luisa Hauff, and Andreas Beelmann. “Observer Sensitivity and Early Radicalization to Violence Among Young People in Germany.” Social Justice Research, Published: 19 February 2020.  Full text.

Jakobson, Mari-Liis, Tõnis Saarts, and Leif Kalev. “Radical right across borders? The case of EKRE’s Finnish branch.”  Political Parties Abroad: A New Arena for Party Politics.  Edited by Tudi Kernalegenn and Émilie van Haute.  London and New York: Routledge, 2020.  21-38.  Abstract.

Jakubowski, Jakub, Agnieszka Stępińska, and Denis Halagiera. “What Populism is About? Topics in Populist Discourse in Print Media.” Populist Discourse in the Polish Media. Edited by Agnieszka Stępińska. Poznań: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Faculty of Political Science and Journalism, 2020. 61-80. Full text.

Jarvis, G. E. “Raspail, Racism, and Migration: Implications for Radicalization in a Polarizing World.” Transcultural Psychiatry, First Published July 2, 2020. Comparing the predictions of Jean Raspail’s controversial 1973 novel The Camp of the Saints to events in Europe today. Abstract and references.

Jennings, Colin, and Elizabeth Ralph-Morrow. “Selective Tolerance and the Radical Right.” Rationality and Society 32.2 (May 2020): 144-167. Abstract and references.

Jensen, Michael, Patrick James, and Elizabeth Yates. “Contextualizing Disengagement: How Exit Barriers Shape the Pathways Out of Far-Right Extremism in the United States.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Published online: 4 May 2020. Abstract, funding, and notes.

Jereza, Rachelle, and Sabina Perrino. “‘They Are Just a Danger’: Chronotopic Worlds in Digital Narratives of the Far-Right.” Journal of Language and Politics, Available online: 4 May 2020. Abstract and references.

Jones, Bryn. “EU Neoliberalism at Bay: Social Democratic Renewal or Populist Economic Nationalism?” Alternate Routes: A Journal of Critical Social Research 31.1 (July 2020): 67-93. Full text and here and here and here.

Jory, Patrick, and Jirawat Saengthong. “The Roots of Conservative Radicalism in Southern Thailand’s Buddhist Heartland.” Critical Asian Studies 52.1 (Jan. 2020): 127-148. On “the rise of a conservative radicalism characterized by ultra-royalism, a virulent nationalism in which Buddhist identity has a central if subtle place, and a willingness to use violence when this royalist Thai Buddhist identity is seen to be threatened.” Abstract, references, and funding.

Kaiser, Jonas, Adrian Rauchfleisch, and Nikki Bourassa. “Connecting the (Far-)Right Dots: A Topic Modeling and Hyperlink Analysis of (Far-)Right Media Coverage during the US Elections 2016.” Digital Journalism 8.3 (Mar. 2020): 422-441. Abstract, funding, notes, and references.

Kalmar, Ivan. “Islamophobia and Anti-Antisemitism: The Case of Hungary and the ‘Soros Plot.'” Patterns of Prejudice, Published online: 29 Apr. 2020. Abstract.

Kalmar, Ivan, and Nitzan Shoshan. “Islamophobia in Germany, East/West: An Introduction.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies, Published online: 10 Mar. 2020.  Abstract and funding.

Kaltwasser, Cristóbal Rovira, and Steven M. Van Hauwaert. “The Populist Citizen: Empirical Evidence from Europe and Latin America.” European Political Science Review 12.1 (Feb. 2020): 1-18. Full text. Supplementary materials.

Kanwar, Parul Singh.  “Make Canada Great Again: The Influence of Donald Trump on the Canadian Right Wing Identity.” Political Science Undergraduate Review 5.1 (Winter 2020), article 8. Full text and here.

Katz, Nathan. “Do-It-Yourself White Supremacy: Linking Together Punk Rock and White Power.” Poetics, Available online 9 July 2020. First page preview.

Kaufman, Nicole. “Governing Through Partnerships: Neoconservative Governance and State Reliance on Religious NGOs in Drug Policy.” Critical Criminology, Published: 1 February 2020. Abstract, notes, and references.

Keating, Avril, and Jan Germen Janmaat. “Immigrants, Inclusion, and the Role of Hard Work: Exploring Anti-Immigrant Attitudes among Young People in Britain:” The Sociological Review, First Published April 16, 2020. Showing that anti-immigrant attitudes in England are not just found among young supporters of the radical right. Full text.

Kende, Anna, and Péter Krekó. “Xenophobia, Prejudice, and Right-Wing Populism in East-Central Europe.” Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 34 (Aug. 2020): 29-33. Full text and here and here.

Kenny, John. “The Role of Political Attention in Moderating the Association between Political Identities and Anthropogenic Climate Change Belief in Britain:” Political Studies, First Published June 19, 2020. Abstract and references.

Kenny, Paul D. “‘The Enemy of the People’: Populists and Press Freedom.” Political Research Quarterly 73.2 (June 2020): 261-275. Abstract and references.

Kessel, Stijn van, Javier Sajuria, and Steven M. Van Hauwaert. “Informed, Uninformed or Misinformed? A Cross-National Analysis of Populist Party Supporters across European Democracies.” West European Politics, Published online: 17 Jan 2020.  Full text.

Kiely, Ray. “Assessing Conservative Populism: A New Double Movement or Neoliberal Populism?” Development and Change, First published: 4 February 2020.  Full text and here and here and here and here.

Kiely, Ray. “Conservatism, Neoliberalism and Resentment in Trumpland: The ‘Betrayal’ and ‘Reconstruction’ of the United States.” Geoforum, Available online: 14 February 2020.  Abstract.

Kim, Seongcheol. “Between Illiberalism and Hyper-Neoliberalism: Competing Populist Discourses in the Czech Republic.” European Politics and Society, Published online: 28 Feb. 2020. In part, on the far-right Republicans (SPR-RSČ), Tomio Okamura’s far-right Dawn of Direct Democracy, and Okamura’s Freedom and Direct Democracy (SPD). Full text and here.

King, Amy. “Antagonistic Martyrdom: Memory of the 1973 Rogo di Primavalle.” Modern Italy 25.1 (Feb. 2020): 33-48. Abstract and references.

Klein, Ofra. “Misleading Memes. The Effects of Deceptive Visuals of the British National Party.” PArtecipazione e Conflitto (PACO) 13.1 (2020): 154-179. Full text and here and here.

Klein, Ofra, and Andrea L. P. Pirro. “Reverting Trajectories? UKIP’s Organisational and Discursive Change after the Brexit Referendum.” Information, Communication & Society, Published online: 19 July 2020. Abstract.

Kleinberg, Bennett, Isabelle van der Vegt, and Paul Gill. “The Temporal Evolution of a Far-Right Forum.” Journal of Computational Social Science, Published: 21 February 2020.  Full text and here and here.

Kleinert, Manuel, and Elmar Schlueter. “Why and When Do Citizens Support Populist Right-Wing Social Movements? Development and Test of an Integrative Theoretical Model.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Published online: 14 May 2020. Abstract.

Knuckey, Jonathan, and Myunghee Kim. “The Politics of White Racial Identity and Vote Choice in the 2018 Midterm Elections.” Social Science Quarterly, First published:30 May 2020. Abstract.

Koehler, Daniel.  “Involvement of Formers in Countering Violent Extremism: A Critical Perspective on Commonly Held Assumptions.”  Frühere Extremisten in der schulischen Präventionsarbeit: Perspektiven aus Wissenschaft und Praxis. Herausgegeben von Maria Walsh | Antje Gansewig.  Bonn: Nationales Zentrum Kriminalprävention, 2020.  15-22.  Full text.

Komurcu, Osman. “Denying Diversity. Challenges to Multiculturalism in Central-Eastern Europe.” Europolity – Continuity and Change in European Governance 14.1 (2020): 159-178. Abstract.

Kong, Vivian. “Whiteness, Imperial Anxiety, and the ‘Global 1930s’: The White British League Debate in Hong Kong.” Journal of British Studies 59.2 (Apr. 2020): 343-371. Abstract and references.

Koning, Edward Anthony. “Breaking through: How Anti-Immigrant Parties Establish Themselves and the Implications for Their Study.” Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, Published online: 22 June 2020. Abstract.

Koski, Susan V., and Kathleen Bantley. “Dog Whistle Politics: the Trump Administration’s Influence on Hate Crimes.” 44 Seton Hall Legislative Journal 39 (2020). On the Trump administration’s utilization of dog whistle politics and the aggravating result it has on hate attacks. Full text.

Krämer, Benjamin, and Magdalena Klingler. “A Bad Political Climate for Climate Research and Trouble for Gender Studies: Right-Wing Populism as a Challenge to Science Communication.” Perspectives on Populism and the Media: Avenues for Research. Edited by Benjamin Krämer and Christina Holtz-Bacha. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG, 2020. 253-272. First page.

Kriesi, Hanspeter, and Julia Schulte-Cloos. “Support for Radical Parties in Western Europe: Structural Conflicts and Political Dynamics.” Electoral Studies 65 (June 2020): 102138. Abstract.

Krouwel, André, Tim Bale, and Lucas Tremlett. “More or Less Vulnerable? Variation in the Extent to Which Mainstream Political Parties’ Voters Consider Voting for Radical Right Populist Parties.”  Continuity and Change of Party Democracies in Europe. Sebastian Bukow and Uwe Jun, Editors. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH, 2020. (Politische Vierteljahresschrift  Sonderhefte). 169-201. Abstract. Abstract and references.

Krzyżanowski, Michal. “Discursive Shifts and the Normalisation of Racism: Imaginaries of Immigration, Moral Panics and the Discourse of Contemporary Right-Wing Populism.” Social Semiotics, Published online: 2 Jun 2020. Full text and here and here.

Kunst, Jonas R., and Milan Obaidi. “Understanding Violent Extremism in the 21st Century: The (Re)Emerging Role of Relative Deprivation.” Current Opinion in Psychology 35 (Oct. 2020): 55-59. Full text and here.

Kurer, Thomas. “The Declining Middle: Occupational Change, Social Status, and the Populist Right:” Comparative Political Studies, First Published April 8, 2020.  Abstract and references.

Kutiyski, Yordan, André Krouwel, and Jan-Willemvan Prooijen. “Political extremism and distrust: Does radical political orientation predict political distrust and negative attitudes towards European integration?” The Social Science Journal, Published online: 13 Feb. 2020. Full text and here and here.

Laaksonen, Salla-Maaria, Mervi Pantti, and Gavan Titley. “Broadcasting the Movement and Branding Political Microcelebrities: Finnish Anti-Immigration Video Practices on YouTube.” Journal of Communication, Published: 27 April 2020. Abstract.

Lammers, Joris, and Matthew Baldwin. “Make America Gracious Again: Collective Nostalgia Can Increase and Decrease Support for Right-Wing Populist Rhetoric.” European Journal of Social Psychology, First published: 3 April 2020. Full text and here.

Lamour, Christian. “The League of Leagues: Meta-Populism and the ‘Chain of Equivalence’ in a Cross-Border Alpine Area.” Political Geography 81 (Aug. 2020): 102207. Full text and here and here.

Langsæther, Peter Egge, and Geoffrey Evans. “More than Self-Interest: Why Different Classes Have Different Attitudes to Income Inequality.” The British Journal of Sociology, First published: 6 March 2020. Full text and here.

Larsen, Erik Gahner, David Cutts, and Matthew J. Goodwin. “Do Terrorist Attacks Feed Populist Eurosceptics? Evidence from Two Comparative Quasi-Experiments.” European Journal of Political Research 59.1 (February 2020): 182-205. Full text and here and here and here.

Latif, Mehr, Kathleen Blee, Matthew DeMichele, and Pete Simi. “Do White Supremacist Women Adopt Movement Archetypes of Mother, Whore, and Fighter?” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Published online: 12 May 2020. Abstract and notes.

Lavi, Michal.  “Do Platforms Kill?”  Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy 43.2 (Spring 2020): 477-573. Full text and here and here.

Lee, Erika. “America First, Immigrants Last: American Xenophobia Then and Now.” The Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era 19.1 (Jan. 2020): 3-18. Full text and here.

Lee, Benjamin. “Countering Violent Extremism Online: The Experiences of Informal Counter Messaging Actors.” Policy & Internet 12.1 (March 2020): 66-87. Full text and here and here and here.

Lee, Benjamin, and Kim Knott. “More Grist to the Mill? Reciprocal Radicalisation and Reactions to Terrorism in the Far-Right Digital Milieu.” Perspectives on Terrorism 14.3 (June 2020): 98-115. Full text and here.

Leidig, Eviane. “Hindutva as a Variant of Right-Wing Extremism.” Patterns of Prejudice, Published online: 17 July 2020. Full text and here and here.

Leimgruber, Ute. “Hostility toward Gender in Catholic and Political Right-Wing Movements.” Religions 11.6 (June 2020). Full text and here.

Leser, Julia, and Florian Spissinger. “The Functionality of Affects: Conceptualising Far-Right Populist Politics beyond Negative Emotions.” Global Discourse: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Current Affairs, Appeared or available online: February 10, 2020. Abstract.

Levy, Helton. “Grammars of Contestation and Pluralism: Paulo Freire’s Action in Brazil’s Periphery and the Rise of Right-Wing Discourse on YouTube.” International Communication Gazette, First Published July 24, 2020. Abstract and references.

Lewicki, Aleksandra, and Yasemin Shooman. “Building a New Nation: Anti-Muslim Racism in Post-Unification Germany.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies 28.1 (Jan. 2020): 30-43. Full text and here and here.

Lewis, Rebecca. “‘This Is What the News Won’t Show You’: YouTube Creators and the Reactionary Politics of Micro-Celebrity.” Television & New Media 21.2 (Feb. 2020): 201-217. Examining the presentation strategies of three YouTube influencers and micro-celebrities whose content reflects anti-mainstream media and anti-social justice attitudes: Tim Pool, Dave Rubin (The Rubin Report), and Blaire White. Abstract and references.

Li, Jianing, and Min-Hsin Su. “Real Talk About Fake News: Identity Language and Disconnected Networks of the US Public’s ‘Fake News’ Discourse on Twitter.” Social Media + Society 6.2 (Apr. 2020). Full text and here.

Liburd, Liam J. “Thinking Imperially: The British Fascisti and the Politics of Empire, 1923-35.” Twentieth Century British History, Published: 24 April 2020. Abstract.

Linden, Sander van der, Costas Panagopoulos Flávio Azevedo and John T. Jost. “The Paranoid Style in American Politics Revisited: An Ideological Asymmetry in Conspiratorial Thinking.” Political Psychology, First published: 24 June 2020. Full text and here and here and here.

Lipinski, Artur. “Constructing ‘the Others’ as a Populist Communication Strategy. The Case of the ‘Refugee Crisis’ in Discourse in the Polish Press.” Populist Discourse in the Polish Media. Edited by Agnieszka Stępińska. Poznań: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Faculty of Political Science and Journalism, 2020. 155-180. Full text.

Lipstadt, Deborah.  “Holocaust Denial: An Antisemitic Fantasy.”  Modern Judaism – A Journal of Jewish Ideas and Experience, Published: 7 January 2020.  Abstract.

Lister, Tim. “The Nexus Between Far-Right Extremists in the United States and Ukraine.” CTC Sentinel (Combating Terrorism Center, U.S. Military Academy) 13.4 (April 2020): 30-41. Full text and here.

Lobinger, Katharina, Benjamin Krämer, Rebecca Venema, and Eleonora Benecchi. “Pepe – Just a Funny Frog? A Visual Meme Caught Between Innocent Humor, Far-Right Ideology, and Fandom.” Perspectives on Populism and the Media: Avenues for Research. Edited by Benjamin Krämer and Christina Holtz-Bacha. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG, 2020. 333-352. First page.

Lonsky, Jakub. “Does Immigration Decrease Far-Right Popularity? Evidence from Finnish Municipalities.” Journal of Population Economics, Published: 7 July 2020. Full text and here.

Lopes de Souza, Marcelo. “The Land of the Past? Neo-Populism, Neo-Fascism, and the Failure of the Left in Brazil.” Political Geography, Apr. 2020, p. 102186. Editorial. Full text and here and here and here.

Lorenzo-Dus, Nuria, and Lella Nouri. “The Discourse of the US Alt-Right Online – a Case Study of the Traditionalist Worker Party Blog.” Critical Discourse Studies, Published online: 9 Jan 2020.  Abstract.

Lorimer, Marta. “Europe as Ideological Resource: The Case of the Rassemblement National.” Journal of European Public Policy, Published online: 27 Apr. 2020. Full text.

Lowe, David. “Far-Right Extremism: Is It Legitimate Freedom of Expression, Hate Crime, or Terrorism?” Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 20 July 2020. Abstract.

Lubarda, Balsa.  “Beyond Ecofascism? Far-Right Ecologism (FRE) as a Framework for Future Inquiries.”  Environmental Values, Appeared or available online: January 4, 2020. Full text and here and here.

Lugo-Ocando, Jairo. “The ‘Changing’ Face of Media Discourses on Poverty in the Age of Populism and Anti-Globalisation: The Political Appeal of Anti-Modernity and Certainty in Brazil.” International Communication Gazette 821 (February 2020): 101-116. Abstract and references.

Madrid, Nuria Sanchez. “Violence of Values/Values of Violence. The Cultural Struggle of Alt-Right Politics.” Filosofija. Sociologija 31.1 (Mar. 2020): 7-15.  Full text and here.

Maestu Fonseca, Enrique. “Spanish Conservatives at the Early Stages of Spanish Democracy: Reshaping the Concepts of State and Community in the Thought of Manuel Fraga.” Genealogy 4.1 (Mar. 2020), article 22. Full text and here.

Major, Mark. “Why the South Prevailed: Civil Rights, Anticommunism, and the Origins of the ‘Liberal Media.'” New Political Science 42.1 (Jan. 2020): 18-41. Abstract.

Makarychev, Andrey, and George Spencer Terry. “An Estranged ‘Marriage of Convenience’: Salvini, Putin, and the Intricacies of Italian-Russian Relations.” Contemporary Italian Politics, Published online: 5 Jan. 2020.  Abstract and funding.

Malevich, Simon, and Tom Robertson. “Violence Begetting Violence: An Examination of Extremist Content on Deep Web Social Networks.” First Monday 25.3 (2 March 2020). Full text.

Malkopoulou, Anthoula. “Compulsory Voting and Right-Wing Populism: Mobilisation, Representation and Socioeconomic Inequalities.” Australian Journal of Political Science, Published online: 8 June 2020. Full text and here and here.

Mallinas, Stephanie R., Jarret T. Crawford, and Jeremy A. Frimer. “Subcomponents of Right-Wing Authoritarianism Differentially Predict Attitudes Toward Obeying Authorities.” Social Psychological and Personality Science 11.1 (Jan. 2020): 134-143. Abstract and references.

Maly, Ico. “Metapolitical New Right Influencers: The Case of Brittany Pettibone.” Social Sciences 9.7 (July 2020), art. 113. Full text.

Mamonova, Natalia, and Jaume Franquesa. “Right-Wing Populism in Rural Europe. Introduction to the Special Issue.” Sociologia Ruralis, First published: 6 May 2020. Abstract.

Mansbach, Daniela, and Alisa Von Hagel. “Right-Wing Women’s Movements.” Companion to Women’s and Gender Studies. Edited by Nancy A. Naples. Hoboken: Wiley, 2020. 427-445.

Marcks, Holger, and Janina Pawelz. “From Myths of Victimhood to Fantasies of Violence: How Far-Right Narratives of Imperilment Work.” Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 24 July 2020. Abstract and funding.

Marcos-Marne, Hugo, Carolina Plaza-Colodro, and Kirk A. Hawkins. “Is Populism the Third Dimension? The Quest for Political Alliances in Post-Crisis Spain.” Electoral Studies 63 (Feb. 2020): 102112. Full text and here and here and here and here and here.

Marinov, Robert, and Daniel Stockemer. “The Spread of Anti-Islamic Sentiment: A Comparison between the United States and Western Europe.” Politics & Policy, First published: 7 May 2020. Abstract.

Marko, Karoline. “‘The Rulebook – Our Constitution’: A Study of the ‘Austrian Commonwealth’s’ Language Use and the Creation of Identity through Ideological in- and out-Group Presentation and Legitimation.” Critical Discourse Studies, Published online: 11 June 2020. An analysis of the use of language in the construction of identity in the constitution of ‘Staatenbund Österreich’ (‘Austrian Commonwealth’), an anti-state group which is a part of the sovereign citizen movement in Austria. Full text and here and here.

Martín de la Guardia, Ricardo. “Nationalist Populism: New Political Parties in Europe. Their Ideas, Governments and Support for a Less-Integrated Europe.” The EU in the 21st Century: Challenges and Opportunities for the European Integration Process. Edited by David Ramiro Troitiño, Tanel Kerikmäe, Ricardo Martín de la Guardia, and Guillermo Á. Pérez Sánchez. Cham: Springer, 2020. 29-41. Chapter abstract and references.

Masood, Ayesha, and Muhammad Azfar Nisar. “Speaking out: A Postcolonial Critique of the Academic Discourse on Far-Right Populism.” Organization 27.1 (Jan. 2020): 162-173. Abstract and references.

Mauk, Marlene. “Rebuilding Trust in Broken Systems? Populist Party Success and Citizens’ Trust in Democratic Institutions.” Politics and Governance 8.3 (July 2020): 45-58. Full text and here. Supplementary File.

Maxson, J. David. “‘Second Line to Bury White Supremacy’: Take ‘Em Down Nola, Monument Removal, and Residual Memory.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 106.1 (Jan. 2020): 48-71.  Abstract and funding.

Mayer, Sabrina J., Carl C. Berning, and David Johann. “The Two Dimensions of Narcissistic Personality and Support for the Radical Right: The Role of Right-Wing Authoritarianism, Social Dominance Orientation and Anti-Immigrant Sentiment.” European Journal of Personality, First published: 9 January 2020.  Full text and here and here and here.

McAlexander, Richard J. “How Are Immigration and Terrorism Related? An Analysis of Right- and Left-Wing Terrorism in Western Europe, 1980-2004.” Journal of Global Security Studies 5.1 (Jan. 2020): 179-195. Full text and here and here.

McGlashan, Mark. “Collective Identity and Discourse Practice in the Followership of the Football Lads Alliance on Twitter.” Discourse & Society 31.3 (May 2020): 307-328. Full text.

McKee, Martin, Alexi Gugushvili, Jonathan Koltai, and David Stuckler. “Are Populist Leaders Creating the Conditions for the Spread of COVID-19? Comment on ‘A Scoping Review of Populist Radical Right Parties’ Influence on Welfare Policy and Its Implications for Population Health in Europe.'” International Journal of Health Policy and Management, Available Online from 14 July 2020. Full text.

McSwiney, Jordan. “Social Networks and Digital Organisation: Far Right Parties at the 2019 Australian Federal Election.” Information, Communication & Society, Published online: 29 Apr. 2020. Abstract and funding.

Mendes, Mariana S., and James Dennison. “Explaining the Emergence of the Radical Right in Spain and Portugal: Salience, Stigma and Supply.” West European Politics, Published online: 19 June 2020. Abstract and funding.

Merkley, Eric. “Anti-Intellectualism, Populism, and Motivated Resistance to Expert Consensus.” Public Opinion Quarterly, Published: 26 February 2020. Providing evidence of a strong association between anti-intellectualism and opposition to scientific positions on climate change, nuclear power, GMOs, and water fluoridation.  Abstract.

Miao, Ying. “Can China Be Populist? Grassroot Populist Narratives in the Chinese Cyberspace.” Contemporary Politics, Published online: 14 Feb. 2020.  Abstract.

Michel, Elie, Diego Garzia, Frederico Ferreira da Silva, and Andrea De Angelis. “Leader Effects and Voting for the Populist Radical Right in Western Europe.” Swiss Political Science Review, First published: 23 July 2020. Abstract. Supplementary Material.

Miller, Joanne M. “Do COVID-19 Conspiracy Theory Beliefs Form a Monological Belief System?” Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue Canadienne de Science Politique, Published online: 21 May 2020. Full text.

Mills, Colleen E., Margaret Schmuhl, and Joel A. Capellan. “Far-Right Violence as Backlash against Gender Equality: A County-Level Analysis of Structural and Ideological Gender Inequality and Homicides Committed by Far-Right Extremists.” Journal of Crime and Justice, Published online: 22 Mar. 2020. Using data on homicides committed by far-right extremists from the United States Extremist Crime Database (ECDB) to assess far-right violence as an outcome of gender inequality. Abstract.

Mitchell, Mary Niall. “‘We Always Knew It Was Possible.'” City, Published online: 14 July 2020. Examining the removal of the statues of General Robert E. Lee, General P. G. T. Beauregard, and Jefferson Davis in New Orleans as an illustration of a highly racialized strain of urban fallism. Full text and here and here.

Moise, Alexandru D. “Researching the Welfare Impact of Populist Radical Right Parties. Comment on ‘A Scoping Review of Populist Radical Right Parties’ Influence on Welfare
Policy and its Implications for Population Health in Europe.'” International Journal of Health Policy and Management, ePublished: 18 July 2020. Full text.

Mondon, Aurélien, and Aaron Winter.  “Racist movements, the far right and mainstreaming.”  Routledge International Handbook of Contemporary Racisms.  Edited by John Solomos.  London and New York: Routledge, 2020.  147-159.  Chapter abstract.

Monserrati, Michele. “Fascist Samurais: The Japanese Race in the Italian Imaginary during the Second World War and Beyond.” Modern Italy 25.1 (Feb. 2020): 63-77.  Full text.

Moore, Robyn. “Whiteness=politeness: Interest-Convergence in Australian History Textbooks, 1950-2010.” Critical Discourse Studies 17.1 (Jan. 2020): 111-129. Abstract, funding, and references.

Motta, Matt, Dominik Stecula, and Christina Farhart. “How Right-Leaning Media Coverage of COVID-19 Facilitated the Spread of Misinformation in the Early Stages of the Pandemic in the U.S.” Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue Canadienne de Science Politique, Published online: 1 May 2020. Full text.

Mudde, Cas. “Riding the Fourth Wave.” IPPR Progressive Review 26.4 (Spring 2020): 296-304.  Full text and here.

Mustamo, Aila. “The Crisis of the Welfare State and the Politics of the Past in Black Metal and Folk Metal Subcultures.” YOUNG 28.1 (February 2020): 69-84. In part, on connections between the metal cultures, criticism of the welfare models, and rising far-right ideologies. Abstract and references.

Nagy, Zsofia. “The Discursive Construction of Crisis: Hungary’s Spiral to Populism.” Communication, Culture and Critique, Published: 9 March 2020.  Abstract.

Newell, Michael. “Comparing American Perceptions of Post-Civil War Ku Klux Klan and Transnational Violence.” Security Dialogue, First Published January 21, 2020.  Abstract and references and here.

Newman, Benjamin, Jennifer L. Merolla, Sono Shah, Danielle Casarez Lemi, Loren Collingwood, and S. Karthick Ramakrishnan.  “The Trump Effect: An Experimental Investigation of the Emboldening Effect of Racially Inflammatory Elite Communication.” British Journal of Political Science, Published online: 17 February 2020.  Full text and here and here.

Nilsson, Artur, Henry Montgomery, Girts Dimdins, Maria Sandgren, Arvid Erlandsson, and Adrian Taleny. “Beyond ‘Liberals’ and ‘Conservatives’: Complexity in Ideology, Moral Intuitions, and Worldview Among Swedish Voters.” European Journal of Personality, First published:26 March 2020.  Full text and here and here and here.

Nilsson, Per-Erik. “‘Shame on the Church of Sweden’: Radical Nationalism and the Appropriation of Christianity in Contemporary Sweden.” Critical Research on Religion, First Published January 14, 2020.  On the Sweden Democrats (SD), the Swedish populist radical nationalist party.  Abstract and references.

Nortio, Emma, Miira Niska, Tuuli Anna Renvik, and Inga Jasinskaja-Lahti. “‘The Nightmare of Multiculturalism’: Interpreting and Deploying Anti-Immigration Rhetoric in Social Media.” New Media & Society, First Published January 23, 2020.  Abstract and references and here.

Noury, Abdul, and Gerard Roland. “Identity Politics and Populism in Europe.” Annual Review of Political Science 23 (May 2020). Full text.

Nygaard, Silje. “Boundary Work: Intermedia Agenda-Setting Between Right-Wing Alternative Media and Professional Journalism.”  Journalism Studies 21.6 (Apr. 2020): 766-782.  Full text and here and here.

O’Donnell, S. Jonathon. “Antisemitism under Erasure: Christian Zionist Anti-Globalism and the Refusal of Cohabitation.” Ethnic and Racial Studies, Published online: 23 Jan. 2020.  Abstract and funding.

Omar, Abdulfattah, Wafya Ibrahim Hamouda, and Mohammed Aldawsari. “A Discourse-Historical Approach to Populism in the Right-Wing Discourse on Immigration.” International Journal of English Linguistics 10.3 (2020): 151-158. Full text.

Önis, Ziya, and Mustafa Kutlay. “The Global Political Economy of Right-Wing Populism: Deconstructing the Paradox.” The International Spectator, Published online: 18 Mar. 2020. Abstract.

Orsini, Alessandro. “What Everybody Should Know about Radicalization and the DRIA Model.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Published online: 20 Mar. 2020.  Abstract and notes.

Otjes, Simon. “Between ‘Eradicate All False Religion’ and ‘Love the Stranger as Yourself’: How Immigration Attitudes Divide Voters of Religious Parties.” Politics and Religion, Published online: 11 February 2020.  Full text and here and here and here.

Otjes, Simon. “The Fight on the Right: What Drives Voting for the Dutch Freedom Party and for the Forum for Democracy?” Acta Politica, Published: 10 March 2020.  Abstract, notes, and references.

Otjes, Simon. “Localism and Radical Right-Wing Populism.” European Political Science, Published: 19 February 2020

Özdamar, Özgür, and Erdem Ceydilek. “European Populist Radical Right Leaders’ Foreign Policy Beliefs: An Operational Code Analysis.” European Journal of International Relations 26.1 (March 2020): 137-162. Full text.

Özerim, Mehmet Gökay, and Juliette Tolay. “Discussing the Populist Features of Anti-Refugee Discourses on Social Media: An Anti-Syrian Hashtag in Turkish Twitter.” Journal of Refugee Studies, Published: 14 May 2020. Abstract.

Oztig, Lacin Idil, Turkan Ayda Gurkan, and Kenan Aydin. “The Strategic Logic of Islamophobic Populism.” Government and Opposition, Published online: 10 January 2020.  An analysis of Islamophobic discourses of the French National Front, Alternative for Germany, and the Dutch Freedom Party.  Abstract and references.

Pappas, Takis S. “The Pushback Against Populism: The Rise and Fall of Greece’s New Illiberalism.” Journal of Democracy 31.2 (Apr. 2020): 54-68. Abstract and first page.

Patnaik, Prabhat. “Neoliberalism and Fascism.” Agrarian South: Journal of Political Economy 9.1 (Apr. 2020): 33-49. Abstract and references.

Patrona, Marianna. “‘You Are Not Normal, You Are against Nature’: Mediated Representations of Far-Right Talk on Same-Sex Child Fostering in Greek Parliamentary Discourse.”  Journal of Language and Politics, Available online: 15 January 2020.  Abstract and references.

Pavan, Elena. “We Are Family. The Conflict between Conservative Movements and Feminists.” Contemporary Italian Politics, Published online: 20 Mar. 2020. On the thirteenth World Congress of Families (WCF), Verona, 29-31 March 2019. Full text.

Payne, Leigh A., and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos. “The Right-Wing Backlash in Brazil and Beyond.” Politics & Gender 16.1 (Mar. 2020): E6. Full text.

Pearson, Elizabeth. “Gendered Reflections? Extremism in the UK’s Radical Right and al-Muhajiroun Networks.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Published online: 25 May 2020. A gendered analysis of two extreme movements: a network linked to the U.K.’s banned Islamist group al-Muhajiroun; and activists for the English Defence League, Britain First and other anti-Islam(ist) groups. Full text and here and here.

Pérez Curiel, Concha. “Trend towards extreme right-wing populism on Twitter. An analysis of the influence on leaders, media and users.” Communication & Society 33.2 (2020): 175-192. Full text and here and here.

Perry, Barbara, and Ryan Scrivens.  “Who’s a Terrorist? What’s Terrorism? Comparative Media Representations of Lone-Actor Violence in Canada.” Terrorism and Counterterrorism in Canada.  Edited by Jez Littlewood, Lorne L. Dawson, and Sara K. Thompson.  Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press, 2019. 242-264.

Pertwee, Ed. “Donald Trump, the Anti-Muslim Far Right and the New Conservative Revolution.” Ethnic and Racial Studies, Published online: 17 Apr. 2020. Full text and here.

Peterie, Michelle, and David Neil. “Xenophobia towards Asylum Seekers: A Survey of Social Theories.” Journal of Sociology 56.1 (March 2020): 23-35. Full text.

Peters, B. Guy, and Jon Pierre. “A Typology of Populism: Understanding the Different Forms of Populism and Their Implications.” Democratization, Published online: 7 May 2020. Abstract.

Pettinger, Tom. “British Terrorism Preemption: Subjectivity and Disjuncture in Channel ‘de-Radicalization’ Interventions.” The British Journal of Sociology, First published:14 April 2020. Full text and here and here.

Piacentini, Arianna. “Save the People! Elite-People Relations and the Surge of Nationalism and Right-Wing Populism Across Europe.” European Yearbook of Minority Issues Online 17.1 (Feb. 2020): 1-22

Pianta, Mario. “Italy’s Political Upheaval and the Consequences of Inequality.” Intereconomics 55.1 (2020): 13-17. This article is part of The Rise of Populism: Case Studies, Determinants and Policy Implications. Full text and here.

Piazza, James A. “Politician Hate Speech and Domestic Terrorism.” International Interactions, Published online: 29 Mar. 2020.  Abstract. Supplemental material.

Pineda, Antonio, and Bianca Sánchez-Gutiérrez. “‘A Narrative of Impending Tyranny’: Ideological Extremism and Internet Use in the Tea Party Movement.” Handbook of Research on Transmedia Storytelling, Audience Engagement, and Business Strategies. Víctor Hernández-Santaolalla and Mónica Barrientos-Bueno, Editors. Hershey, PA: Business Science Reference, 2020. 255-271. Abstract and chapter preview.

Pirro, Andrea L. P., and Martín Portos. “Populism between Voting and Non-Electoral Participation.” West European Politics, Published online: 31 Mar. 2020.  Abstract and funding.

Plenta, Peter. “Conspiracy Theories as a Political Instrument: Utilization of Anti-Soros Narratives in Central Europe.” Contemporary Politics, Published online: 17 June 2020. On anti-Soros conspiracy theories as they have been employed by two populist leaders, Viktor Orbán in Hungary and Róbert Fico in Slovakia. Abstract.

Poole, Elizabeth, Eva Haifa Giraud, and Ed de Quincey. “Tactical Interventions in Online Hate Speech: The Case of #stopIslam.” New Media & Society, First Published March 3, 2020.  Abstract and references.

Puschmann, Cornelius, Julian Ausserhofer, and Josef Šlerka. “Converging on a Nativist Core? Comparing Issues on the Facebook Pages of the Pegida Movement and the Alternative for Germany:” European Journal of Communication, First Published May 6, 2020. Abstract and references.

Rae, Maria. “Hyperpartisan News: Rethinking the Media for Populist Politics.” New Media & Society, First Published March 5, 2020.  Abstract and references.

Ralston, Robert, Matthew Motta, and Jennifer Spindel. “When OK Is Not OK: Public Concern About White Nationalism in the U.S. Military.” Armed Forces & Society, First Published April 21, 2020. Full text.

Rama, José, and Andrés Santana. “In the Name of the People: Left Populists versus Right Populists.” European Politics and Society 21.1 (Jan. 2020): 17-35. Abstract and references.

Ramakrishna, Kumar. “The White Supremacist Terrorist Threat to Asia: A Preliminary Assessment.” Counter Terrorist Trends and Analyses 12.4 (June 2020): 1-7. Full text and here.

Ramos, Jennifer M., and Priscilla Torres. “The Right Transmission: Understanding Global Diffusion of the Far-Right.” Populism 3.1 (Feb. 2020): 87-120. Abstract.

Rashkova, Ekaterina R. “Gender Politics and Radical Right Parties: An Examination of Women’s Substantive Representation in Slovakia.” East European Politics and Societies: and Cultures, First Published January 23, 2020.  Full text and here and here.

Rathgeb, Philip. “Makers against Takers: The Socio-Economic Ideology and Policy of the Austrian Freedom Party.” West European Politics, Published online: 18 Feb. 2020.  Abstract, funding, notes, and primary sources.

Reingold, Beth, Rebecca J. Kreitzer, Tracy Osborn, and Michele L. Swers. “Anti-Abortion Policymaking and Women’s Representation.” Political Research Quarterly, Article first published online: March 4, 2020.  An analysis of the sponsorship of anti-abortion bills in twenty-one state houses, from 1997 to 2012. Abstract and references.

Reinl, Ann-Kathrin, and Constantin Schäfer. “How the 2017 Federal Election in Germany Affected Satisfaction with Democracy among AfD Voters.” German Politics, Published online: 18 Mar. 2020. Abstract. Supplemental material.

Rentel, Nadine. “Persuasive Communication on the Facebook Account of the ‘Alternative Für Deutschland’ Saxony:” Ars & Humanitas 14.1 (June 2020): 125-137. Full text and here.

Rettberg, Kayley. “Socioeconomic Declinism and Right-Wing Populist Support.” Res Publica – Journal of Undergraduate Research (Illinois Wesleyan University) 25.1 (2020), art. 17. Full text.

Reyes, Antonio. “I, Trump: The Cult of Personality, Anti-Intellectualism and the Post-Truth Era.” Journal of Language and Politics, Available online: 4 May 2020. Abstract and references.

Rezaei, Shahamak, and Marco Goli. “The ‘housebroken’ far-right parties and the showdown in Danish migration and integration policies.” Relations between Immigration and Integration Policies in Europe: Challenges, Opportunities and Perspectives in Selected EU Member States. Edited by Maciej Duszczyk, Marta Pachocka and Dominika Pszczólkowska. London and New York: Routledge, 2020. 106-124. Full text.

Ribera Payá, Pablo, and José Ignacio Díaz Martínez. “The End of the Spanish Exception: The Far Right in the Spanish Parliament.” European Politics and Society, Published online: 16 July 2020. Abstract and funding.

Richards, Imogen. “Australian Measures to Counter Violent Extremism Online: A Comparative Perspective on Far-Right and Jihadist Content.” Propaganda und Prävention: Forschungsergebnisse, didaktische Ansätze, interdisziplinäre Perspektiven zur pädagogischen Arbeit zu extremistischer Internetpropaganda.  Edited by Josephine B. Schmitt, Julian Ernst, Diana Rieger, and Hans-Joachim Roth.  Wiesbaden: Springer VS, 2020. 619-627.  Abstract and references.

Richards, Imogen, and Mark Wood. “Legal and Security Frameworks for Responding to Online Violent Extremism: A Comparison of Far-right and Jihadist Contexts .” The Handbook of Collective Violence: Current Developments and Understanding. Edited by Carol A. Ireland, Michael Lewis, Anthony C. Lopez, and Jane L. Ireland. London and New York: Routledge, 2020. 112-124. Full text.

Richards, Julian. “Extremism and Intelligence.” The Journal of Intelligence, Conflict, and Warfare 2.3 (Jan. 2020): 1-15.  Free online and here and here.

Richardson-Little, Ned, and Samuel Merrill. “Who Is the Volk? PEGIDA and the Contested Memory of 1989 on Social Media.” Social Movements, Cultural Memory and Digital Media: Mobilising Mediated Remembrance. Edited by Samuel Merrill, Emily Keightley, and Priska Daphi. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. 59-84. Chapter abstract.

Richmond, Matthew Aaron. “Narratives of Crisis in the Periphery of São Paulo: Place and Political Articulation during Brazil’s Rightward Turn.” Journal of Latin American Studies, Published online: 18 February 2020.  Abstract and references.

Rinaldi, Chiara, and Marleen P.M. Bekker.  “A Scoping Review of Populist Radical Right Parties’ Influence on Welfare Policy and its Implications for Population Health in Europe.” International Journal of Health Policy and Management, Available Online 8 April 2020. Full text. Supplementary File 1.

Roberts, Jeremy C. “The Populist Radical Right in the US: New Media and the 2018 Arizona Senate Primary.” Politics and Governance 8.1 (Mar. 2020): 111-121. Full text and here. Supplementary File.

Röchert, Daniel, Muriel Weitzel, and Björn Ross. “The Homogeneity of Right-Wing Populist and Radical Content in YouTube Recommendations.” SMSociety’20: International Conference on Social Media and Society, Association for Computing Machinery, 2020. 245-254. Abstract and references.

Rodriguez, Jason. “Freedom of Speech or Freedom to Silence?: How Color-Evasive Racism Protects the Intimidation Tactics of American Extreme Rightwing Organizations.” Race Ethnicity and Education, Published online: 22 July 2020. Abstract.

Rogenhofer, Julius Maximilian, and Ayala Panievsky. “Antidemocratic Populism in Power: Comparing Erdogan’s Turkey with Modi’s India and Netanyahu’s Israel.” Democratization, Published online: 16 July 2020. Full text and here and here.

Rogers, Samuel. “Hungarian Authoritarian Populism: A Neo-Gramscian Perspective.” East European Politics 36.1 (Jan. 2020): 107-123. Abstract and references.

Ross, Andrew S., and Aditi Bhatia. “‘Ruled Britannia’: Metaphorical Construction of the EU as Enemy in UKIP Campaign Posters.” The International Journal of Press/Politics, First Published July 1, 2020. Abstract and references.

Rossoliński-Liebe, Grzegorz. “Survivor Testimonies and the Coming to Terms with the Holocaust in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia: The Case of the Ukrainian Nationalists.” East European Politics and Societies 34.1 (Feb. 2020): 221-240. Abstract.

Rotman, Jeff D., T. J. Weber, and Andrew W. Perkins. “Addressing Global Warming Denialism: The Efficacy of Mechanism-Based Explanations in Changing Global Warming Beliefs.” Public Opinion Quarterly, Published: 20 June 2020. Abstract.

Roupakias, Stelios, and Michael Chletsos. “Immigration and Far-Right Voting: Evidence from Greece.” The Annals of Regional Science, Published: 29 April 2020. Abstract and notes.

Rousseau, Stéphanie. “Antigender Activism in Peru and Its Impact on State Policy.” Politics & Gender 16.1 (Mar. 2020): 25-32. Full text.

Rovny, Jan, and Jonathan Polk. “Still Blurry? Economic Salience, Position and Voting for Radical Right Parties in Western Europe.” European Journal of Political Research 59.2 (May 2020): 248-268. Abstract. Appendix (figures and tables, including Table 2: Radical Right Parties in CHES data).

Russell, Jesse. “‘Whig Thomism’ and the Making of the Catholic Neoconservative Movement.” Politics and Religion, Published online: 19 May 2020. Abstract and references.

Rydgren, Jens, and Maria Tyrberg. “Contextual Explanations of Radical Right-Wing Party Support in Sweden: A Multilevel Analysis.” European Societies, Published online: 16 July 2020. Full text and here and here.

Saad-Filho, Alfredo, and Marco Boffo. “The Corruption of Democracy: Corruption Scandals, Class Alliances, and Political Authoritarianism in Brazil.” Geoforum, Available online 27 February 2020. Abstract.

Santana, Andrés, Piotr Zagórski, and José Rama. “At Odds with Europe: Explaining Populist Radical Right Voting in Central and Eastern Europe.” East European Politics, Published online: 4 Mar. 2020. Full text.

Schertzer, Robert, and Eric Taylor Woods. “#Nationalism: The Ethno-Nationalist Populism of Donald Trump’s Twitter Communication.” Ethnic and Racial Studies, Published online: 27 Jan. 2020.  Abstract and funding.

Schlegel, Linda. “Jumanji Extremism? How Games and Gamification Could Facilitate Radicalization Processes.” Journal for Deradicalization 23 (June 2020): 1-44. Full text and here.

Schneiker, Andrea. “Populist Leadership: The Superhero Donald Trump as Savior in Times of Crisis.” Political Studies, First Published May 11, 2020. Abstract and references.

Schulze, Heidi. “Who Uses Right-Wing Alternative Online Media? An Exploration of Audience Characteristics.” Politics and Governance 8.3 (July 2020): 6-18. Full text and here and here.

Schulze, Heidi, Marlene Mauk, and Jonas Linde. “How Populism and Polarization Affect Europe’s Liberal Democracies.” Politics and Governance 8.3 (July 2020): 1-5. Full text and here.

Schwander, Hanna, Dominic Gohla, and Armin Schäfer. “Fighting Fire with Fire? Inequality, Populism and Voter Turnout.” Politische Vierteljahresschrift, Published: 30 April 2020. Full text and here.

Schwanholz, Julia, Marcel Lewandowsky, Christoph Leonhardt, and Andreas Blätte. “The Upsurge of Right-Wing Populism in Germany.” Legislative Decline in the 21st Century: A Comparative Perspective. Edited by Irina Khmelko, Frederick Stapenhurst, Michael L. Mezey. New York: Routledge, 2020. 184-197. Chapter abstract.

Schwartz, Cassilde, Miranda Simon, David Hudson, and Jennifer van-Heerde-Hudson. “A Populist Paradox? How Brexit Softened Anti-Immigrant Attitudes.” British Journal of Political Science, Published online: 4 May 2020. Full text and here.

Schwörer, Jakob, and Xavier Romero-Vidal. “Radical Right Populism and Religion: Mapping Parties’ Religious Communication in Western Europe.” Religion, State and Society 48.1 (Jan. 2020): 4-21. Abstract, funding, and references. Supplementary material.

Scrivens, Ryan. “Exploring Radical Right-Wing Posting Behaviors Online.” Deviant Behavior, Published online: 26 Apr. 2020. Developing and describing three radical posting behaviors (high-intensity, high-frequency, and high-duration) found on a sub-forum of Stormfront, the most conspicuous right-wing extremist forum. Abstract.

Scrivens, Ryan, and Maura Conway.  “The Roles of ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Media Tools and Technologies in the Facilitation of Violent Extremism and Terrorism.” In Rutger Leukfeldt and Thomas J. Holt (Eds.), The Human Factor of Cybercrime. New York: Routledge, 2020. 286-309.  Focusing on the media and communication strategies of right-wing extremists and violent jihadis. Full text and here.

Scrivens, Ryan, Garth Davies, and Richard Frank. “Measuring the Evolution of Radical Right-Wing Posting Behaviors Online.” Deviant Behavior 41.2 (Feb. 2020): 216-232. Abstract.

Scrivens, Ryan, Paul Gill, and Maura Conway. “The Role of the Internet in Facilitating Violent Extremism and Terrorism: Suggestions for Progressing Research.” The Palgrave Handbook of International Cybercrime and Cyberdeviance. Thomas J. Holt and Adam M. Bossler (Eds.). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. 1417-1435. Chapter abstract and references.

Segarra, Paulina, and Ajnesh Prasad. “Colonization, Migration, and Right-Wing Extremism: The Constitution of Embodied Life of a Dispossessed Undocumented Immigrant Woman.” Organization 27.1 (Jan. 2020): 174-187. Abstract and references.

Sengul, Kurt. “‘Swamped’: The Populist Construction of Fear, Crisis and Dangerous Others in Pauline Hanson’s Senate Speeches.” Communication Research and Practice 6.1 (Jan. 2020): 20-37. Full text.

Shames, Shauna, Malliga Och, and Rosalyn Cooperman. “Sell-Outs or Warriors for Change? A Comparative Look at Rightist, Political Women in Democracies.” Journal of Women, Politics & Policy, Published online: 13 Feb. 2020. Full text and here and here.

Shor, Fran. “The Long Life of US Institutionalized White Supremacist Terror.” Critical Sociology 46.1 (January 2020): 5-18. Abstract and references.

Siegers, Pascal, and Alexander Jedinger. “Religious Immunity to Populism: Christian Religiosity and Public Support for the Alternative for Germany.” German Politics, Published online: 31 Jan. 2020.  Abstract.

Simonsen, Kjetil Braut. “Antisemitism on the Norwegian Far-Right, 1967-2018.” Scandinavian Journal of History, Published online: 24 May 2020. Abstract.

Simonsen, Kristina Bakkær, and Bart Bonikowski. “Is Civic Nationalism Necessarily Inclusive? Conceptions of Nationhood and Anti-Muslim Attitudes in Europe.” European Journal of Political Research 59.1 (February 2020): 114-136. Full text and here and here and here.

Simpson, Patricia Anne. “Gendered Identities and German Islamophobias.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies 28.1 (Jan. 2020): 57-69. Abstract and references.

Sipinen, Josefina, Peter Söderlund, and Maria Bäck. “The Relevance of Contextual Generalised Trust in Explaining Individual Immigration Sentiments.” European Societies, Published online: 14 May 2020. Abstract. Supplemental material and here.

Smith, Rogers M., and Desmond King. “White Protectionism in America.” Perspectives on Politics, Published online: 13 May 2020. Full text and here.

Sorce, Giuliana. “Journalist-Activist Boundary Work in Populist Times: The #NazisRaus Debate in German Media.” Journalism Practice, Published online: 13 May 2020. Abstract.

Speakman, Burton, and Marcus Funk. “News, Nationalism, and Hegemony: The Formation of Consistent Issue Framing throughout the U.S. Political Right.” Mass Communication and Society, Accepted author version posted online: 5 May 2020. Full text and here.

“Special Section: Anthropology of White Supremacy”: American Anthropologist 122.1 (March 2020).  Contents: Introduction. Toward an Anthropology of White Supremacy, by Aisha Beliso-De Jesús and Jemima Pierre, 65-75, full text — On the Persistence of White Supremacy: Indigenous Migrant Experience and the Structures of Settler Capitalism, by Shannon Speed, 76-85, full text — The Racial Vernaculars of Development: A View from West Africa, by Jemima Pierre, 86-98, full text — Anthropology and the Riddle of White Supremacy, by Junaid Rana, 99-111, full text — Nothing Sells like Whiteness: Race, Ontology, and American Advertising, by Shalini Shankar, 112-119, full text — Raciontologies: Rethinking Anthropological Accounts of Institutional Racism and Enactments of White Supremacy in the United States, by Jonathan Rosa and Vanessa Díaz, 120-132, full text — The Making of Richard Zuley: The Ignored Linkages between the US Criminal Justice System and the International Security State, by Laurence Ralph, 133-142, full text — The Jungle Academy: Molding White Supremacy in American Police Recruits, by Aisha Beliso-De Jesús, 143-156, full text — The Resurgent Far Right and the Black Feminist Struggle for Social Democracy in Brazil, by Keisha-Khan Perry, 157-162, full text.

Spierings, Niels. “Homonationalism and Voting for the Populist Radical Right: Addressing Unanswered Questions by Zooming in on the Dutch Case.” International Journal of Public Opinion Research, Published: 24 March 2020.  Full text and here and here.

Spoon, Jae-Jae, and Heike Klüver. “Responding to Far Right Challengers: Does Accommodation Pay Off?” Journal of European Public Policy 27.2 (Feb. 2020): 273-291. Abstract.

St Louis, Brett. “Post-Millennial Local Whiteness: Racialism, White Dis/Advantage and the Denial of Racism.” Ethnic and Racial Studies, Published online: 23 July 2020. Abstract.

Steinmetz-Jenkins, Daniel. “The Neoconservative Moment in France: Raymond Aron, the United States, and the 1970s.” The Tocqueville Review 41.1 (April 2020): 183-204. Abstract.

Stephens, Monica. “A Geospatial Infodemic: Mapping Twitter Conspiracy Theories of COVID-19:” Dialogues in Human Geography, First Published June 23, 2020. Abstract.

Stewart, Blake. “The Rise of Far-Right Civilizationism.” Critical Sociology, First Published January 23, 2020.  On the reactionary worldview of far-right civilizationism as an alternative elite grand strategy for world order.  Abstract and references and here.

Stier, Sebastian, Nora Kirkizh, Caterina Froio, and Ralph Schroeder. “Populist Attitudes and Selective Exposure to Online News: A Cross-Country Analysis Combining Web Tracking and Surveys.” The International Journal of Press/Politics, First Published March 4, 2020. Full text.

Stubbs, Paul, and Noémi Lendvai-Bainton. “Authoritarian Neoliberalism, Radical Conservatism and Social Policy within the European Union: Croatia, Hungary and Poland.” Development and Change 51.2 (March 2020): 540-560. Full text and here and here and here.

Sullivan, Katie E., and Paul B. Hutchings. “Right-Wing Authoritarian and Explicit Prejudice Attitude Responses to the Paris Terror Attacks: A Within-Subjects Analysis.” Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 16 July 2020. Abstract.

Summerville, Karoline.  “Victims go viral: Digitally dismantling racist lynching in the United States.”  From Sit-Ins to #revolutions: Media and the Changing Nature of Protests.  Edited by Olivia Guntarik and Victoria Grieve-Williams.  New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2020

Sutton, Robbie M., and Karen M. Douglas. “Conspiracy Theories and the Conspiracy Mindset: Implications for Political Ideology.” Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 34 (Aug. 2020): 118-122. Full text.

Swank, Eric. “Gender, Religion, and Pro-Life Activism.” Politics and Religion, Published online: 6 January 2020.  Abstract and references.

Szelewa, Dorota. “Recurring Ideas: Searching for the Roots of Right-Wing Populism in Eastern Europe.” European Journal of Cultural Studies, First Published May 27, 2020. Abstract and references.

Taflaga, Marija, and Katrine Beauregard. “The Merit of Party Institutions: Women’s Descriptive Representation and Conservative Parties in Australia and the United Kingdom.” Journal of Women, Politics & Policy, Published online: 23 Feb. 2020. Full text and here and here.

Taneski, Nenad, and Afrim Idrizi.  “Concept of Right-Wing Extremism and Terrorism.”  KNOWLEDGE – International Journal 38.5 (March 2020): 1079-1083. Full text.

Taylor, Grace.  “Examining the alt-right: A media analysis of hate speech through Bendigo’s anti-Muslim protests.”  From Sit-Ins to #revolutions: Media and the Changing Nature of Protests.  Edited by Olivia Guntarik and Victoria Grieve-Williams.  New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2020

Thomson, Jennifer. “Gender and Nationalism.” Nationalities Papers 48.1 (Jan. 2020): 3-11. Abstract and references.

Titley, Gavan. “Notes on the Distribution of Nationalist and Racist Discourse.” Journal of Multicultural Discourses, Published online: 22 June 2020. First page.

Tomkinson, Sian, Tauel Harper, and Katie Attwell. “Confronting Incel: Exploring Possible Policy Responses to Misogynistic Violent Extremism.” Australian Journal of Political Science, Published online: 7 May 2020. Abstract.

Tomczyk, Justin, Ilya Tolmachev, and Lee DuWors. “Prospects for American-Russian Cooperation in Countering White Nationalism.” Stanford US-Russia Forum (SURF) Journal 12.1 (June 2020). Full text and here.

Toth, Tamas. “Target the Enemy: Explicit and Implicit Populism in the Rhetoric of the Hungarian Right.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies, Published online: 14 May 2020. Abstract.

Tournier-Sol, Karine. “From UKIP to the Brexit Party: The Politicization of European Integration and Disruptive Impact on National and European Arenas.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies, Published online: 26 June 2020. Abstract.

Trantidis, Aris and Nick Cowen. “Hayek Versus Trump: The Radical Right’s Road to Serfdom.”  Polity 52.2 (April 2020): 159-188. Full text.

Treib, Oliver. “Euroscepticism Is Here to Stay: What Cleavage Theory Can Teach Us about the 2019 European Parliament Elections.” Journal of European Public Policy, Published online: 9 Mar. 2020.  Abstract and funding.

Tremblay, Marie-Claude. “The Wicked Interplay of Hate Rhetoric, Politics and the Internet: What Can Health Promotion Do to Counter Right-Wing Extremism?” Health Promotion International 35.1 (Feb. 2020): 1-4. Full text and here and here.

Trindade, Luiz Valério P.  “The Silent Takeover of Power by the Far-Right.” Annals of Social Sciences & Management studies (ASM) 5.1 (February 2020): 5-7. Full text.

Tuğal, Cihan. “The Counter-Revolution’s Long March: The American Right’s Shift from Primitive to Advanced Leninism.” Critical Sociology 46.3 (May 2020): 343-358. Abstract and references.

Turnbull-Dugarte, Stuart J., José Rama, and Andrés Santana. “The Baskerville’s Dog Suddenly Started Barking: Voting for VOX in the 2019 Spanish General Elections.” Political Research Exchange 2.1 (Jan. 2020). Full text and here and here.

Ullmann, Stefanie, and Marcus Tomalin. “Quarantining Online Hate Speech: Technical and Ethical Perspectives.” Ethics and Information Technology 22.1 (Mar. 2020): 69-80. Full text and here and here.

Umland, Andreas. “The Far Right in Pre-and Post-Euromaidan Ukraine: from Ultra-nationalist Party Politics to Ethno-Centric Uncivil Society.” Demokratizatsiya 28.2 (Spring 2020): 247-268. Full text.

Urbatsch, R. “Rightward Leanings and Nonstandard Party-Position Perceptions.” Political Research Quarterly, First Published January 30, 2020.  Abstract and references.

Vachudova, Milada Anna. “Ethnopopulism and Democratic Backsliding in Central Europe.” East European Politics, Published online: 2 July 2020. Full text and here and here.

Vaggione, Juan Marco. “The Conservative Uses of Law: The Catholic Mobilization against Gender Ideology:” Social Compass, First Published April 6, 2020.  Abstract and references.

Vaggione, Juan Marco, and Maria Das Dores Campos Machado. “Religious Patterns of Neoconservatism in Latin America.” Politics & Gender 16.1 (Mar. 2020). Full text.

Vampa, Davide. “Competing Forms of Populism and Territorial Politics: The Cases of Vox and Podemos in Spain.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies, Published online: 20 Feb. 2020.  Abstract.

Van den Bos, Kees. “Injustice and Violent Extremism: Methodological Directions for Future Justice Research.” Social Psychology and Justice. Edited by E. Allan Lind. New York and London: Routledge, 2019. 162-180. How Muslim radicalization, right-wing radicalization, and left-wing radicalization can be influenced by perceived injustice. Chapter abstract and here.

Van den Bulck, H., and A. Hyzen. “Of Lizards and Ideological Entrepreneurs: Alex Jones and Infowars in the Relationship between Populist Nationalism and the Post-Global Media Ecology.” International Communication Gazette 82.1 (February 2020): 42-59. Abstract and references.

van Kessel, Stijn, Nicola Chelotti, Helen Drake, Juan Roch, and Patricia Rodi.  “Eager to leave? Populist radical right parties’ responses to the UK’s Brexit vote.”  The British Journal of Politics and International Relations 22.1 (Feb. 2020): 65-84. Full text and here and here.

van Kessel, Stijn, Javier Sajuria, and Steven M. Van Hauwaert. “Informed, Uninformed or Misinformed? A Cross-National Analysis of Populist Party Supporters across European Democracies.” West European Politics, Published online: 17 Jan. 2020.  Finding that political misinformation relates positively to support for right-wing populist parties.  Abstract.

van Prooijen, Jan-Willem, and André P. M. Krouwel. “Overclaiming Knowledge Predicts Anti-Establishment Voting.” Social Psychological and Personality Science 11.3 (Apr. 2020): 356-363. Full text and here and here.

van Prooijen, Jan-Willem, and Sophia M. H. C. Kuijper. “A Comparison of Extreme Religious and Political Ideologies: Similar Worldviews but Different Grievances.” Personality and Individual Differences 159 (June 2020): 109888.  Full text and here and here and here.

van Wijk, Daniël, Gideon Bolt, and JochemTolsma. “Where Does Ethnic Concentration Matter for Populist Radical Right Support? An Analysis of Geographical Scale and the Halo Effect.” Political Geography 77 (Mar. 2020): 102097.  Abstract.

Vandiver, Josh. “Alt-Virilities: Masculinism, Rhizomatics, and the Contradictions of the American Alt-Right.” Politics, Religion & Ideology, Published online: 19 May 2020. Abstract.

Varda, Scott J., and Leslie A. Hahner. “Black Panther and the Alt-Right: Networks of Racial Ideology.” Critical Studies in Media Communication, Published online: 13 Mar. 2020. Abstract.

Vergara, Camila. “Populism as Plebeian Politics: Inequality, Domination, and Popular Empowerment.” Journal of Political Philosophy 28.2 (June 2020): 222-246. First page.

Volk, Sabine. “‘Wir Sind Das Volk!’ Representative Claim-Making and Populist Style in the PEGIDA Movement’s Discourse.” German Politics, Published online: 17 Mar. 2020.  Abstract and funding.

Wagner, Ulrich, Sarantis Tachtsoglou, Patrick Ferdinand Kotzur, Maria-Therese Friehs, and Uwe Kemmesies. “Proportion of Foreigners Negatively Predicts the Prevalence of Xenophobic Hate Crimes Within German Districts.” Social Psychology Quarterly, First Published May 13, 2020. Abstract and references.

Waterbury, Myra A.  “Populist Nationalism and the Challenges of Divided Nationhood: The Politics of Migration, Mobility, and Demography in Post-2010 Hungary.”  East European Politics and Societies: and Cultures, First Published January 15, 2020.  Abstract.

Webber, Jeffery R. “A Great Little Man: The Shadow of Jair Bolsonaro.” Historical Materialism 28.1 (Mar. 2020): 3-49.  Full text and here and here and here and here.

Webber, Jeffery R. “Late Fascism in Brazil? Theoretical Reflections.” Rethinking Marxism 32.2 (Apr. 2020): 151-167. Abstract and references.

Weimann, Gabriel, and Natalie Masri. “Research Note: Spreading Hate on TikTok.” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, Published online: 19 June 2020. Abstract and notes.

Weisskircher, Manès. “The Strength of Far-Right AfD in Eastern Germany: The East-West Divide and the Multiple Causes behind ‘Populism.'” The Political Quarterly, First published: 7 June 2020. Full text and here and here and here.

Weitzman, Mark. “‘One Knows the Tree by the Fruit That It Bears:’ Mircea Eliade’s Influence on Current Far-Right Ideology.” Religions 11.5 (May 2020): 250. Full text and here.

Westlake, Daniel. “Following the Right: Left and Right Parties’ Influence over Multiculturalism.” Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue Canadienne de Science Politique, Published online: 4 February 2020. Full text.

Wetzel, Dominic. “The Rise of the Catholic Alt-Right.” Journal of Labor and Society 23.1 (March 2020): 31-55. Free online and here and here and here.

Wheatley, William, Joseph Robbins, Lance Y. Hunter, and Martha Humphries Ginn.  “Terrorism’s Effect on Europe’s Centre- and Far-Right Parties.” European Political Science 19.1 (Mar. 2020): 100-121. Free online.

Whittaker, Joe.  “Online Echo Chambers and Violent Extremism.”  The Digital Age, Cyber Space, and Social Media The Challenges of Security & Radicalization. Edited by Syed Munir Khasru.  Dhaka: The Institute for Policy, Advocacy, and Governance (IPAG), 2020. 129-150. Full text.

Widfeldt, Anders. “The Populist Right-Wing Partisan.” Research Handbook on Political Partisanship. Edited by Henrik Oscarsson and Sören Holmberg. Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020. 190-201. Chapter abstract.

Wilkes, Rima. “Does Reconciliation and Racial Justice Necessitate a Struggle against White Supremacy?” Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue Canadienne de Sociologie 57.1 (2020): 147-168.  Full text and here and here.

Wilson, Angelia R., and Paul A. Djupe. “Communicating in Good Faith? Dynamics of the Christian Right Agenda.” Politics and Religion, Published online: 10 January 2020.  An analysis of nearly 2,500 emails sent by the Family Research Council (FRC) to list subscribers from 2007 to 2018. Full text.

Wimberly, Cory. “Propaganda and the Nihilism of the Alt-Right.” Radical Philosophy Review, published on April 18, 2020. Abstract and first page.

Windisch, Steven, Pete Simi, Kathleen Blee, and Matthew DeMichele. “Measuring the Extent and Nature of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) among Former White Supremacists.” Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 9 June 2020. Abstract and funding.

Wineinger, Catherine, and Mary K. Nugent. “Framing Identity Politics: Right-Wing Women as Strategic Party Actors in the UK and US.” Journal of Women, Politics & Policy 41.1 (Jan. 2020): 91-118. Abstract, funding, and references.

Witt, Taisto. “‘If i cannot have it, i will do everything i can to destroy it.’ The Canonization of Elliot Rodger: ‘Incel’ Masculinities, Secular Sainthood, and Justifications of Ideological Violence.” Social Identities, Published online: 30 June 2020. Abstract.

Wojczewski, Thorsten. “‘Enemies of the People’: Populism and the Politics of (in)Security.” European Journal of International Security 5.1 (Feb. 2020): 5-24. Full text and here.

Wojtasik, Karolina. “Utøya – Christchurch – Halle. Right-Wing Extremists’ Terrorism.” Security Dimensions 33 (2020): 84-97. Full text.

Woodbridge, Steven. [Reaction or revolution? Early interwar assessments of the nature of British Fascism in the 1920s]. Fascism and Anti-Fascism in Great Britain. A cura di Tamara Colacicco. Pisa: Pacini Editore, 2020

Wurthmann, L. Constantin, Stefan Marschall, Vasiliki Triga, and Vasilis Manavopoulos. “Many Losers – One Winner? An Examination of Vote Switching to the AfD in the 2017 German Federal Election Using VAA Data.” Party Politics, First Published April 16, 2020.  Making use of data from a Voting Advice Application to explore the extraordinary electoral success of the Alternative for Germany (AfD), a right-populist party, in the German federal election of 2017. Abstract and references.

Xu, Aymeric. “Mapping Conservatism of the Republican Era: Genesis and Typologies.” Journal of Chinese History 4.1 (Jan. 2020): 135-159.  Dividing the Chinese conservatism of the Republican era into four typologies: liberal conservatism, antimodern conservatism, philosophical conservatism, and authoritarian conservatism.  Abstract and references.

Xu, Weiai Wayne.  “My Reality Is More Truthful Than Yours: Radical Right-Wing Politicians’ and Citizens’ Construction of ‘Fake’ and ‘Truthfulness’ on Social Media—Evidence From the United States and The Netherlands.”  International Journal of Communication 14 (2020): 1135-1152.  Full text.

Yendell, Alexander, and Stefan Huber. “The Relevance of the Centrality and Content of Religiosity for Explaining Islamophobia in Switzerland.” Religions 11.3 (Mar. 2020), article 129. Full text and here.

Yendell, Alexander, and Gert Pickel. “Islamophobia and Anti-Muslim Feeling in Saxony – Theoretical Approaches and Empirical Findings Based on Population Surveys.” Journal of Contemporary European Studies 28.1 (Jan. 2020): 85-99. Abstract and references.

Ylä-Anttila, Tuukka. “Social Media and the Emergence, Establishment and Transformation of the Right-Wing Populist Finns Party.” Populism 3.1 (Feb. 2020): 121-139. Full text and here.

Young, Dean R. “A Look in the Back Yard: Mitigating Home-Grown Extremism in Canada.” Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being 5.1 (Apr. 2020): 15-18. Full text and here and here.

Younis, Tarek, and Sushrut Jadhav. “Islamophobia in the National Health Service: An Ethnography of Institutional Racism in PREVENT’s Counter-Radicalisation Policy.” Sociology of Health & Illness 42.3 (March 2020): 610-626. Abstract.

Zaptsi, Anna. “The Extreme Far-Right in Greece: The Case of Golden Dawn Dissenso.” Más sobre periodismo y derechos humanos emergentes. José Manuel Gómez y Méndez, María Concepción Turón Padial, and Manuel J. Cartes-Barroso (eds.). Sevilla: Universidad de Sevilla, 2020. 337-353. Full text and here.

Zaremberg, Gisela. “Feminism and Conservatism in México.” Politics & Gender 16.1 (Mar. 2020).  First page and references.

Zembylas, Michalinos. “The Affective Modes of Right-Wing Populism: Trump Pedagogy and Lessons for Democratic Education.” Studies in Philosophy and Education 39.2 (Mar. 2020): 151-166. Abstract, notes, and references.

Zhang, Chenchen. “Right-Wing Populism with Chinese Characteristics? Identity, Otherness and Global Imaginaries in Debating World Politics Online.” European Journal of International Relations 26.1 (March 2020): 88-115. Abstract and references.

Żuk, Piotr, and Kacper Szulecki. “Unpacking the Right-Populist Threat to Climate Action: Poland’s pro-Governmental Media on Energy Transition and Climate Change.” Energy Research & Social Science 66 (Aug. 2020): 101485. Abstract.

Żuk, Piotr, and Paweł Żuk. “‘Euro-Gomorrah and Homopropaganda’: The culture of fear and ‘Rainbow Scare’ in the narrative of right-wing populists media in Poland as part of the election campaign to the European Parliament in 2019.”  Discourse, Context & Media 33 (March 2020): 100364.  Full text and here and here.

Zulianello, Mattia. “Varieties of Populist Parties and Party Systems in Europe: From State-of-the-Art to the Application of a Novel Classification Scheme to 66 Parties in 33 Countries.” Government and Opposition 55.2 (Apr. 2020): 327-347. Full text and here and here.


Bacon, Tricia, and Thomas Zeitzoff. “False Dichotomy: How Both Psychology and Strategic Incentives Influence Terrorist Groups and Violent Social Movements.” May 2020. Full text.

Bangstad, Sindre. “The origins of the concept of Islamophobia.”  2020.  Full text.

Baumgartner, Jason, Savvas Zannettou, Megan Squire, and Jeremy Blackburn. “The Pushshift Telegram Dataset.”  arXiv:2001.08438v1 [cs.SI] 23 Jan. 2020.  Full text.

Bevensee, Emmi, Maxwell Aliapoulios, Quinn Dougherty, Jason Baumgartner, Damon McCoy, and Jeremy Blackburn. “SMAT: The Social Media Analysis Toolkit.” Includes a case study of where, when, and how the Agenda 21 conspiracy theory has been linked to COVID-19.on Gab, Reddit, and Twitter. ICWSM Workshop Proceedings, 14th International AAAI Conference on Web and Social Media (ICWSM 2020), June 8, 2020. Full text.

Bright, Jonathan, Nahema Marchal, Bharath Ganesh, and Stevan Rudinac.  “Echo Chambers Exist! (But They’re Full of Opposing Views).”  2020.  Using observational trace data taken from Stormfront, a white nationalist online forum, to explore how individuals in an ideological “echo chamber” engage with opposing viewpoints.  Full text and here and here and here.

Bustikova, Lenka.  “The Paradox of Minority Accommodation: Eastern Europe after 30 Years.” Forthcoming in European Political Science (EPS), 2020. Full text.

D’Amato, Silvia, and Giovanni Amerigo Giuliani. “When opposites attract? The relationship between foreign policy and the migration-terrorism nexus in the French radical right and radical left discourse.” Max Weber Programme, MWP Working Papers MWP 2020/05. Full text.

de Zavala, Agnieszka Golec.  “Why is populism so robustly associated with conspiratorial thinking? Collective Narcissism and the Meaning Maintenance Model.”  J. Sinnott & J. Rabin (Eds). The psychology of political behavior in a time of change: Identity in a changing world. Springer Nature Switzerland AG, 2020.  Full text.

Doerr, Sebastian, Stefan Gissler, José-Luis Peydro, and Hans-Joachim Voth. “From Finance To Fascism.” SSRN, Last revised: 24 Apr. 2020. “Danatbank’s collapse boosted Nazi support, especially in cities with deep-seated anti-Semitism, suggesting a synergy between cultural and economic channels.” Full text and here.

Enggist, Matthias, and Michael Pinggera.  “Radical Right Parties and their Welfare State Stances – Not so blurry after all?”  January 2020.  Annual Conference of the Swiss Political Science Association (SPSA), Lucerne, Switzerland, February 3-4, 2020.  Full text and here.

Evans, Jocelyn, and Gilles Ivaldi. “Contextual effects of immigrant presence on populist radical right support: testing the ‘halo effect’ on FN voting in France.” May 2020. Full text.

Freistein, Katja, Frank Gadinger, and Christine Unrau.  “From the global to the everyday: Anti-globalization metaphors in Trump’s and Salvini’s political language.”  Global Cooperation Research Papers, No. 24, University of Duisburg-Essen, Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Centre for Global Cooperation Research (KHK/GCR21), Duisburg, 2020. Full text.

Gamalerio, Matteo, Mario Luca, Alessio Romarri, and Max Viskanic. “Is this the real life or just fantasy? Refugee reception, extreme-right voting, and broadband internet.” July 15, 2020. Full text.

Göpffarth, Julian and Özyurek, Esra. “Spiritualizing Reason, Rationalizing Spirit: Muslim Public Intellectuals in the German Far Right.” 2020. Forthcoming in Ethnicities. Full text.

Gross, Martin, and Michael Jankowski. “The Alternative for Germany at the local level: electoral performance, issue emphasis and position-taking.” May 21, 2020. Full text.

Kaya, Ayhan. State of the Art on Radicalisation: Islamist and Nativist Radicalisation in Europe. Working Paper No. 12, April 2020. Istanbul: Istanbul Bilgi University, European Institute, 2020. Full text.

Kleinfeld, Rachel, and John Dickas. Resisting the Call of Nativism: What U.S. Political Parties Can Learn From Other Democracies. March 2020. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2020. Full text.

Knüpfer, Curd. “How Right-Wing Alternative News Sites in the U.S. Depict Antifa.” Working Paper (Weizenbaum Series, 8). June 2020. Berlin: Weizenbaum Institute for the Networked Society – The German Internet Institute, 2020. Full text.

Kubát, Michal, and Martin Mejstrík. “Populist Parties in Contemporary Europe.” Democratic Efficacy and the Varieties of Populism in Europe (DEMOS), June 2020. Full text.

Kurer, Thomas.  “The Declining Middle: Occupational Change, Social Status and the Populist Right.”  January 2020. Accepted for publication in Comparative Political Studies. Full text.

Leininger, Arndt, and Maurits Meijers.  “Do Populist Parties Increase Voter Turnout? Evidence from over 40 Years of Electoral History in 31 European Democracies.”  March 12, 2020. Full text.

Loadenthal, Michael, Sami Hausserman, and Matt Switzer. “Accelerating Hate: Atomwaffen Division, Contemporary Digital Fascism, and Insurrectionary Accelerationism.” Forthcoming in Cyber Hate: Examining the Functions and Impact of White Supremacy in Cyberspace, edited by Robin Maria Valeri and Kevin Borgeson. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books/Rowman & Littlefield, 2020. Full text.

Lonsky, Jakub. “Does Immigration Decrease Far-Right Popularity? Evidence from Finnish Municipalities.” GLO Discussion Paper, No. 540, February 29, 2020. Essen: Global Labor Organization (GLO), 2020. Full text.

Lorimer, Marta.  “Europe as ideological resource: the case of the Rassemblement National.” Article forthcoming in Journal of European Public Policy. Full text.

Malka, Ariel, Yphtach Lelkes, Bert N. Bakker, and Eliyahu Spivack. “Who is Open to Authoritarian Governance within Western Democracies?” May 2, 2020. In Press, Perspectives on Politics. Full text.

Malkopoulou, Anthoula.  “Compulsory voting and right-wing populism: Mobilization, representation and socioeconomic inequalities.”  Australian Journal of Political Science, forthcoming (2020). Abstract.

Meijers, Maurits J., and Andrej Zaslove.  “Measuring Populism in Political Parties: Appraisal of a New Approach.”  Accepted for publication in Comparative Political Studies, March 30, 2020. Full text.

Mişcoiu, Sergiu. “Anti-Semitism, Adieu? On the Possible Abandonment of the Anti-Semitic Strategy by the French National Rally under Marine Le Pen.” International Conference RCIC’20, Cluj-Napoca, 7-9 May 2020. Full text and here.

Motta, Matthew, Dominik Stecula, and Christina Farhart. “How Right-Leaning Media Coverage of COVID-19 Facilitated the Spread of Misinformation in the Early Stages of the Pandemic in the U.S.” SocArXiv. April 18, 2020. Full text.

Nilsson, Artur, and John T. Jost.  “The Authoritarian-Conservatism Nexus.” 2020. Full text.

Ocampo, Emilio. “Sir Oswald Mosley’s Contribution to the Interwar Policy Debate and Fascist Economics.” Universidad del CEMA, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Junio 2020. Serie Documentos de trabajo. Full text.

Önal, Elif Sandal, Aydin Bayad, and N. Ekrem Düzen. “‘Right-Wing Populism in Turkey and its Influences on Europe and Germany’ conference: A review.” January 22, 2020. Full text.

Ornstein, Joseph T., and JBrandon Duck-Mayr.  “Gaussian Process Regression Discontinuity.”  February 20, 2020. [3.1 The Radical Right and Party Manifestos]. Full text.

Panagiotidis, Theodore, and Costas Roumanias.  Far Right, Extreme Left and Unemployment: A European Historical Perspective.  Working Paper 20-11. Waterloo, Ontario: The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis (RCEA), March 2020. Full text.

Papadamou, Kostantinos, Savvas Zannettou, Jeremy Blackburn, Emiliano De Cristofaro, Gianluca Stringhini, and Michael Sirivianos.  “Understanding the Incel Community on YouTube.”  arXiv:2001.08293v2 [cs.CY] 25 Jan. 2020.  Full text.

Rettl, Paula. “The effect of commodity prices on voting for the left and the right in Brazil.” July 19, 2020. To be presented at the 2020 APSA Annual Meeting. Full text and here.

Rodrik, Dani. “Why Does Globalization Fuel Populism? Economics, Culture, and the Rise of Right-Wing Populism.” Draft, June 2020. Prepared for the Annual Review of Economics. Full text.

Snegovaya, Maria, “The Left Parties’ Economic Policies and the Proletarization of the Populist Radical Right.” SSRN, February 27, 2020. Full text.

Sternisko, Anni, Aleksandra Cichocka, and Jay J. Van Bavel. “The Dark Side of Social Movements: Social Identity, Non-Conformity, and the Lure of Conspiracy Theories.” PsyArXiv. February 1, 2020.  Full text.

Valentim, Vicente. “Parliamentary Representation and the Normalization of Radical Right Support.” Last revised: 21 Apr 2020. Full text and here.

van Klingeren, Marijn.  “‘It ain’t what you say, it’s the way that you say it’: A study on how tone in symbolic- and realistic threat frames affects anti-immigration attitudes in the Netherlands.” OSF Preprints. April 14, 2020. Full text and here.

Vegetti, Federico, and Levente Littvay. “Belief in conspiracy theories, aggression, and attitudes towards political violence.” 2020. Full text.

Vlandas, Tim, and Daphne Halikiopoulou.  “Insecurities, Social Policies and individual support for far right parties in advanced European welfare states.”  5 April 2020. Full text.

Vogt, Jürgen. “The Ghost of a Ghost. Critical Music Education and the New Right.” Nordic Research in Music Education. Yearbook Vol. 22, 2021, forthcoming. Full text.

Wenninger, Helena, and Johannes Rode. “Intention to Vote for Extreme Rigth-wing Populists, the Internet and Social Media: Political Information Consumption vs. Discussion.” ECIS 2020 Proceedings. Research Papers. 152. Full text.

Wiebrecht, Felix, and James F. Downes. “Regional Factionalism as an Enabling Structure: The Case of the AfD.” 2020. Full text.

Wilson, Tim.  “Rightist Violence: An Historical Perspective.”  ICCT Research Paper, April 2020. Full text.

Youngblood, Mason.  “Extremist ideology as a complex contagion: the spread of far-right radicalization in the United States between 2005-2017.” arXiv:2004.04265, 6 Apr. 2020. Full text.

Ziblatt, Daniel, Hanno Hilbig, and Daniel Bischof. “Parochialism, Place-Based Identity and Radical-Right Voting.” SocArXiv. April 25, 2020. Full text and here and here.


Abbas, Tahir.  Far Right and Islamist Radicalisation in an Age of Austerity: A Review of Sociological Trends and Implications for Policy.  ICCT Policy Brief, January 2020.  Full text.

Audit of Antisemitic Incidents 2019. New York: Anti-Defamation League, May 12, 2020. Full text and here.

Avis, William. The COVID-19 pandemic and response on violent extremist recruitment and radicalisation. K4D Helpdesk Report, 4 May 2020. Full text.

Beirich, Heidi, and Wendy Via. Generation Identity: International White Nationalist Movement Spreading on Twitter and YouTube. Global Project Against Hate and Extremism, 2020. Full text.

Ben Am, Ari, and Gabriel Weimann. Fabricated Martyrs: The Warrior-Saint Icons of Far-Right Terrorism. Herzliya, Israel: The International Institute for Counter Terrorism, July 2020. This article examines, through the use of Cobwebs Technologies’ Web Intelligence Platform, three prominent Far-Right terrorists: Anders Breivik, Robert Bowers and Brenton Tarrant. Full text.

Betz, Hans-Georg. The Emotional Underpinnings of Radical Right Populist Mobilization: Explaining the Protracted Success of Radical Right-Wing Populist Parties. Carr Research Insight. Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right, June 2020. Full text.

Blickle, Kristian. Pandemics Change Cities: Municipal Spending and Voter Extremism in Germany, 1918-1933. Staff Report No. 921, May 2020. Federal Reserve Bank of New York Staff Reports, 2020. Finding that, “First, influenza deaths are associated with lower per capita spending, especially on services consumed by the young. Second, influenza deaths are correlated with the share of votes received by extremist parties in 1932 and 1933.” Full text.

The Blind Eye Turned to the Far-right.  The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies, 2020.  Full text.

Bliuc, Ana-Maria, John Betts, Matteo Vergani, Muhammad Iqbal, and Kevin Dunn. “The growing power of online communities of the extreme-right: deriving strength, meaning, and direction from significant socio-political events ‘in real life.'” ICCT Policy Brief, April 2020. The Hague: The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT), 2020. Full text and here.

Building Resilience & Confronting Risk in the Covid-19 Era: A Parents & Caregivers Guide to Online Radicalization. Southern Poverty Law Center and American University, June 30, 2020. Full text.

Caniglia, Mattia, Linda Winkler, and Solène Métais.  “The Rise of the Right-Wing Violent Extremism Threat in Germany and its Transnational Character.”  ESISC Analysis 27/02/2020. ESISC, 2020. Full text and here.

Clark, Simon. “How White Supremacy Returned to Mainstream Politics.” Center for American Progress, July 1, 2020. Full text.

Conti, Bartolomeo. Case studies of interactive radicalisation: France. Country report on historical case studies of interactive radicalisation. DARE: Dialogue about Radicalisation and Equality, June 2020. Full text.

Countering the Far Right: An Anthology. Edited by Dr Rakib Ehsan and Dr Paul Stott. London: Centre on Radicalisation and Terrorism, The Henry Jackson Society, April 2020. Contents: 1. Introduction, by Nikita Malik, 8 – 2. The Online Tradecraft of the Extreme Right, by Ben Pierce, 9-10 — 3. Analysing The Use of Social Media Platforms by the Far Right, by Nikita Malik, 11-12 — 4. Northern Powerhouse: Tackling the Rise of Far-right Terrorism, by Andrew Staniforth, 13-14 — 5. The Security Challenges Posed by Far-right Terrorism, by Dr Paul Stott, 15-17 — 6. National Action, British Neo-Nazism, and the Empowering Hyper-masculine Ideals Underpinning Contemporary Extremism, by Dr Paul Jackson, 18-21 — 7. More Than Meets the Eye? The Ideological Complexity of Far-right Manifestos, by Dr Rakib Ehsan, 22-24 — 8. How Should We Be Responding to the Extreme Right? by Sadie Chana, 25-26 — 9. Demographic Threat and Right-wing Radicalism, by Professor Eric Kaufmann, 27-28 — 10. Neutralising the Far-right Threat: The Case for Integrated Communities, by Dr Craig McCann, 29-31. Full text.

Covid-19 Disinformation Briefing No.1. 27 March 2020. The first in a series of briefings from ISD’s Digital Research Unit on the information ecosystem around Covid-19. London: Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD), 2020. Full text.

COVID-19 Disinformation Briefing No. 2. Far-right Mobilisation. 9 April 2020. The second in a series of briefings from ISD’s Digital Research Unit on the information ecosystem around coronavirus (COVID-19). London: Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD), 2020. Full text.

COVID-19: How hateful extremists are exploiting the pandemic. Commission for Countering Extremism, July 2020. Full text.

COVID-19: The Impact of Social Distancing on Engagement with Violent Extremist Content Online in the United States. Initial Observations. Moonshot CVE, Apr. 14, 2020. Data sheet.

“Dark Money and the Courts: The Right Wing Takeover of the Judiciary.” ACS Fair Courts Reports, Jan. 1, 2020. Full text.

Davey, Jacob, Mackenzie Hart, and Cécile Guerin. An Online Environmental Scan of Right-wing Extremism in Canada. Interim Report. Edited by Jonathan Birdwell. London, Washington DC, Beirut, Toronto: Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD), 2020. Full text.

Davis, Gregory. Bitchute: Platforming Hate and Terror in the UK. HOPE not hate, 20 July 2020. Full text.

Ehsan, Rakib. Weaponising Covid-19: Far-right Antisemitism in the United Kingdom and United States. May 2020. London: The Henry Jackson Society, 2020. Full text.

Ehsan, Rakib, and Paul Stott.  Far-Right Terrorist Manifestos: A Critical Analysis.  February 2020. London: The Henry Jackson Society, 2020.  Full text.

European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Report 2020. European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation (Europol), 2020. Full text.

The Far Right on Facebook. Counter Extremism Project, 2020. Full text.

Finkelstein, Joel, John K. Donohue, Alex Goldenberg, Jason Baumgartner, John Farmer, Savvas Zannettou, and Jeremy Blackburn. COVID-19, Conspiracy and Contagious Sedition: A Case Study on the Militia-Sphere. The Network Contagion Research Institute (NCRI), 2020. Full text.

Gallagher, Aoife, Jacob Davey and Mackenzie Hart. The Genesis of a Conspiracy Theory: Key trends in Qanon activity since 2017. London, Washington, DC, Beirut, Toronto: Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD), 2020. Full text.

Ganor, Boaz. ‘Terrorism is terrorism’: The Christchurch terror attack from an Israeli CT perspective. May 2020. Barton ACT: Australian Strategic Policy Institute Limited (ASPI), 2020. Full text.

Goldenberg, Alex, and Joel Finkelstein. Cyber Swarming, Memetic Warfare and Viral Insurgency: How Domestic Militants Organize on Memes to Incite Violent Insurrection and Terror Against Government and Law Enforcement. A Contagion and Ideology Report. The Network Contagion Research Institute (NCRI), February 2020. Full text.

Gordon, April. A New Eurasian Far Right Rising: Reflections on Ukraine, Georgia, and Armenia. Special Report January 2020. Washington, DC: Freedom House, 2020. Full text.

“Groyper Army.” Anti-Defamation League Resource Library – Backgrounders, March 2020. Full text.

Guhl, Jakob, and Jacob Davey. A Safe Space to Hate: White Supremacist Mobilisation on Telegram. 26 June 2020. London: Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD), 2020. Full text.

Hermansson, Patrik. Trust No One: Understanding the Drivers of Conspiracy Theory Belief. London: HOPE not hate, April 2020. Full text.

Home Office. Proscribed Terrorist Organisations. 17 July 2020. Full text.

How extremist groups are responding to Covid-19. Snapshot, 9 April 2020. Tony Blair Institute for Global Change, 2020. Full text.

The Impact of COVID-19 on Canadian Search Traffic: Double-digit increases in engagement with extremist content in Canada’s six largest cities. Moonshot CVE, June 8, 2020. Full text.

The Impact of the Christchurch Terror Attack. Tell MAMA Interim Report 2019. London: Faith Matters, 2020. Full text.

Inside the Russian Imperial Movement: Practical Implications of U.S. Sanctions. New York: The Soufan Center, April 2020. Full text.

Jackson, Paul.  Transnational Neo-Nazism in the USA, United Kingdom and Australia.  The Program on Extremism at George Washington University, February 2020. Full text.

Jensen, Michael, Elizabeth Yates, and Sheehan Kane. Profiles of Individual Radicalization in the United States (PIRUS). START Research Brief, May 2020. The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START), 2020. Full text.

Jones, Seth G., Catrina Doxsee, and Nicholas Harrington. The Escalating Terrorism Problem in the United States. CSIS Briefs, June 2020. Washington, D.C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), 2020. Full text.

Karmon, Ely. The Radical Right and the Obsession with Bioterrorism. International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT), June 2020. Full text.

Knuutila, Aleksi, Aliaksandr Herasimenka, Jonathan Bright, Rasmus Nielsen, and Philip N. Howard. Junk News Distribution on Telegram: The Visibility of English-language News Sources on Public Telegram Channels. COMPROP Data Memo 2020.5, 20 July 2020. Oxford, UK: The Computational Propaganda Project, Oxford Internet Institute, 2020. Full text. Data supplement.

Kotch, Alex. Funding Hate: How Online Merchants and Payment Processors Help White Nationalists Raise Money. April 24, 2020. Center for Media and Democracy (CMD), 2020. Full text.

Likaj, Xhulia, Lena Rieble, and Laura Theuer.  Euroscepticism in France: An Analysis of Actors and Causes.  Institute for International Political Economy Berlin.   Working Paper, No. 132/2020. Berlin, 2020. Full text. Black Lives Matter Hashtag Trend Manipulation & Memetic Warfare on Twitter. Disinformation Investigation. June 2020. Full text.

Macklin, Graham. Country reports on historical case studies of interactive radicalisation. Introduction. DARE: Dialogue about Radicalisation and Equality, June 2020. Full text.

Macklin, Graham. Reciprocal radicalisation in Britain. Country report on historical case studies of interactive radicalisation. DARE: Dialogue about Radicalisation and Equality, June 2020. Full text.

McNeil-Willson, Richard. Framing in times of crisis: Responses to COVID-19 amongst Far Right movements and organisations. ICCT Research Paper, June 2020. The Hague: The International Centre for Counter-Terrorism (ICCT), 2020. Full text.

Member States Concerned by the Growing and Increasingly Transnational Threat of Extreme Right-wing Terrorism.  CTED Trends Alert, April 2020.  Full text.

Member States Concerned by the Growing and Increasingly Transnational Threat of Extreme Right-wing Terrorism. CTED Trends Alert, July 2020. This Update to the April 2020 Trends Alert examines how extreme right-wing terrorists are responding to the COVID-19 pandemic. Full text.

Michelotti, Connor. The Russian Imperial Movement and COVID-19 Disinformation. Center on Terrorism, Extremism, and Counterterrorism, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, 2020. Full text.

Montana Human Rights Network (MHRN).  Charlie Kirk and Turning Point USA: Bringing a Minor League Version of White Nationalism to Montana.  2020.  Full text.

Murder and Extremism in the United States in 2019. A report from the Center on Extremism. ADL Center on Extremism (COE), Feb. 2020. Full text.

Newhouse, Alex. From Classifieds to Crypto: How White Supremacist Groups Have Embraced Crowdfunding. Center on Terrorism, Extremism, and Counterterrorism, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, 2019. Full text.

Newhouse, Alex, and Mike Donnelly. Far-Right Communities are Pushing a Q-Anon Film. Center on Terrorism, Extremism, and Counterterrorism, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, April 15, 2020. Full text.

Newhouse, Alex, and Sean Kitson. The Oath Keepers are Spreading COVID-19 Conspiracy Theories. Center on Terrorism, Extremism, and Counterterrorism, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, April 22, 2020. Full text.

Newhouse, Alex, Adel Arlett, and Leela McClintock. Proud Boys Amplify Anti-Vax and Coronavirus Disinformation Following Support for Anti-Quarantine Protests. Center on Terrorism, Extremism, and Counterterrorism, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey, May 1, 2020. Full text.

Order of Nine Angles – An Incubator of Terrorism. State of Hate 2020. London: HOPE not hate, 2020. On the Order of Nine Angles (O9A/ONA), a UK-originating Nazi-Satanist cult. Part of State of Hate 2020. Far Right Terror Goes Global (London: HOPE not hate Ltd, 2020). Full text.

Populism and the Pandemic: A Collaborative Report. Edited by Giorgos Katsambekis and Yannis Stavrakakis. POPULISMUS Interventions No. 7 (special edition). In collaboration with the Populism Research Group at Loughborough University. Thessaloniki, June 2020. Full text and here.

Potok, Mark. Two Americas: The Radical Right, Then and Now. Carr Research Insight. Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right, February 2020. Full text.

Ravndal, Jacob Aasland, Sofia Lygren, Anders Ravik Jupskås, and Tore Bjørgo. RTV Trend Report 2020. Right-Wing Terrorism and Violence in Western Europe, 1990-2019. C-REX Research Report No. 1 / 2020. Oslo: Center for Research on Extremism:The Extreme Right, Hate Crime and Political Violence, University of Oslo, 2020. Full text.

Richardson, John E., and Matthias Wasser. A Guide to Online Radical-Right Symbols, Slogans and Slurs. Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right, April 2, 2020. Full text.

Ross, Alexander Reid, and Emmi Bevensee. Confronting the Rise of Eco-Fascism Means Grappling with Complex Systems. Carr Research Insight. Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right, July 2020. Full text.

Rrustemi, Arlinda.  Far-Right Trends in South Eastern Europe: The Influences of Russia, Croatia, Serbia and Albania.  Hague Centre for Strategic Studies, 2020. Full text.

Sakellariou, Alexandros. Historical case studies of interactive radicalisation: Greece. Country report on historical case studies of interactive radicalisation. DARE: Dialogue about Radicalisation and Equality, June 2020. Full text.

Silagadze, Givi.  “Who Is (Not) Populist in Georgia? Making Sense of the Buzzword.”  GIP Policy Memo (Georgian Institute of Politics) 32 (February 2020): 1-7.  Full text and here.

Sönmez, Göktuǧ, and Pinar Demirci.  The Rise of Far-Right: Key Themes, Motivations and Mapping.  Report No: 8 / January 2020.  Ankara: Center for Middle Eastern Studies, 2020. Full text and here.

State of Hate 2020. Far Right Terror Goes Global. London: HOPE not hate Ltd, 2020. Full text.

Storm, Ingrid, Tomislav Pavlovic and Renata Franc.  Report on the relationship between inequality and youth radicalisation from existing European survey datasets.  DARE (Dialogue About Radicalisation and Equality), March 2020. “The primary purpose of this research was to examine associations between different forms of national and individual level inequality and social attitudes associated with far right and Islamist radicalisation among young people.” Full text.

Telegram: A Briefing. Simon Wiesenthal Center, July 2020. Full text.

U.S. Department of State. Bureau of Counterterrorism. Country Reports on Terrorism 2019. 2020. Full text.

Virchow, Fabian. Historical case studies of interactive radicalisation: Germany. Country report on historical case studies of interactive radicalisation. DARE: Dialogue about Radicalisation and Equality, June 2020. Full text.

Voué, Pierre, Tom De Smedt, Guy De Pauw. 4chan & 8chan embeddings. Textgain Technical Reports • TGTR1, March 2020. Full text.

Ware, Jacob.  Testament to Murder: The Violent Far-Right’s Increasing Use of Terrorist Manifestos.  ICCT Policy Brief, March 2020.  Full text.

Weimann, Gabriel, and Natalie Masri.  The Virus of Hate: Far-Right Terrorism in Cyberspace. March 2020.  Herzliya, Israel: International Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT), 2020. Full text and here.

Weiss, Andrew S. With Friends Like These: The Kremlin’s Far-Right and Populist Connections in Italy and Austria. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, February 2020. Full text and here.

White Supremacist Groups Are Thriving on Facebook. Tech Transparency Project, May 21, 2020. Full text.

The Year in Hate and Extremism 2019. Southern Poverty Law Center, 2020. Full text and here.

Yetkin, Mine Karakuş, and M. Onur Arun. Historical Case Study of Interactive Radicalisation: Turkey. Country report on historical case studies of interactive radicalisation. DARE: Dialogue about Radicalisation and Equality, June 2020. Full text.


Laguardia, Francesca. “Considering a Domestic Terrorism Statute and its Alternatives.” 114 Northwestern University Law Review 1061 (2020).  Full text.

Lewis, Jon. “Rethinking Domestic Terrorism Law After Boogaloo Movement Attacks.” Lawfare, July 27, 2020. Full text.

Molstad, Michael.  “Our Inner Demons: Prosecuting Domestic Terrorism.”  61 Boston College Law Review 229 (2020).  Proposing  a uniform domestic terrorism statute that is applied based on the actions of an individual, not based on their belief systems or individual backgrounds.  Full text.

“Rose Introduces Legislation to Counter Global White Supremacist Terrorism.” U.S. Congressman Max Rose, July 6, 2020. “Congressman Max Rose, along with Congressman Ted Deutch of Florida and Senator Bob Menendez of New Jersey, recently introduced the Countering Global White Supremacist Terrorism Act, bicameral legislation to strengthen the U.S. government’s counter-terrorism efforts against transnational white supremacy and identity groups.” Full text.

Transnational White Supremacist Extremism Review Act. Introduced by Congressman Max Rose. 2020. Full text.

US Congress. 116th Congress, 2d Session. HB 5602. Domestic Terrorism Prevention Act of 2020. Full text.


Ahuja, Anjana. “The pseudoscience of hate.” Review of How To Argue With a Racist: History, Science, Race and Reality, by Adam Rutherford. New Statesman, 5 February 2020. Full text.

Alcalde, Ángel. “The Transnational Consensus: Fascism and Nazism in Current Research.” Reviews of Arnd Bauerkämper and Grzegorz Rossolinski-Liebe, eds., Fascism without Borders: Transnational Connections and Cooperation between Movements and Regimes in Europe from 1918 to 1945; Christian Goeschel, Mussolini and Hitler: The Forging of the Fascist Alliance; Jorge Dagnino, Matthew Feldman and Paul Stocker, eds., The ‘New Man’ in Radical Right Ideology and Practice, 1919-45; Sandrine Kott and Kiran Klaus Patel, eds., Nazism Across Borders: The Social Policies of the Third Reich and their Global Appeal; Jochen Böhler and Robert Gerwarth, eds., The Waffen-SS: A European History; Johannes Dafinger and Dieter Pohl, eds., A New Nationalist Europe under Hitler: Concepts of Europe and Transnational Networks in the National Socialist Sphere of Influence, 1933-1945; and Ricky W. Law, Transnational Nazism: Ideology and Culture in German-Japanese Relations, 1919-1936Contemporary European History, Published online: 14 February 2020.  First page.

Anon. [Review of] Lone Wolves: The New Terrorism of Right-Wing Single Actors, by Florian Hartleb. European Eye on Radicalization, 10 July 2020. Full text.

Baker, Zeke. [Review of] Robin Globus Veldman, The Gospel of Climate Skepticism: Why Evangelical Christians Oppose Action on Climate ChangeReview of Religious Research, Published: 24 January 2020.  References.

Balzacq, Thierry. [Review of] From Righteousness to Far Right: An Anthropological Rethinking of Critical Security Studies, by Emma McCluskey. Perspectives on Politics 18.2 (June 2020): 672-673. First page. Second page.

Baum, Bruce. [Review of] Terence Keel, Divine Variations: How Christian Thought Became Racial Science. The American Historical Review 125.1 (Feb. 2020): 228-229.  Abstract.

Benedetto, Giacomo. [Review of] International Populism: The Radical Right in the European Parliament, by D. McDonnell and A. Werner. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies 58.4 (July 2020): 1077-1078.

Bliss, Catherine. [Review of] The Mismeasure of Minds: Debating Race and Intelligence between Brown and The Bell Curve, by Michael E. Staub. Contemporary Sociology, First Published June 22, 2020

Bonner, Michelle D. [Review of] Framing Inequality: News Media, Public Opinion, and the Neoliberal Turn in U.S. Public Policy, by Matt Guardino. The International Journal of Press/Politics, First Published January 9, 2020

Brackman, Harold. “Joe McCarthy and the Jews.” Review of Demagogue: The Life and Long Shadow of Senator Joe McCarthy, by Larry Tye. The Algemeiner, July 15, 2020. Full text.

Braun, Lundy. [Review of] Michael E. Staub, The Mismeasure of Minds: Debating Race and Intelligence between Brown and The Bell CurveSocial History of Medicine, Published: 25 January 2020.  Abstract.

Bullock, Charles S., Susan A. MacManus, Jeremy D. Mayer, and Mark J. Rozell. [Reviews of] Southern Nation: Congress and White Supremacy after Reconstruction, by David A. Bateman, Ira Katznelson, and John S. Lapinski. Perspectives on Politics 18.2 (June 2020): 557-559. Full text and here.

Burke, Kyle. [Review of] Bring the War Home: The White Power Movement and Paramilitary America, by Kathleen Belew.  Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 6 Jan. 2020.

Burley, Shane. “Discovering a Growing Movement: A Review of The International Alt-Right: Fascism for the 21st Century.” Review of Patrick Hermansson, David Lawrence, Joe Mulhall and Simond Burdoc, The International Alt-Right: Fascism for the 21st Century? Medium, June 14, 2020. Full text.

Carian, Emily K. [Review of] Gender Hate Online: Understanding the New Anti-Feminism. Debbie Ging and Eugenia Siapera (Eds.). Men and Masculinities, First Published January 22, 2020

Chana, Sadie. “Book Review: Barbara Perry and Ryan Scrivens, Right wing Extremism in Canada (London: Palgrave, 2019, pp. 277).” Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right Blog, June 4, 2020. Full text.

Chou, Mark. “Populism and Localism: A New Research Agenda.” Review article on three books, including Close to Home: Local Ties and Voting Radical Right in Europe, by Jennifer Fitzgerald. Democratization, Published online: 12 May 2020. First page.

Denton, Donald D. [Review of] Massacre in Norway: The 2011 Terror Attacks on Oslo & the Utoya Youth Camp, by Stian Bromark, translated by Hon Khiam Leong. Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 7 Apr. 2020

Dorril, Stephen. [Review of] Ryan Shaffer, Music, Youth and International Links in Post-War British Fascism: The Transformation of ExtremismJournal of British Studies 59.1 (Jan. 2020): 217-218.  First page.

Eichenberg, Julia. [Review of] War Veterans and Fascism in Interwar Europe, by Ángel Alcalde. War in History, First Published April 21, 2020

Faehmel, Babette. [Review of] Erin M. Kempker, Big Sister: Feminism, Conservatism, and Conspiracy in the HeartlandThe American Historical Review 125.2 (Apr. 2020): 682-684. Abstract.

Fowlie, Craig. “The Case for Militant Anti-Fascism.” Review of Daniel Sonabend, We Fight Fascists: The 43 Group and Their Forgotten Battle for Post-war Britain. Patterns of Prejudice, Published online: 23 June 2020. First page.

Garrison, Becky. [Review of] The Power Worshippers: Inside the Dangerous Rise of Religious Nationalism, by Katherine Stewart., 25 February 2020. Full text.

Geary, Daniel. [Review of] Stephanie R. Rolph, Resisting Equality: The Citizens’ Council, 1954-1989. The American Historical Review 125.1 (Feb. 2020): 256-257.  Abstract.

Gillespie, Andra. “A Discussion of Avidit Acharya, Matthew Blackwell, and Maya Sen’s Deep Roots: How Slavery Still Shapes Southern Politics.” Perspectives on Politics 18.1 (Mar. 2020): 207-208.  Full text and here and here and here.

Glaude, Eddie S., Jr.  “When White Supremacists Overthrew an Elected Government.”  Review of Wilmington’s Lie: The Murderous Coup of 1898 and the Rise of White Supremacy, by David Zucchino.  The New York Times, Jan. 7, 2020.  Full text.

Heritage, Frazer. [Review of] Eric Russell, The Discursive Ecology of Homophobia: Unravelling Anti-LGBTQ Speech on the European Far Right. Discourse & Society, First Published June 9, 2020. First page.

Himsworth, Joseph J. [Review of] Paul Corthorn, Enoch Powell: Politics and Ideas in Modern Britain. Journal of British Studies 59.2 (Apr. 2020): 442-444. First page.

Horne, Gerald. “The North Atlantic Echo Chamber of ‘Race Hatred.'” Review of Wen-Qing Ngoei, Arc of Containment: Britain, the United States and Anticommunism in Southeast Asia. Diplomatic History, Published: 1 May 2020. Abstract.

Hughes, Brian.  [Review of] Mark S. Hamm and Ramón Spaaij, The Age of Lone Wolf TerrorismInternational Journal of Communication 14 (2020): 573-575.  Full text and here.

Inglehart, Ronald F. [Review of] Jennifer Fitzgerald, Close to Home: Local Ties and Voting Radical Right in EuropePolitical Psychology 41.2 (2020): 435-436

Jenkins, Philip. “The Radio Right and the Religious Right.” Patheos, May 11, 2020. Review of Paul Matzko, The Radio Right: How a Band of Broadcasters Took on the Federal Government and Built the Modern Conservative Movement. Full text.

Kaplan, Jeffrey.  [Review of] Bring the War Home: The White Power Movement and Paramilitary America, by Kathleen Belew. Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 10 Jan. 2020

Karpf, David. [Review of] The Revolution That Wasn’t: How Digital Activism Favors Conservatives, by Jen Schradie. The International Journal of Press/Politics, First Published January 24, 2020. First page.

Keller, Bill. “Why Intellectuals Support Dictators.” Review of Twilight of Democracy: The Seductive Lure of Authoritarianism, by Anne Applebaum. The New York Times, July 19, 2020. Full text.

Kelly, Kimberly. [Review of] Birth Control Battles: How Class and Race Divided American Religion, by Melissa J. Wilde. Social Forces, Published: 12 June 2020. Abstract.

Ketteringham, Sean. [Review of] Christos Hadjiyiannis, Conservative Modernists: Literature and Tory Politics in Britain, 1900-1920Notes and Queries, Published: 16 April 2020. Abstract.

Klikauer, Thomas. [Review of] Going Dark: The Secret Social Lives of Extremists, by Julia Ebner. Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 16 June 2020. First page.

Klikauer, Thomas. [Review of] Right-Wing Terrorism in the 21st Century – The NSU, by Daniel Koehler.  Terrorism and Political Violence, Published online: 21 Jan. 2020.  First page.

Klikauer, Thomas, and Kathleen Webb Tunney. “Germany’s Neo-Nazi Death Squad – the NSU Network.” Reviews of Staatsanwaltschaftlicher Umgang mit rechter und rassistischer Gewalt: eine Untersuchung struktureller Defizite und Kontinuitäten am Beispiel der Ermittlungen zum NSU-Komplex und dem Oktoberfestattentat [The public prosecution of right-wing and racist violence: an investigation into structural deficits and continuities – the example of the NSU killings and the terrorist attack at the Oktoberfest], by Isabella Greif and Fiona Schmidt, and Right-Wing Terrorism in the 21st Century – The NSU, by Daniel Koehler.  Ethnic and Racial Studies, Published online: 14 Feb. 2020.  First page.

Klikauer, Thomas, and Kathleen Webb Tunney. [Review of] Propaganda 4.0: Wie Rechte Populisten Politik Machen [Propaganda 4.0: How Right-Wing Populism Makes Politics], by Johannes Hillje. European Journal of Communication 35.2 (April 2020): 190-195. First page.

Kousser, J. Morgan. “A Discussion of Avidit Acharya, Matthew Blackwell, and Maya Sen’s Deep Roots: How Slavery Still Shapes Southern Politics.Perspectives on Politics 18.1 (Mar. 2020): 209-210.  Full text and here and here and here.

Lansing, Charles.  [Review of] The Fourth Reich: The Specter of Nazism from World War II to the Present, by Gavriel D. Rosenfeld.  German Studies Review 43.1 (Feb. 2020): 195-197.  Excerpt and first page.

Lee, Michael J. [Review of] The Branding of Right-Wing Activism: The News Media and the Tea Party, by Khadijah Costley White. Journal of Communication, Published: 12 March 2020. Abstract.

Lehmann, Chris. “What Richard Hofstadter Got Wrong.” Review of Richard Hofstadter, Anti-Intellectualism in American Life: The Paranoid Style in American Politics. Uncollected Essays 1956-1965, by Richard Hofstadter, edited by Sean Wilentz. The New Republic, April 16, 2020. Full text.

Malik, Kenan. “British fascism has never thrived but its failure has been useful for the mainstream.” The Guardian, 3 May 2020. Review of Failed Führers, by Graham Macklin, about six British fascist leaders: Arnold Leese, Oswald Mosley, A.K. Chesterton, Colin Jordan, John Tyndall (National Front leader), and Nick Griffin (BNP leader). Mentions the alt-right in America; the Brexit party; British National party (BNP); Alain de Benoist (French Nouvelle Droite philosopher); the English Defence League; the French Nouvelle Droite; “Generation Identity” movements; Holocaust denial; Identity (BNP publication); Boris Johnson; the National Front (NF) (far right party); Enoch Powell; Powell’s “Rivers of Blood” speech in 1968; Spearhead (Nazi magazine); Ukip; and “white identity.” Full text.

Mandell, Daniel R. [Review of] Declared Defective: Native Americans, Eugenics, and the Myth of Nam Hollow, by Robert Jarvenpa.  Ethnohistory 67.1 (January 2020): 183-184. Abstract.

Margulies, Ben. [Review of] The New Populism: Democracy Stares into the Abyss, by Marco Revelli. LSE – USAPP Blog, March 8, 2020. Full text.

Marler, Scott P. [Reviews of] Thomas Milan Konda, Conspiracies of Conspiracies: How Delusions Have Overrun America; Russell Muirhead and Nancy L. Rosenblum, A Lot of People Are Saying: The New Conspiracism and the Assault on Democracy; and Joseph E. Uscinski, editor, Conspiracy Theories and the People Who Believe ThemThe American Historical Review 125.2 (Apr. 2020): 600-604. Abstract.

Marsh, Mallory L. [Review of] Make America Meme Again: The Rhetoric of the Alt-Right, by Heather Suzanne Woods and Leslie A. Hahner.  Argumentation and Advocacy, Published online: 9 Mar. 2020. First page.

Mayer, Jeremy D. [Review of] The Politics of Losing: Trump, the Klan, and the Mainstreaming of Resentment, by Rory McVeigh and Kevin Estep. Political Science Quarterly 135.1 (2020): 158-159

McGlynn, Sean. “The Normalisation of the Far Right.” Review of The Far Right Today, by Cas Mudde. The Political Quarterly, First published: 4 May 2020. Full text and here and here.

McKee, Seth C. “A Discussion of Avidit Acharya, Matthew Blackwell, and Maya Sen’s Deep Roots: How Slavery Still Shapes Southern Politics.” Perspectives on Politics 18.1 (Mar. 2020): 205-206. Full text and here and here and here.

McManus, Matt. “Review: Ronald Beiner’s ‘Dangerous Minds: Nietzsche, Heidegger, and the Return of the Far Right.'” Merion West, July 21, 2020. Full text.

McNicoll, Geoffrey. [Review of] Eric Kaufmann, Whiteshift: Populism, Immigration, and the Future of White Majorities. Population and Development Review 46.1 (Mar. 2020): 197-200. Full text and here and here.

Mead, Henry.  “Conservative Modernists.”  Review of Christos Hadjiyiannis, Conservative Modernists: Literature and Tory Politics in Britain, 1900-1920. English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920 63.2 (2020): 270-272. Excerpt and first page.

Mellow, Nicole. [Review of] The Politics of Losing: Trump, the Klan, and the Mainstreaming of Resentment, by Rory McVeigh and Kevin Estep.  Perspectives on Politics 18.1 (Mar. 2020): 271-273. Full text and here and here and here.

Mohiuddin, Asif. “Islamophobia, Racism and the Postcolonial Subject’s Discontent.”  Review of Islamophobia and Radicalisation: A Vicious Cycle, by Tahir Abbas. Postcolonial Studies, Published online: 9 Mar. 2020.  Full text.

Nagel, Kelly Williams. [Review of] Make America Meme Again: The Rhetoric of the Alt-Right, by Heather Suzanne Woods and Leslie A. Hahner.  Quarterly Journal of Speech, Published online: 3 Apr. 2020. First page.

Naylor, Elaine.  [Review of] The Chinese Must Go: Violence, Exclusion, and the Making of the Alien in America, by Beth Lew-Williams. Journal of American History 106.4 (Mar. 2020): 1081-1082.  Abstract.

Northover, Kylie. “Using five different fake identities, Julia Ebner infiltrated the far-right.” Review of Going Dark: The Secret Social Lives of Extremists, by Julia Ebner. Watoday, June 12, 2020. Full text.

Nunnally, Shayla C. “A Discussion of Avidit Acharya, Matthew Blackwell, and Maya Sen’s Deep Roots: How Slavery Still Shapes Southern Politics.” Perspectives on Politics 18.1 (Mar. 2020): 211-212. Free online and here and here and here.

Parent, Joseph M.  [Review of] Conspiracies of Conspiracies: How Delusions Have Overrun America, by Thomas Milan Konda. Political Science Quarterly 135.1 (2020): 161-162

Pegram, Thomas R. [Review of] Linda Gordon, The Second Coming of the KKK: The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s and the American Political Tradition. The American Historical Review 125.1 (Feb. 2020): 247-248.  Abstract.

Pelinka, Anton. [Review of] Allyson Fiddler, The Art of Resistance: Cultural Protest against the Austrian Far Right in the Early Twenty-First Century. Austrian History Yearbook (2020): 48-49. First page.

Puleo, Leonardo. [Review of] Benjamin Biard, Laurent Bernhard and Hans-Georg Betz (Eds.), Do They Make a Difference? The Policy Influence of Radical Right Populist Parties in Western Europe. Political Studies Review, First Published May 2, 2020

Puleo, Leonardo, and Francesca Feo. [Review of] Absorbing the Blow: Populist Parties and their Impact on Parties and Party Systems. Edited by Steven Wolinetz and Andrej Zaslove. Italian Political Science Review/Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, Published online: 14 January 2020.  Full text.

Rama, José. [Review of] International Populism. The Radical Right in the European Parliament, by Duncan McDonnell, and Annika Werner. Italian Political Science Review / Rivista Italiana di Scienza Politica, Published online: 26 May 2020. First page.

Ring, Natalie J. [Review of] David A. Bateman Ira Katznelson and John S. Lapinski, Southern Nation: Congress and White Supremacy after Reconstruction. The American Historical Review 125.2 (Apr. 2020): 659-660. Abstract.

Rosino, Michael L. [Review of] Producers, Parasites, Patriots: Race and the New Right-Wing Politics of Precarity, by Daniel Martinez Hosang and Joseph E. Lowndes.  Ethnic and Racial Studies, Published online: 27 Jan. 2020.  First page.

Sawyer, Logan Everett, III. [Review of] Ken I. Kersch, Conservatives and the Constitution: Imagining Constitutional Restoration in the Heyday of American Liberalism. Law and History Review 38.2 (May 2020): 512-514. First page.

Schroeder, Theresa. [Review of] Rethinking Right-Wing Women: Gender And The Conservative Party, 1880s To The Present. Berthezène, Clarisse, and Julie Gottlieb (eds.).  Journal of Women, Politics & Policy, Published online: 16 Jan. 2020. Free online and here and here.

Shaw, Devin Zane.  “Fighting Fascism with Feminism: A review of Petronella Lee’s – Anti-Fascism Against Machismo.”  Review of Petronella Lee, Anti-Fascism Against Machismo: Gender, Politics, and the Struggle Against Fascism.   The Social Justice Centre Blog, January 5, 2020.  Full text.

Shurts, Sarah. [Review of] A History of Fascism in France: From the First World War to the National Front, by Chris Millington. French History, Published: 16 May 2020. Abstract.

Sim, Stuart. “Book review: The Far Right Today [by Cas Mudde].” New Humanist, 9 July 2020. Full text.

Simonson, Karina. [Review of] A Perfect Storm: Antisemitism in South Africa, 1930-1948, by Milton Shain.  South African Historical Journal, Published online: 9 Mar. 2020.  First page.

Smith, Zach. [Review of] China’s Conservative Revolution: The Quest for a New Order, 1927-1949, by Brian Tsui. The Journal of Asian Studies 79.1 (Feb. 2020): 178-179.  First page.

Spratt, Tanisha Jemma Rose. [Review of] Producers, Parasites, Patriots: Race and the New Right-Wing Politics of Precarity, by Daniel Martinez HoSang and Joseph E. Lowndes. Sociology of Health & Illness, First published: 11 June 2020. Full text and here and here and here.

Stern, Scott W. “How Powerful Is This Right-Wing Shadow Network?” Review of On Shadow Network: Media, Money, and the Secret Hub of the Radical Right, by Anne Nelson. The New Republic, February 19, 2020. Mentions the American Conservative Union; American Family Radio; Americans for Prosperity; Steve Bannon; Morton Blackwell (Republican functionary and CNP co-founder); Bott Radio Network; Harry and Lynde Bradley (electronics barons); Kellyanne Conway; Joseph Coors (beer magnate); the Council for National Policy (CNP) (archconservative organization founded in 1981); CRC Advisors; Rafael Cruz (pastor and father of Ted); Roberto D’Aubuisson (far-right Salvadoran death squad leader); the DeVos family; Jerry Falwell; the Family Research Council; FreedomWorks; Foster Friess (Wyoming businessman); Mike Huckabee; Nelson Bunker Hunt (oil scion); Alveda King (archconservative activist); Charles and David Koch (fossil fuel tycoons); the Ku Klux Klan; Tim LaHaye (pastor and popular author); Leadership Institute; the Leave campaign in Britain’s Brexit referendum; Leonard Leo (conservative power broker); Ed Meese; Robert and Rebekah Mercer (hedge fund billionaires); the National Rifle Association; Oliver North; John M. Olin (chemical industry magnate); Paige Patterson; Herman Paul Pressler III; Ronald Reagan; Pat Robertson (televangelist); Salem Media Group; Richard Mellon Scaife (banking and oil heir); Phyllis Schlafly (anti-feminist lawyer); Richard Shoff (former state secretary of the Indiana Ku Klux Klan); the Tea Party; Donald Trump; Richard Viguerie (direct mail and marketing innovator); and Paul Weyrich (Republican operative and co-founder of the Heritage Foundation and Republican Study Committee). Full text.

Strigone, Micaela Musacchio. [Review of] Duncan McDonnell and Annika Werner, International Populism: The Radical Right in the European Parliament. Political Studies Review, First Published May 2, 2020

Süß, Rahel. “Book Review: Reactionary Democracy: How Racism and the Populist Far Right Became Mainstream by Aurelien Mondon and Aaron Winter.” LSE Review of Books, July 21, 2020. Full text.

Tearle, Oliver.  [Review of] Christos Hadjiyiannis, Conservative Modernists: Literature and Tory Politics in Britain, 1900-1920The Review of English Studies, Published: 11 February 2020.  Abstract.

Tetrault, Justin.  [Review of] From Righteousness to Far Right: An Anthropological Rethinking of Critical Security Studies, by Emma McCluskey.  Security Journal, Published: 11 April 2020

Thieme, Tom. [Review of] Rechtsextremismus in Deutschland. Eine Kritische Bestandsaufnahme, by Armin Pfahl-Traughber.  German Politics, Published online: 13 Mar. 2020

Thompson, V. Elaine. “The Know Nothings in Louisiana.” Review of The Know Nothings in Louisiana, by Marius M. Carriere. Journal of American History 106.4 (Mar. 2020): 1072-1073.  Abstract.

Tsimouris, Giorgos. [Review of] Islamophobia and Radicalisation: A Vicious Cycle, by Tahir Abbas.  Ethnic and Racial Studies, Published online: 27 Jan. 2020.  First page.

Turton, Stephen. [Review of] Eric Louis Russell, The Discursive Ecology of Homophobia: Unraveling Anti-LGBTQ Speech on the European Far Right. Language in Society 49.1 (Feb. 2020): 166-167.  First page.

van Gorp, Johannes AAM.  [Review of] Radical Right-Wing Populist Parties in Western Europe: Into the Mainstream?  Edited by Tjitske Akkerman, Sarah L. de Lange, and Matthijs Rooduijn. Party Politics, First Published February 11, 2020

Vogt, Stefan. [Review of] Between Heimat and Hatred: Jews and the Right in Germany, 1871-1935, by Philipp Nielsen.  German History, Published: 22 April 2020. Abstract.

Weisskircher, Manès. [Review of] Cas Mudde, The Far Right Today. Acta Politica, Published: 16 April 2020. Full text and here.

Williams, Katherine. [Review of’ ‘We are the People’: The Rise of the AfD in Germany, by Penny Bochum. LSE Review of Books, May 4, 2020. Full text.

Williams, Vernon J. [Review of] The Mismeasure of Minds: Debating Race and Intelligence between Brown and The Bell Curve, by Michael E. Staub. Journal of American History 106.4 (Mar. 2020): 1115-1116. Abstract.


Bletchly, Rachael. “Hollywood star Cate Blanchett on playing right-wing idol who blocked woman’s lib.” Mirror Online, 4 July 2020. On the new BBC mini-series Mrs America, in which Blanchett starrs as Phyllis Schlafly. Full text.


Benakis, Theodoros. “Prof. Önnerfors: Sweden Democrats offer easy solutions to complex problems.” European Interest, February 21, 2020. An interview with Andreas Önnerfors on the phenomenon of the rising far-right in Sweden. Full text.

“‘Bolsonaro is the most isolated leader of right-wing populism today’, says researcher of political extremism.” A BBC News Brasil interview with Cas Mudde, author of The Far Right Today. Explica, May 3, 2020. Full text.

Cowles, Ben. “The far-right and Italian spooks spied on our rescue missions.” Interview with Dariush Beigui and Hendrik Simon, former members of the NGO rescue ship Iuventa. Morning Star, May 20, 2020. Full text.

DeVega, Chauncey. “Soldiers of the boogaloo: David Neiwert on the far right’s plans for a new civil war.”, May 18, 2020. An interview with David Neiwert, author of Alt-America: The Rise of the Radical Right in the Age of Trump, Eliminationists: How Hate Talk Radicalized the American Right, and the forthcoming Red Pill, Blue Pill: How to Counteract the Conspiracy Theories That Are Killing Us. Mentions anti-lockdown protests; anti-vaxxers; “the boogaloo” (a second American civil war and armed insurrection which right-wing militias and other paramilitary groups trying to plan for and incite); the “boogaloo” flag (blue flag with an igloo and a palm tree on it); the Confederate flag; conspiracism; Betsy DeVos (Trump’s education secretary); eco-fascism (fascist belief that nature is healing because the virus has created cleaner air and animals are taking back the planet from human beings, who have contaminated the Earth and need to be eliminated); the Gadsden flag (now associated with the Tea Party’ formerly associated with the right-wing extremist militants in the Patriot movement in the 1990s); Hawaiian shirts; Adolf Hitler; the Nazi Party; the Oath Keepers (right-wing extremist militia group); the Patriot movement; Erik Prince (former head of Blackwater and Betsy DeVos’ brother); the Tea Party movement; the Three Percenters (right-wing extremist militia group); Donald Trump; and “white genocide” (a Jewish-led plot to commit genocide against white people, white males in particular, and to destroy “Western civilization”). Full text.

Elmaazi, Mohamed. “Documents Reveal ‘Elite’ Plot To Oust Mexican President, Investigative Journalist Explains.” Sputnik International, 14 July 2020. An interview with Ben Norton, an investigative journalist with The Grayzone and the author of an in-depth exposé on the alleged soft coup plot against Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador before his term has finished. Full text.

Gibson, Carl. “Massive Wave of Right-Wing Domestic Terror Targets Black Lives Matter Protesters.” Free Chicken and Beer, July 9, 2020. An interview with Alexander Reid Ross. Full text.

Rampant Magazine. “What Does the Far Right Want From the COVID-19 Crisis?” An interview with a researcher with No Space for Hate (NSFH) Research Division, a collective of activists, scholars, students, and data analysts who monitor the activities of white supremacists in the United States. Rampant Magazine, April 27, 2020. Full text.

Samuels, David. “American Racist.” Tablet Magazine, June 11, 2020. An interview with Kevin MacDonald, an influential American white identitarian ideologue. Full text.

Ward, Alex. “People are running over George Floyd protesters. Are far-right memes to blame?” Vox, June 1, 2020. An interview with Ari Weil, deputy research director for the militant propaganda analysis team at the University of Chicago’s Project on Security and Threats. On far-right memes about running over protesters. Mentions James Alex Fields (Charlottesville attacker and online sharer of “run them over” memes); Mike Raust (Daily Caller staffer); and the Unite the Right rally (white supremacist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia). Full text.

Williams, John. “‘Demagogue’ Remembers a Vintage American Bully.” The New York Times, July 19, 2020. An interview with Larry Tye, author of Demagogue: The Life and Long Shadow of Senator Joe McCarthy. Full text.


“AfD: Regional branch of far-right party put under surveillance.” Deutsche Welle (DW), 15 June 2020. Full text.

Allam, Hannah. “‘A Perfect Storm’: Extremists Look For Ways To Exploit Coronavirus Pandemic.” NPR, April 17, 2020. Full text.

Allam, Hannah. “Vehicle Attacks Rise As Extremists Target Protesters.” NPR, June 21, 2020. Full text.

Allyn, Bobby. “Facebook Removes Trump Ads With Symbol Used By Nazis. Campaign Calls It An ‘Emoji.'” NPR, June 18, 2020. On the removal of campaign posts and advertisements from the Trump campaign featuring an upside down red triangle symbol once used by Nazis to identify political opponents. Full text.

Amante, Angelo. “Italian judge orders seizure of neo-fascist CasaPound headquarters.” Reuters, June 4, 2020. Full text.

“Anti-Semitic acts in Tampere and Turku, as Finland’s leaders mark Holocaust.”  News Now Finland, January 27, 2020.  On an anti-Semitic protest in Tampere and synagogue vandalism in Turku.  Mentions the Nordic Resistance Movement (a banned far right group) and the ‘Towards Freedom’ group (Finnish Holocaust-denying far right group; essentially a re-branded version of the Nordic Resistance Movement).  Full text.

“Austrian far-right activist Martin Sellner’s YouTube account ‘terminated’.” Deutsche Welle (DW), 14 July 2020. On Martin Sellner, the leader of the far-right organization Identitarian Movement, who contravened YouTube’s hate speech policies and whose Twitter account was suspended last week. Full text.

Ayesh, Rashaan. “Bill Barr forms task force to address ‘anti-government extremists.'” Axios, June 27, 2020. Full text.

Balsamo, Michael, and Jeff Martin. “3 more linked to neo-Nazi group arrested in Georgia.” AP News, January 17, 2020. On three men linked to a violent white supremacist group known as The Base who were charged with conspiring to kill members of a militant anti-fascist group. Full text.

Barnes, Julian E., and Adam Goldman. “Russia Trying to Stoke U.S. Racial Tensions Before Election, Officials Say.” The New York Times, March 10, 2020. On the Russian government’s efforts to incite violence by white supremacist groups and to stoke anger among African-Americans. Full text.

Barrouquere, Brett. “Animated by Conspiracy Theories, Far-Right Extremists Seize Opportunity to Rally Around Guns in Virginia.” Southern Poverty Law Center, January 24, 2020. Full text.

Bedingfield, Will. “How Telegram became a safe haven for pro-terror Nazis.” WIRED UK, 1 March 2020. Mentions Atomwaffen Division (far right terror group); Anders Breivik (2011 Utoya attacker in Norway); Christchurch massacre (March 15, 2019); David Copeland (1999 London nail bomber); Iron March (now defunct Nazi webforum); James Mason (American Neo-Nazi); Telegram (messaging app long been used by the far right to communicate); the “Terrorgram” (public and private Nazi chat groups on Telegram); and Unite the White rally (far-right rally in Charlottesville). Full text.

Bertrand, Natasha, Nahal Toosi, and Daniel Lippman. “State pushes to list white supremacist group as terrorist org.” POLITICO, March 9, 2020. Mentions Atomwaffen (a neo-Nazi group); AWD Deutschland (Atomwaffen’s foreign off-shoot group in Germany); The Base (a neo-Nazi group); Feuerkrieg Division (Atomwaffen’s foreign off-shoot group in the Baltic States); Iron March (now-defunct online forum founded in Russia); Northern Order (Atomwaffen’s foreign off-shoot group in Canada); Sonnenkrieg (Atomwaffen’s foreign off-shoot group in the U.K.); and Donald Trump. Full text.

Binder, Matt. “Facebook bans far right ‘Boogaloo’ accounts from its platform.” Mashable, June 30, 2020. On the removal of 220 Facebook accounts, 106 Facebook Groups, 28 Facebook Pages, and 95 Instagram accounts associated with the Boogaloo movement. Full text.

Breland, Ali. “Facebook Just Revealed Its Secret Strategy for Taking Down Hate Groups.” Mother Jones, March 25, 2020. On Facebook’s enforcement strategy to take down a network of accounts linked to the neo-Nazi group Northwest Front. Mentions the alt-right podcasts The Right Stuff and Identity Dixie. Full text.

Briggs, Billy. “Scottish Defence League links to Nazi groups ‘concerning.'” The Ferret, February 27, 2020. Mentions English Defence League (far right group); Iron March (now defunct neo-Nazi website); Ku Klux Klan; Peter Morgan (member of the Scottish Defence League who was jailed in 2018 for 12 years for terror offences); National Action (banned neo-Nazi group); Tobias Rathjen (Hanau terrorist attacker); Scottish Dawn (banned neo-Nazi successor group to National Action); the Scottish Defence League (SDL) (an offshoot of the English Defence League; formed around 2009); Sonnenkrieg Division (SKD) (banned group); System Resistance Network (SRN) (banned group, recognised by the UK government as an alias of National Action); and Nicholas Waugh (recruiter for National Action who was active on Iron March). Full text.

Budryk, Zack. “Man arrested, charged with threatening to attack Muslims in Germany.” The Hill, June 8, 2020. On the Christchurch, New Zealand, massacre as a model for a 21-year-old German man’s alleged threats to launch a deadly attack on Muslims. Full text.

“Canadian Government Says It’s Concerned That Calling Far-Right Terrorists ‘Far-Right’ Could Seem ‘Biased.'” PressProgress, February 7, 2020. Includes Power Point slides from an April 2019 meeting between top officials at Public Safety Canada, CSIS and the RCMP. Full text.

Christodoulou, Mario. “ASIO briefing warns that the far-right is exploiting coronavirus to recruit new members.” ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation), 11 June 2020. Full text.

Clayton, James. “Amazon, Google and Wish remove neo-Nazi products.” BBC News, 25 July 2020. Mentions the Boogaloo movement (a far-right libertarian militia in the US); a burning rainbow flag, similar to the one used by the LGBT community; the Celtic Cross (a white-supremacist symbol); the Christchurch gunman; and the Ku Klux Klan. Full text.

Cohen, Ben. “Germany Bans Another Neo-Nazi Group in Ongoing Crackdown on Far-Right Extremists.” The Algemeiner, June 24, 2020. On the neo-Nazi Nordadler (Northern Eagle) group, the third far-right group to have been banned by Germany during 2020 following Combat 18 Deutschland and the United German Peoples and Tribes. Full text.

Coleman, Justine. “Southern Poverty Law Center reports uptick in white nationalist groups, warns of violence.” The Hill, 3 March 2020. Full text.

“Columnist Owen Jones hits out at far-right extremism as attacker is jailed.” Witney Gazette, July 24, 2020. On violent far right extremist James Healy, who was given a two-year, eight-month prison sentence for affray and assault occasioning actual bodily harm. Full text.

Connor, Richard. “Germany underestimated far-right terror for ‘too long.'” DW, 5 March 2020. Full text.

“Coronavirus: Far-right Rome protest turns briefly violent.” BBC News, 6 June 2020. Full text.

Cortellessa, Eric. “US far-right extremists are now calling social distancing a Nazi policy.” The Times of Israel, 17 April 2020. Full text.

Crowcroft, Orlando. “Who is Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the puppet master of Poland’s far-right?” Euronews, 26 June 2020. On Jaroslaw Kaczyński, former Polish prime minister and chief ideologue and strategist of the Law and Justice Party (PiS). Mentions Andrzej Duda (Polish president); Lech Kaczyński (late Polish right-wing president); Law and Justice Party (PiS) (Polish right-wing party, formed by Jaroslaw and Lech Kaczyński); Mateusz Morawiecki (Polish prime minister); Vladimir Putin (Russian President); and United Right (Polish right-wing coalition). Full text.

Crump, James. “Trump appoints far right radio host Sebastian Gorka to education board.” The Independent, July 15, 2020. On Sebastian Gorka, a former Fox News contributor and host of America First with Sebastian Gorka on the conservative broadcaster, Salem Radio Network. Full text.

“Czech Interior Ministry report finds far-right party was the ‘super spreader’ of hate last year.” Translated by Gwendolyn Albert., 13 July 2020. On the “Freedom and Direct Democracy” (Svoboda a přímá demokracie – SPD) movement of Tomio Okamura. Mentions the Association of Most Residents for Most (Sdružení Mostečané Mostu); the “Europe of Nations and Freedom” conference in Prague, Czech Republic, 16 December 2017; Marine Le Pen (French nationalist right-wing politician); the “National and Social Front”; and Geert Wilders (chair of the Dutch Freedom Party). Full text.

Daalder, Marc. “Army reservist linked to far-right group.” Newsroom (New Zealand), June 25, 2020. On James Fairburn, a former soldier and current Army reservist who participated in far-right activities. Mentions Action Zealandia (anti-Chinese far-right group, formed in July 2019 as a successor to the Dominion Movement); Atomwaffen Division (overseas terror group); Discord (server that is popular with the far right); Dominion Movement (far-right organisation that closed down after the March 15 terror attack); eugenics-based conspiracy theories for the racial origins of Jews; the Great Replacement or white genocide conspiracy theory (theory that a shadowy cabal of elites – often Jews – is fostering mass immigration of non-white people to white-majority countries); United Nations migrant compact (UN agreement opposed by the far-right); Voice of Zealandia (Action Zealandia’s podcast); Wargus Christi (far-right group); and “white genocide” with farmers in South Africa (far-right conspiracy theory that the South African government is committing genocide against its white minority population). Full text and here.

“Danish far-right leader Paludan jailed for racism.” BBC News, June 25, 2020. On Rasmus Paludan, head of Denmark’s far-right Stram Kurs (Hard Line) party. Full text.

Dearden, Lizzie. “Far-right extremists using euphemisms to spread mainstream violent and racist ideas, report warns.” The Independent, 3 May 2020. Mentions the American “alt-right”; anti-immigrants; anti-refugees; Celtic runes (symbol adopted by extremist online networks); the coronavirus pandemic; Patrick Crusius (the El Paso shooter); “ethnocultural identity”; 4chan (imageboard); Generation Identity (Europe-wide group that promotes the “great replacement” theory); the “great replacement” (an alternative version of the white genocide conspiracy theory, whose adherents believe that white people are being eradicated by non-whites either as part of a deliberate plot or due to migration and birth rates); “The Great Replacement” (Brenton Tarrant’s online manifesto); Groyper (cartoon amphibian used as a mem by far-right extremists); “historical revisionists” (far-right euphemism for Holocaust deniers); “it’s okay to be white” (slogan carried on 4chan); Ku Klux Klan; the “memeification” of hatred; “native Europeans” (euphemism for white people, used by the UK branch of Generation Identity; neo-Nazism; the “okay” hand signal (a clandestine symbol of white power which started in 2017 as a 4chan hoax named “Operation O-KKK”; interpreted it as forming the letters W and P, for “White power”); Pepe the Frog (a cartoon meme that first appeared in a 2005 comic but was adapted by the American “alt-right” to become a racist symbol); Brenton Tarrant (the Christchurch shooter); Donald Trump; white supremacism; and Zionists or globalists (far-right euphemisms to refer to Jews). Excerpt.

Dearden, Lizzie. “Inside the UK-based site that has become the far right’s YouTube.” The Independent, 22 July 2020. On BitChute, a British-registered platform for neo-Nazi videos, racism, violence, conspiracy theories and even terrorist propaganda. Mentions anti-vaxxers; AtomWaffen Division (neo-Nazi group); Carl Benjamin (Sargon of Akkad) (Ukip candidate in the European elections); Covid-19 conspiracy theories; the Gab network; Generation Identity (white nationalist group); David Icke (British conspiracy theorist); National Action (terrorist group); Parler (Twitter alternative); Tommy Robinson; Martin Sellner (Generation Identity figure); Ray Vahey (BitChute founder); and VK (Russian Facebook-equivalent). Full text.

Dearden, Lizzie. “National Action: Founders of neo-Nazi terrorist group not prosecuted three years after ban.” The Independent, 30 April 2020. Mentions Atomwaffen Division (US-based neo-Nazi group linked to several murders); Jack Coulson (pipe bomb builder); Alex Davies (National Action co-founder); Zack Davies (National Action supporter); Iron March forum; Christopher Lythgoe (de-facto National Action leader); NS131 (banned National Action spin-off group); Ben Raymond (National Action co-founder); Jack Renshaw (former National Action member jailed for plotting to murder his local MP); Scottish Dawn (banned National Action spin-off group); and System Resistance Network (banned National Action spin-off group). Full text.

Dearden, Lizzie. “New neo-Nazi terrorist groups will emerge as government bans ‘not effective’, experts warn.” The Independent, 26 July 2020. Mentions Atomwaffen Division (US-based neo-Nazi group); Feuerkrieg Division (FKD) (far-right network, proscribed as a terrorist group by the UK earlier this month); “lone wolf” terror attacks; James Mason (neo-Nazi); National Action (first neo-Nazi group banned as a terrorist organisation in Britain in 2016); race war; “Siege culture” (culture based on James Mason’s book Siege); and Telegram (encrypted messaging app). Full text.

Dearden, Lizzie. “Twitter suspends dozens of white nationalist accounts that spread Christchurch shootings conspiracy theory.” The Independent, 11 July 2020. On the far-right group Generation Identity, which calls for a “remigration” of Muslims from Europe and spreads the ‘great replacement theory’ claiming that white people are being eradicated. Mentions David Duke (former KKK leader); “The Great Replacement” (the title of a manifesto posted by Brenton Tarrant before the Christchurch shooting); the Identitarian Movement (formerly the UK branch of Generation Identity); Martin Sellner (leader of the Austrian branch of Generation Identity); and Brenton Tarrant (the Christchurch shooter). Full text.

Dearden, Lizzie. “UK saw highest number of far-right terror attacks and plots in Europe in 2019, Europol says.” The Independent, 23 June 2020. Full text.

Demony, Catarina. “Far right takes to Lisbon streets to deny racism is a problem.” Reuters, June 27, 2020. On the Chega (Enough) party, Portugal’s far-right party, and its leader Andre Ventura. Full text.

De Simone, Daniel. “Order of Nine Angles: What is this obscure Nazi Satanist group?” BBC News, 23 June 2020. Full text.

De Simone, Daniel, and Ali Winston. “Neo-Nazi militant group grooms teenagers.” BBC News, 22 June 2020. On The Base, an underground neo-Nazi organisation. Mentions accelerationism (white supremacist ideology which predicts and seeks to accelerate racial warfare, requiring followers to prepare for conflict and social breakdown); Atomwaffen Division (U.S. neo-Nazi group); Matthew Baccari (alias ‘Mathias’) (creator of Fascist Forge); Adolf Hitler; Iron March (now-defunct web forum); Mein Kampf (book by Adolf Hitler); National Action (banned British neo-Nazi group); Rinaldo Nazzaro (American founder of The Base); and Sonnenkrieg Division (banned British neo-Nazi group). Full text.

De Simone, Daniel, Andrei Soshnikov, and Ali Winston.  “Neo-Nazi Rinaldo Nazzaro running US militant group The Base from Russia.”  BBC News, 24 January 2020.  Mentions acceleration; The Base (US-based militant neo-Nazi group, founded around July 2018); National Action (outlawed British terrorist group); Rinaldo Nazzaro (alias “Norman Spear” and “Roman Wolf”) (American founder of The Base); race war; white ethno-state; and “white homeland.”  Full text.

Dickson, E.J. “Far-Right ‘Boogaloo Boys’ Are Trying to Incite Violence at Protests.” Rolling Stone, June 5, 2020. On three self-identified boogaloo boys who were arrested in Nevada for conspiracy to instigate violence at a George Floyd protest. Full text.

DiManno, Rosie. “Far-right radicals visit violence on police in the U.S.” The Star (Toronto), June 19, 2020. Full text.

“Disturbing Data From Statistics Canada Shows Anti-Indigenous Hate Crimes Are On The Rise.” PressProgress, March 5, 2020. Full text.

Doherty, Ben. “Asio boss warns of rising foreign interference and far-right extremism in Australia.” The Guardian, 24 Feb. 2020. On an annual threat assessment address delivered in Canberra by Mike Burgess, the director general of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (Asio). Full text.

Doward, Jamie. “Far right hijack coronavirus crisis to push agenda and boost support.” The Guardian, 25 Apr. 2020. Mentions anti-immigration; Arktos (neo-Nazi publisher); Britain First (British far-right group); Nick Griffin (BNP’s former leader); Identitarian Movement Austria (far-right group); “the JQ” (term used by some far-right organisations for the “Jewish question”); the Knights Templar International (British far-right group); and Martin Sellner (leader of the Identitarian Movement Austria). Full text.

Duffy, Nick. “Far-right football hooligan jailed over attack on Guardian columnist Owen Jones.”, July 24, 2020. On the sentencing of James Healy, a violent homophobic far right extremist. Full text.

Engel, Richard, and Luke Denne. “Neo-Nazis from U.S. and Europe build far-right links at concerts in Germany.” NBC News, March 22, 2020. Full text.

erangadot. “Boogaloo and other considerably-correct extremists use violence to try to inflame protests.” MY BIP, 18 June 2020. Full text.

“Extremist groups encourage members to spread coronavirus to police, Jews: FBI alert.” ABC7 San Francisco, March 23, 2020. Full text.

“Extremists Are Using Facebook to Organize for Civil War Amid Coronavirus.” Tech Transparency Project, April 22, 2020. Mentions The Anarchist Cookbook (document with instructions on bomb making); anti-quarantine protests; the “boogaloo” (or “boog,” “big igloo,” and “boojihadeen”) (the term that far-right extremists use to describe a coming civil war); Aaron Swenson (Arkansas man who was arrested after live-streaming himself on Facebook looking for a police officer to kill); Thicc Boog Line (boogaloo clothing brand, founded in October 2019); President Donald Trump; and Yeetalonians (document which offers advice on what weapons should be used, what propaganda to distribute, and how to psychologically win over civilians to the cause of the boogaloo). Full text.

“Far right Georgian March movement, known for its anti-LGBT activities, creates political party.”, 2 July 2020. On the creation of the Georgian March – National Movement. Full text.

“Far-right German group planned mosque attacks similar to Christchurch massacre.” The New Zealand Herald, 18 Feb. 2020. On Der harte Kern (The Hard Core), a German far-right group, and its alleged ringleader, Werner S., whose plotted attacks were designed to provoke retaliation which the group wanted to spiral into civil war. Full text.

“Far-right protesters in London do Nazi salutes as they ‘defend’ war memorial.” SBS News (Special Broadcasting Service, Australia), 14 June 2020. Full text.

“Far-right Síol na hÉireann registered as private company and may be breaching fundraising laws.” The Beacon, 21 July 2020. Mentions the “Great Replacement” conspiracy theory; Niall McConnell (Donegal-based Síol na hÉireann leader); and Síol na hÉireann (Irish far-right anti-immigration, pro-Christian group). Full text.

“Far-Right US Facebook Groups Pivot to Attacks on Black Lives Matter.” Voice of America, July 5, 2020. Full text.

“Far-right US soldier charged with plot to start a war with Turkey.” TRT World, June 24, 2020. On Ethan Melzer, a US soldier accused of planning a “false flag” “jihadist” attack at their base in Turkey with a view to triggering a breakdown of relations between the two countries and causing a wider war in the Middle East. Mentions Aryan Nation (far-right organisation); Fourth Reich (far-right organisation); Ku Klux Klan (far-right group founded in 1866 by Confederate war veterans); National Alliance (far-right organisation); National Socialist Movement (far-right organisation); and Order of the Nine Angles (O9A) (neo-Nazi and satanist group). Full text.

Feuer, Alan. “U.S. Army Soldier Charged in Neo-Nazi Plot to Attack Fellow Troops.” The New York Times, June 22, 2020. On Ethan Phelan Melzer. Mentions Atomwaffen (neo-Nazi organization); The Base (neo-Nazi organization); Christopher Hasson (Coast Guard lieutenant and self-described white nationalist convicted of federal gun and drug charges); Adolf Hitler; the Order of the Nine Angles, or O9A (Britain-based group described by prosecutors as “an occult-based neo-Nazi and racially motivated violent extremist group”); RapeWaffen Division (neo-Nazi organization); and Telegram (encrypted app favored by extremist groups). Full text.

Folley, Aris. “FBI warns white supremacists encouraging members to spread coronavirus to law enforcement, Jews: report.” The Hill, March 22, 2020. Full text.

“France’s Far-Right Party Convicted of Fraud.” Courthouse News Service, June 16, 2020. On the conviction and fining of Marine Le Pen’s National Front (since renamed the National Rally) for misuse of assets during the 2012 parliamentary elections. Full text.

Gaisenkersting, Dietmar. “Germany halts preliminary proceedings on 1980 Oktoberfest attack.” World Socialist Web Site, 15 July 2020. Full text.

Galloway, Anthony. “‘Emerging issue’: AFP warns children being influenced by right-wing extremism.” The Sydney Morning Herald, July 9, 2020. On a proposed bill reducing the age at which the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (ASIO) could compulsorily question a minor from 16 to 14 if they were suspected of planning a politically motivated attack. Full text.

Gartrell, Nate, and Julia Prodis Sulek. “Suspect in Santa Cruz ambush linked to federal officer killing in Oakland; charged with 19 felonies.” The Mercury News, June 11, 2020. On Steven Carrillo, a U.S. Air Force sergeant accused of ambushing Santa Cruz County deputies who is also believed to be the gunman who shot a federal officer in Oakland. Mentions the “Boogaloo” movement, which considers itself a libertarian anti-government citizen militia that is preparing for the next American civil war. Full text.

“German Army Special Forces Unit to Be Disbanded Over Far-right Links.” Haaretz, 30 June 2020. On a persistent problem of far-right extremism in the second company of elite KSK special forces. Full text.

“German far-right youth receive combat training in Russia: Report.” Al Jazeera, 5 June 2020. Mentions the National Democratic Party (NPD) (German far-right party); Partisan (RIM-operated paramilitary training camp near the Russian city of St Petersburg); the Russian Imperial Movement (RIM) (far-right group); and The Third Way (German right-wing party). Full text.

“German Neo-Nazis Training in Russia; Who Is Maik Muller that Has Ties to Kosovo?” Albanian Daily News, June 7, 2020. Mentions European anti-globalization movements; the European Solidarity Front for Kosovo (ESFK) movement (a movement that propagates and organizes protests against Kosovo, as well as collects material aid for Serbs in Kosovo); Maik Muller (also known as ‘Maximilian Brown’) (one of the NDP leaders who has ties to Kosovo and the president of ESFK); National Democratic Party (NPD) (German far-right or neo-Nazi party); Partisa (special paramilitary camp near St Petersburg, operated by RIM); Vladimir Putin (Russian President); Russian Imperial Movement (RIM) (Russian far-right group; on the U.S. list of global terrorist groups); The Third Way (German rightwing party); and “white supremacy.” Full text.

“Germany: 1980 Oktoberfest bombing a ‘far-right attack.'” Deutsche Welle (DW), 8 July 2020. On the reopening of the investigation of Gundolf Köhler, during which information from 1008 witnesses and victims, 888 clues, and 300,000 documents were reviewed. Mentions Adolf Hitler (former Nazi leader); national socialism; and Wehrsportgruppe Hoffmann (banned neo-Nazi militia group). Full text.

“Germany security report: Number of right-wing extremists sharply rose in 2019.” Deutsche Welle (DW), 9 July 2020. On findings by Germany’s Office for the Protection of the Constitution (BfV) which identified 32,080 right-wing extremists in Germany in 2019, up from 24,100 the year before. Mentions the “Flügel”, or Wing, faction of Germany’s far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party. Full text.

“Germany to overhaul elite army force tied to right-wing extremism.” Deutsche Welle (DW), 30 June 2020. On the disbanding of one of four combat companies of the Germany’s Bundeswehr’s Special Forces Command (KSK) special forces, a unit linked to far-right extremism. Full text.

Gertz, Bill. “State Department targets Russian group for links to U.S. white nationalists.” Washington Times, April 6, 2020. On the designation of the Russian Imperial Movement, a Russian ultranationalist group as a terrorist organization. Full text.

Gifford, Storm. “Steve Bannon, Stephen Miller-cited author Jean Raspail, controversial writer of ‘The Camp of the Saints,’ dead at 94.” New York Daily News, June 13, 2020. Full text.

“Hate Group Leaders, Antigovernment Extremists Push Anti-China Coronavirus Rhetoric.” Southern Poverty Law Center, March 24, 2020. Full text.

Healy, Shaylin. “Report shows how Bellevue-based foundation helped fund the alt-right.” The Watchdog, March 2, 2020. Mentions “academic” racism; the ‘alt-right’ movement; the Cato Institute (libertarian group); the Expolitics Institute (conspiracy-theory oriented organization); the Farsight Institute (extraterrestrial-oriented organization); Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR) (a group founded by John Tanton); the Charles Martel Society (organization established by William Regnery II and publisher of the Occidental Quarterly); the National Policy Institute (NPI) (organization established by William Regnery II and currently directed by Richard Spencer); New Century Foundation (organization which publicly advocates for white separatism, eugenics, and restrictions on legal immigration); the Occidental Quarterly (pseudoscientific journal with a focus on “race science”); the Reason Foundation (libertarian group); Robert P. Rotella (libertarian philanthropist); Richard Spencer (infamous neo-Nazi ); John Tanton (eugenicist); President Trump; Turning Point USA (conservative group); white “ethnostate”; and white nationalism. Full text.

Henley, Jon. “Support for Eurosceptic parties doubles in two decades across EU.” The Guardian, 2 Mar. 2020. Full text.

Hern, Alex. “YouTube bans David Duke and other US far-right users.” The Guardian, 30 June 2020. On the termination of six channels with supremacist content that ‘repeatedly violated’ the site’s policy on hate speech: personal accounts of former Ku Klux Klan leader David Duke, “alt-right” figurehead Richard Spencer, and libertarian “race realist” Stefan Molyneux; Spencer’s Radix organisation; and two channels belonging to far-right publication American Renaissance. Full text.

Holland, Mairead. “Activists ‘evict’ Far-Right Irish party as it sets up stall in centre of Belfast.” Belfast Telegraph, July 27, 2020. On the Irish Freedom Party (IFP). Full text.

“In Hungary, students must now read fascist literature.” Indo & NY, 2 March 2020. On the inclusion of anti-Semitic nationalist writers Ferenc Herczeg, Albert Wass, and József Nyír on Hungary’s new National Basic Curriculum for literature. Full text.

“Italian far-right extremist sentenced to life for deadly Bologna bombing.”  The Local, 10 January 2020.  On the Armed Revolutionary Nucleus (NAR) (Italian far-right group) and Gilberto Cavallini (former member of NAR convicted for his part in the Bologna train station bombing in August 1980).  Full text.

Jepson, Kris. “Teenage neo-nazi terrorist who planned arson spree given six year sentence.” ITV News Tyne Tees, 7 January 2020. On the sentencing of a teenage Neo-Nazi from Durham to six years and eight months in custody after being convicted of six terror offences. Mentions accelerationism (an ideology put forward by white supremacists which calls for direct violent action in the name of Neo-Nazi or white supremacism); Anders Breivik (far right terrorist); “guerrilla warfare”; Adolf Hitler; Mein Kampf (Hitler); “occult” neo-Nazism; “political violence”; and “Storm 88 – A Manual For Practical And Sensible Guerrilla Warfare Against The Kike System In The Durham City Area, Sieg Heil” (the teenage Neo-Nazi’s manifesto). Full text.

Johnson, Miles. “Giorgia Meloni emerges as challenger to Salvini on Italian right.” Financial Times, June 4, 2020. Full text.

Johnston, Raymond. “Right-wing politician Okamura’s YouTube channel canceled, Facebook ponders similar move.”, July 27, 2020. Full text.

Jones, Sarah. “This Obscure Foundation Helped Fund The Alt-Right.” New York Magazine, Feb. 18, 2020. On libertarian donor Robert P. Rotella. Full text.

Kalan, Dariusz. “How the far-right could be kingmaker in Poland’s knife edge presidential election.” Euronews, 10 July 2020. Mentions anti-LGBT; Krzysztof Bosak (far-right Confederation candidate); Confederation (a far-right coalition between the KORWiN party and the National Movement); “cultural cohesion” (Bosak’s euphemism for expelling minorities); Andrzej Duda (far right incumbent Polish president); KORWiN party (paleolibertarian and Eurosceptic party); Law and Justice (PiS) (right-wing Polish party); the National Movement (Ruch Narodowy) (far-right alliance); and Nowy porz dek (A New Order) (Krzysztof Bosak’s electoral manifesto). Full text.

Kamel, Zachary, Mack Lamoureux, and Ben Makuch.  “‘Eco-fascist’ Arm of Neo-Nazi Terror Group, The Base, Linked to Swedish Arson.”  VICE, Jan. 29, 2020.  Mentions The Base (American neo-Nazi terror group); the Christchurch shooter; the Christchurch shooter’s manifesto; “direct action” (shorthand in white-nationalist militant circles for acts of terrorism); “eco-fascism” (far-right ideology which blames the demise of the environment on overpopulation, immigration, and over-industrialization, problems that followers think could be partly remedied through the mass murder of refugees in Western countries); eco-fascist cell’s manifesto; “eco-terrorists” (white-nationalist militants whose acts of terrorism include the burning of fur farms and other animal product factories); and Roman Wolf/Norman Spear (leader of The Base).  Full text and here.

Keyser, Zachary. “Canadian far-right politician calls for removal of Jews from Canada.” The Jerusalem Post, July 14, 2020. On Travis Patron, far-right white nationalist Canadian politician and leader of the Canadian Nationalist Party. Full text.

Kim, William. “Meet Allen West, the new far-right Texas GOP chair.” The Texas Signal, July 22, 2020. On Allen West, conservative firebrand, former Florida congressman, and president of the National Center for Policy Analysis. Mentions Glenn Beck; Louie Gohmert; the National Center for Policy Analysis (Dallas-based conservative think tank); Ted Nugent; Sarah Palin; and the Tea Party. Full text.

Knaus, Christopher, and Michael McGowan. “Far-right ‘hate factory’ still active on Facebook despite pledge to stop it.” The Guardian, 4 Feb. 2020. On a network of far-right pages on Facebook which are fuelling anti-Islamic sentiment. Mentions One Nation (Australian far-right party). Full text.

Kuloglija, Nermina. “Ultra-Right Groups Show Their Face in Bosnian Town.” Balkan Insight, May 12, 2020. Mentions Alcohol Boys (fans of the Rudar Football Club from Prijedor); Blood and Honour (far-right organisation); Blood and Honour Serbia (Serbian branch of Blood and Honour); Combat 18 (far-right organisation and affiliate of Blood and Honour); death’s head (far-right symbol); Ian Stuart Donaldson (frontman of the band Screwdriver and original leader of Blood and Honour); #hatecore (hashtag slogan for white supremacist music); Iron March (now defunct international right-wing forum (2011-2017)); MC Serbs (bikers club); National Order; Odal Rune tattoo (adopted by the Nazis during World War Two); Rock Against Communism (RAC) (“white power” rock concert series which became a symbol for music with texts often based on racism and anti-Semitism); “Squad 18” (far-right organisation); 28 (the principal symbol of the Blood and Honour group); 28serbia (web site used as a platform to promote the Blood and Honour skinhead music network); and the US Confederate flag. Full text.

Kvittingen, Ida (translated by Ingrid P. Nuse).  “Far right groups in Norway instigate more street provocation than before.”  Sciencenorway, 29 January 2020.  Mentions Nordic Resistance Movement (NRM) (neo-Nazi group); the Norwegian Defence League; Pegida (anti-Islamist group); the People’s Movement Against Immigration (FMI); Progress Party (anti-immigration party); Soldiers of Odin (SOO); and Stop Islamisation of Norway (SIAN) (anti-Islamist group; part of Stop Islamisation of Europe).  Full text.

Link, Gregor. “Germany: Nazi terrorist group planned mass murder of Muslims.” World Socialist Web Site, 27 February 2020. Full text.

López, Alejandro. “Far-right Vox party to launch fascist trade union in Spain.” World Socialist Web Site, 13 July 2020. Santiago Abascal (Vox leader); Jorge Buxadé (Vox spokesperson and a former member of the Falange); and the Falange (Spain’s main party group during the 1930s, which became the sole legal party under the fascist dictatorship of General Francisco Franco from 1939 to 1977). Full text.

Maddox, David. “Nigel Farage to RELAUNCH Brexit Party claiming Boris ‘losing control’ of exit.”, June 14, 2020. Full text.

“Mainstream parties make ‘fragile’ pact against far-right National Rally in France’s Perpignan.” FRANCE 24, 30 May 2020. Full text.

Makuch, Ben. “Millions Of Neo-Nazi Discord Messages Dumped Online.” VICE, Apr. 30, 2020. On “Project Whispers,” a cache of close to 10 million internal messages from over 100 Discord servers run by neo-Nazis and QAnon conspiracy theorists. Full text.

Marx, Willem. “Jihadist plots used to be U.S. and Europe’s biggest terrorist threat. Now it’s the far right.” NBC News, July 27, 2020. Full text.

McCarten, James. “Former soldier, alleged neo-Nazi Patrik Mathews denied bail in U.S.” CBC News, Jan. 22, 2020. On Patrik Mathews, an alleged white supremacist and recruiter for The Base, a violent neo-Nazi paramilitary group. Full text.

McLaughlin, Daniel. “Serbian leader blames far-right radicals for Belgrade clashes.” The Irish Times, July 8, 2020. On a protest against the handling of the coronavirus outbreak by the government of Serbian president Aleksandar Vucic. Full text.

Mellor, Joe. “Trial over German synagogue shooting amid increase in right-wing extremism.” The London Economic, July 21, 2020. On the trial of Stephan Balliet, alleged to have posted an anti-Semitic essay before carrying out an attack on a synagogue on October 9 in the eastern German city of Halle, and broadcast the shooting live on a popular gaming site. Full text.

“Members of Connolly Youth Movement confront far-right activists in Cork.” The Beacon, 15 July 2020. Mentions Jim Dowson (Britain First founder and loyalist); the “Great Replacement” conspiracy theory; Nick Griffin (former British National Party (BNP) leader); Irish Patriot (McConnell’s YouTube channel); Niall McConnell (Donegal-based Síol na hÉireann leader); and Síol na hÉireann (Irish far-right anti-immigration, pro-Christian group). Full text.

Menn, Joseph. “Facebook takes down white nationalist and fake antifa accounts.” Reuters, June 2, 2020. On white nationalist accounts associated with the Proud Boys and the American Guard which were encouraging violence. Full text.

Mischke, Judith. “Germany places far-right party’s extreme wing under surveillance.” Politico Europe, March 12, 2020. Full text.

Morris, Loveday, Rick Noack, and Luisa Beck.  “After Germany shooting tied to far-right, Merkel says ‘racism is a poison’ the country must overcome.”  The Washington Post, Feb. 20, 2020.  On shootings in the town of Hanau where a gunman apparently inspired by far-right extremism killed nine people at two hookah bars.  Full text.

Murdock, Jason. “Who Owns Parler? Social Media Platform Offers Safe Space for the Far Right.” Newsweek, June 25, 2020. Full text.

Neiwert, David. “‘Boogaloo’ civil war talk takes on a life of its own as far-right extremists coalesce.” Daily Kos, February 25, 2020. Mentions alt-right white nationalists; anti-United Nations; Atomwaffen Division (fascist group); the “boogaloo” (the vision of members of the far right of a coming civil war); Christopher Hasson (Coast Guardsman and “boogaloo” enthusiast who was arrested with a full arms cache and a plan to assassinate liberal political leaders); “the New World Order”; Oath Keepers (far-right group); Oklahoma City bombing (1995); The Order (neo-Nazi criminal gang); the “Patriot” movement; “Pepe the Frog” (alt-right symbol); “race war” (genocidal conflict between whites and nonwhites); skull balaclava (Atomwaffen Division symbol); The Turner Diaries (the classic white-supremacist blueprint); and “III Percent” militiamen (far-right group). Full text.

Neiwert, David. “Civil war talk takes on a life of its own as far-right extremists coalesce around the ‘Boogaloo.'” Daily Kos, February 25, 2020. Full text.

Neiwert, David. “The far right wants to make its shared ‘Boogaloo’ fantasy of violent civil war a reality.” Daily Kos, April 28, 2020. Mentions anti-coronavirus-lockdown protests; The Base (neo-Nazi organization); the “Big Luau” (far-right’s name for a violent civil war); the “Boogaloo” (aka “the boog” or the “Big Igloo”) (the far-right’s ironic name for the long-sought “second civil war”); (the “Boogaloo” flag (features an igloo and a palm tree); Joey Gibson (Patriot Prayer leader); Hawaiian shirts (symbol of the far right hope for a “Big Luau”); Matt Marshall (leader of the III Percent of Washington militia); OK (white-nationalist signal); Patriot Prayer (far-right street-brawling group); “Pepe the frog”; Plan Z (Qanon’s plan for civil war, sort of equivalent to the far-right “Boogaloo”); Matt Shea (far-right Washington state legislator whose plan for a post-breakdown society called for the execution of all non-believers); Tyler Smith (“Patriot” movement survivalist); Aaron Swenson (“Boogaloo” enthusiast intent on shooting and killing a police officer in order to start the “Boogaloo”); Thicc Boog Line (Facebook page which sells branded “Boogaloo”-themed gear and clothing); the III Percent of Washington (“Patriot” militia group based in Eatonville, Washington); and President Donald Trump. Full text.

Neiwert, David. “The radical right’s terrorist faction has long followed an ‘anti-Communist’ blueprint from the 1960s.” Daily Kos, February 2, 2020. Mentions anti-Semitism; Aryan Nations; Atomwaffen Division (AWD) (far-right terrorist gang); The Base (far-right terrorist gang); John Birch Society (JBS) (anti-Communist organization); Richard Girnt Butler (Lockheed engineer and Swift adherent); Duane I. Carlson (Seattle-area Patriotic Party supporter and bank robber); Church of Jesus Christ Christian (later the Church of Jesus Christ-Christian at the Aryan Nations) (Wesley Swift’s Christian Identity church, located in Hollywood); the Committee of 10 Million (ultra-conservative organization headed by DePugh); the “Communist hidden government”; Robert Bolivar DePugh; Col. William Potter Gale (former MacArthur aide who eventually became a key figure in Posse Comitatus); Keith Gilbert (Minutemen member and gun shop owner convicted in 1965 of stealing 1,400 pounds of TNT); Barry Goldwater; Christopher Hasson (would-be domestic terrorist); House Committee on Un-American Activities; the Minutemen (DePugh’s vigilante anti-Communist militia group); Oath Keepers; On Target (the Minutemen’s monthly newsletter); The Order (the 1984 gang, organized out of the Aryan Nations, that murdered a radio talk-show host and robbed multiple banks and armored cars); the Patriotic Party (DePugh’s anti-Communist party); the Phineas Priesthood (another inland-Northwest gang that bombed a newspaper, a Planned Parenthood clinic, and robbed several banks in 1996); Principles of Guerrilla Warfare (Norborne, Mo.: Minutemen, 1961) (the Minutemen’s manual for organizing guerilla-warfare militias); the Rise Above Movement (far-right terrorist gang); Wesley Swift; Three Percenters; Traitors Beware! (Minutemen flyer); and Robert Welch (JBS founder). Full text and here.

Neiwert, David. “Report shows how the radical right gets its financing from mainstream sugar daddies.” Daily Kos, February 21, 2020. Full text.

“Neo-Nazi ‘diehards’ face jail for being part of banned far-right group.” The Guardian, 8 June 2020. On Alice Cutter, Mark Jones, Garry Jack, and Connor Scothern, who were all convicted of having membership of a terrorist group. Mentions National Action (NA) (banned extreme rightwing terrorist group of which the four were ‘active members’); NS131 (NA splinter group, later banned); and Scottish Dawn (NA splinter group, later banned). Full text.

Newmark, Zack. “Far-Right Party Polling at Lowest Point in 2 Years; Expels, Suspends Six over WhatsApp Extremism.” NL Times, May 3, 2020. On Dutch far right wing nationalist party Forum for Democracy (FvD). Mentions Thierry Baudet (FvD party leader); conspiracy theories about the crash of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17; the coronavirus pandemic; and JFvD (the FvD youth wing). Full text.

“The Nordadler, right-wing banned in Germany.” European Centre for Counterterrorism and Intelligence Studies (ECCI), June 24, 2020. On neo-Nazi group called Nordadler (roughly: Northern Eagles), banned by Germany’s Interior Ministry. Full text.

Oltermann, Philip. “German far right infiltrates green groups with call to protect the land.” The Observer, 28 June 2020. Mentions Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) (German far-right party); Martin Heidegger (anti-modernist philosopher); Heimatschutz (homeland protection) (Die Kehre’s ecological programme); Adolf Hitler; Björn Höcke (the Thuringian leader of AfD’s aggressively nationalist wing); Identitarian movement, a group of nationalist activists; Die Kehre (The Turning) (reactionary magazine which draws its title from the writings of Martin Heidegger); Landvolkbewegung (a farmers’ nationalistic and anti-parliamentary protest movement active in the state of Schleswig-Holstein from 1928 to 1933); National Socialism; Nazi party; NPD (German neo-Nazi party); Recherche Dresden (far-right thinktank); Sieben Thesen für eine konservativ-ökologische Wende (“Seven theses for a conservative-ecological turn”) (Recherche Dresden manifesto). Full text.

Orr, Caroline. “Arrest of Canadian connected to neo-Nazi extremists reveals plans for violence.” National Observer, January 19, 2020. On the arrests of former Canadian Armed Forces reservist Patrik Mathews and two other alleged Base members, Brian Lemley and William Bilbrough. Full text.

O’Sullivan, Donie, Marshall Cohen, and Katelyn Polantz. “Facebook removes Roger Stone from Instagram after linking him to fake accounts.” CNN, July 8, 2020. On the shutting down of pages and accounts linked to Roger Stone and Proud Boys, a far-right group linked to Stone. Full text.

Owen, Tess. “Discord Just Shut Down the Biggest ‘Boogaloo’ Server for Inciting Violence.” VICE, June 25, 2020. On the “Citizens of Liberty” or “CLO” Discord server that showed users offering their military expertise to help advance the goals of the Boogaloo movement. Full text.

Parveen, Nazia. “Police investigate UK far-right groups over anti-Muslim coronavirus claims.” The Guardian, 5 Apr. 2020. Full text.

Peachey, Paul. “German far-right exploit Covid-19 to rally anti-Muslim fervour.” The National, May 15, 2020. Full text.

Pedram, Arno, and Sylvia Hui. “Police fire tear gas at protesters in Paris as far-right activists rally in London.”, June 13, 2020. Full text and here.

Perper, Rosie, and Sonam Sheth. “Facebook bans hundreds of groups and accounts linked to the far-right boogaloo movement.” Business Insider, June 30, 2020. Full text.

Perper, Rosie, and Sonam Sheth. “3 self-proclaimed members of the far-right ‘boogaloo’ movement were arrested on domestic terrorism charges for trying to spark violence during protests.” Business Insider, June 3, 2020. Full text.

“Police and AIVD had ‘mole’ in far-right group NVU for over two years.”, July 8, 2020. On Richard Prein as a paid informant in the Dutch far-right group Nederlandse Volksunie (NVU) and an active member of the neo-Nazi group Racial Volunteer Force. Mentions The End Justifies the Means (book co-written by Richard Prein); Forum voor Democratie party (FvD) (Thierry Baudet’s party); Constant Kusters (NVU leader); and Wij Europa (NVU’s house publication). Full text.

“Priti Patel proscribes far-right terrorist group.” GOV.UK, 13 July 2020. On Feuerkrieg Division, a far-right terror group founded in late 2018 and operating across North America and Europe. Full text.

Quinn, Ben. “Facebook acts to halt far-right groups linking Covid-19 to 5G.” The Guardian, 12 Apr. 2020. On UK-based anti-5G Facebook groups. Mentions Destroy 5G Save Our Children (UK group), Direct Action Against 5G (UK group), and Stop 5G UK (UK group). Full text.

Read, Richard, and Melissa Etehad. “Latest far-right tactic: Naming names, threatening people who report coronavirus lockdown violations.” Los Angeles Times, May 10, 2020. Full text.

Reilly, Ryan J. “Neo-Nazi U.S. Soldier Faces Federal Terrorism Charges For Plotting Attack On Unit.” HuffPost, June 22, 2020. On United States Army Private Ethan Melzer, who was part of the Order of Nine Angles (O9A). Full text.

“Right-wing extremist who threatened to attack a mosque during Friday prayers and kill Jacinda Ardern was ‘fixated and driven by a dislike for Muslims.'” Daily Mail Online, 19 June 2020. On right-wing extremist Cormac Rothsey. Mentions Brenton Tarrant (Christchurch mosque shooter). Full text.

Russell, Mark. “Man jailed over Ardern and mosque threats.” 19 June 2020. On right-wing extremist Cormac Rothsey’s online threats to attack a mosque and kill Jacinda Ardern. Mentions Christchurch terrorist and mass murderer Brenton Tarrant. Full text.

Sandler, Rachel. “Facebook Bans Violent Network Associated With Far-Right ‘Boogaloo’ Movement.” Forbes, June 30, 2020. Full text.

Schwarz, Peter. “Sharp rise in right-wing extremist and anti-Semitic violence in Germany.” World Socialist Web Site, 1 June 2020. Full text.

“Sentences for far-right supporters who assaulted Catalan cultural center reduced.” Catalan News, 24 July 2020. On the attack on the Blanquerna Cultural Center in Madrid, September 11, 2013, by 14 far-right supporters carrying Spanish flags and symbols related to the far right and Francoist ideologies, and chanting “Catalonia is Spain.”. Full text.

“Serbia: Far-right groups storm protests against restrictive measures, spread chaos.” Independent Balkan News Agency (IBNA), 8 July 2020. On hand-to-hand combat between protesters and security forces, following an attack by Srdan Nogo’s far-right clan, which attempted to enter the National Assembly. Full text.

Shekhovtsov, Anton. “British far-right activist ‘Tommy Robinson’ in Moscow.” Tango Noir, 2 April 2020. Full text.

Shifrin, Tash. “POLAND and FRANCE elections: how did far right and fascist parties fare?” Dream Deferred, 29 June 2020. Full text.

Shifrin, Tash. “UPDATED: exit poll says far right Duda wins Poland’s knife-edge presidential election.” Dream Deferred, 10 July 2020. Mentions the All-Polish Youth (Mlodziez Wszechpolska – MW) (a mainly paramilitary group); anti-LGBT; Krzysztof Bosak (Konfederacja party candidate); Andrzej Duda (far right incumbent Polish president); Fidesz (Hungary’s authoritarian far right governing party); the Konfederacja (Confederation) (the lash-up between RN and the party of Janusz Korwin-Mikke); Janusz Korwin-Mikke (hardcore far right politician); Law and Justice (PiS) party (ruling Polish party); the National-Radical Camp (Obóz Narodowo-Radykalny – ONR) (a mainly paramilitary group and the modern successor to a pre-war Polish fascist movement of the same name); Ruch Narodowy (RN) (a fascist electoral alliance between ONR and MW); “Stop 447” (opposition to a US law requiring US authorities to report to Congress on different countries’ progress in compensating Holocaust survivors (or their heirs) for property seized during the Holocaust); and Donald Trump (US president). Full text.

Smith, Anna V. “Patriot militia groups mobilize during a deadly pandemic and massive protests.” High Country News, July 27, 2020. Full text.

Sommer, Allison Kaplan. “Far-right Trolls Pose as Jews to Aggravate Tensions With African American Community.” Haaretz, Jan. 2, 2020. Full text.

Sommer, Will. “YouTube Boots White Supremacist Richard Spencer, Far-Right Personality Stefan Molyneux for Spewing Hate.” Daily Beast, June 29, 2020. Full text.

Stelloh, Tim. “Ku Klux Klan leader drove truck into crowd of peaceful protesters, Virginia officials say.” NBC News, June 8, 2020. Full text.

Stewart, Stephen. “Satanic neo-Nazi group which advocates human sacrifice and rape is operating in Scotland.” Daily Record (Scotland), 17 May 2020. On the Order of the Nine Angles (ONA). Mentions anti-Semitic conspiracies; the Atomwaffen Division (AWD) (violent American Nazi group which is a “series of terror cells that work toward civilisational collapse”); Anders Breivik (Norwegian mass murderer); Oskar Dunn-Koczorowski (SKD member jailed for terrorism offences); Adolf Hitler; Holocaust revisionism; Richard Moult (aka Christos Beest) (ONA leader and English artist whose work is featured on ONA propaganda); RapeWaffen (Telegram channel which glorifies satanism and rape); The Seven-Fold Way (ONA manifesto); the Sonnenkrieg Division (SKD) (banned Nazi group); Michael Szewczuk (SKD member jailed for terrorism offences); Telegram (encrypted messaging service); and the Third Reich. Full text and here.

Suleiman, Susan Rubin. “Jewish Nobel Laureate Imre Kertész Is Dumped From the Hungarian Curriculum.” Tablet Magazine, February 18, 2020. On the inclusion of anti-Semitic nationalist writers Ferenc Herczeg, Albert Wass, and József Nyírő on Hungary’s new National Basic Curriculum for literature. Mentions the Arrow Cross; Fidesz (Orbán’s party); and Ferenc Szálasi (Arrow Cross leader). Full text.

Tengely-Evans, Tomáš. “10,000 protesters take on far right Slovenian government.” Socialist Worker No. 2707, 31 May 2020. On Slovenia’s prime minister Janez Jansa. Full text.

Thompson, Elizabeth, and Andrea Bellemare. “Support for anti-government, pro-gun Boogaloo movement growing in Canada.” CBC News, July 1, 2020. Full text.

Timsitm, Annabelle. “The rise of yet another neofascist party expands Europe’s populist reach.”  Quartz, February 25, 2020. On the People’s Party-Our Slovakia, a far-right group led by neofascist politician Marian Kotleba. Full text.

“Tommy Robinson ‘racist invective’ led to far-right targeting family, court hears.” The Guardian, 12 Mar. 2020. Full text.

Tondo, Lorenzo. “Matteo Salvini trial for kidnapping authorised by Italian senate.” The Guardian, 12 Feb. 2020. Full text.

Townsend, Mark. “Far-right thugs exploit Black Lives Matter movement, warns UK anti-extremism chief.” The Observer, 28 June 2020. Full text.

Townsend, Mark. “The Iconoclast unmasked: the man behind far-right YouTube channel.” The Observer, 21 June 2020. On Daniel Atkinson, known as The Iconoclast. Full text.

“2 Germans arrested over far-right, anti-Semitic website.” ThinkPol, July 16, 2020. On Fadi J. and Marcus B, administrators for accused of co-founding the “Goyim Party Germany” group, a far-right group that posted pro-Nazi and anti-Semitic material online. Full text.

Vassallo, Sam. “Conspiracy Theorist Norman Lowell Addresses Anti-Illegal Immigration Protest Held Outside Parliament.” Lovin Malta, June 23, 2020. On Maltese far-right conspiracy theorist Norman Lowell. Full text.

Wagner, Kurt. “Facebook Removes Network of White Supremacist Accounts.” Bloomberg, March 25, 2020. On accounts associated with the Northwest Front, a group pushing for a white nation-state in the U.S. Pacific Northwest. Full text.

Walker, Peter. “Jewish groups and MPs condemn Nigel Farage over antisemitic ‘dog whistles.'” The Guardian, 28 June 2020. On Brexit party leader Nigel Farage. Mentions Breitbart (far-right news website); “cultural Marxism”; Goldman Sachs (bank); Boris Johnson; Alex Jones (far-right US conspiracy theorist and radio host); Revelation TV (UK evangelical Christian TV channel); George Soros (billionaire philanthropist and campaigner); Donald Trump; “unelected globalists”; and Rick Wiles (far-right, antisemitic US pastor). Full text.

Walker, Shaun. “Slovenia’s PM Janša channels Orbán with attacks on media and migrants.” The Guardian, 4 May 2020. On Slovenia’s rightwing prime minister, Janez Janša, and his mentor, the far-right Hungarian prime minister, Viktor Orbán. Full text.

Walker, Shaun, and Jennifer Rankin. “Croatia’s rightwing ruling party wins election victory.” The Guardian, 6 July 2020. On the governing Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ). Full text.

“White Supremacist ‘Hundred Handers’ Arrested After Racist Sticker Campaigns.” Far Right Watch, April 16, 2020. On the South Yorkshire arrest of two members of the Hundred-Handers, a far-right group which printed racist stickers linking migration with the coronavirus pandemic. Full text.

Wilson, Jason. “Amazon and other platforms allowing payments to far-right groups.” The Guardian, 28 Apr. 2020. Mentions American Freedom party (group which advocates the deportation of non-white people and the creation of a white ethnostate); the American Identity Movement (white nationalist terrorist group); Arktos Media (alt-right publishing syndicate); the Council of Conservative Citizens; Guillaume Faye (author of Identitarian movement texts); The Great Erasure (an issue of Radix journal); the “Great Replacement” conspiracy theory; Identitarian movement; the League of the South (neo-Confederate group); the H.L. Mencken Club (anti-immigrant group); Red Ice (white nationalist media outfit); the Right Stuff (white nationalist media outfit); Dylan Roof (mass shooter); Billy Roper (antisemitic Arkansan militia leader); Richard Spencer (white nationalist); Brenton Tarrant (the Christchurch shooter); the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville; the Vandal brothers (authors who advocate race war); the VDare Foundation (anti-immigrant group); Washington Summit Publishers (publishing house run by Richard Spencer); and Markus Willinger (author of Identitarian movement texts). Full text.

Wilson, Jason. “Prepping for a race war: documents reveal inner workings of neo-Nazi group.” The Guardian, 25 Jan. 2020. On The Base, a US-based white supremacist “social network.” Mentions “accelerationism” (an ideology which holds that acts of violence and terror are required to push liberal democracy towards collapse, preparing the way for white supremacists to seize power and establish an ethno-state); Atomwaffen Division (violent neo-Nazi group); Rinaldo Nazzaro (alias “Norman Spear” and “Roman Wolf”) (The Base’s founder); race war; Siege (book by James Mason and a key text of accelerationist neo-Nazism); “there is no political solution” (The Base’s motto); and Wire (an encrypted platform). Full text.

Wilson, Jason.  “Revealed: the true identity of the leader of an American neo-Nazi terror group.”  The Guardian, 23 Jan. 2020.  Mentions “accelerationist” ideology (the belief that acts of violence and terror are required in order to push liberal democracy towards collapse, preparing the way for white supremacists to seize power and institute an ethnostate); the Base (American neo-Nazi terror group); Bitchute (far-right site); Christchurch, New Zealand, mosque killer; Harold Covington (deceased white supremacist and NWF founder); El Paso, Texas, Walmart store killer; Rinaldo Nazzaro (alias “Norman Spear” and “Roman Wolf”) (founder and leader of the Base); the Northwest Front (NWF) (white supremacist separatist group); the Northwest Territorial Imperative (NTI) (white supremacist strategy for the creation of a separatist ethnostate in the Pacific north-west, promoted by Harold Covington); race war; San Diego synagogue killer; and white ethnostate.  Full text.

Wilson, Jason. “Violence by far right is among US’s most dangerous terrorist threats, study finds.” The Guardian, 27 June 2020. Full text.

Wilson, Jason. “Rightwing vigilantes on armed patrol after fake rumours of antifa threat.” The Guardian, 6 June 2020. Mentions antifa (a term meaning “anti-fascist”; used to describe a wide spectrum of leftist and anarchist groups and individuals, and not a separate organization that could be declared a terrorist group, as Trump tweeted recently); the Fallen Saints (a motorcycle club made up of veterans and active duty soldiers); the Northern California militia (militia group); the Oath Keepers (militia group); “prepper” survivalist movement; “State of Jefferson” movement (secessionist and pro-militia movement which seeks to carve out a new state in northern California and southern Oregon); the Three Percenters (conservative militia group); Donald Trump; and white supremacists. Full text.

Wilson, Jason. “White nationalist hate groups have grown 55% in Trump era, report finds.” The Guardian, 18 Mar. 2020. Full text.

Winton, Richard, Maura Dolan, and Anita Chabria. “Far-right ‘boogaloo boys’ linked to killing of California law officers and other violence.” Los Angeles Times, June 17, 2020. Full text.

Zadrozny, Brandy, Ben Collins, and Andrew Blankstein. “Man charged in deputy ambush scrawled extremist ‘Boogaloo’ phrases in blood.” NBC News, June 11, 2020. On Steven Carrillo, accused of killing a sheriff’s deputy in Santa Cruz County, California. Full text.


Aguilera-Carnerero, Carmen. “The Tale of the Two Spains.” Fair Observer, Apr. 7, 2020. Comparing and contrasting Podemos, a left-wing party, and VOX, a far-right party, as examples of present-day populism in Spain. Full text and here.

Ahmed, Reem, and Daniela Pisoiu. “How Extreme is the European Far-Right: A Twitter Analysis.” VOX-Pol Blog, May 20, 2020. Full text.

Ahmed, Wasim, Joseph Downing, Marc Tuters, and Peter Knight. “Four experts investigate how the 5G coronavirus conspiracy theory began.” The Conversation, June 11, 2020. Full text and here.

Albertazzi, Daniele, and Davide Pellegrino. “Matteo Salvini fails to make waves in local election but Italy’s government remains on a knife edge.” The Conversation, January 28, 2020. Full text.

Alessio, Dominic, and Robert Wallis. “Racist occultism in the UK: behind the Order of Nine Angles (O9A).” openDemocracy, 23 July 2020. Mentions “Ariosophy” (racist occultism that influenced National Socialism); the Atomwaffen Division (AWD) (US extremist group); the Black Sun (or Sonnenrad) (a Nazi symbol drawing on Ariosophic imagery); the Christchurch murderer; James Alex Field (Charlottesville murderer); Wulf Ingessunu (Woden’s Folk leader); Colin Jordan; Thomas Mair (the murderer of UK MP Jo Cox); James Mason (neo-Nazi writer); David William Myatt (aka Anton Long) (Colin Jordan’s former bodyguard, NSM co-founder, and O9A founder); National Socialism; National Socialist Movement (NSM) (UK group); the “Order of Nine Angles” (O9A) (UK-based violent occult group); “political religion” (Emilio Gentile’s concept of a philosophy whose primary aim is to fashion a “new supranational civilisation”); Secret of the Runes (Ariosophic runic publication); Guido von List (Ariosophy co-founder); and Woden’s Folk (UK-based racist occult group). Full text.

Allchorn, William.  “Cumulative Extremism Online: How Moral and Strategic Aims Predict Narrative Escalation.” GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 6 April 2020. Full text.

Allchorn, William.  “Technology and the Swarm: A Dialogic Turn in Online Far-Right Activism.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 17 January 2020. Full text.

Allen, Chris. “Halal Hysteria: How Outrage About M&S Ready Meals Co-opted Radical Right Rhetoric.” Rantt, February 4, 2020. Full text and here.

Allen, Chris. “London’s ‘Mega Mosque:’ Islamophobia in the COVID-19 ‘New Normal.'” Fair Observer, July 23, 2020. Full text.

Amend, Alex. “Blood and Vanishing Topsoil: American Ecofascism Past, Present, and in the Coming Climate Crisis.” Political Research Associates, July 9, 2020. Mentions accelerationism (the belief that a social system’s internal contradictions should be pushed to their limits in order to hasten the system’s collapse or demise as well as create space for radical social change to take root);; American Renaissance (white supremacist online monthly); anti-immigration laws; anti-miscegenation laws; anti-multiculturalism; anti-United Nations Declaration of Human Rights; Arktos Media (European-based white nationalist publishing house); Atomwaffen Division (U.S.-based neonazi terror group); The Base (neonazi organization); Blut und Boden (blood and soil) (Nazi Germany’s philosophy); Anders Breivik (Norwegian white supremacist attacker); Breivik’s manifesto; Can Life Prevail?: A Radical Approach to the Environmental Crisis (2009 collection of essays by Pentti Linkola); CBRN: Surviving Chemical, Biological, Radiological & Nuclear Events (French survivalist book); the Center for Immigration Studies (CIS); climate change denialism; the “competitive exclusion principle” (the principle that, in a fight between two populations over finite resources, one will inevitably lose out); Counter-Currents Publishing (U.S.-based white nationalist publishing house); Alain de Benoist (leading philosopher of the ENR); deceleration (going off-grid and creating self-sufficient communities organized around shared political beliefs); “deep ecology” (a biocentric environmental philosophy founded by Arne Næss that holds, “It would be better for humans if there were fewer of them, and much better for other creatures”); Savitri Devi (Hitler-worshipping ecofascist); the “Ecogram” (a group of ecofascist Telegram accounts); 8chan (image board popular with white supremacist trolls); El Paso, Texas, Walmart shooter; the El Paso shooter’s manifesto; “ethnic autonomy”; ethnopluralism (de Benoist’s idea of a racial “right to difference”); ethnostates (preserves for “human biodiversity”); the European New Right (ENR); the Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR); “grand remplacement” (“the great replacement”) (the conspiracist theory that a global elite is orchestrating the replacement of White Europeans with non-European immigrants); Madison Grant (US environmentalist and eugenicist); “The Great Replacement” (Tarrant’s manifesto); The Green Brigade (short-lived accelerationist ecofascist group); Ernst Haeckel (German zoologist who coined the term “ecology,” racial eugenicist, and a believer in “nordic racial superiority”); Garrett Hardin (reactionary ecologist); Harassment Architecture (2019 novel by Mike Ma); Adolf Hitler; Jorian Jenks (English fascist and organic farming pioneer); “Jews will not replace us” (white supremacist chant at the “Unite the White” rally); Greg Johnson (Counter-Currents editor); Ted Kaczynski (U.S. anti-technology terrorist); Storm King (U.S. electronic musician and far-right environmentalist influencer); Ludwig Klages (German psychologist who denounced the “ever-increasing mechanization” of mankind that was engendering the “desecration of the natural world”); “Lifeboat Ethics: the Case Against Helping the Poor” (essay by Garrett Hardin); Pentti Linkola (Finnish ecofascist writer); Mike Mahoney (aka Mike Ma) (violent, accelerationist far-right environmentalist influencer); Cordelia Scaife May (heiress and funder ofFAIR, CIS, and like-minded organizations); Stephen Miller (White House senior policy adviser); National Vanguard (neonazi publisher); Arne Næss (Norwegian philosopher and deep ecologist); The Passing of the Great Race (1916 book by Madison Grant which laid out a pseudo-scientific classification of races); Our Plundered Planet (book by Henry Fairfield Osborn, Jr.); “Pine Tree Party” (brand created by Mike Ma); The Population Bomb (1968 book by Paul Erhlich); Progressives for Immigration Reform (PFIR) (Tanton-allied group); “race suicide”; The Right Stuff (white nationalist podcast network); The Road to Survival (book by William Vogt); Dylann Roof (white supremacist mass killer); Alfred Rosenberg (Nazi theorist); segregationism; The Social Contract (now-retired journal); South African apartheid; Richard Spencer (Alt Right figure); Brett Stevens (U.S. ecofascist who runs and the fansite; Stormfront; John Tanton (white nationalist conservationist and founder of several anti-immigrant organizations); Brenton Tarrant (Christchurch, New Zealand, mass killer); Jared Taylor (American Renaissance editor); the Third Reich; “The Tragedy of the Commons” (essay by Garrett Hardin); Donald Trump (US President); The Turner Diaries (race-war novel by William Pierce); the “Unite the White” rally (Charlottesville, Virginia, 2017); white ethnostate; white identity; white nationalists; white supremacists; Henry Williamson (English author); and Milo Yiannopoulos. Full text.

“America’s far right is energised by covid-19 lockdowns.” The Economist, May 17, 2020. Full text.

Ananthavinayagan, Thamil Venthan. “The German radical right are not so hit by the virus: a reply to Hans-Georg Betz.” openDemocracy, 5 May 2020. Responding to Betz,”In Germany, the radical right is hit hard by the virus,” openDemocracy, 1 May 2020. Full text.

Arbuthnot, Sean. “How COVID-19 Has Impacted Counter-Extremism Efforts.” Rantt, July 24, 2020. Full text.

Archibald, Sarah. “The English Nazi behind the Scottish far-right protest group.” HOPE not hate, 26 June 2020. On the National Defence League (NDL), also known as the Loyalist Defence League (LDL), and members Lee Parkinson, Richard Linford, and Christopher Bell, and on the former Scottish Defence League (SDL), which recently resurfaced as the “National Rebirth of Scotland.” Full text.

Argentino, Marc-André, and Amarnath Amarasingam.  “The COVID Conspiracy Files.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 8 April 2020. Full text.

Argüello, José Guadalupe, III, and Ben Norton. “Meet the far-right oligarchs working to topple Mexico’s progressive President AMLO.” The Grayzone, June 25, 2020. Mentions Juan Bosco Abascal (religious extremist, a Family, Force of the Future leader, and FRENA member); Americas Society / Council of the Americas (ASCOA) (US-based business organization posing as a think tank that lobbies for neoliberal policies); Jair Bolsonaro (Brazil’s fascistic leader); Congreso Nacional Ciudadano (CNC) (National Citizen Congress ) (a group of oligarchs who aggressively lobby for right-wing neoliberal policies); Family, Force of the Future (ultra-conservative NGO); Pedro Ferriz de Con (anti-AMLO journalist and FRENA member); Frente Nacional Anti-AMLO (FRENA) (National Anti-AMLO Front) (far-right Mexican group of corporate leaders and far-right fanatics trying to overthrow President Andrés Manuel López Obrador); From the Nest of the Serpent (novel by Abascal); Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) (neoliberal Mexican party); Enrique Krauze (prominent right-wing media personality); Carlos Loret de Mola (anti-AMLO journalist); Rafael Loret de Mola (neoliberal journalist and FRENA member); Gilberto Lozano (Mexican oligarch, CNC leader, and FRENA leader); Marcial Maciel (Mexican priest accused of sexually molesting eight teenage seminarians over two decades); “Mexico Sao Paulo Forum Communist Plan” (conspiracy theory that the Sao Paulo Forum is controlling governments and social movements in South and even North America); National Action Party (PAN) (right-wing Mexican party); Mike Pence (US Vice President); Regnum Christi (conservative Roman catholic order); David Rockefeller (ASCOA founder); Gene Sharp (author of the soft-coup manual From Dictatorship to Democracy); Donald Trump (US President); and Vox (Spanish neo-fascist party). Full text and here and here.

Ariza, Cristina. “Canada Filed The First Incel Terrorism Charge. How Do We Combat This Threat?” Rantt, June 8, 2020. Full text and here.

Ariza, Cristina. “The far right knows exactly how to capitalise on a crisis like coronavirus.” The Independent, 1 July 2020. Full text.

Ariza, Cristina. “5 Ways Policymakers Should Combat The Radical Right In 2020.” Rantt, January 10, 2020. Full text and here.

Ariza, Cristina.  “The many faces of neo-Nazism in the UK.”  openDemocracy, 6 February 2020.  Mentions accelerationist movement (a movement whose main ideological doctrine is to bring about civilizational collapse through acts of violence); Atomwaffen Division (US-based violent neo-Nazi cell); Anders Breivik; Britain First (anti-Muslim group); British National Party; Jo Cox (Labour MP); Democratic Football Lads Alliance (anti-Muslim group); Andrew Dymock (accused of 12 terror offences); English Defence League (anti-Muslim group); Adolf Hitler; Iron March (neo-Nazi website); Thomas Mair (killing of Jo Cox in 2016); National Action (militant neo-Nazi group; proscribed as a terrorist organisation in December 2016); National Rebirth of Poland (violent offshoot of the Polish radical right with UK presence); National Socialist Anti-Capitalist Action (NS131) (National Action splinter group; proscribed by the government in September 2017); The Order of the Nine Angles (a group which mixes Satanist rituals with devotion to Hitler); Jack Renshaw (acquitted of being a member of National Action but associated with its ideology); Tommy Robinson (ex-English Defence League leader); Scottish Dawn (National Action splinter group; proscribed by the government in September 2017); Sonnenkrieg Division (the latest iteration of National Action); System Resistance Network (SRN) (National Action splinter group); and “white jihad.”  Full text.

Ariza, Cristina. “What do we know about the extreme right in Germany?” openDemocracy, 2 March 2020. Full text and here.

Arsenault, Elizabeth Grimm, and Joseph Stabile. “Confronting Russia’s Role in Transnational White Supremacist Extremism.” Just Security, February 6, 2020. Full text.

Baldet, Will. “The Far-Right – legitimate agitators or extremists? A UK perspective.” ConnectFutures, July 9, 2020. Full text.

Baldét, William. “We Can’t Combat Right-Wing Terrorism Until We Define It.” Rantt, July 8, 2020. Full text and here.

Barr, Nicolaas P. “The New Dutch Far Right.” Jewish Currents, July 2, 2020. On the rise of Thierry Baudet, leader of the Dutch far-right party Forum for Democracy (FvD). Full text.

Barros, Laura, and Manuel Santos Silva.  “Right-wing populism in the tropics: The rise of Jair Bolsonaro.”  CEPR Policy Portal (VOX), 24 January 2020.  Full text.

Beck, Thorsten, Orkun Saka, and Paolo Volpin. “Financial crises and right-wing populism: how do politics and finance shape each other?” LSE Business Review, July 7, 2020. Full text.

Beckett, Lois. “How Facebook and the White House let the ‘boogaloo’ movement grow.” The Guardian, 1 July 2020. Full text.

Beckett, Lois. “How the US military has failed to address white supremacy in its ranks.” The Guardian, 24 June 2020. Full text.

Beckett, Lois. “White supremacists or anti-police libertarians? What we know about the ‘boogaloo.'” The Guardian, 8 July 2020. Full text.

Beer, Tommy. “Accused Killer Of California Cops Was Associated With Right-Wing ‘Boogaloo Movement.'” Forbes, June 16, 2020. On Steven Carrillo, the U.S. Air Force sergeant who allegedly murdered law enforcement officers in California during protests earlier this month. Full text.

Bellaiche, Julien.  “Online Antisemitism in Times of COVID-19.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 21 April 2020. Full text.

Bello, Walden. “The Far Right: Formidable but not Unbeatable.” Focus on the Global South, July 6, 2020. Full text.

Betz, Hans-Georg. “After COVID-19: will Matteo Salvini lead Europe’s radical right?” openDemocracy, 20 April 2020. Full text and here.

Betz, Hans-Georg. “The Colorful World of Coronavirus Conspiracies.” Fair Observer, May 13, 2020. Full text.

Betz, Hans-Georg. “How the European Union Lost Italy to the Radical Right.” Fair Observer, Apr. 16, 2020. Full text and here.

Betz, Hans-Georg. “In Germany, the radical right is hit hard by the virus.” openDemocracy, 1 May 2020. Full text.

Betz, Hans-Georg. “The Photogenic Face of Europe’s White Nationalism.” Fair Observer, May 27, 2020. Full text and here.

Betz, Hans-Georg. “Spain’s radical right party might need some recovery from the coronavirus.” openDemocracy, 19 May 2020. Full text and here.

Betz, Hans-Georg. “Will France’s Marine Le Pen be a profiteer or victim of the pandemic?” openDemocracy, 15 April 2020. Full text and here.

Bickerton, James. “British conservatives and the far-right — a warning.” The Article, February 6, 2020. Full text.

Birkel, Alina. “The appeal of far-right politics.”, June 19, 2020. Full text and here.

Blazakis, Jason M. “Better intel could help the US designate white supremacist groups as terrorists.” The Hill, 3 March 2020. Full text.

Bloom, Mia. “Far-Right Infiltrators and Agitators in George Floyd Protests: Indicators of White Supremacists.” Just Security, May 30, 2020. Full text.

Bogerts, Lisa, and Maik Fielitz.  “The Visual Culture of Far-Right Terrorism.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 31 March 2020. Full text.

Bolet, Diane. “Economic competition between native workers and migrants has a clear link with support for the radical right among French voters.” LSE European Politics and Policy (EUROPP) Blog, March 6, 2020. Full text.

“The Boogaloo Movement – From Eccentric Distraction to Domestic Terror.” The Cipher Brief’, June 15, 2020. Full text.

Briggs, Billy. “National Defence League founder is neo-Nazi from England, campaigners claim.” The Ferret, June 29, 2020. Mentions Blood and Honour (violent neo-Nazi group which is active in Scotland and across Europe); the English Defence League; National Action (banned group); the National Defence League (NDL) (also known as Loyalist Defence League (LDL)) (far right group, believed to be a re-invention of the Scottish Defence League); the Orange Lodge; Lee Parkinson ( former Leeds Nazi and one of the founders of NDL); Scottish Dawn (banned group); Scottish Defence League (SDL) (far right group); and Scottish Protestants Against Discrimination. Full text.

Broches, Emma, and Julia Solomon-Strauss. “White Supremacist Prosecutions Roundup.” Lawfare, July 13, 2020. Full text.

Broder, David. “The Rise of Italy’s Populist Right Is a Bleak Warning From the Recent Past.” Jacobin, July 17, 2020. Full text.

Brokeš, Filip. “German far-right group uses YouTube, podcasts and rap to convert Gen Z.” Coda Story, 22 June 2020. On Ein Prozent (One Percent), German funder of nationalist influencers. Mentions Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) (German far-right party); Arcadi (far-right lifestyle magazine); Arcadi Musik (far-right label and Arcadi offshoot); Chris Ares (right-wing German rapper); Alain de Benoist (French political philosopher widely considered the founder of the Nouvelle Droite); Jack Donovan (U.S. alt-right anti-feminist writer and men’s rights activist); Alexander Gauland (AfD co-chairman); Identitarian movement (anti-immigrant movement); Alexander Kleine (German far-right influencer, a member of the anti-immigrant Identitarian movement, and Laut Gedacht co-producer); Komplott (German for “conspiracy”) (right-wing German rapper); Götz Kubitschek (Ein Prozent founder, co-founder of the German branch of the Identitarian movement, and head of Verlag Antaios); Laut Gedacht (German far-right YouTube channel); metapolitics (New Right strategy to filter reactionary ideology into society via non-political channels such as music, literature and art); the Nouvelle Droite movement; Viktor Orban (Hungary’s right-wing populist prime minister); Martin Sellner (Austrian co-founder of the German branch of the Identitarian movement); Brenton Tarrant (Australian-born gunman who murdered 51 worshipers at two mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand); Telegram (encrypted messaging platform popular with far-right and other extremist groups); Phillip Thaler (German far-right influencer and Laut Gedacht co-producer); Hans Thomas Tillschneider (AfD politician and member of the board of directors of Ein Prozent); and Verlag Antaios (far-right publishing house). Full text.

Bruno, Valerio Alfonso. “Salvini May Have Lost Emilia Romagna, But the League Is Still on the Rise.” Fair Observer, Jan. 30, 2020. Full text.

Bruno, Valerio Alfonso, and James F. Downes. “The case of Fratelli d’Italia: how radical-right populists in Italy and beyond are building global networks.” Democratic Audit UK, 27 Feb. 2020. On the national conservative “populist” party Brothers of Italy (“Fratelli d’Italia” – FdI). Full text.

Bruno, Valerio Alfonso, and John Feffer. “Will 2020 Be Another Victory Year for Trump and Brexit?” Fair Observer, Feb. 3, 2020. Full text and here.

Bruno, Valerio Alfonso, and Waqar Rizvi. “Europe’s Radical Right Can Help Johnson Get Momentum on Brexit Deal.” Fair Observer, Mar. 4, 2020. Full text and here.

Brzezinski, Nadin. “Accelerationism, Civil War and Far Right.” Medium, June 18, 2020. Full text.

Buarque, Beatriz. “An anti-Semitic wave may hit the world in the aftermath of the pandemic.” openDemocracy, 17 April 2020. Full text.

Burley, Shane. “How White Racists Dream: Metapolitics and Fascist Publishing.” Full Stop, February 24, 2020. Mentions the “Alternative Right” (alt-right); Arktos Media (fascist publisher); Artists of the Right (title by Kerry Bolton); Steve Bannon; Bharatiya Janata Party (Hindu-nationalist party); Blood Axis (far-right band); Kerry Bolton (Counter-Currents author); Can Life Prevail? (Linkola’s 2009 book); Collin Cleary (Counter-Currents author); The Columbine Pilgrim (title by Andy Nowicki); Combat 18 (neo-Nazi group); Harold Covington (Northwest Front and Combat 18 organizer); Counter-Currents (fascist book publishing house); “Cuckservative” (alt-right hashtag); Nathan Damigo (founder of Identity Evropa); Gabriele D’Annunzio; Alain de Benoist (French philosopher); Savitri Devi (eccentric Nazi who claimed that Hitler was an avatar of the Vedic god Vishnu); Aleksandr Dugin (leader of the Eurasianist Russian nationalist movement); ethnonationalism; “ethnopluralism” (a sort of nationalism for all peoples); Eurasianist Russian nationalist movement; European “identitarian” movement; the European New Right (a canon of French philosophers led by Alain de Benoist); Julius Evola; A Fair Hearing: The Alt-Right in the Words of Its Members and Leaders (2018 Arktos anthology); Guillaume Faye (Islamophobic European New Right author); Daniel Friberg (far-right Swedish nationalist, owner of Right On, and member of the board of Wiking Minerals); the Front National (national populist party); the German “Conservative Revolution”; Golden Dawn (national populist party); Antonio Gramsci (Italian Marxist thinker); René Guénon; Knut Hamsun; Adolf Hitler; “identitarians”; Identity Evropa; Integral Tradition Publishing (publisher later absorbed by Arktos Media); Sol Invictus (far-right band); Derrick Jensen (primitivist writer and Deep Green Resistance founder); “Jewish power”; Jobbik (anti-Semitic fascist party); Greg Johnson (white nationalist movement philosopher and Counter-Currents co-founder); Carl Jung; Kali Yuga (a “dark age” predicted in the Vedic scriptures); Ku Klux Klan (KKK); Charles Krafft (Seattle’s iconoclastic porcelain sculptor and Holocaust denier); D. H. Lawrence; Wyndham Lewis; Colin Liddell (former co-editor of; The Lightning and the Sun (book by Savitri Devi ); Pentti Linkola (Finnish ecologist); H. P. Lovecraft (racialist); Kevin MacDonald (academic anti-Semite); Filippo Marinetti; H. L. Mencken (racialist); Metapedia (white nationalist alternative to Wikipedia); metapolitics; John Morgan (Budapest-based fascist publisher and former Arktos editor); the National Policy Institute (Richard Spencer’s organization); neo-paganism; the Nordic League (organization founded by Daniel Friberg); the “North American New Right”; the Northwest Forum (Seattle conference organized by Greg Johnson); the Northwest Front (neo-Nazi group); Andy Nowicki (Counter-Currents author, co-host of Vanguard Radio, and former co-editor of; The Occidental Quarterly (white nationalist journal); Mike Polignano (Counter-Currents co-founder); Ezra Pound; race and IQ; Red Ice Creations (alt-right media operation); Right On (alt-right website); the Right Stuff (alt-right podcast); Rukkanor (far-right band); Jacob Senholt (Arktos co-founder); Sri Sri Ravi Shankar (Arktos author); Richard Spencer (founder of; Oswald Spengler (fascist author); Bhakti Vikasa Swami (far-right white Krishna leader); Sweden Democrats (far-right party); the Swedish Resistance Movemen; Jared Taylor (American Renaissance founder); Telos (journal which has published Alain de Benoist); Traditionalism (a philosophy that all religious traditions descended from one single divine source, but only when they kept their “chain of initiation” and hierarchical “exoteric” practice); the “True Right” (a trans-historical notion of hierarchical autonomy and the idea that identities are fixed, and human beings are unequal along these identity lines of race, class, caste, gender, etc.); the Traditionalist Workers Party; Donald Trump; Truth, Justice, and a Nice White Country (title by Greg Johnson); the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville; Vanguard Radio (Richard Spencer’s first podcast); white nationalism; The White Nationalist Manifesto (title by Greg Johnson); “white power”; Wiking Minerals (company whose owner supported European fascist and anti-Islamic movements); Markus Willinger (author); Leo Yankevich (racist and anti-Semitic poet); the “Years of Lead” (period of fascist terrorism in Italy in the 1970s); W. B. Yeats; and Francis Parker Yockey (fascist author). Full text.

Burns, Nick. “The New Intellectuals of the American Right.” New Statesman, 7 April 2020. Mentions American Affairs (magazine of the new American right); Edmund Burke; James Burnham; Tucker Carlson (Fox News presenter); Dominic Cummings (Johnson’s senior adviser); Patrick Deneen; Rod Dreher (an editor at the American Conservative); Laura K. Field (libertarian conservative); First Things (magazine of the American religious right); Milton Friedman; Sen. Josh Hawley; Friedrich Hayek; Michel Houellebecq; Boris Johnson; Julius Krein (American Affairs editor); Christopher Lasch; John Locke; “NatCon” conference in Washington, DC; Viktor Orbán (Hungarian prime minister); Ayn Rand; Sen. Marco Rubio; Carl Schmitt; Roger Scruton; Adam Smith; Alexis de Tocqueville; Donald Trump; and Adrian Vermeule (integralist movement activist). Full text.

Burris, Sarah K. “Right-wing churches have become super-spreaders of COVID-19 — but Trump still really needs them to mobilize and vote.” Raw Story, June 28, 2020. Full text.

Butler, Kiera. “The Anti-Vax Movement’s Radical Shift From Crunchy Granola Purists to Far-Right Crusaders.” Mother Jones, June 18, 2020. Mentions the Conservative Alliance; Larry Cook (California naturopath); the Freedom Caucus (anti-vaccine group of Republican Texas state representatives); Bill Gates conspiracy theory (the theory that Bill Gates is working with the government to control citizens with microchips); Indiana Coalition for Vaccine Choice (anti-vaccine group ); Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (left-wing anti-vaxxer); Bill Maher (left-wing anti-vaxxer); Medical Freedom Patriots (anti-vaccine group launched by Larry Cook in 2020); Michigan for Vaccine Choice (anti-vaccine group); People for Informed Consent (Facebook anti-vaccine group); “Plandemic” (conspiracy video which argues that the virus is a moneymaking scheme perpetrated by an exclusive group of elites); Qanon (the conspiracy theory group whose adherents believe, among other things, that a secretive elite group wants to unseat Trump); the Tea Party; Donald Trump; and vaccine exemption laws. Full text.

Campion, Kristy. “Infiltrating democracy: non-violent strategies serving violent ideologies.” openDemocracy, 16 July 2020. Full text.

Camus, Jean-Yves. “Jean de Viguerie, a Counter-Revolutionary Historian in Post-1968 France.” Fair Observer, Apr. 28, 2020. Full text.

Camus, Jean-Yves. “Jean Raspail, right wing prophet of ‘identity politics’ has died.” openDemocracy, 30 June 2020. Full text and here.

“Canada’s Anti-Lockdown Protests are a Ragtag Coalition of Anti-Vaccine Activists, Conspiracy Theorists and the Far-Right.” PressProgress, May 8, 2020. Mentions anti-vaccine activists; 5G Truthers (people who imagine there is a link between COVID-19 and 5G cellphone towers); Flat-Earthers (people who literally believe that Earth is flat); “Free North Patriots” (anti-lockdown protest organizers); Paul Fromm (Canadian white supremacist with links to neo-Nazi groups); Bill Gates conspiracy theory (the conspiracy theory that Gates invented the coronavirus pandemic as part of a conspiracy to depopulate the world using vaccines); People’s Party of Canada (PPC) (Maxime Bernier’s failed attempt at creating a far-right populist party in Canada); Rebel Media; Susan Standfield-Spooner (anti-vaccine activist); Laura-Lynn Tyler Thompson (failed PPC candidate and former 700 Club Canada TV host); and Yellow Vesters. Full text.

Carroll, Jacinta. “Assessing the risks of the radical right.” Policy Forum, 17 March 2020. Full text.

Carroll, Oliver. “Ukrainian journalist forced to flee following threats from far-right.” The Independent, 14 July 2020. On Ekaterina Sergatskova, editor of Zaborona, who co-authored an investigation alleging links between neo-nazi groups and StopFake, a Ukrainian NGO working as a Facebook fact-checking partner. Also mentions C14 (violent far-right organisation); Denis Nikitin (far-right activist); and white power bands. Full text.

Castelli Gattinara, Pietro, and Caterina Froio. “CasaPound Italia: Contemporary Extreme Right Politics.” “Right Now!” blog, C-REX – Center for Research on Extremism, Apr. 27, 2020. Full text.

Chakrabartty, Partha P. “‘Shit-skinned’, ‘Turd-eater’—How a novel loved by the US Far Right shows Indians.” Livemint, 8 July 2020. On The Camp of the Saints, by Jean Raspail, published in French in 1973, translated into several European languages by 1975, and republished in America in 1995 by John Tanton. Mentions Steve Bannon (US far right figure); Breitbart (far-right media platform); William F. Buckley Jr. (founder of the National Review); the Center for Immigration Studies (CIS) (think tank); the Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR) (policy institute); Hindutva nationalists; Marine Le Pen (French right-wing luminary); Stephen Miller (Trump’s immigration policy czar); Qanon (conspiracy-theory-led Trump-supporting group); President Ronald Reagan; John Tanton (FAIR and CIS founder); Donald Trump; and white supremacists. Full text.

Chan, Ka Ming. “The Mind Tricks of Electoral Psychology.” Fair Observer, Apr. 21, 2020. Full text.

Chana, Sadie. “Responding to the Resurgent Radical Right.” Fair Observer, Feb. 13, 2020. Full text and here and here.

Christou, Miranda. “COVID-19 has exposed the odd conspiracy links between left and right.” openDemocracy, 13 May 2020. Full text and here.

Christou, Miranda. “How The Radical Right Distorts The Science Of Gender.” Rantt, February 6, 2020. Full text and here.

Christou, Miranda. “How To Debunk Coronavirus Conspiracy Theories.” Rantt, April 30, 2020. Full text and here.

Christou, Miranda. “Is the radical right spreading the coronavirus?” openDemocracy, 4 May 2020. Full text and here.

Christou, Miranda. “Nihilism And Hypocrisy Is The GOP’s COVID-19 Response.” Rantt, May 22, 2020. Full text and here.

Christou, Miranda. “#TradWives: sexism as gateway to white supremacy.” openDemocracy, 17 March 2020. Full text and here.

Clark, Byron. “How the far-right found a home in the New Conservative Party.” FightBack, June 12, 2020. On the New Conservative Party, a right wing party in New Zealand. Full text.

Clark, Roland. “How Fascists Have Used Panics To Consolidate Power.” Rantt, March 25, 2020. Full text and here.

Clark, Roland. “Kalergi Plan: The Undying ‘White Genocide’ Conspiracy Theory.” Rantt, May 2, 2020. Full text and here.

Clark, Roland. “10 Things That Should Change About Fascism Studies.” Rantt, February 12, 2020. Full text and here.

Clarke, Colin, and Lilianna Turner. “The ‘Incel’ Ideology Continues to Build a Strong Following in the Online ‘Manosphere.'” GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 22 April 2020. Full text.

Coffé, Hilde. “Gender, Gendered Personality Traits and Radical Right Populist Voting.” The Political Studies Association (PSA) Blog, 21 July 2020. Full text.

Cogley, Michael. “‘Alt-tech’ attracts growing number of extremists in Britain.” The Telegraph, 6 July 2020. Mentions Britain First; Katie Hopkins; Parler (social media platform); Tommy Robinson; and Donald Trump (US president). Full text.

Cohen, Ben. “An Antisemitic, Totalitarian Wind Blows in Poland as Right-Wing Consolidates Power.” The Algemeiner, July 20, 2020. Full text.

Cohen, Seth. “As Groups Call For Facebook Boycott, Why Is Amazon Selling Boogaloo Products?” Forbes, June 17, 2020. Mentions the “Betsy Ross Flag” (historical flag whose meaning has also been appropriated by racial supremacy groups); Boogaloo Bois (far-right militia); “boogaloo” movement (right wing group of pro-gun, anti-government individuals who believe that another civil war in America is imminent); Steven Carrillo (Air Force Staff Sergeant accused of killing a Federal Protective Service officer); and “Molon Labe” (a classical Greek phrase meaning “come and take [them],” which is often used by proponents of gun rights in America). Full text.

Cohen, Seth. “Civil War 2.0? The ‘Boogaloo’ Movement Is A Wake-Up Call For America.” Forbes, June 16, 2020. Mentions boogaloo boys (or bois) (followers of the boogaloo movement); the boogaloo movement (a loose group of right-wing pro-gun, anti-government activists who believe that another civil war in America is imminent); Steven Carrillo (Air Force Staff Sergeant affiliated with the boogaloo movement who is charged in two murders); and 4chan (online chat forum used by the boogaloo movement to propagate their ideology as well as organize their actions). Full text.

Colborne, Michael. “As world struggles to stop deaths, far right celebrates COVID-19.” Al Jazeera, 26 Mar. 2020. Full text.

Colborne, Michael.  “Dispatches From Asgardsrei: Ukraine’s Annual Neo-Nazi Music Festival.”  Bellingcat, January 2, 2020.  Full text.

Colborne, Michael. “February 2020: a busy month for Europe’s radical right.” openDemocracy, 4 February 2020. Full text and here.

Colborne, Michael. “For the Far Right, the COVID-19 Crisis Is a PR Opportunity.” Fair Observer, Apr. 13, 2020. Full text and here.

Colborne, Michael. “The radical right is exploiting a Swedish teen’s murder.” openDemocracy, 2 June 2020. Full text and here.

Colborne, Michael.  “Ukraine’s Far Right Is Boosting A Pro-Putin Fascist.”  Bellingcat, January 22, 2020.  On Italian neo-fascist Franco Freda, whose 1969 book “The Disintegration of the System” is available in Ukrainian translation through Ukraine’s Azov movement and Plomin, its literature club and publishing outfit.  Full text.

Colborne, Michael, and Una Hajdari. “Europe’s Far-Right has a Cure for COVID-19: Nationalism.” Balkan Insight, May 14, 2020. Full text.

Constant, Paul. “3 books reveal how there’s a ‘shadowy’ conspiracy to destroy American democracy fueled by free-market and anti-government sentiment, two hallmarks of far-right movements.” Business Insider, 23 July 2020. On Nancy MacLean, Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right’s Stealth Plan for America; Christopher Leonard, Kochland: The Secret History of Koch Industries and Corporate Power in America; and Jane Mayer, Dark Money: The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right. Full text.

Cook, Joana. “Incels.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 20 January 2020. Full text.

Cunningham, Maurice. “Koch behind the challenge to Baker’s powers.” CommonWealth Magazine, June 7, 2020. Mentions Gov. Charlie Baker (Massachusetts governor who issued coronavirus public safety orders); climate change denialism; Michael DeGrandis (of NCLA); the Fiscal Alliance Foundation; the Goldwater Institute of Arizona (Koch-funded organization); the Institute for Free Speech (Koch-funded organization); the Massachusetts Fiscal Alliance (MassFiscal) (an arm of the Fiscal Alliance Foundation); Rebekah Mercer (“the first lady of the alt-right” and Goldwater donor); and the New Civil Liberties Alliance (NCLA) (non-profit founded in 2017 and funded by the Charles Koch Foundation). Full text.

Cutler, James T. “In the Shadow of Christchurch…” Medium, June 27, 2020. Full text.

Daymon, Chelsea. “The Ukrainian Conflict: Foreign Volunteers and Online Identity Formation.” GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 31 January 2020.  Full text.

Dearden, Lizzie. “How the UK’s far right is trying to capitalise on the statues row.” The Independent, 12 June 2020. Full text.

De Cabanes, Antoine, and Clément Fontan. “Why Germany’s Far Right Wants Judges to Rule Europe’s Monetary Policy.” Jacobin, May 24, 2020. Full text.

DeCook, Julia. “Coronavirus and the radical right: conspiracy, disinformation, and xenophobia.” openDemocracy, 13 March 2020. Full text and here.

DeCook, Julia R. “The Culture of Conspiracy and the Radical Right Imaginary.” Pandemic Diaries, Gabriela Manley, Bryan M. Dougan, and Carole McGranahan, eds. American Ethnologist, 15 June 2020. Full text.

Delaney, Brigid. “‘Evil forces’: how Covid-19 paranoia united the wellness industry and rightwing conspiracy theorists.” The Guardian, 7 June 2020. Full text.

Dennison, James, and Andrew Geddes. “Why coronavirus is likely to be bad news for Europe’s radical right.” EURACTIV, 7 May 2020. Full text.

Derysh, Igor. “The 1918 pandemic was linked to a rise in Nazi support. Will this pandemic be similar?”, May 10, 2020. Full text.

Diavolo, Lucy. “Right-Wing Groups Are Behind the Protests Against Coronavirus-Prevention Measures.” Teen Vogue, April 20, 2020. Full text.

Diez, Georg. “Germany’s party structure is disintegrating. Enter the far right.” The Washington Post, Feb. 12, 2020. Mentions the Alternative for Germany (AfD) (German right-wing racist and revisionist party) and Björn Höcke (of the AfD). Full text.

Dimaggio, Anthony. “Coronavirus and Rightwing Rebellion: Retreading a Tired Narrative.”, April 21, 2020. Full text.

Downes, James F., and Matthew Loveless. “What Drives the Center Right’s Electoral Success?” Fair Observer, Jan. 20, 2020. Full text and here.

Downes, James F., and Felix Wiebrecht. “Populist parties and the double-edged sword of voter mobilisation.” Social Europe, 26 February 2020. Full text.

D’Urso, Joey. “An Old Conspiracy Theory Known As ‘Agenda 21’ Has Been Rebooted By The Coronavirus Pandemic.” BuzzFeed, Apr. 4, 2020. Mentions “Agenda 21” (a nonbinding UN resolution signed in 1992 that provides an action plan for governments with regard to sustainable development); Agenda 21 conspiracy theory (theory of a totalitarian world government seeking to kill most of the world’s population as part of a UN plot); anti-UN; Glenn Beck (commentator); Sen. Ted Cruz; 5G mobile phone networks (linked to the coronavirus in some conspiracy theories); Bill Gates; Newt Gingrich; David Icke (British conspiracy theorist); novel coronavirus conspiracy theory (the alleged plot to crash the economy in order to create the conditions for greater government control of businesses and people’s lives); opposition to vaccines; George Soros; and vaccinations. Full text.

Ecarma, Caleb. “How the Right-Wing Disinformation Loop Helped Kill Virus Research Funding.” Vanity Fair, May 11, 2020. Full text.

Echtermann, Alice. “Wanted: Influencer, Young, Right-wing.” CORRECTIV, 10 March 2020. Full text.

Ehsan, Rakib. “The far right are using a crisis to target Jews.” The Jewish Chronicle, June 8, 2020. On exploitation of the Covid-19 pandemic by the UK’s British National Socialist Movement (BNSM) and the US’s National Socialist Movement (NSM). Full text.

Ellis, Emma Grey. “The Meme-Fueled Rise of a Dangerous, Far-Right Militia.” Wired, June 18, 2020. Full text and here.

Emanuel, Gabrielle. “The Cruel Story Behind The ‘Reverse Freedom Rides.'” Code Switch, NPR, February 29, 2020. On the Reverse Freedom Rides, a plot by Southern segregationists to trick African Americans into accepting bus tickets to Northern destinations with the promise of good jobs and housing. Mentions Citizens’ Councils; Amis Guthridge (segregationist lawyer from Arkansas who helped spearhead the Reverse Freedom Rides); Ku Klux Klan; George Singelmann (Citizens Council director from Louisiana); and Ned Touchstone (spokesperson for a Louisiana segregationist group). Full text.

Engel, Richard, and Luke Denne. “Neo-Nazis from U.S. and Europe build far-right links at concerts in Germany.” NBC News, March 22, 2020. Mentions the alt-right (U.S. movement); anti-democratic; anti-diversity; anti-globalization; anti-multiculturalism; anti-Semitic; Alexandre Bissonnette (white nationalist and Quebec City mosque killer); Robert Gregory Bowers (Tree of Life synagogue killer in Pittsburgh); Anders Breivik (Norwegian terrorist attacker); Breivik’s manifesto; the Christchurch, New Zealand, mosque killer; the “14 words” (a popular white supremacist slogan); “hate rock”; Identitarian movement (European far-right movement); the Independence Day rally in Poland; Theodore Kaczynski (the Unabomber); “Make America Great Again”; “MGHA” (“Make Germany Hate Again”); “nipster” (“Nazi-hipster”); “race war”; Dylann Roof (American white supremacist and Charleston, South Carolina, killer); Patrick Schroeder (host of a weekly far-right internet TV show); swastika tattoos; Donald Trump; the “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, in 2017; and white supremacists. Full text.

Engel, Valery. “Putin’s Amendments To Russia’s Constitution Sparks Debate About Russian Nationalism.” Rantt, April 14, 2020. Full text and here.

Engler, Sarah, and David Weisstanner. “Fear of decline drives voters to the radical right when inequality increases.” LSE European Politics and Policy (EUROPP) blog, March 18, 2020. Full text.

Evans, Robert. “How Coronavirus Disinformation Gets Past Social Media Moderators.” bellingcat, April 3, 2020. Full text.

Evans, Robert, and Jason Wilson. “The Boogaloo Movement Is Not What You Think.” Bellingcat, May 27, 2020. Full text.

Eyes on the Right. “E. Michael Jones Spreads Conspiracy Theories About The Coronavirus And AIDS.” Angry White Men, April 5, 2020. Full text.

Eyes on the Right. “Meet The People Behind AFPAC, The Extreme Right’s Newest Gathering.” Angry White Men, February 27, 2020. On the America First Political Action Conference, or AFPAC. Full text.

“Facebook Has a Holocaust Denial Problem.” Anti-Defamation League Blog, July 1, 2020. Full text.

Fantina, Robert. “Boogaloo Movement: USA Far Right is Growing Thanks to Donald Trump.” Peace Data, July 24, 2020. Full text and here and here.

Farivar, Masood. “Boogaloo Boys Aim to Provoke 2nd US Civil War.” Voice of America, June 23, 2020. Full text.

“Far-right European politicians to whitewash constitutional vote in Russia.” European Platform for Democratic Elections, June 29, 2020. Full text.

Feinberg, Ayal. “COVID-19’s Bigotry Epicenters: Asian And Jewish Americans.” Rantt, April 15, 2020. Full text.

Feldman, Matthew. “I’m an expert on fascism and I know what Trump’s actions during the George Floyd protests look like.” The Independent, 3 June 2020. Full text.

Feldman, Matthew. “Radical Right Terrorists Are Usually Self-Radicalized.” Rantt, July 22, 2020. Full text.

Fernandez-Garayzabal, Juncal. “The Threat Posed by the Far-Right: A question of ideology & identity.” Light Upon Light, April 2, 2020. Full text.

Fielitz, Maik. “Far-right vigilantism at Europe’s borders: the Greek experience.” openDemocracy, 23 March 2020. Full text and here.

Fildes, Nic, Mark Di Stefano, and Hannah Murphy. “How a 5G coronavirus conspiracy spread across Europe.” Financial Times, April 16, 2020. Full text.

Fischer, Sara. “Hate speech has soared online since George Floyd’s death.” Axios, July 21, 2020. Full text.

Fleming, Andy. “A Brief Guide To The Australian Far Right (July 2020 Edition).” slackbastard, July 3, 2020. Full text.

Forchtner, Bernhard. “What the Radical Right Thinks About Climate Change.” Undisciplined Environments, May 15, 2020. The second post in the series “Political Ecologies of the Far Right.” Full text.

“From The Archive: The Britons.” HOPE not hate, July 29, 2020. On The Britons, a notorious antisemitic organisation of the 1920s. Mentions anti-Semitism; Henry Hamilton Beamish (co-founder of The Britons in 1919); “Britain for Britons” (The Britons motto); J.H. Clarke (homeopath and co-founder of The Britons in 1919); Dietrich Eckart (“a mentor” to Hitler and head of the Thule Society); Adolf Hitler (German Chancellor); Holocaust deniers; David Icke (conspiracy theorist); InfoWars; “Jew War”; The Jewish Peril (the second British imprint of the Protocols, released in 1920); Jewry Ueber Alles (renamed The Hidden Hand and later the British Guardian) (The Britons’ first newspaper, launched in 1920); Alex Jones (conspiracy theorist of InfoWars); George Mudge (Professor of Zoology at the University of London); the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP); the Nazi Party; The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion (a Tsarist forgery alleging secret Jewish global control); Franz Rademacher (head of the Jewish Department of the German Foreign Office); Lord Sydenham of Combe; and the Thule Society (occult völkisch group and “an important ideological tributary to the Nazi party”). Full text.

“The Front canadien-français: The Junior League of Quebec’s Catholic Traditionalist Far Right.” Montréal-Antifasciste, June 23, 2020. Full text.

“Fusion Centers and the Far Right.” Bridge Burner Collective, 30 June 2020. Full text and here.

Gagné, André. “Coronavirus: Trump and religious right rely on faith, not science.” The Conversation, March 29, 2020. Full text.

Gais, Hannah. “Far Right Exploits Racial Justice Protests to Further an Agenda of Hate.” Southern Poverty Law Center, June 18, 2020. Full text.

Gallagher, Jacob. “Why the Extremist ‘Boogaloo Boys’ Wear Hawaiian Shirts.” Wall Street Journal, June 8, 2020. Excerpt.

Gardiner, Beth. “White Supremacy Goes Green.” New York Times, Feb. 28, 2020. Mentions accelerationism (the push to hasten apocalyptic climate scenarios so as to create openings for authoritarianism or a complete societal breakdown); the alt right; the Christchurch mosque killer (a self-identified “ethnonationalist eco-fascist”); climate change; ethno-states; global warming; “invasive species” (hard right term for immigrants and racial and ethnic minorities); Marine Le Pen (National Rally leader); National Rally (France’s far-right, anti-immigrant, anti-Muslim party); Northwest Front (neo-Nazi group in the Pacific Northwest); and Our Homeland (Hungarian far-right party). Full text.

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed, Samuel Hodgson, and Colin P. Clarke. “The Russian Imperial Movement (RIM) and its Links to the Transnational White Supremacist Extremist Movement.” ICCT, 24 Apr. 2020. Full text.

Gaudette, Tiana, Ryan Scrivens, and Vivek Venkatesh. “The Role of the Internet in Facilitating Violent Extremism, Part I: Insights from Former Right-Wing Extremists.” VOX – Pol Blog, July 22, 2020. Full text.

Georgiadou, Vasiliki, Lamprini Rori, and Costas Roumanias. “Is the resurgence of Europe’s far-right a cultural or an economic phenomenon?” British Politics and Policy at LSE, March 10, 2020. Full text.

Gerbaudo, Paolo. “Coronavirus embarrassed Trump and Bolsonaro. But the global right will fight back.” The Guardian, 1 Apr. 2020. Full text.

Gertz, Matt. “QAnon, Plandemic, and the right-wing media’s conspiracy theory spiral.” Media Matters for America, July 28, 2020. Full text.

Gilbert, Ben. “What is ‘QAnon’? Understanding the far-right conspiracy movement embraced by Trump supporters that originated on 4chan.” Business Insider, 23 July 2020. Full text.

Goggin, Benjamin, and Rachel E. Greenspan. “Far-right civil war accelerationists called the Boogaloo Bois are appearing at protests around the country with guns and Hawaiian shirts.” Insider, June 3, 2020. Full text.

Goossen, Ben. “Resurgence of a global Mennonite far right.” Mennonite World Review, July 13, 2020. Mentions Alternative für Deutschland (Alternative for Germany, AfD) (far-right Islamophobic political party); anti-Communism; anti-Semitism; Confederate monuments; Adolf Hitler; National Socialism; racial science; and white supremacy. Full text.

Göpffarth, Julian. “Why did Heidegger emerge as the central philosopher of the far right?” openDemocracy, 23 June 2020. Full text and here and here.

Gorostiza, Santiago. “Political ecologies of the far right: An introduction to the series.” Undisciplined Environments, May 13, 2020. Full text.

Goscinski, Reece. “Far-right nationalism in Poland: persecution and resistance.” Counterfire, July 3, 2020. Full text.

Gray, Madison J. “Far-Right Groups Under Increasing Suspicion Of Causing Havoc In Devolving Protests And National Unrest.” BET, May 31, 2020. Mentions “Accelerationists”; the “Boogaloo-bois” (a group of anti-government types known for wearing Hawaiian-style shirts (because of a variation from the word “boogaloo” to “big luau” and referring to their desire for a new civil war)); and Donald Trump. Full text.

Gul, Zakir, Suleyman Ozeren, and Ismail Dincer Gunes. “What Does Al-Qaeda Tell Us About The Base?” The Defense Post, July 17, 2020. On The Base, a white supremacist neo-Nazi group formed in 2018. Mentions accelerationism (a desire for violence of any kind that can accelerate society’s collapse and create chaos); Anders Behring Breivik (Norwegian white supremacist); leaderless resistance; Rinaldo Nazzaro (aka Norman Spear and Roman Wolf) (American founder of The Base); race war; survivalism; 2083: A European Declaration of Independence (Breivik’s 1,500-page manifesto); white nationalism; and white supremacists. Full text.

Halikiopoulou, Daphne. “The pandemic is exposing the weaknesses of populism, but also fuelling authoritarianism.” LSE BREXIT Blog, April 1, 2020. Full text and here.

Hasan, Mehdi. “How the Far-Right Boogaloo Movement Is Trying to Hijack Anti-Racist Protests for a Race War.” The Intercept, June 10, 2020. Full text.

Hassan, Gerry. “This is how we defeat the far right.” The National (Glasgow), 20 June 2020. Full text.

“Hate Fuel: the hidden online world fuelling far right terror.” Community Security Trust (CST) Blog, 11 June 2020. Excerpts from the report of the same title. Full text.

Hayden, Michael Edison. “Jack Posobiec Interviewed a Pro-Hitler Disinformation Poster on One America News Network.” Hatewatch – Southern Poverty Law Center, July 23, 2020. Full text.

Hayden, Michael Edison. “Jack Posobiec’s Rise Tied to White Supremacist Movement.” Hatewatch – Southern Poverty Law Center, July 8, 2020. Full text.

Hayden, Michael Edison. “OANN’s Posobiec Met With Polish Neo-Fascists and Amplified Their Messages Online.” Hatewatch – Southern Poverty Law Center, July 22, 2020. On One America News Network (OANN) correspondent Jack Posobiec. Mentions All Polish Youth (far-right group); the John Birch Society (American far-right group); Krzysztof Bosak (RN deputy leader); cancel culture (the idea of someone being socially ostracized over their behavior); Andrzej Duda (reactionary Polish president); Fronda (Polish radical-right, Catholic fundamentalist forum); Holocaust revisionism; MAGA (“Make America Great Again”) (a Trump campaign slogan); Stephen Miller,; Stefan Molyneux (Canadian white nationalist pundit); Obóz Narodowo-Radykalny (ONR) (National-Radical Camp) (violent Polish neo-fascist political movement); Alexandra Preate (Steve Bannon’s communications director); Ruch Narodowy (RN) (Nationalist Movement) (Polish extreme far-right party); the Schutzstaffel (SS) (the paramilitary arm of Hitler’s Nazi party); Donald Trump U.S. president; the “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville, Virginia; “War Room Pandemic” (a podcast hosted by Steve Bannon); white supremacy; and Robert Winnicki (RN party president and former All Polish Youth president). Full text.

Hayden, Michael Edison. “Twitter Gave Free Rein for Jack Posobiec To Publish Antisemitic Hate and Disinformation.” Hatewatch – Southern Poverty Law Center, July 8, 2020. Full text.

Henshaw, Alexis.  “Online Extremism in Latin America- An Overview.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 13 February 2020. Full text.

Hermsmeier, Lukas. “Germany’s Post-Nazi Taboo Against the Far Right Has Been Shattered.” The New York Times, Feb. 7, 2020. Full text.

Higgins, Eoin. “‘Far-Right Ideology’ of Trump Public Lands Nominee Why Senate Must Reject Him, Say Groups. Common Dreams, June 28, 2020. On Bureau of Land Management deputy director William Perry Pendley. Full text.

Hogue, Ilyse. “The Right’s Desperate Attempts to Hijack ‘My Body, My Choice.'” Rewire.News, Apr. 22, 2020. Full text.

Hogue, Ilyse, and Ellie Langford. “SCOTUS’s Birth Control Ruling Is Another Example of the Radical Right’s Obsession with Controlling Women.” Harper’s Bazaar, July 9, 2020. Mentions Kristan Hawkins (Students for Life president); Abby Johnson (anti-choice activist); “replacement theory” (white supremacist claim that restricting abortion is required to make certain that immigrants do not replace us); Students for Life (anti-choice group); and Charmaine Yoest (former head of an anti-choice group and former Trump administration official). Full text.

Holt, Jared. “Before He Became HHS Spokesperson, Michael Caputo Spread Conspiracy Theories on Pro-Trump Cable Network.” Right Wing Watch, April 24, 2020. Full text.

Holt, Jared. “Hiding in Plain Sight: The White Nationalist Who Toiled Inside a Right-Wing Media Powerhouse.” Right Wing Watch, February 3, 2020. Reported in collaboration with Angry White Men. On Michael J. Thompson, a white nationalist author writing under the name Paul Kersey. Mentions AltRight Radio (podcast); American Renaissance (white supremacist website); Joe Arpaio (former sheriff of Arizona’s Maricopa County); Stephen K. Bannon (former White House Chief Strategist); the “birther movement” (racist narrative questioning Obama’s birth certificate); Peter Brimelow (VDARE editor); Campus Reform (media outlet for the Leadership Institute); Campus Services Program (of the Leadership Institute); Tucker Carlson (Fox News personality); Mike Cernovich (pro-Trump social media personality); Christchurch, New Zealand, massacre; Ann Coulter (far-right commentator); The Daily Caller (conservative website founded by Tucker Carlson); Kevin DeAnna (white nationalist and a leader of the Leadership Institute’s campus leadership program); Tim Dionisopoulos (former Media Research Center staffer); Marcus Epstein (anti-immigrant activist, columnist for VDARE, and former national vice president of Youth for Western Civilization); Joseph Farah (founder of WorldNetDaily); the”Great Replacement” (white supremacist myth that the white populations of various countries are being “replaced” by black- and brown-skinned immigrants); Scott Greer (white nationalist and former editor and columnist at The Daily Caller); Bradley Dean Griffin (of the League of the South); Infowars (Alex Jones’s program); Greg Johnson (white nationalist); Rep. Jim Jordan; “Kekistan” flags; Rep. Steve King; the Leadership Institute (conservative institution); the League of the South (neo-Confederate hate group); “MAGA3X” (a coalition of white nationalists and Trump supporters who sought to game social media in support of Trump’s candidacy); Ian Mason (former Breitbart reporter); Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell; “Michael McGregor” (pseudonym used by Scott Greer in Radix Journal); Katie McHugh (former Breitbart editor); “No Campus for White Men: The Transformation of Higher Education into Hateful Indoctrination” (book by Scott Greer); Rep. Devin Nunes; Occidental Dissent (blog operated by Bradley Dean Griffin); Pepe the Frog; Vice President Mike Pence; Jack Posobiec (longtime far-right operative and a host for One America News Network); Radix Journal (Richard B. Spencer’s white nationalist publication); Red Ice (white supremacist web outlet); Ralph Reed; Devin Saucier (American Renaissance editor); Phyllis Schlafly (right-wing activist); Ian Smith (ex-DHS analyst); Richard B. Spencer (alt-right impresario); Stuff Black People Don’t Like (Thompson’s blog); Jared Taylor (founder of American Renaissance); Unite the Right rally (white supremacist gathering in Charlottesville, Virginia, in 2017); Ron Unz (far-right writer); Diana West (right-wing columnist); WorldNetDaily (right-wing tabloid-style conspiracy-theory website); VDARE (racist publication); Milo Yiannopoulos; Youth for Western Civilization (now-defunct far-right student group founded by Kevin DeAnna). Full text and here.

Horgan, John. “The Coronavirus and Right-Wing Postmodernism.” Cross-Check – Scientific American Blog Network, March 9, 2020. Full text.

Hudson, Marc. “Beware far-right arguments disguised as environmentalism.” The Conversation, March 27, 2020. Full text.

Huetlin, Josephine. “In Poland’s Elections, Here’s Who Drives the Anti-LGBTQ Agenda.” Daily Beast, July 12, 2020. Mentions Agenda Europe (anti-LGBTQ, anti-choice event hosted by Ordo Iuris); Alternative für Deutschland (radical right party); Hugo Bos (chairman of the TFP spinoff in the Netherlands); Andrzej Duda (Poland’s incumbent president); Family Watch International (anti-LGBT and anti-choice organization); “gender ideology” conspiracy theory (that Marxists are plotting to destroy the traditional family by erasing differences between men and women, and that this will lead to the extinction of white people); “Independence Day March” (annual Polish event organized by the far right); Julio Loredo (president of the Italian TFP society); “Marxization”; Slawomir Olejniczak (founder of the Father Piotr Skarga Association for Christian Culture); the Ordo Iuris Legal Initiative (far-right pressure group of lawyers that drafted anti-LGBTQ resolutions, founded by the Father Piotr Skarga Foundation); General Augusto Pinochet; the Father Piotr Skarga Association for Christian Culture; Aleksander Stepkowski (Ordo Iuris founder); Tradition, Family and Property (TFP) (transnational Catholic fundamentalist network, founded by Plínio Corrêa de Oliveira); Duke Paul von Oldenburg (TFP representative to the European Union); and Beatrix von Storch (Alternative für Deutschland politician and granddaughter of Hitler’s finance minister). Full text.

Huetlin, Josephine. “Racist German Shooter Exposes the Global Network of Hate.” Daily Beast, Feb. 20, 2020. On Tobias Rathjen. Full text.

Hussain, Murtaza. “The Far-Right Revolution Was Waiting for an Opportunity. Now, It’s Here.” The Intercept, July 11, 2020. Mentions the Boogaloo movement; ethno-nationalists; and Donald Trump (white nationalist and US president). Full text and here.

Hvistendahl, Mara. “Masks Off: How the Brothers Who Fueled the Reopen Protests Built a Volatile Far-right Network.” The Intercept, July 17, 2020. Mentions “America’s Right Turn: How Conservatives Used New and Alternative Media to Take Over America” (2004 book by Richard Viguerie); Americans for Prosperity (advocacy group funded by the Koch brothers); anti-abortion; Michele Bachmann (tea party figure); Glenn Beck (podcaster); George W. Bush; Ben Dorr (right-wing fringe activist); Dorr brothers (Aaron, Ben, Chris, and Matthew); FreedomWorks (tea party funder); Barry Goldwater; gun rights; the Idaho Second Amendment Alliance (Dorr-affiliated group); Iowa Gun Owners (Dorr-affiliated group); Iowa Pro Life Action (Dorr-affiliated group); Rep. Steve King (notorious racist); Liberty for All (libertarian-leaning Super PAC); Midwest Freedom Enterprises (Dorrs’ direct-mail company); Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life (anti-abortion outfit); the Minnesota Natural Resources Coalition (Ben Dorr-affiliated group); Minnesota Right to Life; National Association for Gun Rights (Mike Rothfeld’s organization); the National Rifle Association; the New York State Firearms Association (Dorr-affiliated group); Ron Paul (tea party figure); the Pennsylvania Firearms Association (Dorr-affiliated group); the Republican Party; Mike Rothfeld (direct-mail veteran); Donald Trump (US president); the Trump Club of Ohio (Dorr-affiliated group); and Richard Viguerie (conservative activist). Full text.

Hvistendahl, Mara, and Alleen Brown. “Armed Vigilantes Antagonizing Protesters Have Received a Warm Reception from Police.” The Intercept, June 19, 2020. Full text.

Ingraham, Christopher. “New research explores how conservative media misinformation may have intensified the severity of the pandemic.” The Washington Post, June 25, 2020. Full text.

“IntelBrief: Could the ‘Boogaloo Bois’ Be Here to Stay?” The Soufan Center, July 15, 2020. Full text.

“IntelBrief: Examining Atomwaffen Division’s Transnational Linkages.” The Soufan Center, May 20, 2020. Full text.

“IntelBrief: The Rising Threat of Right Wing Extremism in the United Kingdom.” The Soufan Center, July 1, 2020. Full text.

“Is the Indian Right-wing more lethal than its American variety?” Raag Delhi, 16 July 2020. Full text.

Jackson, John. “Watching the Whitewash.” Fardels Bear, July 8, 2020. On the resignation of Stephen Hsu as Michigan State University Senior Vice President for Research and Innovation. Mentions “academic freedom”; anti-scientific; antisemitism; The Bell Curve (1994 book by Richard J. Herrnstein and Charles Murray); William F. Buckley, Jr.; climate change denial; Carleton Coon (anthropologist); creationism; David Duke; The Freeman (conservative periodical); Wesley Critz George (biologist and scientific defender of segregation); Madison Grant; Holocaust denial; the League of the South (an organization devoted to the cause of the Confederacy); Modern Age (conservative periodical); Stefan Molyneux (white supremacist podcaster and proponent of scientific racism); Oswald Mosley; National Review (conservative periodical); neo-Confederacy; Pioneer Fund (racist fund); Murray Rothbard (an “anarcho-capitalist” believing that the State had no legitimate function including police and national defense); Philippe Rushton; Ron Unz (antisemite); the Unz Review ( Holocaust-denying site); F.J.P. Veale (a British fascist and close associate of Oswald Mosley); the Wall Street Journal; Nathaniel Weyl (segregationist); Tom Woods (neo-Confederate podcaster, radical libertarian of the Murray Rothbard school of paleo-libertarianism, and a founding member of the League of the South). Also includes a list of 16 books published by conservatives attacking American higher education since World War II and after. Full text.

Jackson, Paul. “Development of eco-fascist narratives demonstrates evolution of extreme-right threat.” Janes News, 23 June 2020. Mentions Blood and Soil slogans (Unite the Right rally chants); Covid-19 pandemic; Patrick Crusius (extreme-right-inspired terrorist); “eco-fascism” (the blurring of environmentalist politics with extreme right-wing activism); Richard Spencer (prominent alt-right figure); Brenton Tarrant (extreme-right-inspired terrorist); Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville in August 2017; and white supremacism. Excerpt.

Jackson, Paul. “The New Man in Fascism Past and Present.” Fair Observer, Mar. 5, 2020. Full text and here.

Jackson, Paul. “Understanding the Dynamics of the Far Right.” Fair Observer, June 23, 2020. Full text and here.

Jasser, Greta, Megan Kelly, and Ann-Kathrin Rothermel. “Male supremacism and the Hanau terrorist attack: between online misogyny and far-right violence.” ICCT, 20 May 2020. Full text.

Jha, Mihir Kumar. “Boogaloo Extremists Took the Hawaiian Shirt. What Now?” The Fat Burning Formula Blog, June 29, 2020. Full text.

Johnson, Bethan. “The radical right is weaponising COVID-19 online.” openDemocracy, 28 April 2020. Full text and here.

Jordan, Roger. “Further details emerge on far-right views of Canadian army reservist who tried to kill Trudeau.” World Socialist Web Site, 15 July 2020. On army reservist Corey Hurren. Mentions anti-immigrant; “Dominion Day” rally (right-wing extremist protest on Parliament Hill); Stephen Harper (Conservative Prime Minister); Infowars (ultra-right conspiracy website); Islamophobic; Alex Jones (right-wing extremist provocateur and Infowars host); “old stock Canadian” (a phrase coined by the political right); Qanon (an internet-based fascist trend); Donald Trump (US President); and “white genocide.” Full text.

Joyce, Kathryn. “The Long, Strange History of Bill Gates Population Control Conspiracy Theories.” Type Investigations, May 12, 2020. On Bill Gates, the Microsoft Corp. co-founder and billionaire philanthropist, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and the conspiracy theory that Gates was waging “chemical warfare on poor women” in a neocolonial effort to suppress African births. Mentions anti-vaccination; Bill Barr (Attorney General); C-Fam (conservative Catholic nonprofit); the Confederate flag; Diamond & Silk (Trump boosters); the eugenics movement; Brannon Howse (Christian Right broadcaster and host of “Worldview Watch”); Laura Ingraham (Fox News host); Alex Jones (Infowars host); Rev. Danny Jones (Georgia pastor); Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. (anti-vaccination activist); Maafa 21: Black Genocide in 21st Century America (right-wing documentary); the “medical globalist deep state”; Candace Owens (conservative commentator); Pizzagate; the Population Research Institute (PRI) (conservative Catholic nonprofit); Qanon; and Margaret Sanger (Planned Parenthood founder). Full text.

Jupskås, Anders Ravik, and Daniel Koehler. “Germany: The European Hotspot of Far Right Violence.” “Right Now!” blog, C-REX – Center for Research on Extremism, July 27, 2020. Full text.

Jupskås, Anders Ravik, and Carles Viñas. “Far right violence in Spain is more organized and against political opponents than in the rest of Western Europe.” “Right Now!” blog, C-REX – Center for Research on Extremism, June 25, 2020. Full text.

Jupskås, Anders Ravik, Jacob Aasland Ravndal, and Tore Bjørgo. “How Right-Wing Violence in Western Europe Changed in 2019.” “Right Now!” blog, C-REX – Center for Research on Extremism, June 4, 2020. Full text.

Kahn-Harris, Keith. “After the pandemic: how will the right fight back?” openDemocracy, 16 March 2020. Full text.

Kallis, Aristotle. “Confronting the Mainstream Context of Germany’s Far-Right Extremism.” The Globe Post, March 11, 2020. Full text.

Karbal, Ian. “Selling the boogaloo.” The Informant, June 29, 2020. Full text.

Katz, Rita. “Neo-Nazis Are Running Out of Places to Hide Online.” WIRED, July 9, 2020. Mentions Atomwaffen Division (US-based neo-Nazi paramilitary group); Azov Battalion (Ukrainian neo-Nazi paramilitary group); British National Party (fascist party); the Christchurch massacre; Discord (alternative platform); 4chan (alternative platform); Gab (alternative platform); Nick Griffin (former leader of the British National Party); Hoop (Canada-based messenger platform); Minds (alternative platform); Misanthropic Division (the militant wing of the Azov Battalion); Parler (free-speech platform); RapeKrieg (Satanist neo-Nazi group); Telegram (Russian-founded, UK-based messaging app and once a central hub of the far right); and Terrorwave Refined (far-right group). Full text.

Kaul, Ayushman. “Terrorgram: A community built on hate.” DFRLab – Medium, Apr. 20, 2020. On Telegram, a point-to-point communications app whose “public channel” feature has attracted extremist channels. Full text.

Keady, Joe. “Making Fascism Popular Again. Part II: Combat 18 to the Nationalsozialistischer Untergrund.”, 6 March 2020. Full text.

Keady, Joe. “Sourcing the Far-Right. Part I: Combat 18 and Blood & Honour.”, 28 February 2020. Full text.

Keady, Joseph. “Far Right Reading List Shows Link Between Its Literature and Real-World Violence.” Truthout, July 5, 2020. On an “America First” reading list published on May 4 by far right personalities Milo Yiannopoulos and Michelle Malkin. Full text.

Keen, Florence. “Banning Nazis or ‘Burning Books’? How Big Tech is Responding to Hate Speech, and the Implications.” GNET – Insights, 2 July 2020. Full text.

Kelly, Annie. “Who Goes Alt-Right in a Lockdown?” The New York Times, April 7, 2020. Full text.

Khasnabish, Alex. “How COVID-19 and White Fragility are Fueling Fascist Creep.” Deceleration, May 20, 2020. Full text.

Kiderlin, Sophie. “Is the media to blame for the rise of the far right?” The Meridian, July 23, 2020. Full text and here.

Kiesel, Stevie. “Viruses and Violence: How COVID-19 Has Impacted Extremism.” The Pandora Report, June 19, 2020. Full text.

Kildiş, Hüseyin Pusat. “Horseshoe Theory and Covid-19.” E-International Relations, July 23, 2020. Full text.

Kingdon, Ashton. “Conversation with an Imam: being Muslim in Post-Brexit UK.” openDemocracy, 10 March 2020. Full text and here.

Kingdon, Ashton. “False flags, paperclips, and super spies: the secret Nazi origins of the CIA.” openDemocracy, 9 June 2020. Full text and here.

Kirshner, Sheldon. “Extremists Trying to Exploit Coronavirus Pandemic.” The Times of Israel Blogs, May 10, 2020. Full text.

Klebnikov, Sergei. “Right-Wing Conspiracists Pull From Old Playbook: Blame George Soros For Riots.” Forbes, May 30, 2020. Full text.

Klein, Benjamin. “Covid-19 ‘a breeding ground for conservative right-wing conspiracies.'” Daily Maverick – Opinionistas, 30 June 2020. Full text.

Klein, Ofra. “What’s in a Name? Rebranding Racist Legacies.” Fair Observer, Mar. 12, 2020. Full text and here.

Klikauer, Thomas. “Neo-Nazis and Antisemitism in Germany.” CounterPunch, June 25, 2020. Full text.

Kofman, Ava, Moira Weigel, and Francis Tseng. “White Supremacy’s Gateway to the American Mind.” The Atlantic, 7 April 2020. (The article is a collaboration between The Atlantic and ProPublica.) On Kindle Direct Publishing (KDP), Amazon’s self-publishing arm, and its exploitation by far-right violent extremists to reach mass audiences. Mentions Anschluss: The Politics of Vesica Piscis (a polemic that praises Anders Breivik’s massacre of 77 people in 2011); The Balk (Billy Roper’s book of political essays); Anders Breivik (Norwegian neo-Nazi); Castle Hill Publishers (a revisionist press); Louis-Ferdinand Céline (author, fascist, anti-Semite, and Holocaust denier); the Colchester Collection (an online reading room run by and for white nationalists); Counter-Currents (white-nationalist publishing house); The Declaration of White Independence; Discord (message board); David Duke (former Ku Klux Klan leader); The Ethnostate (book by Billy Roper); “European American Reading Group” (Billy Roper’s reading group on Goodreads for discussion of “pro-white” books); Julius Evola (far-right Italian ideologue cited by Steve Bannon); Fascism for the Million (a book inspired by the remarks of Oswald Mosley); Foundations of the 21st Century: The Philosophy of White Nationalism; 4chan (anonymous message board); Goebbels on the Jews; Hasten the Day (trilogy by Billy Roper which takes place in the years after the United States has balkanized into multiple warring ethno-states); Hitler on the Jews; Holocaust denial; Holocaust revisionism; Jewish Privilege (book by E. Michael Jones); Greg Johnson (owner of Counter-Currents); E. Michael Jones (anti-Semitic commentator); Gary Lauck (leader of NSDAP/AO); Mein Kampf (Hitler); Oswald Mosley (leader of the British Union of Fascists); the National Alliance (at one time the most dangerous neo-Nazi group in the U.S.); NSDAP/AO (an American neo-Nazi party); William Pierce (author and the founder of the National Alliance); The Protocols of the Elders of Zion (an early-20th-century anti-Semitic text alleging a Jewish plan for world domination); Leni Riefenstahl (maker of Nazi propaganda films); Tommy Robinson (Islamophobic author); Roosh (alt-right influencer); Billy Roper (author and leader of the Shield Wall Network); the Shield Wall Network (a group attempting to build a whites-only ethno-state in southern Missouri and northern Arkansas); Siege (white-nationalist cult classic by James Mason); Stormfront (neo-Nazi message board); Telegram (message board); The Turner Diaries (a novel by William Pierce which depicts the genocide of nonwhite people); Unite the White rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, in 2017; The White Nationalist Manifesto (book by Greg Johnson); and The White Rabbit Handbook (a manifesto linked to an Illinois-based militia group). Full text.

Kotch, Alex. “Secretive Right-Wing Nonprofit Plays Role in COVID-19 Organizing.” PR Watch (Center for Media and Democracy (CMD)), May 15, 2020. Mentions ALEC; Alliance Defending Freedom (anti-LGTBQ group); Robert Alt (of the Buckeye Institute); American Conservative Union; the American Family Association (anti-LGBTQ group); Americans for Prosperity (Koch-funded organization); Steve Bannon (former Trump chief adviser); John Birch Society (conspiracist group); Kenneth Blackwell (of the Family Research Council); Adam Brandon (president of FreedomWorks); Buckeye Institute (Charles Koch-funded organization); Center for Security Policy (anti-Muslim group); the Committee to Unleash Prosperity; Kellyanne Conway (Trump senior adviser); Conservative Action Project (CNP entity); Convention of States Action; Jerome Corsi (conspiracy theorist who was investigated in the Trump-Russia probe); Council for National Policy (CNP) (a coalition of far-right political advocacy and think tank figures, founded in 1981); Council for National Policy Action (CNP Action) (the 501(c)(4) nonprofit affiliate of CNP); Betsy DeVos (Education Secretary); Richard DeVos (father-in-law of Betsy DeVos and former president of CNP); Eagle Forum (anti-LGBTQ group); Family Research Council (anti-LGBTQ group); Joseph Farah (conspiracy theorist); FreedomWorks; Foster Friess (right-wing political megadonor); the Heritage Foundation; Judicial Watch; Art Laffer (Trump economic adviser and Save Our Country Task Force chair); Claude R. Lambe Charitable Foundation (defunct foundation run by the Koch family); League of the South (neo-Confederate group); Liberty Counsel; Ed Meese (of the Heritage Foundation); Robert Mercer (right-wing political megadonor); Stephen Moore (founder of the Committee to Unleash Prosperity); the National Christian Foundation; National Philanthropic Trust; Lisa Nelson (ALEC CEO); Mike Pence (Vice President); Tony Perkins (former CNP president); Michael Peroutka (CNP governors board member and League of the South board member); Tim Phillips (a Tea Party organizer and president of Americans for Prosperity); Edgar and Elsa Prince Foundation (DeVos family foundation); Scott Rasmussen (conservative pollster); Al Regnery (chairman of Conservative Action Project and cousin of William Regnery); William Regnery (prominent white nationalist); ReOpen Church (Liberty Counsel initiative, led by Mat Staver); “Save Our Country Task Force” (CNP-connected organization); Phyllis Schlafly (late founder of the Eagle Forum and a CNP member); Matt Schlapp (lobbyist and the head of the American Conservative Union); Mercedes Schlapp (lobbyist and senior advisor to Trump’s campaign); Alan Sears (of Alliance Defending Freedom); Jay Sekulew (Trump’s lawyer); Tracie Sharp (State Policy Network CEO); State Policy Network; Mat Staver (of the Liberty Council); Tea Party Patriots Citizens Fund (; Donald Trump; Bill Walton (CNP’s president); Paul Weyrich (co-founder of the Heritage Foundation and ALEC); Tim Wildmon (president of the the American Family Association). Full text.

Kovensky, Josh. “The Weirdest Far-Right Conspiracy Theories Around Fauci.” Talking Points Memo, July 23, 2020. Excerpt.

Krakow, Larry. “Right Wing Coronavirus Responses.” The Progressive Mind, June 18, 2020. Full text.

Kreter, Maximilian. “The German AfD Makes Appeals To Russian-Germans.” Rantt, June 6, 2020. Full text.

Kutner, Max. “The Surprising Convergence Between Neo-Nazis and Jihadis.” Just Security (Reiss Center on Law and Security, New York University School of Law), July 17, 2020. Mentions Mein Kampf; Ethan Melzer (U.S. Army Private charged with terrorism offenses); David Myatt (alleged founder of O9A); and the Order of Nine Angels (O9A) (neo-Nazi group). Full text.

Lamothe, Dan, and Souad Mekhennet. “Soldiers’ cases highlight reach of white supremacy in U.S. military.” The Washington Post, June 25, 2020. Mentions the Atomwaffen Division (American neo-Nazi group); Confederate battle flags; Richard Walther Darré (Nazi Party leader); Adolf Hitler; Pvt. Ethan P. Melzer (charged in a plot with O9A to kill fellow American soldiers abroad); the Order of Nine Angles (O9A) (extremist group, established in the 1970s as a Nazi-Satanist group in Britain); “Rahowa” (white supremacist term for “racial holy war”); RapeKrieg (group that adheres to O9A ideology); RapeWaffen Division (white supremacist channel on the Telegram messaging app that adheres to O9A ideology); “The Sinister Tradition” (a book detailing O9A views); “Sinisterius” (or “Sinistrovs”) (RapeWaffen’s alleged founder); swastikas. Full text.

Lavin, Talia.  “Donald Trump Jr., Iran, and the Right-Wing Obsession with the Crusades.”  GQ, January 9, 2020.  Mentions “Deus Vult” (“God Wills It”) (Crusader motto and white supremacist meme); Islamophobia; Jerusalem cross (symbol of the Crusades dating back to the 11th century); Rare Breed Rifles (seller of Crusader rifle paraphernalia); Spike’s Tactical (distributor of Crusader products); Templar Cross; Donald Trump; and the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville.  Full text.

Lebedev, Yaroslav. “Moscow Dispatch: The Rise of Right-Wing Radicalism in Russia.” CovertAction Magazine, April 2, 2020. Mentions the AfD in Germany; Alain de Benoist (European neo-Nazi); Aleksandr Dugin (right-wing ideologue and former chief editor of Malofeev’s Tsargrad TV channel); the European “Black International”; Julius Evola; the Forty Forties (ultra-right paramilitary organization); Evgeny Golovin (neofascist writer); Martin Heidegger; “identitarianism”; League in Italy (Salvini’s party); Marine Le Pen; Konstantin Malofeev (“Orthodox oligarch” and sponsor of Russian neo-fascists); Yuri Mamleev (neofascist writer); Marion Marechal-Le Pen (National Front deputy); Claudio Mutti (European neo-Nazi); the National Alliance of Russian Solidarists (NTS) (an emigrant neo-fascist organization); Jordan Peterson (Canadian crypto fascist); Vladimir Putin; Leonid Reshetnikov (former KGB officer and monarchist); Russian Institute for Strategic Studies (RISI) (right-wing think-tank attached to and funded by the President’s Administration); the Russian Orthodox Church; Prince Sixtus-Henrik of Bourbon Parma (of Spain); Heinz Christian Strache (former chairman of the Austrian Freedom Party and vice chancellor of Austria); Vladislav Surkov (operator of radical forces in Russia); Jean Thiriart (European neo-Nazi); Donald Trump; “Tsarebozhniki” (heretical cult which equates the last Czar Nicholas II with Christ); the Tsargrad TV channel (Malofeev’s propaganda project); the Two-Headed Eagle Society (organization engaged in the propagation of religious fanaticism and “tsarebozhia”); Serge von der Pahlen (member of the board of Maloveev’s St. Basil’s Foundation); the World Russian People’s Council (initiative of the Russian Orthodox Church); and the “Yuzhinsky circle” (organization created by Yuri Mamleev and Evgeny Golovin). Full text.

Lee, Ben. “Blind Networks In The Extreme-Right.” Centre for Research and Evidence on Security Threats (CREST), 12 June 2020. Mentions The Absolute State of Britain (extreme-right podcast); anti-globalisation; anti-immigration; anti-LGBTQ; anti-Semitism; Louis Beam (US activist who developed the concept of leaderless resistance); blind networks (a model in which a central handler at an anonymous central channel can issue instructions to members who then carry them out and report back – entirely anonymously); ethno-nationalism; extreme-right groupuscule (an extreme-right formation often with limited membership and niche ideological and stylistic appeal); Hundred-Handers (far-right racist group which uses a Telegram channel to distribute images, publicise successful stickering campaigns, and to call for the harassment of ideological opponents); leaderless resistance (the idea that ideologically well-versed activists could act independently of one another and still achieve a common goal); David Myatt (former extreme-right ideologue); National Action (proscribed UK extreme-right groupuscule); NS131 (proscribed National Action spin-off group); Scottish Dawn (proscribed National Action spin-off group); System Resistance Network (SRN) (proscribed National Action spin-off group); and traditionalism. Full text.

Lee, Benjamin. “A Short Guide To Narratives Of The Far-Right.” Centre for Research and Evidence on Security Threats (CREST), Lancaster University, UK, 22 May 2020. Full text.

Legum, Judd, and Jonathan Myerson Katz. “Extremist groups descending on Virginia are using Facebook to promote violence .” Popular Information, Jan. 20, 2020. On a pro-gun and right-wing rally in Richmond, Jan. 20, 2020. Mentions American Warrior Revolution (AWR) (a paramilitary organization allied with the militia movement); “Boog Boiz” (armed gun-rights extremists); “boogaloo” (white supremacist term referring to a future civil war); Boogaloo Crüe (Facebook page); Robert E. Lee (Confederate general); pro-Trump website Media Equalizer; “sanctuary counties” movement (Republican-backed movement in which sheriffs have pledged not to enforce new laws such as expanded background checks); Joshua Shoaff (pseudonym Ace Baker) (popular right-wing personality); Donald Trump; Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville in 2017; and the “Virginia Militia” (pro-lynching group). Full text.

Leidig, Eviane. “‘#CoronaJihad’: How the Far-Right in India is Responding to the Pandemic.” GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 15 April 2020. Full text and here.

Leidig, Eviane. “The Far-Right Is Going Global.” Foreign Policy, January 21, 2020. Full text.

Leidig, Eviane. “Far-Right Terrorism is Global, but Coverage is Not: Hindu Nationalist Violence in India.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 24 February 2020.  Full text.

Lewis, Becca.  “All of YouTube, Not Just the Algorithm, is a Far-Right Propaganda Machine.”  FFWD- Medium, Jan. 8, 2020.  Mentions Tucker Carlson (Fox News host); Stefan Molyneux (white supremacist self-help guru and far-right YouTube personality); and Lauren Southern (“identitarian” and far-right YouTube personality).  Full text.

Lisnoff, Howard. “A Symbol of Hate.” CounterPunch, July 27, 2020. Mentions the Confederate battle flag and the Gadsden flag (the “Don’t Tread on Me” flag associated with the American Revolution that has been co-opted by the radical right). Full text.

Liyanage, Chamila. “Apocalypse now: the conspiracy theories of the radical right.” openDemocracy, 7 April 2020. Full text and here.

Liyanage, Chamila. “Endchan: narratives of the Chanosphere.” openDemocracy, 9 January 2020. Full text and here.

Liyanage, Chamila. “How Radical Right Authoritarians Are Targeting Western Democracy.” Rantt, February 14, 2020. Full text and here.

Liyanage, Chamila. “How The Radical Right Weaponizes Memes.” Rantt, March 20, 2020. Full text and here.

Liyanage, Chamila.  “The Metapolitics of the Far Right.”  Fair Observer, Jan. 29, 2020.  Full text and here.

Liyanage, Chamila. “Savitri Devi And The Radical Right’s Fascination With Esoteric Nazism.” Rantt, July 17, 2020. Full text.

Lombardo, Timothy J. “The far right hates liberals, government and the media — and now, quarantines.” The Washington Post, April 21, 2020. Full text.

Lubarda, Balsa. “Far Right Ecologism and the Conceptual Deficiencies of Ecofascism.” Undisciplined Environments, May 13, 2020. The first post in the series “Political Ecologies of the Far Right.” Full text.

Macaskill, Grace. “Chilling British inspiration behind the New Zealand mosque attack that killed 51.” Mirror Online, 4 April 2020. Full text.

Macklin, Graham. “Coronavirus and the Far Right: Seizing the Moment?” ISPI – Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale, 15 May 2020. Full text and here and here.

Makuch, Ben. “Experts Say Neo-Nazi ‘Accelerationists’ Discuss Taking Advantage of Coronavirus Crisis.” VICE, Mar. 18, 2020. Full text.

Malik, Kenan. “The rise of white identity politics.” Prospect Magazine, July 13, 2020. Full text.

Mannering, Laura. “Spain’s Right Wing Sees Coronavirus Crisis as Opportunity.” Foreign Policy, May 29, 2020. Full text.

Manning, Lauren. “Personal reflections from a woman in the extremist underground.” openDemocracy, 21 January 2020. Full text.

Manthe, Barbara. “Germany’s terrorist attack: migrant communities have lost trust.” openDemocracy, 21 February 2020. Full text and here.

Manthe, Barbara.  “The Neo-Nazi Murder Of A German Politician Highlights Threat Of Radical Right Terrorism.”  Rantt, January 6, 2020.  Mentions the “Alternative für Deutschland” (“Alternative for Germany,” AfD) (German radical right party); Josef Bachmann (German assassin of Rudi Dutschke with connections to the radical right); Uwe Behrendt (German anti-Semitic assassin and a member of the “Wehrsportgruppe Hoffmann”); Stephan Ernst (neo-Nazi suspected of Walter Lübcke’s murder); “Freiheitliche Deutsche Arbeiterpartei” (“Free German Worker’s Party”, FAP) (German neo-fascist party); Walter Lübcke (German pro-migrant politician); the “National Socialist Underground” (NSU) (violent German racist group); the NPD (German radical right party); “Organisation Consul” (radical right terrorist group in the Weimar Republic); Paul Otte (Otte Group leader); “Otte Group” (German radical right terrorist group); and the “Wehrsportgruppe Hoffmann” (German radical right group).  Full text and here.

Mantyla, Kyle. “Mark Taylor: The Coronavirus Is a ‘Cover’ to Carry Out the Mass Arrests Long Promised by Qanon.” Right Wing Watch, March 10, 2020. On Mark Taylor, “firefighter prophet” and radical right-wing conspiracy theorist. Mentions the CPAC conference; the coronavirus outbreak; and the QAnon conspiracy theory (a theory which posits that President Donald Trump has been working diligently to arrest countless prominent political, media, and business leaders for allegedly being part of a global satanic pedophile ring). Full text.

Marcks, Holger, and Janina Pawelz.  “What Makes Far-Right Rhetoric So Dangerous? Narratives of Imperilment as Justification of Violence.” GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 24 March 2020. Full text.

Marks, Joshua Robbin. “Vaccinating Against the Virus of Anti-Semitism.” The Media Line, July 23, 2020. Full text.

Martin, Nick R. “The boogaloo cases.” The Informant, July 14, 2020. Full text.

Martin, Nick R. “Facebook versus the boogaloo.” The Informant, July 7, 2020. Full text.

Mathias, Christopher. “Amid The Pandemic, U.S. Militia Groups Plot ‘The Boogaloo,’ AKA Civil War, On Facebook.” HuffPost, 04/24/2020. Full text.

Mattheis, Ashley. “Disrupting the digital divide: Extremism’s Integration of Offline / Online Practice.” Interventionen, 21 April 2020. Full text.

Mattheis, Ashley. “How the Radical Right Is Appropriating Feminism.” Fair Observer, June 4, 2020. Full text and here and here.

McCann, Craig. “Countering the radical right, back to basics.” openDemocracy, 26 May 2020. Full text and here.

McGraw, Bill. “Detroit’s infamous right-wing extremist died and hardly anyone knew — until now.” Detroit Free Press, July 9, 2020. On Donald Lobsinger, Detroit anti-communist activist and head of the right-wing Breakthrough group. Full text.

McGreal, Chris. “A disgraced scientist and a viral video: how a Covid conspiracy theory started.” The Guardian, 14 May 2020. On the documentary Plandemic, in which virologist Judy Mikovits claims US health agencies buried her research showing vaccines weaken people’s immune systems and made them more vulnerable to Covid-19. Full text.

McLaughlin, Neil, and Iga Mergler. “How Donald Trump will try to scapegoat George Soros to win re-election.” The Conversation, July 15, 2020. Mentions Tucker Carlson (Fox News host); Candace Owens (young media figure and Republican activist); and George Soros (Hungarian American financier and philanthropist). Full text and here.

McNeil, Joanne. “From Anon to Alt-Right: The Dangerous Tricksters of 4chan.” Literary Hub, March 2, 2020. Full text.

Meier, Anna. “What Does a ‘Terrorist’ Designation Mean?” Lawfare, July 19, 2020. Full text.

Meleagrou-Hitchens, Alexander, and Blyth Crawford.  “5G and the Far Right: How Extremists Capitalise on Coronavirus Conspiracies.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 21 April 2020. Full text.

Michel, Lou, and Dan Herbeck. “How Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh changed the fringe right.” The Buffalo News, April 19, 2020. Full text.

Miller-Idris, Cynthia. “The Risks of Online Radicalization in the COVID-19 Era.” Solidarity Beyond the Crisis – Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung New York Office, April 19, 2020. Full text and here.

Miller-Idriss, Cynthia. “We’re living in a perfect storm for extremist recruitment. Here’s what we can do to stop it.” CNN, July 19, 2020. Full text.

Molas, Bàrbara. “COVID-19 Highlights Anti-Asian Racism Rampant In Canada.” Rantt, June 24, 2020. Full text and here.

Monbiot, George. “Trump and Johnson aren’t replaying the 1930s – but it’s just as frightening.” The Guardian, 2 July 2020. Full text.

Mudde, Cas. “The ‘anti-lockdown’ protests are about more than just quarantines.” The Guardian, 21 Apr. 2020. Full text.

Mudde, Cas.  “Far Right Politics Has Changed. So Should We!”  “Right Now!” blog, C-REX – Center for Research on Extremism, Jan. 7, 2020.  On Brexit and Trump as perfect examples of “the fourth wave” of postwar far right politics, which is characterized by the mainstreaming and normalization of far right politics to create a hybrid “nativist conservatism.”  Full text.

Mudde, Cas. “Trump wants to put a rightwing zealot in charge of public land. Here’s why it matters.” The Guardian, 6 July 2020. On William Perry Pendley, Trump’s nominee to lead the Bureau of Land Management. Full text.

Mudde, Cas.  “The 2010s’ grim legacy: the decade of the far right.”  The Guardian, 6 Jan. 2020. Full text.

Mulhall, Joe. “British Far-Right Seek to Reframe and Exploit The Killing of George Floyd .” HOPE not hate, 3 June 2020. Full text.

Myers, Meghann. “Far-right groups like the ‘Boogaloo’ and ‘O9A’ continue to attract troops and veterans.” Military Times, June 23, 2020. Full text and here.

Navarro Delgado, Henry. “Far-right ‘boogaloo’ movement is using Hawaiian shirts to hide its intentions.” The Conversation, July 22, 2020. Full text and here.

Neiwert, David. “Domestic Terror in the Age of Trump.” Reveal (from The Center for Investigative Reporting), July 9, 2020. Full text and here.

Neiwert, David. “Far-right ‘Patriots’ lining up to defend Matt Shea, their man in the Washington Legislature.” Daily Kos, January 11, 2020. Full text.

Neiwert, David. “FBI nabs Canadian neo-Nazi reservist, two others, preparing for violence at Virginia ‘Boogaloo.'” Daily Kos, January 16, 2020. Full text.

Neiwert, David. “Gun dealers rack up profits by marketing to ‘Boogaloo Bois’ and their civil war fantasies.” Daily Kos, July 2, 2020. Full text and here.

Neiwert, David. “Internet platforms crack down on right-wing extremists and their ‘Boogaloo’ cult.” Daily Kos, July 1, 2020. Full text and here.

Neiwert, David. “Loren Culp’s surge in Washington gubernatorial polls puts far-right ‘constitutionalist’ in lead.” Daily Kos, July 22, 2020. Full text.

Neiwert, David. “Not OK: Racists cynically market hate by hijacking mainstream symbolism.” Daily Kos, January 13, 2020. Full text and here.

Neiwert, David. “Vehicles are becoming right-wing extremists’ weapon of choice against protesters.” Daily Kos, June 24, 2020. Full text and here.

Neiwert, David. “White nationalists looking to weaponize coronavirus pandemic, both literally and figuratively.” Daily Kos, March 23, 2020. Full text and here.

Newhouse, Alex, and Nate Gunesch. “The Boogaloo Movement Wants To Be Seen as Anti-Racist, But It Has a White Supremacist Fringe.” CTEC Publications (Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey), May 30, 2020. Full text.

Nilsson, Mikael. “Exposing Jordan Peterson’s Barrage of Revisionist Falsehoods About Hitler, the Holocaust and Nazism.” Haaretz, 3 July 2020. Mentions the alt-right; antisemitism; “cultural Marxism”; Adolf Hitler; Hitler’s Table Talk; the Holocaust; incels; the “Jewish Question”; Charlie Kirk; National Socialism; the NSDAP; “ok” hand signal (white nationalist hand sign); Pepe the Frog (alt-right image); Jordan B. Peterson (psychologist, anti-“political correctness” YouTube guru, and right-wing cult figure); the “postmodern neo-Marxists”; and Franz von Papen (conservative German politician). Full text.

Norton, Ben. “Contra-supporting CNN pundit Ana Navarro lobbied for corrupt right-wing Latin American governments.” The Grayzone, March 1, 2020. On Ana Navarro, a Nicaraguan American Republican strategist and CNN commentator. Mentions Arnoldo Alemán (former right-wing Nicaraguan president); George H.W. Bush; Jeb Bush; Alberto “Al” Cárdenas (Ana Navarro’s husband and a Republican lobbyist); Roberto D’Aubuisson (ARENA founder and death squad commander); Romeo Lucas García (Guatemalan General-turned-President); Rudy Giuliani (President Trump’s personal attorney and former New York Mayor); John McCain (neoconservative Republican); the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) (Salvadorean hard-right party); the Nicaraguan Contras (far-right death squads the CIA armed and trained in the 1980s in a regime-change war targeting the socialist Sandinista government); “Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare” (the so-called CIA Murder Manual for the Contras); Ronald Reagan; Reagan administration; Óscar Romero (murdered Salvadorean Catholic Archbishop); Mitt Romney; and Antonio “Tony” Saca (former Bush administration-backed ARENA politician and right-wing El Salvadoran president). Full text.

Norton, Ben. “Leaked documents reveal right-wing oligarch plot to overthrow Mexico’s AMLO.” The Grayzone, June 18, 2020. Full text and here.

O’Brien, Michelle L, and Maureen A. Eger. “COVID-19 Will Have Long-Lasting Effects on Migration.” Fair Observer, May 14, 2020. Full text and here.

O’Connor, Francis. “Far-right lone actor terror attack in Hanau: a mirror of contemporary German politics?” “Right Now!” blog, C-REX – Center for Research on Extremism, Feb. 21, 2020. Full text.

O’Grady, Sean. “Another world leader whose electoral victory heartens the far right.” The Independent, 13 July 2020. On Andrzej Duda. Mentions anti-LGBT+; Marine le Pen; Mateus Morawiecki (PiS prime minister); Viktor Orban (prime minister of Hungary); the PiS (Law and Justice Party); and Matteo Salvini. Full text.

Ong, Kyler, and Raffaello Pantucci. “From fringe to mainstream: The extreme rightwing in Europe.” ORF – Expert Speak (Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi), July 1, 2020. Full text and here.

“Online Extremists Exploit Coronavirus Pandemic To Incite Violence & Encourage Terrorism.” Counter Extremism Project, Apr. 3, 2020. Full text.

Onnerfors, Andreas. “The Sinking of MS Estonia: The Swedish Radical Right’s Favorite Conspiracy.” Fair Observer, Jan. 14, 2020. Full text and here.

Orofino, Elisa. “Extreme and Non-Violent? Exploring the Threat Posed by Non-Violent Extremists.” European Eye on Radicalization, 14 July 2020. Mentions the conveyor belt theory (the hypothesis that non-violent extremist hate rhetoric against the state might trigger some individuals to commit violence); Generation Identity (GI) (non-violent French far-right extremist group); The Great Replacement (a white nationalist far-right conspiracy theory that the white autochthonous population will soon be replaced by non-European people — especially Muslim populations from Africa and the Middle East — through mass migration, demographic growth and a drop in the European birth rate); social movements (networks of interactions between a plurality of individuals, groups and/or organizations, engaged in political or cultural conflict, on the basis of a shared identity); and Brenton Tarrant (Christchurch, New Zealand, mosque killer). Full text.

Oskow, Noah. “China, the Japanese Far Right, and COVID-19.” Unseen Japan, July 23, 2020. Full text.

Owen, Tess. “Far-Right Extremists Are Hoping to Turn the George Floyd Protests Into a New Civil War.” VICE, May 29, 2020. Full text.

Owen, Tess. “These Far-Right Fringe Conspiracies Are Driving the Anti-Lockdown Protests.” VICE, 20 April 2020. Full text.

Owen, Tess. “The U.S. Military Has a Boogaloo Problem.” VICE, June 24, 2020. Full text.

Page, Clarence. “While Trump blames antifa, a menacing far-right ‘boogaloo’ movement rises.” Newsday, June 13, 2020. Full text.

Parker, Jade. “Accelerationism in America: Threat Perceptions.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 4 February 2020.  Full text.

Pemberton, Nathan Taylor. “What Do You Do When Extremism Comes for the Hawaiian Shirt?” The New York Times, June 29, 2020. On the adoption of the Hawaiian shirt as a symbol by members of the boogaloo movement. Full text.

Percival, Jennifer. “It’s not OK: White supremacy and Australia’s security services.” The Interpreter (The Lowy Institute, Sydney), 16 June 2020. Full text.

Perliger, Arie. “The ‘domestic terrorist’ designation won’t stop extremism.” The Conversation, June 28, 2020. Full text.

Petsinis, Vassilis. “Harnessing ‘the right within’ in Croatia and Greece.” openDemocracy, 4 February 2020. Full text.

Pineda, Khrysgiana. “The boogaloo movement is gaining momentum. Who are the boogaloo ‘bois’ and what do they want?” USA TODAY, June 19, 2020. Mentions anti-government; “Big Luau” (a code for the fall of society); “boogaloo” (a code word for the second civil war); the “boogaloo” movement (right-wing extremist group aimed at overthrowing the government); neo-Nazis; race war; white power; and white supremacists. Full text.

Plummer, Kate. “TikTok investigates far-right infiltration as hate videos rack up nearly a million views.” Scram News, April 17, 2020. Full text.

Podvršič, Ana, and Jaša Veselinovič. “The struggle against authoritarian liberalism is more urgent than ever. Epidemic and the far right on the European periphery.” CADTM (Committee for the Abolition of Illegitimate Debt), 13 July 2020. Full text and here and here and here.

Potok, Mark. “Anti-Asian Racism Amid COVID-19 Echoes US History Of Blaming Immigrants For Disease.” Rantt, April 7, 2020. Full text and here.

Potok, Mark. “The Radical Right’s Violent Hatred of Women.” Rantt, March 26, 2020. Full text and here.

Potok, Mark.  “Virginia Gun Rally Was Only Peaceful Because Of Preventative Measures.”  Rantt, January 28, 2020.  Full text and here.

Potok, Mark. “Why Prosecuting Jussie Smollett Is Important.” Rantt, February 26, 2020. Full text and here.

Purdue, Simon. “Foreign Fighters and the Global War for White Supremacy.” Simon Purdue, February 18, 2020. Full text and here.

Purdue, Simon. “Just Like Earl: William Luther Pierce and the Hero Complex of Far-Right Masculinity.” The Activist History Review, June 29, 2020. Full text.

Pytlas, Bartek. “The Polish Presidential Election 2020: which role does far-right politics (not) play?” “Right Now!” blog, C-REX – Center for Research on Extremism, July 2, 2020. Full text.

Raj, Kartik. “Human rights are at stake in Europe’s fight against nativist populism going mainstream.” Euronews, February 20, 2020. Full text and here.

Rao, B. Shruti. “The Moral Contours of the Political Right and the Left in India.” Chintan, May 2020. Full text.

Reid, Shannon, and Matthew Valasik. “Why are white supremacists protesting to ‘reopen’ the US economy?” The Conversation, April 28, 2020. Full text.

Renton, David. “Fascism: a pre-review.” lives; running, 3 May 2020. On Fascism: History and Theory, by David Renton. Full text.

“The Right Wing’s Favourite ‘Crazy Scientist’ – Professor Karol Sikora.” Far Right Watch, June 1, 2020. Full text.

“Rightwing terrorism is a threat for democracies.” The Financial Times, February 23, 2020. On the Hanau shooter. Mentions the Alternative for Germany (anti-immigrant party) and the assassination of politician Walter Lübcke by a rightwing extremist. Full text.

Rios, Edwin. “A DeVos-Linked Group Promoted the Right-Wing ‘Operation Gridlock’ Tantrum in Michigan.” Mother Jones, April 17, 2020. Mentions the Confederate flag; Betsy DeVos (Education Secretary and a Michigan billionaire philanthropist); Greg McNeilly (chairman and founder of Michigan Freedom Fund); the Michigan Conservative Coalition (conservative political group); the Michigan Freedom Fund (conservative group with ties to Betsy DeVos); the Michigan Liberty Militia (far-right group); Michigan Trump Republicans; “Operation Gridlock” (right-wing protest of Democratic Gov. Gretchen Whitmer’s shelter-in- place order and ban on public gatherings); the Proud Boys (far-right group); and Donald Trump. Full text.

Rivera Escartin, Adrià. “How populist radical right parties have eroded the EU’s human rights agenda in the Mediterranean.” LSE European Politics and Policy (EUROPP) Blog, February 3, 2020. Full text.

Robinson, Nathan J. “Isn’t ‘Right-Wing Populism’ Just Fascism?” Reader Supported News (RSN), 19 June 2020. Full text.

Rose, Steve. “How the word ‘woke’ was weaponised by the right.” The Guardian, 21 Jan. 2020. Full text.

Ross, Alexander Reid.  “America’s neo-Nazi Terrorists Have a Powerful New Patron: Vladimir Putin.”, Feb. 2, 2020.  Mentions acceleration; the Alternative for Germany (German far-right party); Devon Arthurs (co-founder of Atomwaffen Division); Aryan ethnostate in the Pacific Northwest (the idea of a rooted, ecologically-conscious white territory, first proposed by Harold Covington); Atomwaffen Division (violent neo-Nazi group started in 2015); The Base (U.S. neo-Nazi paramilitary group and race war inciters with an ethnostate ideology, run by Rinaldo Nazzaro); Christian Bouchet (of France’s New Resistance); “civilization-state”; Harold Covington (neo-Nazi ideologue and author of neo-Nazi fiction featuring the white separatist guerrilla struggle); Aleksandr Dugin (Russian fascist ideologue and propagator of “National Bolshevism”); Duginism; David Duke (ex-head of the Ku Klux Klan and former resident of Russia); Eurasian Youth Movement (fascist street gang founded by Aleksandr Dugin); Guillaume Faye (Identitarian); Fort-Russ (Duginist site); Freedom Party (Austrian far-right party); Sergei Glazyev (Dugin associate and Kremlin advisor on Eurasian integration); Christopher Hasson (Coast Guard member and violent fascist); Robert Heick (of the American Front); Matthew Heimbach (founder of the Traditionalist Worker Party); Adolf Hitler; the International Third Position Federation (online forum); Iron March (Russia-based forum created by Mukhitdinov and friends, dedicated to upgrading international far right collaboration); Jobbik (Hungarian far-right party); Ku Klux Klan; Lega (Italian far-right party); Eduard Limonov (Russian fascist and National Bolshevik ideologue); Timothy McVeigh (1995 Oklahoma City bomber); Alisher Mukhitdinov (“Alexander Slavros”) (fascist and co-creator of the International Third Position Federation and Iron March); National Action (violent UK far right network); “National Bolshevism” (a violent form of Russian fascism that synthesized Soviet-style socialism with ultranationalist geopolitics); National Rally (French far-right party); National Revolutionaries; Rinaldo Nazzaro (U.S.-born fascist and Russia-based leader of The Base); the Nordic Resistance Movement (Swedish fascist group); “Operation Kristallnacht” (2019 Base campaign to “tag” synagogues with swastikas); The Order (1980s neo-Nazi terrorist group); Partizan (paramilitary group of the Russian Imperial Movement); Vladimir Putin; race war; “Right Wing International”; Rodina (Dugin-founded party); Brandon Russell (co-founder of Atomwaffen Division); the Russian Imperial Movement (ultranationalist organization actively involved in the Russian war in eastern Ukraine and whose current geopolitical aim is to create a “Right Wing International”); “Alexander Slavros” (Alisher Mukhitdinov) (a fascist creator of the International Third Position Federation); Sputnik (pro-Russia site); Gregor Strasser (Hitler’s second-in-command); Otto Strasser (post-WWII proponent of a “third way” that synthesized ultranationalism and socialism); Vladislav Surkov (Putin’s deputy); swastikas; Tempel ov Blood (syncretic Satanist cult connected to Atomwaffen and to Duginism); third positionism (“Strasserism”) (a “third way” that synthesized ultranationalism and socialism); the Traditionalist Worker Party (far-right neo-Nazi group); Unz Review (white nationalist site); Sam Woodward (Atomwaffen Division member and accused murderer of Blaze Bernstein); and the World National-Conservative Movement (international network of fascists and far-right populists).  Full text.

Ross, Alexander Reid. “Remembering Kevin Coogan.” Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right Blog, April 29, 2020. Full text.

Russell-Jones, Lily. “QAnon: The far-right conspiracy theory taking hold of Republicans.” Shout Out UK, 8 July 2020. Full text.

Sales, Ben. “White supremacists work together, united by hatred of Jews, immigrants.” Jerusalem Post, February 21, 2020. Mentions American Renaissance (white supremacist publication); Andrew Anglin (publisher of the Daily Stormer); Atomwaffen Division (white supremacist group); the Azov Battalion (Ukrainian paramilitary unit with ultranationalist elements); Andres Breivik (attacker who killed 77 people in Norway in 2011); Renaud Camus (French writer who coined the term the Great Replacement); Christchurch, New Zealand, mosque shooter; the Daily Stormer (neo-Nazi publication); 8chan (platform shut down following the El Paso shooting); El Paso shooter; Gab (social network); GoyFundMe (white supremacist internet fundraising platform); Great Replacement theory (the theory that Western countries and their white populations are under attack from a mass immigration of nonwhite immigrants orchestrated by Jews); Hatreon (white supremacist internet fundraising platform); Ku Klux Klan; National Alliance (American white supremacist group); Viktor Orbán (Hungarian Prime Minister); William Pierce (head of the National Alliance); Pittsburgh synagogue shooter; Poway, California, synagogue shooter; Vladimir Putin (Russian President); the Rise Above Movement (white supremacist group in California); Richard Spencer (white supremacist); and the Unite the White rally (white supremacist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, in 2017). Full text.

Samaras, Georgios. “Has the coronavirus proved a crisis too far for Europe’s far-right outsiders?” The Conversation, July 17, 2020. Mentions AfD (German far-right party); Greek Solution (Greek far-right group); Marine Le Pen (National Rally leader); the National Rally (French far-right party); Matteo Salvini (leader of the League party); and Vox (Spanish far-right party). Full text and here and here.

Savage, Charlie, Adam Goldman, and Eric Schmitt. “U.S. Will Give Terrorist Label to White Supremacist Group for First Time.” The New York Times, April 6, 2020. On the Russian Imperial Movement. Full text.

Schlegel, Linda. “Jumanji Extremism? The Potential Role of Gamification and Games in Radicalisation Processes.” VOX – Pol, July 8, 2020. Full text.

Schlegel, Linda. “Points, Rankings & Raiding the Sorcerer’s Dungeon: Top-down and Bottom-up Gamification of Radicalization and Extremist Violence.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 17 February 2020. Full text.

Schlegel, Linda.  “‘War Isn’t Hell; It’s Entertainment’: The Potential Role of Video Games in Radicalisation Processes.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 3 April 2020. Full text.

Schulman, Ari. “The Coronavirus and the Right’s Scientific Counterrevolution.” The New Republic, June 15, 2020. Mentions the eugenics movement; Boris Johnson; Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (left-wing anti-vaxxer); Judy Mikovits (the former virus researcher featured in the documentary Plandemic); Plague of Corruption: Restoring Faith in the Promise of Science (book by Judy Mikovits); S. Fred Singer (climate-change skeptic); and Donald Trump. Full text.

Schwörer, Jakob, and Xavier Romero-Vidal. “Religious discourses in Europe: how different is the Far-Right?” “Right Now!” blog, C-REX – Center for Research on Extremism, Mar. 3, 2020. Full text.

Scott, Mark, and Steven Overly. “Conspiracy theorists, far-right extremists around the world seize on the pandemic.” POLITICO, May 12, 2020. Full text.

Scrivens, Ryan. “Exploring Radical Right-Wing Posting Behaviours Online.” GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 15 July 2020. Full text.

Sengul, Kurt. “Pauline Hanson built a political career on white victimhood and brought far-right rhetoric to the mainstream.” The Conversation, June 21, 2020. Full text and here.

Serhan, Yasmeen. “A Far-Right Warning From Germany.” The Atlantic, February 19, 2020. Mentions the Alternative for Germany (AfD) (German far-right party); cordon sanitaire against the far right in Germany; Freedom Party (Austrian far-right party); Jean-Marie Le Pen (France’s former far-right leader); League (Italian far-right party); and Matteo Salvini (League leader). Full text.

Shekhovtsov, Anton. “Foreign right-wing terrorism and American politics.” Tango Noir, 9 April 2020. On the US State Department designation of the Russian Imperial Movement (RIM), an extreme-right terrorist group, as Specially Designated Global Terrorists (SDGT). Mentions Azov Battalion (an official regiment of the Ukrainian National Guard); Blood & Honour (terrorist organization); British National Action (terrorist organization); Combat 18 (terrorist organization); Viktor Melin (Swedish neo-Nazi); Scandinavian Nordic Resistance Movement (NRM) (terrorist organization); and Anton Thulin (Swedish neo-Nazi). Full text.

Singh, Ajit. “Inside the World Uyghur Congress: The US-backed right-wing regime change network seeking the ‘fall of China.'” The Grayzone, March 5, 2020. On the World Uyghur Congress (WUC), a US-funded and directed separatist network that has forged alliances with far-right ethno-nationalist groups. Mentions Sheldon Adelson (ultra-Zionist Republican casino baron); the Adelson Institute for Strategic Studies (Israeli outfit); Erkin Alptekin (WUC founder and its first president); Isa Yusuf Alptekin (founding father of the Uyghur separatist movement); Kuzzat Altay (nephew of Reibya Kadeer and current UAA president); Armenian genocide denial; Bnei Akiva (ultra-Zionist organization); Devlet Bahçeli (Turkish MHP party leader); the Board of Deputies of British Jews (right-wing British Israeli lobby group); Booz Allen (private US military and intelligence contractor); George W. Bush; captive nations; Chiang Kai-shek (KMT leader); the “Chinese war of world conquest”; Ted Cruz (right-wing Republican senator); Richard Grenell (anti-China acting Director of National Intelligence); the Dalai Lama (U.S-backed, CIA-funded figurehead for Tibetan separatism); Recep Tayyip Erdogan (Turkish president); the Grey Wolves (violent far-right Turkish organization and MHP’s paramilitary arm); Dolkun Isa (current WUC president); Rebiya Kadeer (former WUC president); Omer Kanat (WUC’s Chairman of the Executive Committee); Ilshat Hassan Kokbore (former WUC president); Kuomintang (KMT) (nationalist Chinese administration during the Chinese Civil War); miscegenation (intermarriage between Han Chinese and Uyghur Muslims); the National Endowment for Democracy (NED) (taxpayer-funded organization which has funded the WUC); Nationalist Action Party (MHP) far-right Turkish party); Richard Nixon; Operation Gladio (US and NATO-backed network of “stay behind” anti-communist paramilitary groups); Prague Security Studies Institute (a think tank that aims to advance free-market societies in post-communist states); Radio Free Asia (RFA) (US government-run news agency created by the CIA during the Cold War); Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) (US government-run news agency created by the CIA during the Cold War); Ronald Reagan; Alim Seytoff (former WUC president); Alparslan Türkes (fascistic, ultra-nationalist MHP leader and co-founder of the Turkish cell of Operation Gladio); the Uyghur American Association (UAA) (Washington, D.C.-based affiliate of the WUC, funded by the NED); Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation (far-right foundation established by the US government). Full text.

Slobodian, Quinn. “How the libertarian right plans to profit from the pandemic.” The Guardian, 1 June 2020. Full text.

Smith, Martin, and Tash Shifrin. “Analysis: far right racist DFLA hits disaster in the age of Black Lives Matter.” Dream Deferred, 19 June 2020. On the far right Democratic Football Lads Alliance (DFLA). Full text.

Sofos, Spyros. “Charting the waters: populism as a gendered phenomenon.” openDemocracy, 27 January 2020. Full text.

Sold, Manjana, and Clara-Auguste Süß.  “The Coronavirus as a Means to an End: Extremist Reinterpretations of the Pandemic.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 8 April 2020. Full text.

Sollenberger, Roger. “Hate groups cashed in on pandemic relief before millions of Americans protested for social change.” Salon, July 10, 2020. Full text and here and here.

“SPLC Investigation: Far-right OANN Anchor Jack Posobiec’s Rise Tied to White Supremacist Movement.” Southern Poverty Law Center, July 8, 2020. Full text.

Spoonley, Paul. “Far-right extremists still threaten New Zealand, a year on from the Christchurch attacks.” The Conversation, 10 Mar. 2020. Full text and here.

Spratt, Vicky. “The Very Real Threat Of The Far Right In The UK.” Refinery29 UK, 6 July 2020. Full text.

Squire, Megan. “Alt-Tech & the Radical Right, Part 3: Why Do Hate Groups and Terrorists Love Telegram?” Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right Blog, February 23, 2020. Full text.

Stanley-Becker, Isaac, and Tony Romm. “The anti-quarantine protests seem spontaneous. But behind the scenes, a powerful network is helping.” The Washington Post, April 22, 2020. Mentions Americans for Prosperity (Koch-backed advocacy group); William P. Barr (U.S. attorney general); Ben Carson (secretary of housing and urban development); Citizens for Self-Governance (the parent organization of the Convention of States project, funded by the Mercer Family Foundation); climate change denial; Convention of States (initiative founded in 2015 to push for a convention that would add a balanced-budget amendment to the Constitution with a donation from the family foundation of Robert Mercer but is helping to coordinate anti-quarantine protests); Ken Cuccinelli (acting director of U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services); Ron DeSantis (the Republican governor of Florida and a close Trump ally); Betsy DeVos (Education Secretary); DonorsTrust (a tax-exempt financial conduit for right-wing causes that does not disclose its contributors); Tim Dunn (oil executive and board vice chairman of the Texas Public Policy Foundation); FreedomWorks (a libertarian advocacy group also active in the tea party movement); Heritage Foundation (right-leaning foundation); the Idaho Freedom Foundation (foundation encouraging anti-quarantine protests); “Join or Die” snake woodcut (emblematic of the Revolutionary War and later adopted by the tea party movement); the John Hancock Committee for the States (the group behind the Convention of States); Meshawn Maddock (Trump campaign’s advisory board member and an organizer of “Operation Gridlock”); Greg McNeilly (head of the Michigan Freedom Fund and a longtime adviser to the family of Betsy DeVos); Mark Meckler (co-founder of the Tea Party Patriots and president of the Convention of States); Robert Mercer (billionaire hedge fund manager and Republican patron); the Mercer Family Foundation; the Michigan Freedom Fund; Stephen Moore (a Trump campaign adviser in 2016 and former Heritage Foundation employee); Eric O’Keefe (board president of Citizens for Self-Governance); “Open the States” (online campaign by the Convention of States); “Operation Gridlock”; Brooke Rollins (former president of the Texas Public Policy Foundation); Emily Seidel (chief executive of Americans for Prosperity); the tea party movement; the Tea Party Patriots; the Texas Public Policy Foundation (Austin-based conservative think tank); President Trump; and the “Women for Trump” coalition. Full text.

Stone, Dan. “COVID-19 Could Be A Harbinger Of Authoritarianism.” Rantt, May 1, 2020. Full text and here.

Stone, Dan. “The legacy of Wannsee on today’s radical right.” openDemocracy, 28 January 2020. Full text and here.

Striker, Eric. “Trove of Leaked FBI, Fusion Center and DHS Documents Provide Insight Into Antifa, Charlottesville, Political Bias, and the Erosion of Civil Liberties.” National Justice, July 10, 2020. Full text and here.

Sullivan, Mark. “I joined Parler, the right-wing echo chamber’s new favorite alt-Twitter.” Fast Company, June 27, 2020. Mentions Dan Bongino (Fox News contributor); Ted Cruz; Carpe Donktum (hate meme artist); Gab (right-wing network); Rudy Giuliani; Mark Levin; Laura Loomer; Michelle Malkin; John Matze (Parler co-creator); Parler (alternative social network); Jared Thomson (Parler co-creator); Donald Trump; Donald Trump Jr.; Eric Trump; Milo Yiannopoulos (former Breitbart editor). Full text.

Sunshine, Spencer. “How the US far right eggs the plague on.” Toward Freedom, May 2, 2020. Mentions accelerationism (neo-Nazi strategy of making things worse so their faction can take advantage of the chaos); the alt lite (the moderate wing of the alt right); anti-quarantine protests; anti-vaxxer activists; “Boogaloo” (alt right slang for an armed civil war); Ammon Bundy (leader of a 2016 armed militia occupation in Burns, Oregon); Covid-19 pandemic “hoax” (conspiracy theory); Betsy DeVos (Education Secretary); Dorr family (wealthy conservative family which operates pro-gun and anti-abortion groups); Joey Gibson (of Patriot Prayer); Hawaiian shirts (a coded reference to the boogaloo (the “Big Luau”); Infowars (Alex Jones’s popular far right conspiracy platform); the Michigan Freedom Fund; the Michigan Liberty Militia; the Proud Boys (violent group); Matt Shea (a member of the Washington state legislature who has close ties with militias and whose writings justify murder and theocracy); Donald Trump; white nationalists; and Timothy Wilson (neo-Nazi allegedly on the way to bomb a local hospital, killed by police). Full text.

Sunshine, Spencer. ‘The Long Arm of the American Nazi Party Reaches the 2020 Illinois Primary.” Truthout, March 16, 2020. Full text.

Sweeney, Chris. “Leader of ultra-right militia The Three Percenters General BloodAgent predicts end of America by 2021 and warns of new civil war.” RT USA News, 4 July 2020. On Chris Hill, also known as General BloodAgent, commanding officer of the III% Security Force’s Georgia branch. Mentions the Three Percenters (a U.S.-wide constitutional whose name originated from claims that only three percent of colonists took up arms against Britain in the American revolution). Full text.

Sweet, Matthew. “The enemy without.” Standpoint, 10 July 2020. Mentions anti-5G campaign; The Corbett Report (conspiracy website); Covid-19 conspiracy theories; Executive Intelligence Review (news magazine of the LaRouche organisation); False Flag operations; Bill Gates; David Icke; Alex Jones (conspiracy theorist and InfoWars website host); Bill Jones (Washington bureau chief of Executive Intelligence Review); Lyndon Hermyle LaRouche; Narendra Modi; the New World Order; The Protocols of the Elders of Zion; Vladimir Putin; Ronald Reagan; Tommy Robinson (far-right agitator); Nelson Rockefeller; George Soros; and Donald Trump. Full text.

Szczerbiak, Aleks. “What are the prospects for Poland’s radical right Confederation?” LSE European Politics and Policy (EUROPP) blog, 6 Jan. 2020. Full text.

Tait, Joshua. “Why Would Anyone Want to Be a Neoliberal?” Arc Digital, Jan 25, 2020. Mentions Adam Smith Institute; America Firsters; Sam Bowman (former executive director of the Adam Smith Institute); Brexit; Tucker Carlson; Conor Duffy (Irish neoliberal); Milton Friedman (neoliberal economist); “globalists” (the anti-Semitism-tainted insult favored by the Trumpist right); Friedrich Hayek (neoliberal economist); Jeremiah Johnson (a director of the Neoliberal Project and host of the Neoliberal Podcast); Julius Krein (dissident right-winger); Emmanuel Macron; the Mont Pelerin Society; Colin Mortimer (a director of the Neoliberal Project and co-runner of @Ne0liberal); Madsen Pirie (British thinker associated with the Adam Smith Institute); Marco Rubio; Alexander Rüstow (German economist who coined the term “neoliberalism”); Noah Smith (Bloomberg columnist); Donald Trump; and Ludwig von Mises (neoliberal economist). Full text.

Tamkin, Emily. “The right is trying to link George Soros and George Floyd protests. Don’t let it.” THINK – NBC News Digital, June 5, 2020. Full text.

Tanner, Chuck, and Devin Burghart. “Dangerous Liaisons: Some in law enforcement look to militia groups.” Institute for Research and Education on Human Rights (IREHR), June 4, 2020. Full text.

Teitelbaum, Benjamin. “Covid-19 Is the Crisis Radical ‘Traditionalists’ Have Been Waiting For.” The Nation, April 8, 2020. Full text.

Thayer, Nate.  “U.S. Nazi domestic terrorist vowing a race war on the loose.”  Nate Thayer Blog, January 6, 2020.  Mentions Asgardsrei (a festival featuring several National Socialist black metal bands); Atomwaffen Division (neo-Nazi terrorist organization based in the United States); Robert Bowers (neo-Nazi terrorist and Tree of Life synagogue killer in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania); Kaleb James Cole (Washington state cell leader and chief propagandist of Atomwaffen Division; a white supremacist who advocates indiscriminate church and school shootings to spark a race war); John Cameron Denton (Texas cell leader for Atomwaffen Division); Esoteric Hitlerism (a form of Satanism practiced by adherents to Hitler); James Alex Fields (white nationalist and convicted killer); Adolf Hitler; “Iron Gates” (a post-apocalyptic novel of rape, pedophilia, genocide, and other atrocities, made required reading for the Atomwaffen Division); Ted Kaczynski (Unabomber); Charles Manson (killer); Timothy McVeigh (Oklahoma City bomber); ‘Nythra’ aka Aiden Bruce-Umbaugh (Washington state cell member of Atomwaffen Division); Dylan Roof (white supremacist, domestic terrorist, and mass murderer); Satanic Temple of Blood (extremist group that practices human sacrifice); the ‘Unite the Right’ rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, in August 2017; and Vanguard America (Nazi extremist group).  Full text.

Thielman, Sam. “How do you stop the far-right using the Punisher skull? Make it a Black Lives Matter symbol.” The Guardian, 11 June 2020. On the skull symbol of Marvel’s comic-book outlaw the Punisher as appropriated by white supremacists. Full text.

Thuns, Mattias. “The Growing Threat of Far-Right Terrorism in Canada.” Nouvelle News, July 6, 2020. Full text.

Timberg, Craig. “As Trump warns of leftist violence, a dangerous threat emerges from the right-wing boogaloo movement.” The Washington Post, June 17, 2020. Full text and here.

Tony. “Orban’s Hungary and the right wing attack on gender ideology.” Freer Lives, July 4, 2020. Full text.

Trilling, Daniel. “The real story behind Britain’s far right is how their ideas became mainstream.” The Guardian, 18 June 2020. Full text.

Tsagkroni, Vasiliki. “The Circle of History in Radical-Right Symbolism.” Fair Observer, July 2, 2020. Full text.

Tsagkroni, Vasiliki.  “The dusk after the dawn: fall of a Greek Neo-Nazi party.”  openDemocracy, 17 January 2020.  On the Golden Dawn party in Greece.  Full text and here.

Tsagkroni, Vasiliki. “Islamophobic Far-Right Counter-Jihad Movement Has Expanded.” Rantt, March 11, 2020. Full text and here.

Turenko, Artem, and Andrei Tarasov. “The Alternative for Germany Representation Claiming: Failure or Success?” Oxford Political Review (OPR), July 2, 2020. Full text.

“Understanding the Rise of Far-Right Militias.” May Day Student Organization, July 24, 2020. Full text.

Valasik, Matthew, and Shannon Reid. “Why are white supremacists protesting the deaths of black people?” The Conversation, June 5, 2020. Full text.

Valencia-García, Louie Dean. “Amid COVID-19, Trump Attempts To Rewrite History.” Rantt, April 14, 2020. Full text and here.

Valencia-García, Louie Dean. “Lessons From The Spanish Civil War For A Divided Left.” Rantt, April 18, 2020. Full text.

Valencia-García, Louie Dean. “Pop Stars Are Combating The Radical Right In New Ways.” Rantt, February 2, 2020. Full text and here.

van der Veer, Renske. “Analysing personal accounts of perpetrators of incel violence: what do they want and who do they target?” ICCT Perspectives, 4 June 2020. Full text.

van der Vegt, Isabelle.  “The Temporal Evolution of a Far-Right Forum.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 5 March 2020. Full text.

van Kessel, Stijn. “Most populist radical right parties across Europe are not eager to leave the EU.” Democratic Audit UK, 6 March 2020. Full text.

van Kessel, Stijn. “Populist radical right parties across Europe not eager to leave the EU.” UK in a changing Europe, 4 March 2020. Full text.

van Kessel, Stijn, Javier Sajuria, and Steven M. Van Hauwaert. “Populist party supporters: Informed, uninformed or misinformed?” EUROPP, May 29, 2020. Full text.

Vayez, Aaliyah. “The pandemic creates ideal conditions for the rise of populism.” The Mail & Guardian, 15 May 2020. Full text.

Viana, Natalia. “The FBI, the Fusion Center, and the Far Right: US creep in Brazil.” Agência Pública, 4 May 2020. Full text.

Vidler, Adam. “The mystery at the heart of young Australians joining the far-right.” 9news, July 26, 2020. Full text.

Volk, Sabine. “Germany: is the COVID-19 pandemic weakening the far right?” openDemocracy, 30 March 2020. Full text and here.

von der Burchard, Hans, Hannah Roberts, Barbara Moens, and Maïa de la Baume, “Europe’s Far Right Knows How To Waste a Good Crisis.” Politico Europe, April 27, 2020. Full text.

Wakabayashi, Daisuke, Davey Alba and Marc Tracy. “Bill Gates, at Odds With Trump on Virus, Becomes a Right-Wing Target.” The New York Times, April 17, 2020. On false Gates conspiracy theories, such as Gates planned to use a pandemic to wrest control of the global health system; or a global elite had banded together to create the coronavirus; or there is plot to use the illness to cull or surveil the global population with microchip vaccination implants. Mentions Laura Ingraham (conservative pundit); Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (anti-vaccinator and a director of the Children’s Health Defense network); Roger J. Stone Jr. (Trump confidant); and President Trump. Full text.

Wallner, Claudia, and Jessica White. “The Far-Right and Coronavirus: Extreme Voices Amplified by the Global Crisis.” Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), 30 April 2020. Full text.

Waring, Alan. “Can the Radical Right’s Reductionist Narrative Withstand Real-World Complexity?” Fair Observer, Apr. 24, 2020. Full text and here.

Waring, Alan. “The Similarities In Far-Right Islamophobia And Anti-Semitism.” Rantt, July 15, 2020. Full text.

Wasser, Matthias. “Can anything be done against radical right misinformation?” openDemocracy, 12 May 2020. Full text and here.

Wegener, Friederike. “The Globalisation of Right-Wing Copycat Attacks.”  GNET – Global Network on Extremism & Technology, 16 March 2020.  Full text.

Weinberg, Leonard. “Two Deaths Raise the Specter of Lynching in California.” Fair Observer, July 16, 2020. Mentions Aryan Nations (and Church of Jesus Christ Christian) (Hayden Lake, Idaho-based radical-right group); Atomwaffen Division (violent neo-Nazi group); British-Israelism (a religious doctrine that asserted British people were the descendants of the 10 lost tribes of Israel); Richard Girnt Butler (Aryan Nations founder); the California Anti-Communist League (racist and anti-Semitic organization); Christian Identity (postwar American religion of identity); Christian National Crusade (racist and anti-Semitic organization); Feurkrieg Division (violent neo-Nazi group); the Ku Klux Klan; the Nazi Low Riders (NLR) (Aryan Brotherhood offshoot and violent white supremacist group); Gerald L.K. Smith (prominent anti-Semitic preacher); and Wesley A. Swift (anti-Semitic preacher). Full text.

Weiner, Rebecca Ulam. “The Growing White Supremacist Menace. COVID-19 Has Been a Boon for Far-Right Extremists.” Foreign Affairs, June 23, 2020. Full text.

Werleman, C.J. “How coronavirus could escalate Europe’s far-right terror threat.” Middle East Eye, 17 April 2020. Full text.

Werleman, C.J. “Is the United States on the Brink of Another Civil War?” Byline Times, 1 June 2020. Full text.

Wernick, Adam. “How science denial on the political right hampers the US response to COVID-19.” The World from PRX, April 22, 2020. Full text.

West, Tyler. “The Birth of a Modern Far Right in New Zealand: The Post-War Years, 1950s-1980s.” The Ice Bloc, July 14, 2020. Mentions Einer Aberg (Swedish anti-Semite); Action (British Union of Fascists paper); Aid Rhodesia Movement (organisation founded by Lieutenant-Colonel A.C.R. Elderton); the American Nazi Party; Sir Ernest Andrews (ex-Mayor of Christchurch); Apartheid; the “Asiatic problem” in South Africa; the Australian League of Rights; the Australian National Socialist Party (ANSP); the “Boer genocide” theory; Kerry Bolton (National Front member and director, founder of the Democratic Nationalist Party (1975) before folding it to join the National Front, and co-founder of New Force/Nationalist Workers Party (1981/1983) and the New Zealand Church of Odin (1980)); the British League of Empire Loyalists (organisation founded in October 1954 by A.K. Chesterton); the British National Party; British Union of Fascists; Eric Butler (the Australian League of Rights founder); Candour (the unofficial paper of the League of Empire Loyalists, founded in 1953); Kyle Chapman (New Zealand political activist); A.K. Chesterton (a founding member of Oswald Mosley’s British Union of Fascists and founder of the British League of Empire Loyalists and Candour); Chiang Kai-shek; Joy Clapham (League of Rights member and politician); Roger Clare; Column 88; the Conservative Party; the Council for a Free New Zealand (New Zealand organisation); David Crawford (National Front member and director); the Crown Commonwealth League; De Wykeham de Louth (Australian holocaust denier); the Democratic Nationalist Party; the Dominion Movement; Major C.H. Douglas (founder of Social Credit); the Earl of Buchan; Lieutenant-Colonel A.C.R. Elderton (veteran and former National Party secretary); Federated Farmers; the Friends of South Africa; George Gair (New Zealand National Party cabinet minister); Greater Britain Movement (John Tyndall’s group); Guardian (Social Credit paper); Keith Holyoake (New Zealand Prime Minister); Institute for Alternative Energy (New Zealand organisation); the Institute for Economic Democracy (a League of Rights front); Colin King-Ansell (National Socialist Party of New Zealand leader); the League of Rights; the League of St. George; Jeremy Lee (the National Secretary of the Institute for Economic Democracy); Geoff McDonald (New Zealand League activist); George Moira ((National Front member); Oswald Mosley; Rob Muldoon (New Zealand Prime Minister); the National Front (neo-Nazi organisation); the National Party (the main conservative party in New Zealand); the National Socialist Party of New Zealand; the New Democrat Party; the New Force/Nationalist Workers Party; the New Zealand-Rhodesia Society; the New Zealand Church of Odin; New Zealand First (1981 pamphlet by the League of Rights); the New Zealand League; the New Zealand National Front; the New Zealand Rhodesia Society; the New Zealand section of the British League of Empire Loyalists; Plain Talk (social credit publisher and the most important distributor of anti-Semitic tracts in New Zealand); the Racial Preservation Society; George Lincoln Rockwell (American Nazi Party leader); Captain H.M. Rushworth (MP for the Bay of Islands from 1928 to 1938 for the Country Party, a social credit sympathiser and an influence on some of the later extreme right); the Social Credit Association (the main body of the movement); the social credit movement in New Zealand; the Social Credit Political League (SCPL); the Society for the Protection of Individual Rights (SPIR); the Southern Africa Friends Association (organisation founded by Lieutenant-Colonel A.C.R. Elderton); South Africa Friendship Foundation (New Zealand organisation); Tax Reduction Integrity Movement (New Zealand organisation); Tax Revolt Association of New Zealand (New Zealand organisation); B.B. Thompson (League activist and founder of the Association Defending South African Tours (1972) and the Friends of Chile (1976)); Truth About Southern Africa (pro-apartheid New Zealand organisation); John Tyndall; the Unilateral Declaration of Independence by Rhodesia in 1966 ; Union Movement (Mosley’s group); Voters’ Association (New Zealand organisation); Western Destiny Publications (far-right publisher); the White New Zealand League; the World Anti-Communist League; and Zenith Applied Philosophy (Christchurch based right-wing libertarian quasi-cult organisation). Full text

“White Supremacists and Far-Right Militias Rallying at Stone Mountain, August 15th.” It’s Going Down, July 20, 2020. Mentions the American National Socialist Workers Party (ANSWP) (a split from the NSM); American Patriots USA (APUSA) (ostensibly pro-Trump organization led by Chester Doles); Gutzon Borglum (sculptor with close links to the Ku Klux Klan); Michael Carothers (AKA Michael Weaver) (Georgia racist organizer and a former member of the National Alliance); the Civil Rights movement; Confederate monuments; The “Confederate States III% militia” (CS III%) (Paragould, Arkansas-based militia group); “Crew 38” (the feeder club for the Hammerskins); Robert Timothy Dickenson (the “Chaplain” of American Patriots USA and a former member of the Original Knight Riders, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan); Chester Doles (longtime white supremacist and former KKK leader); Debbie J. Guin (“Dab Demere”) (CS III% co-head); the Hammerskins (violent racist gang); Chris Hill (Georgia-based III% SF leader); Rodney Huffman (CS III% co-head); Lucretia Hughes (Black pro-Trump commentator); Ku Klux Klan; League of the South (white supremacist group); Robert E. Lee; National Alliance (formerly the largest neo-Nazi organization); the National Socialist Movement (NSM) (a neo-Nazi group); neo-Nazism; the Original Knight Riders, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan; “Protect the South”; “Rock Stone Mountain” (an explicitly white power demonstration in April 2016); Dylann Roof (white supremacist murderer of nine Black people at the Emanuel AME Church in Charleston, South Carolina); Adam Wesley Sitton (administrator of the “Protect the South” Facebook page and former NSM and ANSWP member); Stormfront (white power forum linked to almost a hundred murders); the III% Security Force (III% SF) (III% organization that had an armed presence at other Stone Mountain rallies); the “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, 2017; “Unite the Right II” in Washington, DC, the 2018; Jovanni Valle (Hitler-loving); VKontakte (VK) (social media); “White Information Network” (Michael Carothers’ blog); “white power”; and the white supremacist movement. Full text.

Wiener, Don. “Right-Wing PragerU Triples Revenue in Two Years.” PR Watch, January 16, 2020. On right-wing radio host Dennis Prager, who founded and is president of the Prager University Foundation. Mentions Sheldon Adelson; the Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation; DonorsTrust (the ATM of the Koch political network); Adolf Hitler; Lee Roy Mitchell (Koch ally); Candace Owens (former Turning Point USA Communications Director); David Prager (Dennis Prager’s son); Donald Trump; and Dan and Farris Wilks. Full text.

Wiggen, Mette. “COVID-19 Casts a Shadow Over Swedish Exceptionalism.” Fair Observer, May 21, 2020. Full text and here.

Wiggen, Mette. “With the Collapse of a Right-Wing Coalition, Has Norway Turned Its Populist Tide?” Fair Observer, Feb. 5, 2020. Full text and here.

Wilson, Jason. “Plandemic: how the debunked movie by discredited researcher Judy Mikovits went viral.” The Guardian, 14 May 2020. Full text.

Wilson, Jason. “The rightwing Christian preachers in deep denial over Covid-19’s danger.” The Guardian, 4 Apr. 2020. Mentions Chuck Baldwin (Montana pastor, former politician and purveyor of conspiracy theories about “Zionist influence” in the media); Kenneth Copeland (Texas-based “prosperity gospel” preacher); Ralph Drollinger (Bible study leader for Trump cabinet members); First Things (rightwing Catholic-aligned religious journal); Rodney Howard-Browne (Pentecostal pastor and conspiracy theorist); Jeremiah Johnson (would-be prophet); Roy Moore (pastor, former Alabama supreme court judge and failed Trump-backed Alabama Senate candidate); R.R. Reno (First Things editor); Lance Walnau (self-described prophet); and Paula White-Cain (Trump’s spiritual adviser). Full text.

Wilson, Jason. “The rightwing groups behind wave of protests against Covid-19 restrictions.” The Guardian, 17 Apr. 2020. Mentions Ammon Bundy (leader of the militia occupation of the Malheur national wildlife refuge in 2016); Castle Rock (Adolph Coors-supported foundation); Adolph Coors (rightwing beer magnate); Betsy DeVos (Trump cabinet member); Donors Capital Fund (fund linked to the Koch brothers); Joey Gibson (far-right protest leader); the Idaho Freedom Foundation (IFF); Trevor Loudon (New Zealand-based anti-communist speaker and author); the Michigan Conservative Coalition (Republican-connected not-for-profit); the Michigan Freedom Fund (not-for-profit group linked to Betsy DeVos); the Michigan Liberty Militia; Patriot Front (white nationalist group); Pastor Ken Peters; the Proud Boys (street-fighting rightwing group); Mindy Robinson (actor, Maga personality, and congressional candidate); Phil Robinson (Michigan Liberty Militia leader); Diego Rodriguez (Idaho businessman, pastor and one-time Republican state senate candidate); Matt Shea (Washington state representative); and the 3% of Washington. Full text.

Wilson, Jason. “White nationalist has long worked at conservative outlets under real name.” The Guardian, 3 Feb. 2020. On “Paul Kersey,” a prominent author and activist, who is actually Michael J. Thompson. Full text.

Wineinger, Catherine. “How do right-wing women advocate for increased representation within parties that reject identity politics?” British Politics and Policy at LSE Blog, July 1, 2020. Full text.

Woods, Eric. “Right-Wing Extremists’ New Weapon.” Lawfare, March 15, 2020. On extreme right terrorists’ growing interest in homemade firearms. Full text.

Woodward, Alex. “Why far-right protesters are wearing Hawaiian print.” The Independent, 29 May 2020. Full text.

Zanotti, Lisa, and José Rama. “Spain and the populist radical right: Will Vox become a permanent feature of the Spanish party system?” LSE European Politics and Policy (EUROPP) Blog, March 2, 2020. Full text.

Zhou, Steven. “Coronavirus Conspiracies Give Boost to Canada’s Far-Right.” Foreign Policy, May 18, 2020. Full text.


Arzheimer, Kai. “The Far Right Bibliography: the pandemic (aka spring 2020) update.” Kai Arzheimer blog, Apr. 16, 2020. Full text.

Documentaries about the far right. C-REX – Center for Research on Extremism, 2020. Full text.

Fiction movies and TV Series about the far right. C-REX – Center for Research on Extremism, 2020. Full text.

Lee, Benjamin J. “Literature on XRW Radicalisation.” May 14, 2020. Full text.

Martin, Nick R. “A boogaloo reading list.” The Informant, July 9, 2020. Full text.

Tinnes, Judith. “Bibliography: Internet-Driven Right-Wing Terrorism.” Perspectives on Terrorism 14.3 (June 2020): 168-189. Full text and here.


Jhaveri, Ishaan, and George Civeris. “The Tow Center COVID-19 Newsletter: Political Symbols at Demonstrations.” Columbia Journalism Review, June 2, 2020. On an app called VizPol which identifies political symbols in real-time. Full text.

Scire, Sarah. “VizPol takes a cue from bird-watching apps to help journalists identify unfamiliar political symbols.” Nieman Journalism Lab, June 3, 2020. On VizPol, an app that aims to help journalists covering demonstrations identify emblems in real time. Full text.


Digital Terrorism and Hate Project. Los Angeles: Simon Wiesenthal Center, 2020. Database.

Distributed Denial of Secrets (DdoS). “Project Whispers.” Apr. 30, 2020. A searchable database of close to 10 million internal messages from over 100 Discord servers run by neo-Nazis and QAnon conspiracy theorists. Database.

Emanuele, Vincenzo. “Dataset of New Parties and Party System Innovation in Western Europe since 1945.” Centro Italiano Studi Elettorali (CISE), 28 November 2016. Description. Database, updated on May 20, 2020. Codebook and dataset information.

Mass Shooting Database. Updated and expanded version, July 2020. The Violence Project, 2020. Database.

Meijers, Maurits; Zaslove, Andrej. “Populism and Political Parties Expert Survey 2018 (POPPA).”  Harvard Dataverse, 2020.  Dataset.


Gawron, Jakub. Atlas nienawiści (Atlas of Hate). Map of discriminatory local government resolutions (against “LGBT ideology,” “Regional Charters of Family Rights,” etc.). Map. Spreadsheet on which the map is based.

“Hate Map.” The Khalifa Ihler Institute, 2020. Map.

“The new domestic terrorism.” Reveal (from The Center for Investigative Reporting), July 9, 2020. Chart and map.

Political Research Associates and the Institute for Research and Education on Human Rights (IREHR), with additional research support provided by Alexander Reid Ross. “Mapping Paramilitary and Far-Right Threats to Racial Justice.” Political Research Associates, June 19, 2020. Incident Map and here.


“Alexander Reid Ross on Conspiracy, Disinformation, the Far Right and the Hard Left.”  The Final Straw Radio Podcast, Jan. 26, 2020.  An interview with Alexander Reid Ross, the author of Against The Fascist CreepPodcast.

Allam, Hannah. “How Extremists Capitalized on the Pandemic.” What Next | Daily News and Analysis, May 5, 2020. Podcast.

“The Anatomy of Fascism.” KPFA – Letters and Politics, Feb. 20, 2020. Robert Paxton talks about the history of fascism and why it is relevant in contemporary America. Podcast.

“As fascist militias spread, Bolsonaro’s far-right Brazil becomes new coronavirus epicenter.” Moderate Rebels, 27 May 2020. “Brazilian independent journalist Nathália Urban discusses the surge of fascist militias and Evangelical extremists in Brazil, where President Jair Bolsonaro is putting the military in power. Max Blumenthal and Ben Norton also address his refusal to do anything to stop the Covid-19 pandemic, and how Brazil has thus become the world’s new epicenter.” Video and audio.

“Battle Rhythm Episode 23: Crisis Immersion.” Canadian Global Affairs Institute, April 29, 2020. Stef speaks with Ashley Matheis [25:00] about the use of online platforms to promote and mainstream extremist ideologies. Podcast.

Brand, Madeleine. “White supremacy groups try to infiltrate recent protests and influence the narrative.” KCRW Press Play with Madeleine Brand, June 2, 2020. An interview with Amy Spitalnick, executive director of the nonprofit Integrity First for America. Mentions “boogaloo” (far right extremist code for a second civil war); Identity Europa (now known as the American Identity Movement) (white supremacist group which posed as Antifa on Twitter to urge violence and looting during the George Floyd protests); Telegram (a social media site frequented by extremists); the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville in 2017; and “you will not replace us” (phrase coined by Identity Europa). Podcast.

Chakrabarti, Meghna. “Right-Wing Domestic Terrorism Is On The Rise. Did The Warning Signs Evade Us?” On Point (WBUR), July 21, 2020. Guests include Daryl Johnson, Det. Sgt. Heather Taylor, and Rep. Norma Torres. Podcast and here.

Denvir, Daniel. “Catholic Anticommunism with Giuliana Chamedes.” The Dig, February 21, 2020. Dan talks with Giuliana Chamedes, the author of A Twentieth-Century Crusade: The Vatican’s Battle to Remake Christian Europe. Podcast and here.

Denvir, Daniel. “Right-Wing Racism with Daniel Martinez HoSang & Joe Lowndes.” The Dig, February 14, 2020. Dan interviews Daniel Martinez HoSang and Joe Lowndes, authors of Producers, Parasites, Patriots: Race and the New Right-Wing Politics of Precarity. Podcast.

Deverell, Flora, and Jacob Berntsson. “How Nordic neo-Nazis use the internet.” On the Nordic Resistance Movement (NRM), a neo-Nazi organisation founded in Sweden. With guests Jonathan Leman and Louie Dean Valencia-García. The Tech Against Terrorism Podcast, April 17, 2020. Podcast.

Dinur, Esty. “The Threat of Fascism in America.” Interviews with Federico Finchelstein and Jason Stanley. WORT 89.9FM Madison, June 5, 2020. Podcast.

Dozeman, Stephen. “The Rise of Post-Modern Conservatism.” An interview with Matthew McManus, author of The Rise of Post-Modern Conservatism: Neoliberalism, Post-Modern Culture, and Reactionary Politics. New Books Network, May 8, 2020. Podcast.

Edmonds, David. “Ruth Wodak on How to Become a Far-Right Populist.” Social Science Bites, 2 March 2020. An interview with Ruth Wodak. Podcast.

Farnsworth, Patrick. “#255 | Raising The Temperature: Far-Right Terror & The Stochastic-Terrorist-In-Chief w Arun Gupta.” Last Born In The Wilderness, June 25, 2020. Podcast.

Hegarty, Stephanie. “QAnon, coronavirus and the conspiracy cult.” Produced by Emma Ailes. Edited by Emma Ailes & Robert Coxwell. Animation by Peter Caires. BBC News, 23 July 2020. Video.

“How big a threat is white nationalism? | UpFront (Arena), The Global Herald, March 14, 2020. “On this week’s episode of UpFront, we discuss white nationalism with Christian Picciolini and Cynthia Miller-Idris.” Podcast.

“The International Alt-Right: Fascism for the 21st Century?” Hope Not Hate, February 28, 2020. Joe Mulhall and Patrik Hermansson discuss their new book The International Alt-Right: Fascism for the 21st Century? Podcast.

“Julia Ebner and Daniel Trilling: Going Dark: The Secret Social Lives of Extremists.” London Review Bookshop Podcast, Feb. 26, 2020. Podcast.

Keen, Andrew. “Katherine Stewart: The Dangerous Rise of Religious Nationalism During the Crisis.” a conversation with Katherine Stewart, author of The Power Worshippers: Inside the Dangerous Rise of Religious Nationalism. Keen On – Literary Hub, May 9, 2020. Podcast.

Meighoo, Kirk. An interview with Evan Smith, author of No Platform: A History of Anti-Fascism, Universities and the Limits of Free Speech. New Books in Politics and Polemics – New Books Network, July 2, 2020. Podcast.

Miller, Kara. “The Makings of Modern Conservatism.” Interview with Kathryn Olmsted, author of Right Out of California: The 1930s and the Big Business Roots of Modern Conservatism. Innovation Hub, June 18, 2020. Podcast.

Páez Pérez, Pedro. “The Extreme Right and Militarization in Latin America Webinar 28.5.2020.” YouTube, May 29, 2020. Webinar.

Pierce, Lee. An interview with Jay Timothy Dolmage, author of Disabled Upon Arrival: Eugenics, Immigration, and the Construction of Race and Disability. New Books Network, June 8, 2020. Podcast.

Schmitt, Mark. “Book Talk: How the Right Rules in an Age of Extreme Inequality.” New America’s Political Reform Program, July 9, 2020. An online discussion of Let Them Eat Tweets, by Jacob Hacker and Paul Pierson. The authors are joined by Jamila Michener. Video.

Sharlet, Jeff. “Coronavirus and the Radical Religious Right’s Bumbling Messiah.” Intercepted, April 22, 2020. Podcast.

White, Jenn. “How George Soros Became The Subject Of So Many Far-Right Conspiracies.” 1A, July 8, 2020. With guests Emily Tamkin and Ben Collins. Podcast.

Yeah Nah Pasaran! #009 w Megan Squire on Alt-Tech : March 12, 2020. Podcast.

Young, Robin. “Far-Right Extremist Groups ‘Are Trying To Start Something,’ NBC’s Ben Collins Says.” Here & Now, June 18, 2020. Robin Young speaks with Ben Collins about his take on the boogaloo movement and armed militias showing up at some police violence protests. Podcast.